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WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 1 DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY AMERICA’S COMBAT LOGISTICS SUPPORT AGENCY DEFENSE LOGISTICS.

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Presentation on theme: "WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 1 DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY AMERICA’S COMBAT LOGISTICS SUPPORT AGENCY DEFENSE LOGISTICS."— Presentation transcript:

1 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 1 DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY AMERICA’S COMBAT LOGISTICS SUPPORT AGENCY DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY AMERICA’S COMBAT LOGISTICS SUPPORT AGENCY WARFIGHTER SUPPORT STEWARDSHIP EXCELLENCE WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Quality Challenges Associated with Future Fuels Rodney Fischer, Defense Logistics Agency Energy Chief of Quality Operations May 2012

2 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 2 2 Defense Logistics Agency Energy Mission: Vision: Values: In support of DLA’s mission, provide the Department of Defense and other government agencies with comprehensive energy solutions in the most effective and efficient manner possible. Warfighter-focused, globally responsive, fiscally responsible supply chain leadership Warfighter needs guide us Integrity defines us Diversity strengthens us Excellence inspires us

3 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 3 3 Alternative fuels Specific quality concerns Some lessons learned Jet A conversion Particle counter field test OVERVIEW

4 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 4 4 Alternative Energy Drivers Energy independence Compliance with environmental regulations Reduce carbon footprint Minimize green house gas emissions Meet customer requirements

5 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 5 5 Hydrotreated Renewable Fuels – The feedstock is defined as esters or fatty acids, which have undergone deoxygenation and subsequent hydroprocessing/isomerization into hydrocarbon fuels. HR fuels that have been procured were derived from camelina, algal, waste (yellow grease) oils and tallows. HR fuels may be blended up to 50 percent with conventional hydrocarbon fuels and meet JP8/JP5/F76 specification. HRJ5 / HRJ8 / HRF76

6 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 6 6 HRJ5 – Procured to local specification –To be added to next revision of MIL-DTL-5624 HRJ8 – Procured to local specification –Recently added as Appendix B of MIL-DTL HRF76 – Procured to local specification –To be added to MIL-DTL in 2013 HR Quality Specifications

7 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 7 7 Mild caustic wash, if warranted, mild enough to not harm epoxy coating No detergents After caustic minimum of two fresh water rinses validated by pH comparison with the stock rinse water Tank and associated pumps and lines must be blown completely dry. Nitrogen is preferable but air is acceptable--if nitrogen used, no positive pressure need be remaining inside compartment, however nitrogen should not be purged with air after Offered tank requires inspection and acceptance by government inspector Storage Tank Prep to Receive HRJ5 / HRJ8 / HRF76

8 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 8 8 Tank Truck Cleaning Procedures HRJ5 / HRJ8 / HRF76 (Condensed Composite Table) LAST PRODUCT CARRIEDPRODUCT TO BE LOADED CLEANING PROCESS JP4, JET B, MOGAS, GASOHOL, AVGAS, JP5, JP8, JET A/A1, F76, MGO, JPTS – Other normal hydrocarbon fuels HR fuelHot water flush, steam, air blown, nitrogen purge leaving 5 psi residual pressure in tank compartments Methanol, Ethanol, IsopropanolHR fuelHot water flush, steam, air blown, nitrogen purge leaving 5 psi residual pressure in tank compartments Ethylenediamine (EDA) (5), Ethylamines (5), Hexamines (5), Methylamines (5) – Other similar -amines. HR fuelCaustic wash, Hot water flush, steam, air blown, nitrogen purge leaving 5 psi residual pressure in tank compartments (1) When required, drain and empty includes the pump(s), filter(s), meter(s), and hose(s) as applicable.

