AYURVEDA AYURVEDA Basic Principles & their practical application Prof. Dr. ABHIMANYU KUMAR M Sc (Psy) MD (Ayurveda), DCA, D.Yoga, PhD (Ayurveda) DIRECTOR ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF AYURVEDA New Delhi (India) & Director General CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN AYURVEDIC SCIENCES e mail : email@example.com
Problems of Modern Life-Style STRESS- Physical, mental, emotional. HEALTH PROBLEMS- Physical, mental and emotional diseases (including psychosomatic disorders). DISTURBD FAMILY RELATIONS. VIOLENCE & CRUELTY. CORRUPTION/ DISHONESTY/ IMMORALITY. DRUG ADDICTION. NEGLECT OF LAW & ORDER AND ETHICAL, MORAL AND SOCIAL DISCIPLINE.
AYURVEDA LIFE-STYLE IS ABLE TO OFFER BEST SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM
APPROACH OF AYURVEDA *PHILOSOPHICAL * HOLISTIC *HUMANISTIC AYURVEDA More Life and Health oriented than Disease and Treatment
Human body is inherently endowed with an unique power of SELF DEFENCE SPONTANEOUS HEALING (against injury and disease) Role of Medicine To assist the Nature
Dharma(Religion) Artha (Wealth) Kama (Pleasure) Moksha ( Salvation ) Four Goals Of Human behavior
LOKA (Cosmos) PURUSHA (Individual) (Individual) Constant interaction ToMaintain Homeostasis
Ayurvedic Theory of Life (Ayu) LIFE (Ayu) ATMA (Conscious element) INDRIYA (Senses) SATTVA (Psyche) SHARIRA (Physical Body)
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN Ayurveda and Modern Medicine AYURVEDA AYURVEDA # Experiential Science. # Holistic or Totalistic. # Functional oriented science. science. Modern Medicine Modern Medicine # Experimental Science. # Analytical approach. # Structure or organ oriented.
AYURVEDA’S APPROACH OF LIFE STYLE MANAGEMENT IS PRAKRITI (Ayurveda Body & Mind constitution) BASED
WHY TWO PERSONS ARE NOT SAME ? PHYSICALLY & MENTALLY
YES, IT IS DUE TO THE UNIQUE COMPOSITION OF PRAKRITI (CONSTUTUTION) IN EVERY INDIVIDUAL
Determine the total Personality (Physique, Physiology & Psyche) PRAKRITI (Ayurvedic Body-Mind Type)
Prakriti (Ayurvedic Body-Mind Type) Prakriti (Ayurvedic Body-Mind Type) Understanding of human life. Understanding of human life. Health status. Health status. Disease susceptibility. Disease susceptibility. Preventive & promotive health care. Preventive & promotive health care. Treatment. Treatment. Is useful in
DEPENDING UPON THE RELATIVE PREPONDERANCE OF THE THREE DOSHAS PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION IS OF SEVEN TYPES PHYSICAL CONSTITUTION
PERSONALITY TRAIT VATA PRAKRITI VERY SENSITIVE AND REACT QUICKLY TO CHANGES IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT. EXCEPTIONALLY CHANGEABLE LIFE STYLE. SOMETIMES DEMAND COMPANIONSHIP BUT OTHER TIMES DEMANDS SOLITUDE.
LOVE TO TRAVEL FOR FUN. FIND DIFFICULT TO CONCENTRATE ON ONE THING RECOGNISE THE NEED OF SELF DEVELOPMENT BUT ARE RARELY CONSISTENT WITH ANY ONE PROGRAMME
PERSONALITY TRAIT PERSONALITY TRAIT PITTA PRAKRITI COURAGEOUS* PRACTICAL IN LIFE. * BELIEVE IN FAIR PLAY * MAKE FRIENDS EASILY CONSIDERING THEIR UTILITY. * DEDICATED TO THEIR OWN SELF-DEVELOPMENT. *
Pitta Prakriti WELL ORGANISED LIFE STYLE. GOOD IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT. ENJOY THE COLD WINTER AND DISLIKE THE SUMMER. FOND OF SLEEPING PREFER TO TAKE SWEETS.
PERSONALITY TRAIT PERSONALITY TRAIT KAPHA PRAKRITI USUALLY SLOW AND NEVER IN HURRY TO GET ANYWHERE. USUALLY SLOW AND NEVER IN HURRY TO GET ANYWHERE. NEVER TAKE RAPID FIRE DECISION. NEVER TAKE RAPID FIRE DECISION. LAISSIEZ-FAIR ABOUT EVERY THING IN LIFE. LAISSIEZ-FAIR ABOUT EVERY THING IN LIFE. VERY LOYAL FRIENDS. VERY LOYAL FRIENDS. GOOD LISTENER. GOOD LISTENER. HAVE ATTACHMENT, POSSESSIVENESS & GREED. HAVE ATTACHMENT, POSSESSIVENESS & GREED. PREFER WARMTH. PREFER WARMTH.
