Presentation on theme: "NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI COMPAIGN - 2013-14 Dated 24-25 Sep. 2013 At PUSA Complex, ICAR, New Delhi PRESENTED BY Sh. Suresh Kumar, IAS,"— Presentation transcript:
NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI COMPAIGN Dated Sep At PUSA Complex, ICAR, New Delhi PRESENTED BY Sh. Suresh Kumar, IAS, PRESENTED BY Sh. Suresh Kumar, IAS, Financial Commissioner Development, Govt. of Punjab, Chandigarh.
About Punjab: About Punjab: Area (geographical) : 5.04 m ha Net sow area: 4.2 m ha Total cropped area: 7.9 m ha Net Irrigated area: 4.07 m ha(97.9%) Tubewells irrigated: 2.95 m ha (73%) through lakh tubewells Canals irrigated : 1.12 m ha (27%) Cropping intensity: 189.6% Major Cropping Systems : Rice-Wheat; Cotton-Wheat; and Maize-Wheat.
Estimated Area and Production (Kharif 2013) State achieved record production of rice in kharif 2009 Estimated Area and Production (Kharif 2013) State achieved record production of rice in kharif 2009 Area 000 hect. Production ‘000 M.T./Bales S. No. Crop (Targets) (Estimated) AreaProductionAreaProduction AreaProduction 1. Rice Maize Bajra K.Pulses Kharif Food grains Ground Nuts Sesamum Sugarcane Cotton
ESTIMATES OF AREA & PRODUCTION (Rabi Crops) S. No. CROP (Target) Area ‘000’ Hect. Production ‘000’ M.T. Area ‘000’ Hect. Production ‘000’ M.T. 1.Wheat Barley Pulses* Rabi Foodgrains Rabi Oilseeds Sunflower (P) Including Summer Moong. State achieved lac M.Tonnes record production of wheat during
AREA, YIELD AND PRODUCTION OF WHEAT S. No. YearArea ( ‘000’hact.) Yield (Kg./hact.) Production (‘000’M.T) (T) State surpassed all previous records of wheat production during
AREA & PRODUCTION OF FOOD GRAIN S.No.YearArea (‘000’ hect.) Production (‘000’ M.T.) * * (T)* * Including Summer Moong.
Area, Av.Yield & Production of Pulses in Punjab. YearKharif PulsesRabi PulsesTotal Pulses Area (000 hect.) Production (000 Tonnes) Area (000 hect.) Production (000 M.T) Area (000 hect.) Production (000 M.T) * * * * Including summer moong
Area, Av.Yield & Production of Oilseed Crops in Punjab. YearKharif OilseedsRabi OilseedsTotal Oilseeds Area (000 hect.) Production (000 Tonnes) Area (000 hect.) Production (000 M.T) Area (000 hect.) Production (000 M.T) (T)
Micro Irrigation Physical and Financial progress of Micro Irrigation S. No. YearFinancial (Rs. In lac) Physical (Hect.) NABARD (Rs. In lac) No. of benefici- aries TargetAch.Targe t Ach.TargetAch (upto August 2013) % Financial assistance on Drip/Sprinkler irrigation & UGPS on hectares area by providing subsidy. Treatment shall be carried out in Catchment area of Flood Prone River-Ghaggar; Supplementary irrigation shall be generated in 4000 hectares; Soil & water conservation works shall be carried out on 1000 hectares. Awareness Camps and demonstrations shall be carried out for promoting Efficient use of irrigation water.
