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Project Management- Not only a Life Skill But a Life Changing Skill Thomas Chacko.

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Presentation on theme: "Project Management- Not only a Life Skill But a Life Changing Skill Thomas Chacko."— Presentation transcript:

1 Project Management- Not only a Life Skill But a Life Changing Skill Thomas Chacko

2 PM- Profession & Life Skill PM techniques can be applied by non-project managers to help implement change Set of knowledge, profession and career choice Can be learned and applied by a variety of groups, including school students Helps to step into leadership roles Can apply the techniques in real life situations

3 PM- in EPC Projects Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) All disciplines of Engineering Longer duration with several players Vast Interface, logistics and obstacles Varied and huge resources- men and material Location specific Subject to clearances, legalities, external factors

4 PM-Common World Language “Project Management can be used as a common language around the world to help bring people together and enable organizations to prosper.” Philip Diab (Past Chairman PMI)

5 Life Changing Project A major EPC Project linked to Infrastructure, changes the area, economy and life of people Public sector Projects are examples- Goshree bridges, Delhi Metro BPCL Kochi Refinery recently implemented 2 major Projects – Crude Oil Receipt Facilities (SPM) in Puthu Vypeen and – Capacity Expansion and Modernization Project Phase II (CEMP II) in the Refinery

6 Life Changing Project SPM Project was dogged with problems right from conceptualization. Project was all about overcoming obstacles. A challenge during implementation A life long memory on completion. Affected the lives of many people who directly or indirectly benefited or did not. For the benefited, it changed their lives and are examples of a Life changing Project.

7 CRUDE OIL RECEIPT FACILITIES (SPM) PROJECT BPCL KOCHI REFINERY 7TC

8  KOCHI REFINERY WAS BRINGING CRUDE OIL THROUGH COCHIN PORT TRUST’S CRUDE OIL TERMINAL (COT)  THE DRAUGHT AVAILABLE AT COT (11.6m) LIMITED SHIP CAPACITY TO 60000 MT.  WITH CHEAPER CRUDE BECOMING AVAILABLE FROM SOUTH AMERICA AND AFRICA, USE OF VLCC (Very Large Crude Carriers) CONSIDERABLY REDUCED TRANSPORTATION COSTS.  VLCC REQUIRES A DRAUGHT OF 29 M, SETTING UP A SPM (Single Point (Buoy) Mooring –TERMINAL BECAME A NECESSITY.  VARIOUS LOCATIONS CONSIDERED FROM 2000  PUTHU VYPEEN FINALIZED BASED ON MOU WITH CPT IN 2005  LAND ON LEASE FROM CPT, SPM LOCATION, WHARFAGE CHARGES AND LAND PIPE ROUTES AGREED UPON. CONCEPT 8TC

9 SPM SYSTEM FLOW DIAGRAM Crude Oil Tanks 79 m dia X 18 m Ht Refinery corridor Onshore /Backwater cross country piping (30’’ dia 10 km) Offshore piping (48” dia 20 km) To Refinery Existing line SPM PLEM Existing line from COT Hose VLCC (3,00,000 DWT max) Crude transfer pumps OFFSHORE AREA STF AREA CCPL PIPE LINE 9TC

10 10 Cross country pipeline SPM Sub sea pipeline STF To Refinery Aerial view of Puthu Vypeen TC

11 11TC

12 SALIENT DETAILS Project Approved cost- Rs 820 crores Actual Executed Cost - Rs 760 crores Pre Project activities commenced - Mar 2005 70 ha land handed over by CPT - Jul 2005 Project Approval Date - Sep 2005 Approved Completion date - May 2007 – Actual Completion (27 months) - Nov 2007 Conventional EPMC – PMC- INTEC, Kula Lumpur with FEDO as Associate for Onshore jobs 12TC

13 SCOPE OF MAJOR JOBS -OFFSHORE GEOTECHNICAL & BATHYMETRICAL SURVEYS DESIGN, SUPPLY SPM (250 MT) & PLEM (175 MT)- Assembled at Batam, Indonesia, transported in a dedicated ship to Cochin SUBMARINE & FLOATING HOSES ITALY 48” PIPES API 5L X 65 20.6 mm thick with CTE coating – 1650 nos each 12M long MUNDRA Slabs from Mexico, rolled into plates in Romania and shipped to Kandla. CONCRETE COATING OF PIPES (90-120 MM THICK) MUNDRA 13TC