MANASIKA PRAKRITI (Mental constitution) IS A RESULT OF THE ACTIVITY OF THE THREE GUNAS AT THE TIME OF CONCEPTION.
SATVA GUNA. RAJAS GUNA. TAMAS GUNA. Three Gunas
Manasika Prakriti (Mental constitution) Classified into 16 sub-types.
SATVA MAKES THE PERSON: PURE. CLEAN IN THOUGHTS. COURTEOUS TO ELDERS. BALANCED MIND. ATTACHED TO KNOWLEDGE.
RAJAS MAKES THE PERSON: EXTROVERT. ADMIRER OF GOOD FOOD, STRONG PERFUMES. GENEROUS TO SUBORDINATES. RESULT ORIENTED. FAST ACTING.
TAMAS MAKES THE PERSON: INERT. RELUCTANT. PERVERTING. UNTIDY. MALICIOUS.
Relation of Doshas and three mental types (gunas) A. VATA MENTAL CHARACTERS i. Sattvika- Energetic, positive mental energy, adaptive, flexible, strong sense of humanity, quick in comprehension and good in communication. ii.Rajasika- Restless, agitated, indecisive, unreliable, anxious, nervous, hyperactive, disturbed. iii.Tamasic- Depressed, fearful, dishonest, self destructive, tendency to sexual perversions, mentally disturbed, prone to drug addiction
B. PITTA MENTAL CHARACTERS i. Sattvika- Clear, perceptive, intelligent, discriminating, courageous, warm, friendly, leadership abilities, ii. Rajasika- Ambitious, critical, dominating, aggressive, impulsive, manipulating, angry, proud iii.Tamasic- Destructive, criminal, involved in illegal activities.
B. KAPHA MENTAL CHARACTERS i. Sattvika- Peaceful, calm, stable, loving, supportive, nurturing, devoted, loyal. ii. Rajasika- Materialistic, attached, greedy, requires comfort and luxury, sentimental. iii. Tamasic- Lethargic, dull, thief, insensitive, apathetic.
PRESENT TREND OF PRESENT TREND OF EATING EATING Rapid and Mechanical act Rapid and Mechanical act LIFE STYLE
Vata Consttution Appetite & Digestion Vata Consttution Appetite & Digestion ALWAYS ANXIOUS TO EAT. USUALLY EAT LESS THAN THEY WANT. APPETITE IS VARIABLE. CONSTIPATION. EXPERIENCE VARIATIONS IN BOWEL HABIT.
Pitta Constitution APPETITE & DIGESTION GOOD APPETITE & ENJOY EATING. ALWAYS READY TO EAT. RARELY CONSTIPATED. STOOLS YELLOWISH & WELLFORMED SOMETIMES LOOSE SOMETIMES STOMACH BECOMES VERY SENSITIVE. SOMETIMES STOMACH BECOMES VERY SENSITIVE. ( EVEN MILK, FIGS & DATES.)
Kapha Constitution APPETITE & DIGESTION MODERATE DESIRE FOR FOOD. MODERATE DESIRE FOR FOOD. PRONE TO EMOTIONAL EATING. PRONE TO EMOTIONAL EATING. LIKE TO TAKE LIGHT BREAKFAST. LIKE TO TAKE LIGHT BREAKFAST. DIGESTION IS FAIR. DIGESTION IS FAIR. BOWEL HABIT IS REGULAR. BOWEL HABIT IS REGULAR. IF CONSTIPATED, THEN RESPOND WITH MEDIUM STRENGHTH LAXATIVE. IF CONSTIPATED, THEN RESPOND WITH MEDIUM STRENGHTH LAXATIVE.
RASAS( TASTE) OF FOOD LIKE OUR BODY, FOOD IS ALSO MADE UP OF FIVE ELEMENTS LIKE OUR BODY, FOOD IS ALSO MADE UP OF FIVE ELEMENTS (PANCHA MAHABHUTA). RIGHT BALANCE OF 5 ELEMENTS IN FOOD MAKE BALANCE OF DOSHAS IN OUR BODY. RIGHT BALANCE OF 5 ELEMENTS IN FOOD MAKE BALANCE OF DOSHAS IN OUR BODY. GOOD HEALTH & LONGEVITY
Basic Functions of different Tastes Madhura(sweet): Provides a sense of satisfaction. Madhura(sweet): Provides a sense of satisfaction. Amla(sour): Provides Refreshing Sense. Amla(sour): Provides Refreshing Sense. Lavana (Salt): In Small Amount Increases Digestive Capacity. Lavana (Salt): In Small Amount Increases Digestive Capacity. Katu (Pungent): Hottest Of All The Tastes. Katu (Pungent): Hottest Of All The Tastes. Tikta (Bitter): Coldest & Lightest Among All. Tikta (Bitter): Coldest & Lightest Among All. Kashaya (Astringent): May Slow Down The Digestion. Kashaya (Astringent): May Slow Down The Digestion.