Strengthening of Agriculture Machinery under Macro Management Scheme Annual Plan of Rs lac during FY but due to non release of funds by State Govt. utilized Rs lac. Annual Plan of Rs lac FY under Crop Diversification Plan. Sr.No.Name of Machinery/Implement Achievement (No. of Imps.) Proposal/Target (No. of Imps.) 1.Self Propelled Reaper Blinder Potato digger Straw Reaper Maize Thresher Zero Till Drill Multi Crop Planter60 7.Rotavator Happy Seeder Automatic/Semi Potato planter Self Propeller Fodder350 There are some other implements to provide on subsidy under this scheme
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (Wheat) Punjab (in lacs) Sl. No. Inrerventions Approved Rate of Assistance Unit Achievement Approved Action Plan PhysicalFinancialPhysicalFinancial Cluster DemonstrationRs /-per ha.nos Distribution of Certified Seeds of improved varieties. Rs. 500/-per qtl.qtl Need based Plant/Soil Management a) MicronutrientsRs. 500/- per ha.ha b) GypsumRs. 500/- per ha.ha c) Plant Protection Chemicals & Bio-agents Rs. 500/- per ha.ha Sub Total Resource Conservations Machineries/Energy Management a) Knap Sack SpryersRs per machineNos b) Zero Til Seed DrillsRs per machineNos c) Multi Crop PlantersRs per machineNos d) Seed DrillsRs per machineNos e) Zero Til Multi Crop PlantersRs per machineNos f) Ridge Furrow PlantersRs per machineNos g) RotavatorsRs per machineNos h) Laser Land LevellerRs per machineNos Sub Total
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (Wheat) Punjab (in lacs) Sl. No. Interventions Approved Rate of Assistance Unit Achievement Approved Action Plan PhysicalFinancialPhysicalFinancial 5 Cropying System based trainingsRs.14000/- Training Nos Miscellaneous Expenses a) Project Management Team & Other Miscellaneous Expenses at District level Rs lakh per Distt. No. of distt b) Project Management Team & Other Miscellaneous Expenses at State level Rs l akh per State. No. of state Sub Total Local initiatives TOTAL FINANCIAL (1-7)
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (Pulses) Punjab (in lac.) Sl. No. Inrerventions Approved Rate of Assistance Unit Achievement Approved Action Plan Physic al FinancialPhysicalFinancial 1 Distribution of Certified Seeds a) For varieties less than 10 yearsRs. 2200/- Qtl.qtl b) For varieties more than 10 years old Rs. 1200/- Qtl.qtl Sub Total Demonstration on improved Technologies a) Cluster DemonstrationRs per ha.ha Integrated Nutrient Management: a) Micro Nutrients Rs. 500 per ha.ha b) Rizobium culture/ PSB Rs. 100 per ha.ha b) Lime/Gypsum 80 % wg saulphar Sub Total Integrated Pest Management IPM a) IPM package Rs. 750 per ha.ha b) Distribution of NPY Rs.250 per ha.ha C) Distribution of PP Chemicala Rs. 500 per ha.ha d) Weedicides Rs. 500 per ha.ha Sub Total
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (Pulses) Punjab (in lac.) Sl. No. Interventions Approved Rate of Assistance Unit Achievement Approved Action Plan PhysicalFinancialPhysicalFinancial 5 Source Conservation Technology Tools a) Knap Sack Sprayers Rs per Machinenos b) Zero Til Seed Drills Rs per Machinenos c) Multi Crop Planters Rs per Machinenos d) Seed Drills Rs per Machinenos e) Zero Til Multi Crop Planters Rs per Machinenos f) Ridge Furrow Planters Rs per Machinenos g) Rotavators Rs per Machinenos h) Laser Land Leveller Rs per Machinenos Sub Total Cropping System based trainings Rs 14000/- Traingnos Miscllaneous Expenses a) District Level Rs 4.47 lakh per Distt. No. of distt b) State LevelRs lakh per State.No. of state c) state for other districts ( District of ISOPOM) Rs lakh per distt. No. of distt Sub Total Local initiatives TOTAL FINANCIAL (1-8)
Accelerated Pulse Production Program (A3P) Punjab S. No. Interventions Approved Rate of Assistance Unit Achievement Approved Action Plan PhysicalFinancialPhysicalFinancial 1Summer Moong (Zaid ) 4.80 Lakh per unit 100 hac each unit
SEED-VILLAGE SCHEME (Wheat) YearNo. of adopted villages No. of FarmersQuantity of Wheat Seed Distributed (Qtl.) Area Covered (Hac.) Seed Produced (Qtl.) *
SEED AVAILABILITY AND REPLACEMENT S. No.Crop Seed Replacement Rate (%age) Requirement Of seed (Qtl) Availability Of seed (Qtl) Likely Seed Replacement Rate (%) 1.Wheat Barley Rabi Pulses Rapeseed & Mustard
SEEDS TESTING Type of Sample (Upto ) Samples Analyzed (Nos.) Failed Sample (Nos.) Samples Analyzed (Nos.) Failed Sample (Nos.) Certification Service Samples Seed Law Enforcement Bunt Samples Total
( Qty-M.T.) FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION & REQUIREMENT RABI (In terms of nutrients) ( Qty-M.T.) S. NO FERTILIZERCONSUMPTION RABI REQUIREMENT RABI NITROGENUS POSPHATIC POTASIC TOTAL
REQUIREMENT AND AVAILABILITY OF FERTILIZERS Kharif (Qty.in M.T.) FertilizerRequirement Kharif 2013 Availability Kharif 2013 (upto ) Urea DAP (DAP+MAP+TSP) SSP MOP CAN NPK Complexes A/S TOTAL
REQUIREMENT OF DAP AND UREA RABI : (Qty. in M.T.) S.NO.MONTHDAPUREA 1.OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH TOTAL
PROMOTION OF INM AND IPM Balanced use of nutrients for improving factor productivity. Distribution of Zinc Sulphate and Manganese Sulphate on 50% subsidy. Supply of bio fertilizers on pulses crop. Campaign for Termites control. Timely availability of Micronutrients and gypsum.
