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Smart Grids Miro Zeman ( ) Paul Voskuilen ( ) Anne Beaulieu ( ) “Reliable, Sustainable.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart Grids Miro Zeman ( ) Paul Voskuilen ( ) Anne Beaulieu ( ) “Reliable, Sustainable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart Grids Miro Zeman ( ) Paul Voskuilen ( ) Anne Beaulieu ( ) “Reliable, Sustainable and Affordable Energy for Everyone” “Sustainable business opportunities”

2 Global developments in energy systems  Energy transition towards renewable energy sources  Energy efficiency and saving Smart grids  Improve power system efficiency, reliability, stability, resilience  Cope with necessary flexibility:  Facilitate integration of renewable energy  Reduce electricity use  Exploit potential of electric cars and storage Smart Grids Drivers and challenges

3 1.Physical system - Electrical system (transmission & distribution engineering, power system control & protection) - New components and automation functions (energy generation and conversion, storage, power electronics, automatic controls, DC systems) Multi-disciplinary approach Smart Grids 2.Smart Energy Management - use full potential of IT as enabling technology for energy 3.Smart Grids and society - Markets en policy (markets, economics and public policy) - User behavior, security and privacy

4 Netherlands Energy Research Alliance (NERA)  Seven Dutch public knowledge institutes active in energy Facilitate national and international cooperation  Collect expertise of Dutch universities  Overview of running projects  Individual roadmaps of leading scholars Purpose:  Identify similarity, overlap and complementarity in research Outline Visit to USA

5 The Dutch energy landscape  Alliance of 7 major Dutch public knowledge institutes active in energy  University presidents and CEOs on Board  Links with Centre for Mathematics and Computer Science (CWI), Dutch research centres and companies NERA: Netherlands Energy Research Alliance

6 One single port of call for energy research Create a network with the aim to make optimal use of the knowledge and experience of the NERA-partners NERA makes it possible to look at the Dutch landscape in two ways:NERA –by partner: in depth –by research theme: for overview ECN TU Delft TNO FOM TU Eindhoven University of Twente University of Groningen

7 One single port of call for partners  Stimulate energy cooperation in research and innovation in the Netherlands, Europe and with countries like the US  Influence the European energy agenda: NERA represents the Netherlands in the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA), the public research pillar of the EU Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan). NERA: Netherlands Energy Research Alliance

8 University of Groningen & Energy Academy Europe  Integral approach on large scale smart grid implementation: from uncertainty to flexibility 3 Technical Universities  Microgrids  PV technology  Electrical mobility  Storage  Intelligent power grid  Modelling and simulations  Intelligent hybrid energy systems Smart Grids NERA roadmaps and agendas

9 Integral approach on smart grids From uncertainty as hazard to flexibility as asset Roadmaps and agenda A. Beaulieu (RUG)

10 Roadmaps and agenda High efficiency cell >23% Advanced light trapping Si surface and contact area passivation Back contact and metalization design Scalable cell architecture High efficiency modules > 23% (Heterojuction, bifacial) Novel cost-effective module design Aesthetical module design for BIPV Integrated PV + storage modules Flexible light-weight thin-film modules Hybrid solar cells with high efficiency >30%: wafer-based Si (IBC) + thin-film cells, 3/4-terminal tandems PV roadmap M. Zeman (TU Delft)

11 Roadmaps and agenda Improved efficiency Improved power density Demonstrate WB converters Integration with electro- mechanics Seamless modular operation Multi-frequency power systems High power to weight density Power electronics roadmap B. Ferreira (TU Delft)

12 Roadmaps and agenda High torque density High efficiency Loss analysis Integration with power electronics High speed High power to weight density Fault tolerance Electro-mechanics roadmap B. Ferreira, H. Polinder (TU Delft)

13 Roadmaps and agenda Modeling of microgrids Model storage technologies Simulating microgrids Optimisation algorithms Add load-flow calculations Develop pricing strategies Experiment with real houses (mostly) off-grid Experiment with islanded power quality Experiment with interaction of blocks of nearly islanded houses Multi-modal modeling (heat + electricity + …) Autonomous microgrids roadmap G. Smit (UT)

14 Roadmaps and agenda Planning Demand response Load management Intelligent power management Optimization of portfolio Layout and sizing of microgrids DC Systems with high-efficiency, multiterminal, meshed DC Components – conversion, circuit breakers, arcing Modularity Power management, control DC microgrid roadmap P. Bauer (TU Delft)

15 Roadmaps and agenda Storage recognition Charging technology Inductive charging (stationary) 3kW, efficiency 90% PV charging house/neighborhood V2G, V2H, Impact on grid Charging with green energy (microgrids) Inductive Charging (stationary) 20 kW, efficiency 93% On road Charging with green energy On road Charging of electrical Vehicles combined with solar roads and storage Electrical mobility roadmap P. Bauer (TU Delft)

16 Roadmaps and agenda PV + Electrolysis Expensive solar fuels Short-term Challenges Long-term Challenges Understanding multi- electron electrochemical reduction reactions Cheap PV-EC hybrid devices Cheap and abundant catalysts Developing both large and small scale conversion systems Chemical storage roadmap Solar to fuel >20% efficiency B. Dam (TU Delft)

17 Roadmaps and agenda Li-ion batteries Short-term Challenges 200 Wh/kg Silicon anodes High Voltage cathodes Electricity storage roadmap Battery capacity factor 10x higher Low cost/ high safety batteries Na-ion Solid state electrolytes Li-air Li-sulphur Mg/Ca cells E. Kelder, F. Mulder (TU Delft) Low cost/ high performance Highest energy density batteries Longest life, lowest cost grid scale batteries Solid state electrolytes Safety High energy density e-storage (J/kg, J/ l, J/$) Mobile storage Static storage for day/night High efficiency Safe

