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Ashok Kumar Akhil Kadiyala Vinay Kumar Nerella Ravikanth Garimella Department of Civil Engineering University of Toledo Joint A&WMA - SAME Energy Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Ashok Kumar Akhil Kadiyala Vinay Kumar Nerella Ravikanth Garimella Department of Civil Engineering University of Toledo Joint A&WMA - SAME Energy Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ashok Kumar Akhil Kadiyala Vinay Kumar Nerella Ravikanth Garimella Department of Civil Engineering University of Toledo Joint A&WMA - SAME Energy Workshop June 12, 2008

2 Energy Efficiency  Efficient use of energy to obtain desired outputs that involves using alternative technologies operating at lower energy inputs for same purpose.

3 Energy Assessment  A procedure to assess the power consumption with respect to each source.  Basic steps: 1. Determining the amount of energy being consumed for each process/activity. 2. Determining the scope for energy savings and the cost it takes to implement the activities.

4 Energy Equation Energy Gap = Supply – Demand Total energy production and consumption, 1980-2030 (quadrillion BTU) Source: EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook, 2007

5 Opportunities to Reduce Energy Consumption  Proper selection of optimal systems.  Adequate maintenance of energy using systems.  Understanding energy costs.

6 Energy Efficiency Act 2007: Enhance Energy Efficiency  Optimize energy efficiency.  Improve environmental performance through advanced technologies.  Train engineering and research students to conduct energy assessments.

7 Classification of Energy Assessment Tools  Motor Systems  MotorMaster version 4.0.6  Energy Consumption Assessment  Energy Assessment Sheet (EAS)  Plant Energy Profiler for the Chemical Industry (ChemPEP Tool)  EnVinta One-2-five  Building Sustainability Tool  Virtual Grower  HVAC Systems  Hybrid HVAC System Design Tool 1.0  Building Advice  Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT)  Combined Heat & Power Application Tool (CHP)  Process Heating Assessment & Survey Tool (PHSAT) version 2.0

8 Classification of Tools (contd.)  Related HVAC Systems  Chilled Water System Analysis Tool (CWSAT) version 2.3  Steam Systems  Pumping system assessment tool (PSAT)  Air Master+ version 1.2.0  Emission Calculations  NO x and Energy Assessment Tool (N x EAT)  Emissions Reduction Calculator  DOE (EIA site)  Sustainability Tools  LEED  BASIX  ENVEST

9 Energy Assessment Tools 1) Energy Assessment Spreadsheet 2) Hybrid HVAC System Design Spreadsheet 3) Building Sustainability Tool 4) EnVinta One-2-five: ODOD 5) MotorMaster: DOE

10 Pollution Prevention Tools Web Site The tools can be accessed at the link given below:

11 Energy Assessment Spreadsheet (EAS 1.0)  Provides a complete break-up and summaries of the total annual energy consumption and cost.  Helps in identifying avenues for energy and cost savings.  Includes separate sections for the major areas of energy consumption – lighting, motors, and HVAC systems.

12 EAS 1.0  Lighting section has three worksheets – Lighting Data, Lighting Cost, and Lighting Cost Reductions.  Motors section has two worksheets – Motors and Motor Operating Cost.  HVAC systems section has two worksheets – HVAC systems and HVAC systems operating cost.

13 Lighting in EAS 1.0  Lighting Data  Lighting Cost  Lighting Reduction

14 Motors in EAS 1.0  Motors worksheet  Motors operating cost worksheet

15 HVAC in EAS 1.0  HVAC system worksheet  HVAC system operating cost worksheet

16 Hybrid HVAC System Design Spreadsheet  This tool is applicable to offices and manufacturing plants.  Various sections in the tool are Input, Walls & Windows, Lighting, Final sheet, and User’s guide.  Helps the user to incorporate a natural ventilation system into a mechanical ventilation system during the design process.