CONSUMPTION AND PROJECTED DEMAND OF PESTICIDES (Qty MT Tech. Grade) PesticidesConsumption (Rabi ) Projected Demand (Rabi ) Insecticides Weedicides Fungicides Total
Control of yellow rust Promotion of Yellow Rust Resistant Varieties like PBW-550, PBW-621, HD2967 and PBW-502. Replacement of PBW-343 in semi-hilly areas to arrest the incidence of yellow rust. Supply of fungicide at 50 % cost for the Control of yellow rust. Monitoring Teams are being constituted at State as well as District Level
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana Main Objectives –To maintain at least 4% growth in Agriculture sector –To reduce yield gaps in important crops –To increase public investment in Agriculture & Allied sectors –To maximize returns to the farmers. Allied Sectors involved Crop husbandry, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy development, Fisheries, agriculture marketing, Soil & water conservation, Agriculture Research and Education etc. Status of funds under RKVY:- (Rs. in crore) YearTotal Budget Allocated Fund releasedExpenditure (August 2013)
EXTENTION – NETWORK Farmer training camp District level training camp –40 (One each in Kharif & Rabi) Block level training camp - (Minimum 282) No. of Village level training camp –(Minimum 4600) Free Agriculture literature being distributed in these camps Free Agri.Clinics have been opened in the State. Mass media TV & Radio support to Agriculture Extension Programme Kissan Call center Total No. of 5.77 lakh calls of the farmers have been responded from 2005 to August 2013 and further average farmer calls are responded per month.
Agriculture Credit Position in Punjab. S. No. Season ( Projected ) 1.Kharif (Total) Cash Kind Rabi (Total) Cash Kind Total Credit (Kharif + Rabi) Cash Kind (Amount in Crores) Registrar Cooperative Societies Pb.
ISSUES AND PROBLEMS Under NFSM,percentage share of SC component. Non –procurement of other alternate crops i.e oil seed and pulses at MSP. Climate change. Degradation and over exploitation of natural resources i.e soil and water. Lack of storage facilities for food grains. Water logging and salinity in south- western districts. Declining arable land area. Technology fatigue. Insufficient Migratory labour in Agriculture sector. Environmental Pollution
Suggestions Provision of adequate funds for research and development in crop improvement,natural resource management and climate change adaptation. Strengthening of scientific storage facilities and cold chain infrastructure. Establishment of Agro- processing units in Rural Sector. Assured procurement of diversified crops at MSP to promote diversification.
STRATEGIES FOR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR BETTER INPUT USE EFFICIENCY
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Promoting use of bio-fertilizers to reduce dependence on chemical fertilizers Promotion of crop residue based mulches - enhance water use efficiency and weed management Promotion of conjunctive use of brackish and good quality water and for management of brackish water in S-W Punjab
RATIONAL USE SALINE AND SODIC WATER About 42% underground waters are of poor irrigation quality Soil test based gypsum application Use technology for use of poor quality water and organic manures Incorporation of crop residue
MANAGEMENT OF RAIN WATER IN KANDI TRACT - Recharging Leveling the undulating fields Proper bunding of the fields Short duration crops/varieties cultivation Early sowing of crops Mulching with locally available biomass Rain water harvesting in small ponds
Wheat Use Happy Seeder machine for sowing of wheat in combine harvested paddy fields without any straw burning or removal. In heavy soils, sow wheat on beds with bed planter. Use of leaf colour chart (LCC) for need based fertilizer nitrogen application. For efficient use of irrigation water, make 8 plots per acre in heavy textured soils and 16 plots peer acre in light textured soils.
SPRING MAIZE Ridge and bed planting give significantly higher grain yield and water use efficiency than flat sown. Drip irrigation saves about 40% irrigation water as compared to flood irrigation. Application of straw 6 t/ha results in saving of cm of irrigation water. Use of leaf colour chart (LCC) for need based fertilizer nitrogen application.
PULSES Sow two rows of gram on raised beds, after rice particularly on heavy soils. Inoculate the seed of gram with Mesorhizobium culture / Mesorhizobium and Rhizobacterium cultures at the time of sowing for getting higher productivity of gram.. Treat the lentil seed before sowing with the recommended Rhizobium culture