18 Roadmaps and agenda Automation State estimation Customer engagement Aggregator services Congestion management Situational awareness Self healing adaptive control Price based incentives Multi agents operation Integrated optimization Intelligent power grid roadmap W.L. Kling (TU Eindhoven)

19 Roadmaps and agenda Demand forecasting Round the year analysis Probabilistic evaluation Congestion management Ancillary services Adaptive operation Event driven solutions Demand side response Smart planning roadmap J.G. Slootweg(TU Eindhoven)

20 Roadmaps and agenda Mitigation measures Responsibility sharing Continuous monitoring Calculation methods Fault ride through Adaptive voltage control Decoupling of systems Customer choice Power quality roadmap J.F.G. Cobben (TU Eindhoven)

21 Roadmaps and agenda Protective relay modeling&testing Protection schemes for fault interruption Developing&testing of protection algorithms WAMPAC architecture Load shedding Controlled islanding Phasor and frequency estimation algorithms Corrective control scheme Fault detection and location Grid control and protection roadmap SMU_1SMU_n PDC APPS WAN M. Popov (TU Delft)

22 Roadmaps and agenda Loss and dynamic models Power flow control of HVDC networks Loss/cost optimization/trading Short circuit analysis Multi-level modular converter technology (AC/DC and DC/DC) HVDC cable (materials) Hybrid connections DC tapping techniques DC circuit breakers Online control & optimization Diagnostics and monitoring O&M modelling System integration HVDC transmission roadmap P. Bauer (TU Delft)

23 Roadmaps and agenda 35 % electricity from RES Stability with MT-HVDC PMU/WAM based protection Interaction offshore VSC HVDC and onshore HVAC embedded VSC HVDC ancillary services from RES Interaction local and international grids 80% electricity from RES Low inertia power system Meshed HVDC grid Full WAMPAC Integration of storage Ancillary services from RES and distributed VPP Reliable Integrated HVDC/HVAC (hybrid) grid Interaction Elec, Gas, Heat New EU market design for flexibility services Large power system roadmap M. Van der Meiden (TU Delft)

24 Roadmaps and agenda fast solvers for large transmission grids transient models for distribution grids risk analysis for transmission grid optimal power flow develop HPC solvers models/solvers for combined transmission and distribution grids risk analysis for combined grid optimal power flow for combined grid HPC solvers for real time decision support Grid mathematics roadmap K. Vuik (TU Delft)

25 Roadmaps and agenda Planning of energy consumption/distribution with uncertainty Large scale distributed energy scheduling with performance guarantees Methods for large scale autonomous decision making in the grid Dynamic decoupling of distribution systems Intelligent Planning and Scheduling C. Witteveen (TU Delft)

26 Roadmaps and agenda Stability and scalability limits Models of hybrid systems (IT, power, etc.) Integration of new technologies (RES, DC, etc.) Resilience and robustness of IT- backed power systems Dynamic links between heat, gas, power Interaction with socio-economic systems and (new) energy markets Cyber-physical (big) data analytics for efficiency and operations Intelligent hybrid power systems roadmap Image: National Grid Smart Grid Pilot Proposal P. Palensky (TU Delft)

27 Roadmaps and agenda Dynamic pricing for specific local energy usage and generation Data usage for network planning and operations Definition of future energy actors, roles and responsibilities Robust and scalable markets and pricing for energy supply/demand matching in smart grids ICT using sensors and data for energy and network management Fully-automatic energy management in homes and buildings Planning and operations of energy networks with multiple actors ICT-based smart energy systems Intelligent Energy Systems roadmap H. La Poutre (CWI/TU Delft)

28 Roadmaps and agenda Demand response aligned with network management Interrelation between different flexibility sources Market design to incentivize flexibility International harmonization of energy and CO 2 policies System integration roadmap P. Herder (TU Delft)

29 Roadmaps and agenda Assessing Available Flexibility & Adequacy Analysis of RES variability & uncertainty Modelling Customer Participation Socio-technical modelling lab, a dashboard for grid operators, business developers, and policy makers Assessing implementation of smart solutions depending on the business models and strategies of the actors involved, government policies Smart grid modelling roadmap Z. Lukszo (TU Delft)

30 Smart grids Collaboration Outline of research interests and goals Purpose: more efficient research and possibilities of collaboration. Preliminary targets:  Combining (clear) goals on research topics  Researcher exchange – sharing knowledge  Sharing data/results of previous and current research projects  Joint research programs

31 Smart grids US-Netherlands Collaboration on Smart Grid Evolution Public Knowledge & Data Exchange Mulit-Stakeholder Participation Investment Risk Reduction Cooperation Between Smart Cities & Communities NL - USA Paul Burghardt

32 Smart grids US-Netherlands Collaboration on Smart Grid Evolution Cooperation Between Smart Cities & Communities Levels and activities Research: Data visualization (measured data &GIS)-exchange of researchers Micro-grids autonomy Models for combined transmission and distribution grids Agent-based modeling Research coordination -sharing lessons learned NERA Testbeds: Intelligent power management Electrical mobility & storage hardware in the loop… Real world pilots: deployment… NL case: Couperus

33 Smart Grids Let’s join forces where possible. “Reliable, Sustainable and Affordable Energy for Everyone” “Sustainable business opportunities”

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