Consideration of Ayurvedic Dietetics Nature (Prakriti) of the Consumer. Nature (Prakriti) of the Consumer. Taste of food articles. Taste of food articles. Doshika status of food articles. Doshika status of food articles. Method of preparation. Method of preparation. Combination of food articles. Combination of food articles. Emotional effect. Emotional effect. Environmental considerations. Environmental considerations. Time. Time. Quantity. Quantity.
NIDRA (Sleep) Recurring natural function of the body Sleep provides: Healthy body Strength Virility Sharpened Senses Long Life
How much sleep do you need ? Vata constitution: 6-7 hours. Pitta constitution: 7-8 hours. Kapha constitution: 8-9 hours.
Sleep Kapha Body more unctuous Awaken Vata Dryness in body Disturbance in Normal Sleep pattern Day Night
Vata Constitution THINK A LOT ABOUT SEX. SEX DESIRE CHANGES FREQUENTLY. FIND FANTASIES MORE SATISFYING. THAN PHYSICAL ACT. FERTILITY IS LOWER THAN AVERAGE. SEX DRIVE
AMPLE SEXUAL DESIRE. ABLE TO BALANCE THE DESIRE & IT’S FULFILLMENT. DELAYED SEXUAL GRATIFICATION PUT THEM TO ANGER. AVERAGE IN FERTILITY. Pitta Constitution
Kapha Constitution STEADY DESIRE. AROUSAL IS SLOW,BUT ONCE AROUSED REMAIN FOR LONG TIME. FERTILLITY IS EXCELLENT.
Regulated sexual activities Regulated sexual activities Too much sexual acts aggravate Vata. Too much sexual acts aggravate Vata. Vata-person should have less sex. Vata-person should have less sex. Pitta-person should have moderate sex. Pitta-person should have moderate sex. Kapha-person could tolerate more sex. Kapha-person could tolerate more sex. Un-satisfying sex and sex with different partner destroyes ojas (vital force). Un-satisfying sex and sex with different partner destroyes ojas (vital force).
LIVE IN TUNE WITH NATURE Follow the rules of Nature according to your Prakriti ( Body mind Type) and observe DAILY & SEASONAL REGIMEN
SEASONS VATA SEASON: Fall and Winter. (Cold, windy, dry & light) (Cold, windy, dry & light) KAPHA SEASON: Spring. (Wet and cool) (Wet and cool) PITTA SEASON: Summer. ( Hot, sometimes humid)
Fall and Winter Season Tends to provoke Vata. If not regulated, causes anxiety, insomnia, constipation, high B.P., dry skin. Balanced Vata- (Positive vata qualities)- Enthusiasm, energy, creativity. Maintain a regular schedule. Massage with warm oil. Don’t miss any meal. Take warm food and drinks.
Spring season Tends to provoke Kapha. Tends to provoke Kapha.. If not regulated, causes heaviness and dullness. Tendency of depression. Respiratory problems. Balanced Kapha- (Positive Kapha qualities)- happiness, strength, good immunity, romance. Enjoy hot food. Good amount of exercise. Cut down sugar consumption. Deep and vigorous massage.
Summer season Tends to provoke Pitta. If not regulated, causes inflammatory conditions, fever, hyperacidity, anger. Balanced Pitta- (Positive Pitta qualities)- Good energy, vitality, strength, clarity of mind. Enjoy to drink cold water Massage with cool oil. Avoid spicy food. Enjoy sweets.
BALANCE YOUR VATA Enjoy rich & nourishing food rich with sweet, salty and sour taste. Use spices in moderation. Do gentle exercise, relaxation (meditation). Avoid too much physical / mental exertion. Massage with warm oil-sesame, almond. Listen calm, classical music. Bright calming colors & their combinations- gold, blue, green, orange, white helps to keep vata in balance form. Use sweet, warm and calming fragrances (Jasmine, rose, sandalwood, eucalyptus). Cultivate peace, fearlessness. Take support of family and friends.
BALANCE YOUR PITTA Enjoy food which is neither too heavy nor too light. It should be rich with sweet, bitter and astringent taste. Use cooling spices ( Turmeric, coriander, fennel ) Do moderate exercise, relaxation (meditation). Massage with cool oils- coconut, sunflower. Listen cool and soft music. Cool colors & their combinations- white, blue, green help to keep Pitta in balance form. Use sweet and cool fragrances (Sandalwood, Jasmine, Rose) Cultivate friendship, courtesy, forgiveness. Release anger, resentment. Listen other people’s point of view.
BALANCE YOUR KAPHA Enjoy light diet. It should be rich with pungent, bitter and astringent taste. Use spices liberally. Do vigorous exercise. Strong aerobics and jogging. Massage ( strong & deep) with stimulating oils- mustard. Listen strong and energizing music. Enjoy singing. Bright and stimulating colors & their combinations. Use light and warm fragrances (Musk, Cedar, Myrrh, Eucalyptus) Cultivate detachment, serve to others, unconditional love.