2Analyze The detective was asked to analyze the evidence for the case. To methodically examine in detail the composition or structure of something, (especially information or evidence), for purposes of explanation and interpretation.The detective was asked to analyze the evidence for the case.
3AnecdoteA brief narrative account, often intended to illustrate or support a point.NOTE: The expression anecdotal evidence refers to the use of particular instances or concrete examples to support a claim. Such information (sometimes referred to negatively as "hearsay") may be compelling but does not, in itself, provide proof.Although the defense lawyer provided several clever anecdotes, this was not sufficient evidence to win the case.
4Argumentationthe act or process of forming reasons and drawing conclusions in support for or opposition to a given topic in discussion or writingHe tried to use argumentation, rather than force, to convince his opponents.
5BackingIn argumentation, the support or explanation provided for the warrant. NOTE: The backing is often characterized by the word because.The fact that the team with the best defense has won the Superbowl for the last five years, was his backing for stating that the team with the best defense would win the Superbowl once again.
6Claim The main idea or point being maintained as true Because the prosecuting attorney was so unclear, the judge had to ask, “What is your claim?”
7Conclusionthe end decision or judgment reached by reasoning and examination of evidenceAfter analyzing all of the evidence, their conclusion was that Arthur was a hopeless drunk.
8ConsequencesCameron is CHS football player. All CHS football players are red devils. Consequently, it follows that Cameron is a red devil.In logic, the relationships between statements that hold true when one logically "follows from" one or more to others; the conclusions that follow the premises
9Counterargumenta contrasting, op- posing, or refuting argument to the initial argument at handShannon and Alison were ready to offer their counterargument to Mr. McMahon about why they should be allowed to bring a 21-year-old guest to the homecoming dance.
10Evidence Data or grounds to prove or disprove something Although the jury believed Queenie was guilty, there was not enough evidence to prove it.
11Expertsa person who has special skill or know -ledge in a particu- lar field; a specialist or an authorityThe expert stated that he did not feel the level of intoxication was enough to cause the victim’s death.
12Generalizationa proposition asserting something to be true either of all members of a certain category or of an indefinite part of that categoryThe employer’s generalization about teenagers was that all teenagers are lazy.
13GroundsThe foundation or basis for the claim; the supporting evidence for the argumentThere were no grounds to prove the claim that the Indians would soon have a winning team again.
14Misrepresentationthe action or offense of giving a false or misleading accountMrs. Volupides’ co- worker, who had never gotten along with Mrs. Volupides, tried to provide misrepresentation with the hope that Queenie would lose her job.
15QualifierStatements that limit the strength of the argument or statements that propose the conditions under which the argument is true; the degree of certainty about the claimThe numerous qualifiers in her argument made the jury seem unsure about her claim.
16Reasoningthe action of thinking about something in a logical, sensible wayAlthough his mother explained the reasoning behind her decision, Matt was not happy with the final outcome about his curfew.
17Relevanthaving direct bearing on the matter in hand; pertinent, related, appropriateThe defense lawyer accused the prosecuting attorney of bringing up evidence that was not relevant to the case at hand.
18Rebuttalthe act of refuting or contesting one argument by offering a contrary dispute or argumentAfter listening to Brandon’s reasons for being excused from school forever, the principal offered his rebuttal.
19Statisticsthe collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of large quantities of numerical data; a collection of such quantitative dataHad the lawyer provided a more statistical argument, he may have won the case to ban all smoking.
20SubstantiveImportant, meaningful or essential; supported by facts or logicMatt’s argument was not substantive enough to convince his parents to extend his curfew.
21Sufficient enough; an adequate amount The detective determined that the autopsy report was sufficient to prove the victim was intoxicated.
22Testimoniala formal statement affirming someone's character and qualificationsBased on the testimonial of the witness, it appeared as though Mrs. Volupides was telling the truth.
23Undisputable (also Indisputable) incontestable: not open to question; obviously true; undeniableThe evidence against the defendant was so undisputable, the jury was sure to vote “guilty.”
24Valid having a sound basis in logic or fact; reasonable The group’s conclusion was not very valid, given the evidence they had to support it.
25WarrantThe chain of reasoning that connects the claim of an argument to the grounds or evidenceAlthough she had found some good evidence, there was no warrant to support her claim.
26Well-founded based on good evidence or reasons His argument was so well-founded, no one could argue against him.