17 Hybrid HVAC 1.0  Input sheet  Walls & Windows Worksheet

18 Hybrid HVAC 1.0  Final Sheet  User’s Guide

19 Hybrid HVAC 1.0 Results

20 Building Sustainability Tool QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS Energy Lights Water AppliancesFixtures Building Envelope WindowInsulation Pollution Prevention

21  Lights  Washer

22  Dish Washer  Refrigerator

23  Showerhead  Faucet

24  Toilet  Window

25 Output from the Building Sustainability Tool

26 General Equations used in Tool Development Lighting Appliances Fixtures Insulation

27 General Equations (contd.) Equation for estimating replacement air heating costs on hourly basis Equation for estimating replacement air heating costs on yearly basis Motor Efficiency

28 Tackling Energy Management - Strategically Traditional ApproachOne-2-Five Approach “+”  Tactical, Project Basis  No context of ongoing Mgmt System  No Long-term Sustainability  Authorities not Commensurate w/ level of Responsibility or Accountability  Strategic, Program Basis  Integrated to Business / Processes  Continuous Improvement Functions  Balanced Organizational Structure, Process, People, and Systems

29 L’Oreal Solon Energy Diagnostic (Source: ODOD)

30 MotorMaster  The U.S DOE MotorMaster helps to analyze motor and motor system efficiency for all the motors in a plant and suggest replacements for less energy efficient units.  The program generates a payback period for the motors to replace existing motors with more efficient motors.

31 MotorMaster

32 Case Study 1: Energy Survey For an Automobile Parts Manufacturing Facility  Areas Investigated  Lighting  Motors  HVAC systems  Water heaters  P2 Tools used  Energy Assessment Spreadsheet  HVAC Checklist  MotorMaster  Emission Reduction Calculator

33 Energy Reduction Estimates

34 Avenues for Reducing Energy Consumption CO 2 reduction (lbs/year) SO 2 reduction (lbs/year) NO x reduction (lbs/year) 1469718187216300

35 Case Study 2: Energy Assessment for a Greenhouse at Sandusky, Ohio  The objective of the assessment was to optimize the new greenhouse heating system for solar, electrical and natural gas energy performance and to significantly reduce consumption of the nonrenewable electric and gas resources.  The assessment produced an estimation of $51,000 as energy savings annually. Virtual Grower Software from the USDA

36 Potential Savings

37 Conclusion  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$  Energy assessment tools are available online for both residential and industrial sectors.  It is possible to reduce energy costs.  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

38 Acknowledgements US EPA (Mr. Phil Kaplan and Ms. Rita Garner) OhioEPA (Mr. Bill Narotski) ODOD (Mr. J. Greenway) EISC (Mr. Rick Mazur) TechSolve (Ms. Mary Beth Holley) CAMP (Dr. A. Gus Eskamani) EWI (Ms. Margaret A. Hiermer) UT graduate students

39 References A. Kumar, S. J Thomas and S. Ojha, “Pollution Prevention Tools For Small And Medium Sized Industries”, CD for Proceedings of the 2002 Conference, A&WMA S. J. Thomas, A. Kumar, and R. Pendse, “Development of a Hybrid Ventilation System using Natural Night Time Ventilation for Cleveland, Ohio”, Paper # OS-02-25, Proceedings of Ohio Air Pollution Research Symposium, 2002 S. Ghose, A. Kumar, and C. Varadarajan, “Application of Pollution Prevention Tools in Energy Efficiency Assessments”, Paper # 69805, CD for Proceedings of the 2003 Conference, A&WMA

40 Other Useful links

41 Appendix-A

42 Survey of different energy assessment tools Assessment ToolDescriptionSupplier Building Sustainability Tool 1.0 The tool helps in evaluating the sustainability of building elements, indoor environment and the occupant behavior, which affects the indoor living quality. The tool utilizes the concepts of energy efficiency, water efficiency, building envelope and indoor environment quality, and occupant behavior to analyze the performance offered to the occupants. This tool was made for analyzing residential buildings and is now being value-added for assessing the industrial buildings as well. P2 Tools at University of Toledo Energy Assessment Spreadsheet (EAS) The spreadsheet is a useful and easy-to-use tool for energy assessments. It provides a complete break-up and summaries of the total annual energy consumption and cost. It helps in identifying avenues for energy and cost savings P2 Tools at University of Toledo Hybrid HVAC System Design Tool 1.0 The HVAC spreadsheet is used for the design of hybrid HVAC systems for a manufacturing facility and associated office building. It is easy to use and could be modified for a specific plant. It is hoped that the spreadsheet will be helpful in improving energy efficiency at your plant. P2 Tools at University of Toledo Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT)Help quantify the potential benefits of optimizing fan system configurations that serve industrial processes. Calculates the amount of energy used by fan system; determines system efficiency; and quantifies the savings potential of an upgraded system. U.S Department of Energy software.html#fsat

