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Integrating Disability in Community Based Disaster Risk Management Presented by Manoj Kumar Gohiwar Peace Building Coordinator NFDN, Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrating Disability in Community Based Disaster Risk Management Presented by Manoj Kumar Gohiwar Peace Building Coordinator NFDN, Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrating Disability in Community Based Disaster Risk Management Presented by Manoj Kumar Gohiwar Peace Building Coordinator NFDN, Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu Nepal 1

2 Introduction and Background Disaster risk Management … is a systematic approach to identifying assessing, and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socioeconomic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them…(Wikipedia, free encyclopedia): Community Based Disaster Management: The main objective of Community based Disaster Risk Management is to involve community people in Disaster preparedness and plan in identifying, assessing and relief distribution. That is to say, concept of CBDRM inclines towards the sole involvement of the community people in the process of DRR from Plan for Risk reduction to the planning and implementation phase of relief distribution activities. 2

3 Concept of CBDRM Community Based Disaster Risk Management Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Emergency and Response/Relief Socioeconomic Recovery and Reconstruction Source: World Bank Institute' Multimedia Centre These three components comprise of policy making, planning, action and result Community people are supposed to be involved in all these steps. 3

4 Nepal and CBDRM Before 19 th, disaster management was viewed as the management done after the occurrence of the disaster Later on, policy, act and regulation was made to include the spirit of Hyogo Frame work Land slides, and floods are frequent disaster in Nepal. witnessed Disaster: Land slide, fire, windstorm, thunderbolt, Hailstone, Earthquake, epidemic, avalanche Statistics Death: 171 Injured: 55, Total Losse: Animal loss: 7066 Affected family: Missing:6 Date: 2065 BS Source: Disaster Management Section, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Nepal 4

5 Nepal CBDRM and Nepal continue………………. Current Mechanism in Nepal National Disaster Relief Committee chaired by Home Minister Regional Disaster Relief Committee chaired by regional officer District Disaster Relief committee under CDO Village Disaster Relief Committee (extension of DDRC) 5

6 Some glimpse of Disaster in Nepal History of DR mitigation in Nepal is relatively short compared to the rest of the world. The Udypur Earthquake of 1998 was a major awakening for the country as well as for the people with 721people losing their lives, 22 districts affected and loss of over five billion rupees in property damages this risk couldn't be ignored anymore saw start of the National Building code development project (BCBDP). Nepal observed National Disaster reduction Day for the first time- (National Earthquake safety day-16 January) Great Nepal Bihar Earthquake (1990) – 8.4 Richter scale 6

7 However Nepal has developed these mechanism, it could not support the full spirit of the HYOGO framework of action ( ) The developed mechanism is less related to Pre stage of Disaster occurrene, and more inclined to post disaster occurrence, which is required to modified Some NGOs like, Nepal red cross society, National society of the Earthquake are actively working to institutionalize and implement CBDR concept in coordination with various INGOs In Nepal, UNDP, European commission/under Dipecho action 5(Specially, for Glacier lake burst area in Himalayan region 7

8 Integration of Disability in CBDRM Why Disability in CBDRM Different populations may face similar risks of exposure to the negative effects of environmental and man made disaster, but their actual vulnerability depends on their socioeconomic conditions, civic and social empowerment, and access of mitigation and relief resources.. (UN central Emergency response Fund). Haiti earthquake in January 2010 and other recent emergency situations have drawn particular attention to the plight of PWDs in emergency situations. In Haiti, it is estimated that 2 lakhs people are sustaining with long term disabilities. Legal Framework, the article 11 on Situation of risk and humanitarian emergencies pays particular attention to the obligations of the states parties to under take all necessaries measures to ensure the protection and safety for the PWDs(UNCRPD-2006) The priority set in Hyogo Frame work of action advocates for the inclusion of the Persons with disabilty into CBDRM. 8

9 How to integrate Disability in CBDRM While making emergency plans (by need, disaster, and setting) Training (first responders and community involvement) Evacuation and early emergency communication systems) Registry and shelter Design Ensure equal access to shelter, evacuation, disaster, training 9

10 Engaging stakeholders (DPOs, Civil societies) Understanding and responding to diversity within the population of PWDs –women, children, seniors and other vulnerable population Communication and mobility/technology use of technology Developing standards that are inclusive of all population for relief and restoration. 10

11 Some successful story on integration of DPOs and PWDs in CBDRM In pakistan, WB has approved a grant of five million dolar in support of Disabilty inclusion following the Kasmir earthquake in Octuber, 2005 Handicap International and STEP have collaborated to develop a cheklist for disabilty and disaster management in the aftermath of the earthquake. Handicap International is implementing the project on integrating Disability in community based daaster risk reduction and response with Odissa state disaster management authorities in which coordination of DPOs has been witnessed remarkable. In Bangala Desh, at the disaster and emergency response (DER) group believed that disabled people should become and intrinsic part of all disaster responses and soon learned that if the responses are accessible to the person with all types of Disabilities. Accordingly, in a workshop on Gender and Diversity, PWDs were participated. 11

12 Final recommendation Modify the existing mechanism developed to respond Disaster to fit need of PWDs, like representation of PWDs in Community, district, regional and national diaster relief committee. Identify the needs of PWDs during Disaster occurrence and accordingly provide the opportunity for them to participate in Pre to Post stage of DRM Institutionalize the spirit of HYOGO frame work of action in policy, plan and programmes. 12

13 Some special TIPS Safe places under well built furniture such as heavy tables, against and inside wall, close to door frame, and supporting pillars Identify safe place outside your home; empty fields, away from buildings, tress, telephone and electrical line Teach each family members what to do during an earthquake so each family member how and when to turn off the water, gas, and electricity supply at the main source. Previous plan for the People with special needs; PWDs, Pregnant, elder and children Paste and update emergency telephone no. Stock emergency supply Assemble emergency kit in an easy-to-carry bags for your home, car, and office; change the items every six month Learn first aid Learn to use the fire extinguisher Coordinate an emergency plan with your children schools and your neighbors. 13

14 THANK YOU.. FOR YOUR ATTENTION 14


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