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BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah Rasin A2/LR-6 BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah.

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Presentation on theme: "BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah Rasin A2/LR-6 BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah."— Presentation transcript:

1 BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah Rasin A2/LR-6 BCT 1033 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Lecturer : Mdm. Norhidayah Rasin A2/LR-6

2 ELEMENT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION TYPES OF BUILDING BASIC MATERIALS USED FOR BUILDINGS COMPONENTS OF A BUILDING FOUNDATIONS FLOORS WALLS ROOF DOORS AND WINDOWS TIMBER JOINERY IRON MONGERY STAIRCASE

3 WeekLearning OutcomesTopicsAssignt./ tasksReference Books 1LO 1 – Introduction to Building 1.General 2.Types of Building 3.Components of a Building ASSIGNMENT 1 (LO2, LO3, LO4, LOC 5 & LOC 6 ) Title : Construction Technology Vol 1,2,3 & 4, 2 nd Edition Author : Roy Chudley Publisher : Blackwell Year : 1987 Title : Construction Technology Author : Roy Chudley & Roger Greeno Publisher : Longman Year : 1999 Title : The Construction of Building Vol 3,4 Author : Barry Publisher : Blackwell Year : LO 2 – Basic Materials Used for Buildings 1.Stones 2.Bricks 3.Concrete 4.Metal 5.Timber 2LO 3 - Foundations1.Functions and Objectives 2.Materials of Foundations 3.Types of Foundations  Pad foundations  Raft foundations  Strip foundations  Pile foundations

4 WeekLearning OutcomesTopicsAssignt./ tasksReference Books 2LO 4 - Floor1.Functional Requirements 2.Construction principle and materials 3.Types of Floor and Floor Finishes ASSIGNMENT 1 (LO2, LO3, LO4, LOC 5 & LOC 6 ) Title : Construction Technology Vol 1,2,3 & 4, 2 nd Edition Author : Roy Chudley Publisher : Blackwell Year : 1987 Title : Construction Technology Author : Roy Chudley & Roger Greeno Publisher : Longman Year : 1999 Title : The Construction of Building Vol 3,4 Author : Barry Publisher : Blackwell Year : LO 5 – Walls TUTORIAL/QUIZ 1.Objectives and Functional Elements 2.Walling Materials 3.Classifications of Walls 4LO 6 - Roofs1.Function of Roof 2.Types of Roof

5 WeekLearning OutcomesTopicsAssignt./ tasks Reference Books 5 LO 7 – Doors and Windows Doors 1.Types and Function of Doors FINAL EXAM (LOC 6, LOC 7, LOC 8, LOC 9 & LOC 10) Title : Construction Technology Vol 1,2,3 & 4, 2 nd Edition Author : Roy Chudley Publisher : Blackwell Year : 1987 Title : Construction Technology Author : Roy Chudley & Roger Greeno Publisher : Longman Year : 1999 Title : The Construction of Building Vol 3,4 Author : Barry Publisher : Blackwell Year : 1996 Windows 1.Types and Function of Windows 6LO 8 – Timber Joinery1.Types and function 6LO 9 – Iron Mongery TUTORIAL/QUIZ 1.Types and Function 7LO 10 – Staircase REVISION 1.Types of Staircase 2.Construction Requirements 8FINAL EXAMINATION

6 ASSESMENT 40% - ASSIGNMENT (1 ASSIGNMENT, INDIVIDUAL) 60% - FINAL EXAM

7 TOPIC 1 :Introduction to Building

8 GENERAL Buildings come in a wide amount of shapes and functions, and have been adapted for a wide number of factors: building materials available weather conditions to land prices ground conditions specific uses and aesthetic reasons Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather and as general living space, to provide privacy, to store belongings and to comfortably live and work. Buildings come in a wide amount of shapes and functions, and have been adapted for a wide number of factors: building materials available weather conditions to land prices ground conditions specific uses and aesthetic reasons Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather and as general living space, to provide privacy, to store belongings and to comfortably live and work.

9 What are the elements of Building Construction? Building Something that is built, as for human habitation; a structure. The act, process, art, or occupation of constructing. Element - A fundamental, essential, or irreducible constituent of a composite entity. Elements - The basic assumptions or principles of a subject. Refers to the dictionary

10 Type of Building Residential building constructed for residential occupancy and can accommodate a person (s) to live in. Residential building constructed for residential occupancy and can accommodate a person (s) to live in. Non-residential building used for some purpose other than residential. Non-residential building used for some purpose other than residential.

11 single family housing (bungalow, terrace house) Residential building

12 multiple family housing (apartments, condominiums). Residential building Condominium — A type of ownership in real property where all of the owners own the property, common areas and buildings together, with the exception of the interior of the unit to which they have title. Apartment — A room or set of rooms fitted especially with housekeeping facilities and usually leased as a dwelling.

13 commercial (bank, shopping mall, office building) manufacturing/industrial (factory, refinery, mill) agricultural (barn, greenhouse), educational building (school, college, library), government building (police station, post office), military building (barracks, block house, fort) religious building (mosque, temple, church). commercial (bank, shopping mall, office building) manufacturing/industrial (factory, refinery, mill) agricultural (barn, greenhouse), educational building (school, college, library), government building (police station, post office), military building (barracks, block house, fort) religious building (mosque, temple, church). Non-residential building

14 Commercial building is a building that is used for commercial use (business purposes). Example: bank, shopping mall, office building

15 Manufacturing/industrial building Manufacturing building is the building for production of goods for use or sale. using labor and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing. Example: factory and refinery

16 Agricultural building Buildings and structures associated with farming and the agricultural industry. Example: barn, greenhouse

17 Educational building Educational Building a building designed for various activities in a primary, secondary, or higher educational system and often including living areas for students, such as dormitories Example: school, college, library

18 Government building a building that houses a branch of government or government service activities. Example: police station, post office

19 Military building A military building is any structure designed to house functions performed by a military unit (barracks, block house, fort)

20 Religious building For religion activity Example: mosque, temple, church

21 Substructure  lowest support of a structure  Basically a structure that inside the ground level such as foundation, tunnel, cofferdam. Superstructure  Extended part of the substructure  A structure that stands above the ground level  Example: Form of beam, slab and column  Material: steel structure, wood or reinforce concrete. COMPONENTS OF A BUILDING

22 FOUNDATIONS FLOORS WALLS ROOF DOORS AND WINDOWS STAIRCASE TIMBER JOINERY IRON MONGERY FOUNDATIONS FLOORS WALLS ROOF DOORS AND WINDOWS STAIRCASE TIMBER JOINERY IRON MONGERY COMPONENTS OF A BUILDING

23 FOUNDATIONS FLOORS

24 WALLS ROOF

25 DOORS AND WINDOWS

26 STAIRCASE


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