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Pipelines – Bridging the Gap Indian Oil Corporation Limited

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Presentation on theme: "Pipelines – Bridging the Gap Indian Oil Corporation Limited"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pipelines – Bridging the Gap Indian Oil Corporation Limited
S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Historical Perspective – Oil Pipelines Pipeline Infrastructure in India Technological Developments Modewise Transportation of Petroleum Products New Pipelines – bridging Gap Present Industry Scenario- Critical Aspects

3 History of Oil Pipelines
First trunk pipeline dates back to 1870s Long distance pipeline transportation got a boost during World War-II when coastal tanker traffic was disrupted in U.S

4 History of Oil Pipelines
Discoveries of giant oil fields in remote parts of the world led to development of correspondingly large crude oil pipeline networks Pipeline industry has grown in parallel with the development of world oil industry over the last one century

5 Growth of Pipelines in India
First crude oil pipeline in India laid from Digboi oil fields to Digboi refinery before independence During , Oil India Limited laid 1156 km long first trunk crude oil pipeline, from Naharkatiya and Moran oil fields to the refineries at Guwahati and Barauni IndianOil laid its first cross country product pipeline during to transport products from Guwahati refinery to Siliguri

6 Growth of Pipelines in India
Government & Industry started realizing unique advantages of oil transportation through pipelines Subsequently, a number of product and crude oil pipelines were laid in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s, including sub-sea crude oil pipelines This led to development of this industry, especially during last two decades

7 Growth of Pipelines in India
The pipelines laid during the 60’s were designed, engineered and constructed by foreign companies. However, the exposure to this technology enabled Indian engineers to gain confidence, and the pipelines which came up later, were designed and constructed with indigenous expertise India today has over km of major crude oil and product pipelines out of which IOCL owns & operates more than 11,000 km of Pipelines

8 Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India
Low consumption of petro products in the initial years post independence due to subdued economic growth Early refineries in India installed at coastal locations requiring only coastal movement of crude oil Refining capacities being low, products were either consumed locally or transported to the consumption centres by rail or road

9 Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India
Traditionally rail network has been quite widespread in India. Pipelines relatively came into focus quite late After 1960, most of the refineries came up at land-locked locations necessitating laying of crude and product pipelines.

10 Typical Advantages of Pipelines
Lower cost of transportation about 30-50% of the railway freight and 4 to 5 times cheaper than road transportation Lower transit losses PL- 0.05% Max., Railway- 0.25%, Road- 0.5% Energy efficient Railway mode consumes 3-4 times and road mode about 20 times more energy than Pipeline mode Safety and Reliability minimum disruptions Environment friendly 3-4 times lesser Carbon emissions than Railway mode Pipeline mode of transportation has some inherent advantages over other conventional modes of transportation. Some of the salient advantages of pipeline mode is brought out on the slide.

11 Existing Liquid Pipelines : Industry
As on IOCL BPCL# HPCL## GAIL OIL ONGC ### Cairn Total Industry Length (Kms.) Product 6632 1939 2776 1691 654 - 13692 Crude Oil 4376 935 1017 1193 676 667 8864 Total 11008 2874 3793 1847.3 22556 Capacity (MMTPA) 36.86 10.35 22.27 3.6 1.70 74.78 40.40 6.0 9.0 8.40 43.84 7.5 115.1 77.26 16.35 31.27 10.1 189.88 #Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline ##Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline ### Source: PPAC

12 IOCL’s Existing Pipeline Network
Jalandhar Bhatinda Ambala Roorkee Sangrur Najibabad Panipat Kandla Vadinar Chaksu Mundra Meerut Rewari Delhi Tinsukia Sanganer Mathura Ajmer Tundla Bongaigaon Digboi Jodhpur Bharatpur Lucknow Siliguri Barauni Guwahati Kanpur Kot Chittaurgarh Sidhpur Ahmedabad Rajbandh Navagam Mourigram Koyali Ratlam Dahej Haldia Hazira Paradip as on Pipeline Length Capacity (km) (MMTPA) Product Gas MMSCMD LEGEND Bangalore Bangalore AFS Chennai Sankari Asanur Trichy Madurai CBR Crude Total Chennai AFS Product Crude Oil Gas Refinery 12

