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FIRE Safety Solutions Dr. Pulak De FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE.

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Presentation on theme: "FIRE Safety Solutions Dr. Pulak De FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRE Safety Solutions Dr. Pulak De FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

2 Fire Safety Solution with emphasis on Technology & how it benefits CUSTOMER Major advances in Fire & Gas Detection Integration of Safety & Security Systems Integration of Fire & Gas & Security systems Large Scale Networking with Fibre Optics Alarm System Management – monitoring of large no. of Alarm Panels FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Safety Solutions- Scope of Discussion

3 Fire Safety Solutions Fire is an accident Accidents can be prevented Accidents can be prevented by following rules of System By following rules of Process or Operation without deviation FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

4 Fire as an accident can be controlled by FAULT TREE ANALYSIS By eliminating system faults By reducing system faults and failures FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Safety Solutions

5 Fire causes Losses – large and small It is possible to eliminate Losses from Fire Losses in Plant & Machinery Loss of Life Detect the Fire early and protect from it FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire causes losses

6 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Safety Solutions Fire Safety Design Identification of Fire Hazard Quantification of Fire Risk start Expertise  Knowledge With Technology

7 Fire Hazard Analysis – Sources of Ignition – Fire Severity – Fire Spread – Effects of Fire Fire Risk Analysis Risk Containment & Risk Transfer Risk Containment by providing Protection Systems Risk Transfer by Fire Insurance FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Design & Planning for Fire Safety

8 Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm System Automatic Fire Protection Systems Best solutions – must be most reliable appropriate with minimum investment FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Safety Solutions

9 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

10 Fire Detection System- Why Automatic Systems ? Automatic systems work without human intervention Precious time is lost when we wait for Fire Fighters to come Fight FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Safety Solutions Automatic Fire Detection & Alarm System gives out audible & visible Alarm in the area protected It displays place of occurrence of Alarm Automatic Fire Detection & Alarm System sends out pre-recorded Alarm messages over phone, mobile mail to Fire Brigade It repeats Alarm to security

11 Fire Detectors Flame Detectors Gas Detectors All connected with Transmitters & Controllers Controlled by PLC or without PLC Connected to Plant DCS & Shutdown System FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire & Gas Systems Gas Detector Flame Detector Fire Panel

12 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Detection System-Scope of Improvements Conventional System Addressable System Automated System Integrated Automated System Case Study – Augmentation project Implemented at IOCL – Haldia Refinery Result – A)Display of fire incident location in large format makes it easy for fire brigade operators to respond & report to the location quickly. B) Total quantity of cables have been reduced to very minimum. As a result the nightmare for the electrical maintenance department is over. C) All incident records are transmitted by to the concern departments. They are all available in server for future reference. Integration = Gas + Fire Detectors

13 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Detection System-Scope of Improvements Copper Wire Optical Fibre Case Study – Augmentation Project Implemented at IOCL – Haldia Refinery Result – Cost effective for systems covering Long Distance Selection of Wires

14 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Detection System-Scope of Improvements Case Study – IOCL – Panipat, Jalandhar Pipelines Division Result – Reliable Advanced system User Friendly Cost Effective Integration = Gas + Fire + Flame Detectors

15 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Detection System-Scope of Improvements Case Study – IPPL – Ennore Result – Reliable Advanced system User Friendly Cost Effective Touch Screen Based Integration = Gas + Fire + Flame + CCTV Detectors

16 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Protection System-Scope of Improvements Result – Reduces corrosion Increased Life Expectancy of Pipes Low Maintenance Cost Effective Ordinary Pipes Epoxy Coated Pipes Selection of Pipes

17 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Protection System-Scope of Improvements Case Study IOCL BPCL Result – Low Maintenance Cost Effective Time Saving Regular Deluge Valves Flangeless Deluge Valves Selection of Deluge Valves

18 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Protection System-Scope of Improvements Case Study IOCL Paradweep Refinery Result – Low Maintenance Cost Effective Time Saving – as no Welding required Ordinary CouplingGrooved Coupling Selection of Total Fire Protection System

19 Fire Hydrant System must be automatic It is simple When the Fire Fighter opens the Fire Hydrant valve, water must come out at full force All it needs a good pressure switch and reliable panel to start Pump set at fall of line pressure FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Hydrant System for General Industries Different Components

20 Pump auto operation switches FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

21 New Improvements More efficient & reliable pumps PLC based MCC & Cabinets Piping material & coatings Pipe fittings – grooved couplings Clevis hangers FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Hydrant Systems

22 Automatic Sprinkler System Best possible for Indoor Protection Water will come out and fight fire in the room where Fire has occurred and limit it to that room FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Fire Sprinkler Systems

23 Grooved couplings connected piping FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

24 Sprinkler System design Fast Response Sprinklers Large orifice sprinklers Sprinkler drop lines Grooved Couplings Fire Sprinkler Systems- Scope of Improvements FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

25 Automatic Water Spray System For High Hazard Risks of Refinery, petrochemical risks, Oil Terminals – MVWS For Power Industry, Large Power Transformers – HVWS FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Water Spray Systems

26 Water Spray system design Improved nozzles Improved Deluge Valves – skid mounted Piping material with grooved ends Stainless Steel / CPVC pipes FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Water Spray Systems- Scope of Improvements

27 Fixed Automatic Systems For very large Oil Storage Tanks with Foam Proportioning & Pumping System Supported by Rim seal System Semi-fixed Systems for most of the Storage Tanks - Fire Brigade vehicle comes and pumps foam – lot of expertise & skill needed for success FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Foam Systems

28 For very large generators For cable trenches Actuated by a very reliable Detection system with Cross-Zoning FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Automatic CO2 Systems

29 Designed system based on flow analysis On line weighing & alarm system Discharge Panels Automatic CO2 Systems- Scope of Improvements FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE

30 Control Rooms for Refineries, Power Stations Server Rooms for large Corporate Houses Must be automatic FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Clean Agent Systems

31 Hospitals – lot of combustible materials and patients with impaired mobility Automatic Hydrants Automatic Alarms Automatic Sprinklers Exit Paths Trained attendants Hotels - lot of combustible materials and guests in unfamiliar surroundings Automatic Hydrants Automatic Alarms Automatic Sprinklers Guided Exit Paths Trained attendants FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Special Risks

32 Fire Brigade Large Fire Hydrant, Pumping system and Water Storage Fire Alarm – Wireless Fire Alarms FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE For Large Plants and Cities

33 FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE Thank You …… Your Queries please…

34 Mesh Network for Wireless Nodes can cover a Steel Plant or a City Each Node is a Transceiver – it receives and transmits and establishes a path over the shortest route to the Central Receiver in the Fire Station FIGHT FIRE WITH KNOWLEDGE For Large Plants and Cities


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