2 Setting the sceneSupporters of mercantilism found success in England. In the mid-1600s, a mercantilist wrote “Foreign trade is… the honor of the kingdom, the noble profession of the merchant,… the means of our treasure, the sinews of our wars, the terror of our enemies!”Over the next century, Britain embraced mercantilism and built a colonial and commercial empire that reached around the world. At the same time, Britain developed a constitutional monarch, a political system somewhere between the absolute monarchies of Europe and later democracies.
3 1a Act of Union1707 Joined Scotland and England they became the United Kingdom of Great Britain, free trade created a larger market for goods eventually the growing prosperity made the union acceptable to most.
4 1b Tories Land owning aristocrats They wanted to keep the old ways They supported royal powers and the Anglican Church.
5 1C Whigs Backed policies of the Glorious Revolution Most likely to reflect urban business interestsSupported religious tolerationFavored Parliament over the Crown.
6 1d Robert Walpole A “whig” politician Said to be the first British Prime Minister although he was not given that title and was chosen by the King and not ParliamentOrganized the cabinet and became the chief official of the British government fromUnified the cabinet by making members agree on major issues.
7 1e George III Ruled England for 59 yrs 3 months and 2 days Believed that the King should have all the powerDissolved the cabinetMade colonists in America pay for war debts from the French and Indian WarEventually was discredited and suffered bouts of mental illness.
8 2a Constitutional Govt.A government whose power is defined and limited by law, a Constitution
9 2b CabinetA handful of parliamentary advisers that set policy they were called cabinet because they met in a small room or “cabinet”
10 2c Prime Minister Leader of the majority party in Parliament the chief official of the British government.David Cameron05/11/10-Arthur Balfour
11 2d OligarchyA government in which the ruling power belongs to a few people. Like in Great Britain during the 1700,s and 1800’s.
12 3 Explain how each of the following contributed to Britain’s rise to Global Power. A. Geography- Britain’s island location helped it to control trade and build a global empire.B. Success in war- Military successes won Britain more overseas territories and a monopoly on the slave trade in Spanish America.C. Attitudes toward business and commerce- The British government promoted business by imposing fewer trade restrictions than other nations
13 4 how did the British cabinet and office of prime minister develop? George I and II needed advisory help in Parliament because they were from a German state and did not speak English.This body became known as the cabinet and eventually gained official status.The head of the cabinet was the minister, leader of the majority party.
14 5 Wheat goals did King George III have when he became king? To reassert Royal power by ending Whig dominationTo choose his own ministersTo dissolve the cabinet systemAnd to gain control of Parliment
15 6 How did the British political system affect most people in Britain? WHAT ARE “YOUR” THOUGHTS???
16 7 How might people in Ireland and the American colonies react to British attempts to increase control over those regions?WHAT ARE “YOUR” THOUGHTS???