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Passive Thermal Systems: Climatic Response Phoenix, AZ.

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Presentation on theme: "Passive Thermal Systems: Climatic Response Phoenix, AZ."— Presentation transcript:

1 Passive Thermal Systems: Climatic Response Phoenix, AZ

2 http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/pm/2009/07/ The glass box! No protection from solar gain Instantaneous thermal shift Hermetically sealed…Does not breath Extremely energy intensive for HVAC

3 Vernacular Precedents of the American Southwest http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/492/gallery/ Taos Pueblo, NM http://davidandrose.com/2010/10/26/views-of-history-from-sky-city-pueblo/ San Esteban Del Rey Mission Church, Sky City Pueblo, Acoma, NM

4 Modern Icon http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Taliesin_West.html Taliesen West Scottsdale, AZ Frank Lloyd Wright, 1937

5 Dichotomy Earthships (Corner Cottage) Taos, NM 1970-80s http://www.spatialagency.net/database/counter.communities http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=67637808831 Biosphere 2 Oracle, AZ 1989 http://www.biospherics.org/experimentchrono1.html

6 AIA Climate Zones CLIMATE REGION 11

7 Climate Hot dry summers Moderately cool winters Annual sunshine: 85% Diurnal temperature swings are very large Annual Precipitation: 7 in. April-June are driest August is wettest (1 in.) http://www.oar.noaa.gov/spotlite/archive/spot_cpas.html

8 Climate—Design Priorities Keep hot temperatures out during summer Protect from summer sun. Use evaporative cooling in the summer. Use thermal mass to reduce day-to-night temperature swings during summer. ASU College of Nursing, Phoenix, AZ Smith Group, 2009 http://www.smithgroup.com/?id=1584 /

9 Design Priorities Keep the heat in and cool temperatures out during the winter. Let the winter sun in. Use natural ventilation to cool in spring and fall. http://archrecord.construction.com/projects /portfolio/archives/0103courthouse-1.asp Sandra Day O’Connor Courthouse Phoenix, AZ Richard Meier with Norman Foster & Partners, 2000

10 Passive Systems Selection

11 Phoenix Lechner, p. 108

12 Basic Climate Parameters Lechner p.109

13 Strategies Burton Barr Public Library Phoenix, AZ Wil Bruder, 1995 - Thermal Mass - Sun Control - Passive Ventilation

14 Cesar Chavez Library Phoenix, AZ Line and Space LLC, 2007 http://www10.aeccafe.com/blogs/arch-showcase/2011/09/16/cesar-chavez-library-in-phoenix-arizona-by-line-and-space-llc/

15 http://www.architypereview.com/8-libraries/projects/48-city-of-phoenix-desert-broom-branch-library/description Desert Broom Branch Library Phoenix, AZ Richard + Bauer, 2011

16 Strategies Tempe Transportation Center Tempe, AZ OTAK and Architekton, 2008 - Cool Roof - Sun Control http://www.sonoraninstitute.org/blogs/index.php/scotie-blog/26-tempe-transportation-center http://www.otak.com/portfolio/architecture/tempe-transportation-center/

17 Strategies Desert Living Center Las Vegas Spring Preserve Lucchesi Galati Architects, 2007 - Rammed Earth - Straw Bale - Cooling Towers - Protection from sun http://www.solaripedia.com/13/353/4578/desert_living_center.html

18 Strategies High Desert Pavilion Bend, OR Pique Collaborative, 2008 - Rammed Earth - Earth Contact Architecture - Protection from sun Underground House in High Desert Sonoran Desert, AZ Rick Joy, 2008 Nk’Mip Desert Cultural Center Osoyoos, BC http://www.archdaily.com/50218/high-desert-pavilion-pique/ http://weburbanist.com/2011/04/01/desert-designs-amazing-homes-oasis- oriented-architecture/

19 Strategies Desert Wing House Scottsdale, AZ Brent Kindle, 2010 - Thermal Mass - Protect from sun - Diurnal Temperature http://weburbanist.com/2011/04/01/desert-designs-amazing-homes-oasis-oriented-architecture/ http://uuldesign.com/architecture/wooden-desert-wing-house-by-brent-kendle/attachment/desert-wing-house-archicture-living-room/

20 Strategies Rimrock Ranch Pioneertown, CA Lloyd Russell - Cool Roof - Protect from summer sun - Natural ventilation http://www.solaripedia.com/13/195/1947/rimrock_ranch_house_collage.html

21 Think outside the (glass) box! Tempe City Hall Tempe, AZ Michael and Kemper Goodwin, Ltd., 1971 http://www.modernphoenix.net/tempecityhall.htm


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