14 SCOPE OF MAJOR JOBS -STF EARTH FILLING BY ADDL 3 M (AVG) TANK FOUNDATIONS- 3 NOS with 1360 PILES EACH 900 MM DIA & 50-60M LONG BUILDINGS, ROADS, COMPOUND WALL (5 KM) CEMENT SUPPLY- 38000 MT REINFORCEMENT STEEL SUPPLY- 4500 MT TANK PLATES- 8 T0 37 MM THICK- 5000 MT PUMPS TANK CONSTRUCTION- 3NOS EACH 79 M DIA & 18 M HIGH WITH FLOATING ROOF TERMINAL PIPING EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT FIRE FIGHTING FACILITIES ELECTRICAL SUPPLY & SUBSTATION 14TC

15 SCOPE OF MAJOR JOBS- CROSS COUNTRYPIPE LINE 30” API 5L PIPE SUPPLY- 10 KM BACK WATER CROSSINGS- 4 NOS – 4 KM LONG HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING METHOD (HDD) ONSHORE PIPE LAYING - THROUGH VYPEEN AREA- 4 KM - THROUGH CITY AREA - 2KM 15TC

16 First Tanker Berthing at SPM Buoy 16TC

17 Uniqueness of the Project  First Investment after opening of Goshree bridges in the underdeveloped Puthu Vypeen area  First Project over Rs. 500 cr in Kerala after 1990  First Offshore job off the Arabian Sea coast  STF construction on accreted land  Water jetting for seabed dredging  HDD for buried pipe lines  Started as KRL and ended as BPCL Project  Annual savings of about Rs. 120 Cr  Completed in 27 months and commissioned next day. 17TC

18 Obstacles faced Resistance from Fishing Community, blockades Militant Labor in area – 152 days lost Communally and politically sensitive issues Physical threats, loading/unloading disputes Tsunami hit the Vypeen coast in Dec 2004 6 lakh cum of Earth for filling to come from 45 km Narrow road approach; Logistics for Material Limited crane facility at Cochin Port 6 months unfavorable weather (May-Oct) Poor soil conditions Pipeline across backwater &through heart of city 18TC

19 How we overcame-1 Priority in befriending local inhabitants and earning their acceptance and trust. Unskilled locals were also employed in construction. Continued interaction with unions, Panchayat Helped in improving schools, solving flooding Close cooperation with CPT and District Administration, Police Spent Rs 16 cr on CSR activities thro transparent means involving local and district authorities Changed STF entry to South side to avoid blockade 19TC

20 How we overcame- 2 Changed pipe routing thro new CPT road making the road open for transportation Excavated earth from narrow north end to fill south side where construction was focused Detailed study made and action for optimized logistics and handling heavy loads Pile foundations used and sea wall built to resist tsunami waves HDD used for water crossing and through city road New interconnection made to existing crude line 20TC

21 Still …the Unexpected 4 hours after inauguration in Sep 2005, a child drowned in a lagoon inside STF. One fatal accident during Pile driving for tank 70 km/hr winds lash STF site in 2006 Offshore accident on 1 st May 07 during Pile driving resulting in work abandonment Damaging Unknown Sewer lines in city Delay by Railways in clearing crossing at Ekm Jn Cyclone “Gonu” in Arabian sea in Oct 2007. 21TC

22 Factors for Success in PM-Investor view Resources Communication Control Planning Creativity Team effort

23 Functional vs Project Functional ManagerProject Manager ApproachAnalystGeneralist StyleExpertFacilitator Responsibility Technology & Resources Results VisionAreaWhole

24 Skills/Factors that can change lives Influence others Create values that will be respected Carry the support of your organization Be Positive-Keep moving forward- never give up Use technology to overcome obstacles Have back up plans ready Be realistic -street smart Have the bird’s eye view always in your mind

25 Life Changing Projects- Core Skills to Succeed Credibility - Technical and Administrative Leadership Along with Management Style Sensitivity Conflict Resolution, Negotiation Ability to handle stress Ups and downs

26 Project Success “Ultimately the SPM Project Success was achieved by the Team winning the hearts of the local people, converting their hostility into creative contribution, synchronizing with the larger national objective of development.” Yes their lives changed; so did ours; all for the better.

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