9 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 9 9 Fischer-Tropsch Synthesized Paraffinic Kerosene– Hydrocarbon molecules in the fuel are synthesized from hydrogen and carbon monoxide –Fischer-Tropsch processes developed by Germans during WW II to make gasoline from coal –Modernized in South Africa by Sasol Feedstocks include –Coal –Biomass –Natural gas Hydroprocessing/isomerization is the means of synthesis Fischer-Tropsch Synthesized Paraffinic Kerosene

10 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 10 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 10 Refinery tankage must be dedicated to FT IPK Piping from FT process to storage tank must be dedicated –OR have the ability to be flushed so that there is minimal product carryover Piping, manifold and pump from storage tank to container loading point must be dedicated –OR have the ability to be flushed so that there is minimal product carryover Storage Tank / Issue System Fischer-Tropsch Synthesized Paraffinic Kerosene

11 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 11 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 11 Container must be stainless steel or aluminum intermodal container Transport vessel must be steam cleaned and dry such that no residue of the previous cargo is left on the interior of the container including piping Intermodal Container Requirements for FTSPK

12 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 12 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 12 Alcohol to Jet – As the words imply jet fuel is derived from alcohol. The alcohol has undergone a dehydration process followed by oligomerization into jet fuel range hydrocarbons and subsequently hydro-processed. The current contract is for 11,000 gallons; 10,000 gallons of the alcohol can come from any source and the remaining 1,000 gallons of alcohol had to come from the fermentation of biomass. R&D quantity awarded FOB destination to Wright-Pat Alcohol to Jet

13 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 13 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 13 Refinery tankage must be dedicated to ATJ Piping from ATJ process to storage tank must be dedicated –Or have the ability to be flushed so that there is minimal product carryover Piping, manifold and pump from storage tank to container loading point must be dedicated –Or have the ability to be flushed so that there is minimal product carryover Storage Tank / Issue System Alcohol to Jet

14 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 14 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 14 Container must be stainless steel or aluminum intermodal container Transport vessel must be steam cleaned and dry such that no residue of the previous cargo is left on the interior of the container including piping Intermodal Container Requirements (ATJ)

15 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 15 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 15 Increased surveillance of contractor receipt system, storage tanks and issue system Increased surveillance of contractor intermodal container/truck loading Site visits to receiving activities to assess ability to receive and store the alternative fuel Increased customer assistance visits Inspection footprint will shrink after R&D phase Inspection Impact

16 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 16 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 16 Biodiesel refers to vegetable oil or animal fat-based diesel fuels consisting of long-chain alkyl esters –Blend (B6 to B20) refers to biodiesel component to conventional diesel fuel –Biodiesel conforms to ASTM D6751 –The middle distillate diesel component in accordance with ASTM D975 –FAME is biodiesel that is made from various animal fats and tallow E85 is an abbreviation for an ethanol fuel blend of up to 85 percent denatured ethanol fuel and gasoline –Procured against ASTM D5798 Biodiesel/E85

17 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 17 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 17 Puerto Rico FAME contamination in marine gas oil –Numerous U.S. Coast Guard Cutters affected –FAME content: 3–20 percent –FAME traced back to PR Main Distribution Terminal Currently, all delivery receipts are tested for FAME contamination USCG established acceptable FAME limit: <1 percent

18 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 18 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 18 FAME Contamination In Jet Fuel Emerging problem influenced by BioD mandates Max allowed in jet fuel is five ppm Move to allow 100 ppm progressing slowly Euro pipe entry points require FAME-free cert. Protects aviation fuel in pipe from trail-back Introduced by transport conveyance not production Quality Surveillance procedures adjusted to include EI HM50 FAME last carried rules for vessels

19 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 19 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 19 Washington, D.C. Winter conversion from ultra low sulfur diesel to B20 –Entire GSA diesel fleet affected to include all emergency response vehicles –B20 failed to meet specification in accordance with ASTM D7467 –All nine dispensing locations experienced massive filter plugging Currently, the District has suspended the use of B20 pending further study

20 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 20 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 20 Columbus Air Force Base, Miss. B20 vehicle filter plugging –Bio-diesel component contained animal fat –Source traced back to supplier –Installation is in the process of flushing B20 from the system Installation converted back to ULSD in-lieu-of B20 until the bio-diesel component issues could be resolved

21 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 21 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 21 Fort Campbell, Ky E85 contained high concentrations of silicon –Entire GSA Flex-fuel fleet affected –All mechanical failures were post combustion –Source of the silicon traced back to the motor gasoline fraction –Silicon levels ranged from 9 – 32 ppm Currently, the automotive industry does not have a specification standard for silicon