43 Survey of different tools (contd.) Assessment ToolDescriptionSupplier Combined Heat and Power Application Tool (CHP) Helps industrial users evaluate the feasibility of CHP for heating systems and allows analysis of three typical system types: fluid heating, exhaust- gas heat recovery, and duct burner systems. The tool also estimates system costs and payback period, and performs "what-if" analysis for various utility costs. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#chp Process Heating Assessment and Survey Tool (PHAST) Version 2.0 Introduces methods to improve thermal efficiency of heating equipment and helps industrial users survey process heating equipment that consumes fuel, steam, or electricity, and identifies the most energy-intensive equipment. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#phast Steam System Tool Suite (Steam System Scoping Tool (SSST); Steam System Assessment Tool (SSAT) - Version 3; 3E Plus; Steam Tool Specialist Qualification) DOE offers a suite of tools for evaluating and identifying steam system improvements. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#ssat Chilled Water System Analysis Tool (CWSAT) Version 2.3 Determines energy requirements of a system and evaluates opportunities for energy and costs savings by applying improvement measures. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#cwsat Pumping System Assessment Tool (PSAT) 2008 Helps industrial users assess the efficiency of pumping system operations. PSAT uses achievable pump performance data from Hydraulic Institute standards and motor performance data from the MotorMaster+ database to calculate potential energy and associated cost savings. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#psat

44 Survey of different tools (contd.) Assessment ToolDescriptionSupplier Plant Energy Profiler for the Chemical Industry (ChemPEP Tool) Provides chemical plant managers with the information they need to identify savings and efficiency opportunities. Tool enables energy managers to see overall plant energy use, identify major energy-using equipment and operations, summarize energy cost distributions, and pinpoint areas for more detailed analysis. U.S Department of Energy ware.html#Plant_Energy_Profiler NOx and Energy Assessment Tool (NxEAT) Helps plants in the petroleum refining and chemical industries to assess and analyze NOx emissions and application of energy efficiency improvements. U.S Department of Energy ware.html#nox Manufacturing Assessment Planner (MAP) Provides necessary steps and procedures to conduct an eight-hour, integrated energy, environment, and manufacturing efficiency assessment for a small or midsized facility Rockwell Automation t/planning.html Building Advice It is a portable wireless system for assessing building performance, including energy savings opportunities, HVAC operations, and comfort issues AirAdvice EnVinta One-2-FiveProvides energy management solutions for utilities and large commercial, industrial, government and institutional organizations ENVINTA Corporation

45 Survey of different tools (contd.) Assessment ToolDescriptionSupplier Energy Star Home Energy YardstickCompares a home's energy efficiency to similar homes across the country and provides recommendations for energy-saving. Energy Star =home_energy_yardstick.showStep2 Home Energy Audit Provides home energy audit identifying the parts of home using most energy and suggests the most effective measures for reducing energy costs. U.S Department of Energy s/energyaudithome.html U.S EPA’s Do-It-Yourself Guide to Home Sealing The Guide provides step-by-step instructions for sealing common air leaks and adding insulation to the attic. Energy Star t/home_sealing/DIY_COLOR_100_dpi.pdf AIRMaster+ Version 1.2.0 Provides comprehensive information on assessing compressed air systems, including modeling, existing and future system upgrades, and evaluating savings and effectiveness of energy efficiency measures. U.S Department of Energy es/software.html#air MotorMaster+ Version 4.0.6Used for analyzing motor and motor system efficiencyU.S Department of Energy es/software.html#mm

46 Survey of different tools (contd.) Assessment ToolDescriptionSupplier LEEDProvides green building technologies Quality Attributes Software en/modules/interactive-leed-checklist/ BASIX Ensures homes are designed to use less potable water and be responsible for fewer greenhouse gas emissions by setting energy and water reduction targets for house and units. Basix Software rade.jsp ENVEST Envest is a software tool that simplifies the complex process of designing buildings with low environmental impact and whole life costs. BRE Trust Company VIRTUAL GROWERA new decision support tool for greenhouse growers.USDA oad.htm?softwareid=108

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