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Pathway to Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Gregory B. Stark, P.E. National Renewable Energy Laboratory UNL Net-Zero Energy Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Pathway to Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Gregory B. Stark, P.E. National Renewable Energy Laboratory UNL Net-Zero Energy Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pathway to Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Gregory B. Stark, P.E. National Renewable Energy Laboratory UNL Net-Zero Energy Workshop

2 Introduction Why Net Zero is Important Can We Get to Zero Energy? Commercial Building Initiative

3 Why Net Zero is Important Buildings are the Largest Energy Consumer in the U.S. –40% of primary energy, 72% of electricity, 55% of natural gas

4 Commercial Sector Trends Energy use increasing 1.6% per year – faster that energy efficiency improvements

5 Can We Get to Zero Energy?

6

7 Tremendous Potential in Buildings First Database of Net-Zero Energy Buildings: zeb.buildinggreen.com zeb.buildinggreen.com BuildingLocation Floor Area (ft 2 ) Annual Purchased Energy (kBtu/ft 2 ) Aldo Leopold Legacy CenterBaraboo, WI11, Audubon Center at Debs ParkLos Angeles, CA5,020 Challengers Tennis ClubLos Angeles, CA3, Environmental Tech. Center, Sonoma State Rohnert Park, CA2, Hawaii Gateway Energy Center Kailua-Kona, HI3, IDeAs Z2 Design FacilitySan Jose, CA6, Oberlin College Lewis CenterOberlin, OH13, Science HouseSt. Paul, MN1,5300

8 A Pathway to Net Zero Energy: The Commercial Building Initiative

9 Goal –Market-ready, net-zero energy commercial buildings no later than 2025 Public-Private Partnerships –Drive efficiency gains –Promote improved technology –Accelerate commercialization of advanced building technologies Commercial Building Initiative

10 CBI: Technology Push vs. Market Pull

11 Commercial Building Energy Alliances Retailer Energy Alliance (February 2008) –32 members representing 2.28B sq. ft. Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance (April 2009) –39 members representing 5.24B sq. ft. Hospital Energy Alliance (April 2009) –21 members representing 319M sq. ft. Higher Education Energy Alliance (forming Steering Committee now; launch expected Q1 2010) State and Municipal Energy Alliance (2010) Informal associations among building owners and operators who want to reduce energy consumption

12 Key Alliance Activities Technology Procurement Projects –LED Lighting –Rooftop HVAC –Parking Garage Lighting Supplier Summits –HVAC, Refrigeration, and Controls, Jan ‘08 & ’09 –Lighting and Controls, May ‘09 Technology Evaluation –Building owner directed research and screening Efficiency Standardization and Tools –Commercial Lighting Solutions –HVAC Solutions/Central –Commercial Refrigeration Solutions

13 National Accounts DOE national labs teamed with 23 companies to: –Build one new building at 50% less energy than Standard 90.1 –Retrofit at least one existing building at 30% less energy Labs provide technical assistance to biggest names in retail, commercial real estate, and financial sectors Companies from the private sector working with national laboratories to achieve significant, unprecedented building energy savings.

14 An Example

15 ZEB involves Prudent Choices… Reduce Loads –Envelope and orientation to reduce loads »Insulation, air barrier & windows –Envelope and orientation to meet loads »Daylighting, passive solar heating, and natural ventilation –Lighting design »Daylighting –Plug loads »Design vs. owner loads Match Equipment to Loads –Climate-specific HVAC designed for the remaining loads Make Sure the Building Works –Design quality in, and Commissioning Constant Evaluation Keep It Simple Choose Site Specific Renewable Generation Carefully

16 Energy & Cost Optimization Starting Point Minimum Cost Point Cost Neutral Point ~3,000 Simulations

17 Optimization Result A Building Design that: –Satisfies the owner’s business criteria (e.g., positive NPV on a 3-year lifecycle cost basis) –Meets or exceeds energy savings objectives (e.g., uses 50% less energy than a compliant building)

18 Closing Thoughts Zero is possible Zero takes a coordinated effort with the owner, architect, and engineering team The little things make the difference in getting to zero (as you get to zero, small items become significant) The owner needs to set measurable goals and communicate these goals to the design team The solution is not bigger supplies

19 Thanks! Commercial Building Initiative commercialbuildings.energy.gov NREL’s Commercial Buildings Research Projects Greg Stark Team Lead, National Accounts Project Advanced Commercial Buildings Research National Renewable Energy Laboratory


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