13 IOC’s Pipelines (Existing) Other Companies’ Pipelines(Existing)
Oil Pipelines Industry Scene Jalandhar Bhatinda Ambala Roorkee Sangrur Najibabad Panipat Meerut Tinsukia Rewari Delhi Nahorkatiya Loni Sanganer Mathura Shahjahanpur Ajmer Siliguri Bongaigaon Digboi Jodhpur Chaksu Tundla/B’Pur Numaligarh Lucknow Kanpur Jagdishpur Guwahati Kot Chittaurgarh Sidhpur Barauni Ahmedabad Rajbandh Kandla Ratlam Mundra Navagam Budge Budge Jamnagar Koyali Maurigram Indore Vadinar Dahej Ankleshwar Haldia Hazira Manmad Mumbai High Mumbai Paradip Pune Vizag IOC’s Pipelines (Existing) Uran Secunderabad Product Crude Oil Pakni Hazarwadi Vijayawada Mangalore Bangalore Chennai Other Companies’ Pipelines(Existing) Sankari Asanur Product Crude Oil LPG Karur Coimbatore Trichy Kochi Madurai

14 Technological Developments
Improvement in Piping Specifications - API 5L- X70 grades pipelines allows reduction in thickness of pipeline/ number of pump stations Intelligent Pigging - To ascertain integrity of pipeline without disrupting operations Horizontal Directional Drilling – Easy to cross major rivers; Crossing highways, Railways etc. without causing traffic obstructions Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System - SCADA applications allows better control and operation of pipeline system with less human intervention requirements Leak Detection System

15 Modewise Transportation-Tonne-Km Basis
India USA (Source: PPAC ) (Source : Association of Oil Pipelines, USA)

16 IOC - Projects under Implementation
S. No. Projects’ Description Length (km) Cap. (MMTPA) Cost (Rs. Cr.) 1. Hook-up of Tikrikalan Terminal with MJPL 8 3.0 59 2. Addl. Tanks & blending facility at Vadinar - 267 3. Integrated Crude Handling Facilities at Paradip 70 1492 4. Paradip- Raipur-Ranchi Pipeline 1065 5.0 1793 5. Kolkata ATF Pipeline 28 0.13 45 6. Guwahati ATF Pipeline 35 0.07 44 7. Debottlenecking of SMPL 767 21 to 25 1584 8. Cauvery Basin Refinery-Trichy Pipeline 114 0.4 98 9. Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur LPG PIpeline 710 0.5/0.85 913 10. Aug. of Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Pipeline 64 11.0 to 15.2 586 11. Hook up of Jasidih ToP with HBPL 14.2 12. Aug of Panipat-Rewari Pipeline 1.5 to 2.1 5.94 13. Branch Pipeline to Motihari and Baitalpur 275 1.5 276 Total 3136 19.75

17 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap
S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 1. Hook-up of Tikrikalan terminal with Mathura - Jalandar PL IOC 8 3.0 59 2. Branch PL from Viramgam to Kandla off Koyali-Sanganer PL 231 0.5 349 3. Augmentation of Chennai- Trichy-Madurai PL - 46 4. Paradip - Vizag-Rajamundary- Vijaiwada-Cherllapally PL 1200 3.7 2000 5. Koyali-Akolner PL 600 2.5 660 6. Branch pipeline to Raxual- Baitalpur (ex-Patna on Barauni Kanpur PL) 275 1.2 305 7. Aonla-Banthra extension of Mathura - Tundla PL 500 1.0 200 Paradip - Sambalpur – Raipur - Ranchi PL 1068 5.0 1793

18 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap
S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 9 Branch line to Una on Panipat- Ambala-Jalandar PL IOC 70 0.7 101 10 Cauvery Basin Refinery/ Narimanam-Trichy PL 114 0.4 98 11 Bina-Kota PL BPC 258 2.8 1398 12 Kota-Jobner PL 210 1.7 - 13. Kota-Piyala PL(Augmentation) 200 1.0 14. Ramanmandi-Bahadurgarh PL HPC 270 4.7 400 15. Ramanmandi-Bhatinda PL 30 1.4 61 16. Bahadurgarh-Tikri Kalan PL 13 1.1 60 17. Rewari-Kanpur PL 450 3.0 1100 18. Awa-Salawas PL 100 0.8 Total 5597 34.9 9030

19 Present Industry Scenario: Critical Aspects
National Oil Companies facing acute fiscal challenges due to prevailing norms on product pricing and fund crunch for their expansion Statutory Clearances have become more complex; Projects are getting delayed on this account Land Acquisition Problems


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