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Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 Quick and Dirty Research 101” Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 How can I find basic information quickly? (otherwise.

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Presentation on theme: "Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 Quick and Dirty Research 101” Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 How can I find basic information quickly? (otherwise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 Quick and Dirty Research 101” Chemical and Materials Engineering 200 How can I find basic information quickly? (otherwise know as): “Quick and Dirty Research 101” 07 September 2010 Randy Reichardt – Science and Technology Library

2 Outline of Presentation Cameron Science and Technology LibraryCameron Science and Technology Library Chemical and Materials Eng library resources –examples from chemical/materials encyclopedias –locating information basic information on chemical and materials engineering and industries –locating chemical info: properties, data, uses, etc –locating industrial safety and hygiene information, toxicity data Using the web in your research –evaluating web sites: why you need to use caution –Web Site Examples: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly Ways to Contact me –e-mail, Facebook

3 Science and Technology Library (Cameron - floors 1-4) Houses print journals and books on chemical and materials engineering (third floor). –First floor of Cameron now includes a satellite branch of Edmonton Public Library and a Starbucks Coffee Shop ONECardUse your ONECard to borrow material U of A Libraries are part of the NEOS Libraries Consortium –49 libraries in 17 library systems in and near Edmonton

4 Library Resources for Chemical and Materials Engineering Many different sources and formats –Journals, conference publications, databases, monographs, encyclopedias, handbooks, government and technical reports, manuals, product directories, web sites, patents, standards… Online resource guides for chem and materials engineering on the library web site:



7 Online chat service (when I’m available) – otherwise I can be reached via Facebook or email

8 List of suggested databases

9 Kirk-Othmer and Ullmann’s are the two most important encyclopedias in chemical engineering

10 Ullmann’s: One of many good sources to use to find information on chemical production, uses, properties, etc You can browse by title or topic To search by Keyword within Ullmann’s, choose “Advanced Product Search”


12 Entries often available in HTML or PDF format

13 Flow sheets available

14 Flow sheet for malt production of beer

15 References, figures and charts are linked:

16 Complete citation information provided: author and title of article, journal or publications title, volume, year, and pages on which the article appears

17 The important encyclopedias in materials engineering are on the Materials Science & Engineering guide




21 Freedonia: US industry reports providing market share, market size, demand history and forecast for a variety of manufacturing industries, including metals, chemicals, minerals, plastics, etc. Chemical Economics Handbook – economic status of the industry; focus is primary petrochemicals, inorganic and organic chemicals, and chemical product groups such as plastics, fibers and elastomers –available in the Cameron Science & Technology Library reference collection Note: These and other resources are listed on the chemical and materials engineering resource guides! Chemicals and Materials – Where to Find Industry Information?





26 Chemicals Where to Find Properties, Uses, Health and Safety, Toxicity? The chemical engineering resource guide include lists of resources to help you find chemical and materials properties, uses, toxicity data, and more These include handbooks and manuals in print and available online. Knovel Library – excellent starting point!


28 Knovel Library has a large section on safety and industrial hygiene The Knovel Library is an example of a full-text handbook db


30 Three excellent resources to use to search for toxicity information on chemicals are: Patty’s, Sax’s, and Sittig’s.

31 Entry for Boron from Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials (11th Edition)

32 1.4 Toxic Effects There have been no reports of toxicity in humans. Since the element is very insoluble, the dust should be treated as such, with a respirable dust limit applied. 1.4.1 Experimental Studies Acute Toxicity The mouse oral LD50 for presumably amorphous boron was reported to be 2000 mg/kg by Stokinger (193), who recommended that it should be controlled at the “nuisance” dust level of 10 mg/m3. Chronic and Subchronic Toxicity Elemental boron inhalation studies in the mouse were done by Stokinger (193). No effects were seen at air concentrations of 72.8 mg/m3 over a 30-day period of 7 h/day, 5 days/week. However, boron concentrations in the lung were 792 mg/g; in the kidney, 252 mg/g; in the liver, 106 mg/g; and in the GI tract, 73 mg/g. The elemental boron studies in humans by Keil and Miller (192) and the inhalation study in the mouse emphasize the ability of the respiratory tract to absorb highly insoluble substances; solubility of elemental boron is 0.72 mg/mL in water and 1.3 mg/mL in plasma. Pharmacokinetics, Metabolism, and Mechanisms It is assumed that once elemental boron goes into solution, the boron will be in the form B(OH)3 and thus will be absorbed, distributed, and excreted as boric acid. See toxicity information about boric acid above.193 192 Entry for Boron in Patty’s Toxicology

33 Of course not! It is a good place to start for finding background info and for exploring new ideas… BUT ALWAYS USE CAUTION! Is The Internet Useless For Finding Relevant or Reliable Information? What to watch for when browsing and evaluating web sites? –Accuracy, bias, authority, scope, currency, purpose, plagiarism, usability.





38 What are Volatile Organic Compounds? Source: Yu, Ming-Ho. 2000. “Volatile organic compounds.” In: Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Chapter 11. 2d ed. How found: a search on CRCnetBASE, a full-text handbook db on UA Libraries’ web site. Not available via a Google search.

39 Source: US Environmental Protection Agency. Air. Indoor Air Quality. “An introduction to indoor air quality. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs).” How found: Search on Google for “volatile organic compounds” What are Volatile Organic Compounds?

40 Agencies, associations, etc, responsible for this report are listed on the cover World Trade Center study: freely available on the web. Is it credible?

41 Authors of each chapter are given

42 Authors’ credentials, affliliations listed



45 “ SoCal city falls victim to Internet hoax, considers banning items made with water” ALISO VIEJO, Calif. Sun, Mar. 14, 2004 - City officials were so concerned about the potentially dangerous properties of dihydrogen monoxide that they considered banning foam cups after they learned the chemical was used in their production. Then they learned that dihydrogen monoxide - H2O for short - is the scientific term for water. "It's embarrassing," said City Manager David J. Norman. "We had a paralegal who did bad research.“ The paralegal apparently fell victim to one of the many official looking Web sites that have been put up by pranksters to describe dihydrogen monoxide as "an odorless, tasteless chemical" that can be deadly if accidentally inhaled. As a result, the City Council of this Orange County suburb had been scheduled to vote next week on a proposed law that would have banned the use of foam containers at city-sponsored events. Among the reasons given for the ban were that they were made with a substance that could "threaten human health and safety.“

46 Excerpt from entry by Amy Fry, Association of College & Research Libraries blog, 11 Sept 2008 From Washington Post article by Frank Aherns, Tuesday 09 Sept 2009



49 UA iPhone/iPod Touch/iPad App

50 Win an iPad

51 Contact Info Randy Reichardt, Chemical and Materials Engineering Librarian –Office phone: 780-492-7911 –Email: –you can also reach me via Facebook – just be sure you send the message to the correct “Randy Reichardt”! –in ECERF 7-029 from 13:00-15:00 every Tuesday beginning 14 Sept 2010


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