Presentation on theme: "Colm Campbell Transitional Justice Institute (UU)."— Presentation transcript:
Colm Campbell Transitional Justice Institute (UU)
Transitional Justice: Gaps Armed Opposition movements… Subjects rather than merely objects Agency & entrepreneurship …as social movements Mobilising structures Political opportunity structure Framing processes Victims and perpetrators Dichotomous: victim or perpetrator Dyadic: victim and perpetrator
Mobilising Structures Bi-furcated (typically) Party Armed entity ANC & MK, Fatah (PLO) &Tanzim, ETA &Batasuna Demobilisation of armed entity (DDR) Party mobilisation Relationship of one to the other? Splits and flanking threats
Peace Process: Political Opportunity Structure Route to political power New alliances Damage enemies and opponents Entrepreneurship Flanking threats
Framing Processes Frame resonance: targets of mobilization Frame bridging: making new alliances Framing and entrepreneurship Compromise: diagnostic & prognostic Framing battles: The state Opponents Potential flankers
‘The Past’ as opportunity and risk Truth processes as battlegrounds (SATRC) Framing battle: whose version resonates? Political opportunities: damage enemies and opponents victim-perpetrator dyads Self-investigation Apology ( ) Space for flankers?
NI’s past as framing battle Is there a ‘past’? Whose story resonates? How to get there? (inquiries, truth etc.) In the past, nobody won; can battle over past be won now?
Bloody Sunday Tribunal Resonance of findings Cameron’s apology-apologia Without a truth commission, what’s the NI story? Depriving flankers (diagnostic-prognostic framing)
Entrepreneurship: ‘no return to Stormont’ 1 1 UK-imposed obstacle to Irish reunification (‘occupation’ frame). 1 2 symbol of discrimination (‘injustice’ frame) 1 3 geographical site
Apology-apologia (2002) IRA: ‘It is therefore appropriate… that we address all of the deaths… of non-combatants caused by us. We offer our sincere apologies and condolences to their families Apology-aplogia (‘combatant’ language)
Kicking to touch? - Truth/legacy commission? Bradley-Eames process Demanding UN involvement? Amnesty for truth?
Conclusions Political opportunities effectively exploited Demobilisation and party mobilisation well handled Framing battles – variable Victim-perpetrator dyadic