22 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 22 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 22 Lessons Learned E85 performs poorly in stationary equipment/vehicles E85 storage must be continually monitored for water Gasoline containing greater >10 percent ethanol is not recommended for use in marine environments Bio-diesel has a very limited shelf (

23 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 23 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 23 Why Switch? To increase the number of potential suppliers Lower cost Decrease time to receive / move to a location Increase flexibility in coverage Differences in the fuel? JP8 is Jet A1 with specific additives Freeze point (Jet A1: -47C, Jet A: -40C) AO is optional in Jet A JP8 procured to MIL-DTL-83133/Jet A to ASTM D1655 The Transition JP8 to JET A

24 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 24 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 24 Additives (FSII, CI, SDA) – military customers will continue to require additives in Jet A Additive injection will shift from refiner to defense fuel support point If no intermediate DFSP is involved in shipment will require the supplier to inject additives Installation of additive storage and injectors at DFSP Increased quality oversight of additive injection process Manage additive bulk inventories Reduced FSII injection ratios? Commercial versus Military Additives

25 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 25 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 25 U.S. Army: expected completion 1st quarter fiscal 2013 One year study, preparation for change All tanks and equipment must be marked for Jet A with additives with accepted nomenclature Customer Concerns

26 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 26 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 26 U.S. Navy: Freeze Point Study: Determine any concerns changing to Jet A Expected completion: 1st quarter fiscal 2013 Peroxide Testing: DLA issued a joint Quality Assurance Advisory Pearl Harbor, Puget Sound, San Pedro, Yorktown Test peroxide content via ASTM D3703 –Initial Jet A fill, every six months, for two years Customer Concerns

27 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 27 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 27 Future providers How will the supply chain differ? Current plans based on present award patterns Intermediate storage locations – do we need them all? Modes of transportation to be used? Pipeline shipments become fungible Supply Chain Concerns

28 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 28 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 28 Example: Inland-East Jet A Fiscal 2011 (11-R-0061): Awarded 54,180,000 U.S. gallons Fiscal 2012 (12-R-0061):Requirements for 281,690,000 U.S. gallons And so it begins…. Where: DFSP Charleston, S.C.– Charleston Air Force Base Laughlin Air Force Base, Dyess AFB, Lackland Air Force Base Ellsworth Air Force Base, Sheppard Air Force Base McEntire Air National Guard, Travis Field, Shaw Air Force Base DFSP Vancouver, Fairchild Air Force Base, Portland Air National Guard, Kingsley Air National Guard Progress?

29 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 29 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 29 Automatic Particle Counter has been a Report Only requirement since Def Stan Issue 6, 2008 and MIL- DTL-83133G Amend 1, 2011 MIL-DTL-5624 will adapt automatic particle counters in the newer version IP 564, IP 565 & IP 577 are approved methods –These methods are based on the laser obscuration technology No PC specification limits have been established MIL-DTL-83133G has note requesting PC results be submitted to AFPA for data collection Particle Counter

30 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 30 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 30 Evaluate and map the particle/water contamination level of aviation fuel throughout the Class IIIB supply chain –Primarily at the DFSP and military bases –Pipelines, delivery truck, storage tank, refueling vehicles, filter separator, tactical dispensing equipment –Identify critical contamination points, effectiveness of quality assurance program, etc. Evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the filters (separators, element change out), tank cleanliness, and settling time Upon deployment to the field, it will provide immediate results without being constrained by the limitations of the visual and gravimetric method Benefits of PC Field Test

31 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 31 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 31 DoD Fuel Supply Chain PC Field Test From the AF Presentation

32 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 32 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 32 Program Details PC Field Test DLA Energy funds and manages the program Participating members: DLA Energy, Air Force, Navy, and Army Testing will be performed at 10 high volume sites in the continental U.S. including aircraft carriers using three approved testers DFSP Tampa DFSP San Pedro Dover AFB Barksdale AFB Holloman AFB Whiteman AFB Patuxent River NAS Jacksonville NAS Camp Pendleton MCB Hunter AAF Rucker AAF Navy Aircraft Carriers

33 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 33 WARFIGHTER FOCUSED, GLOBALLY RESPONSIVE SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP 33 Questions?


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