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Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited.

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Presentation on theme: "Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited

2 STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION  Historical Perspective – Oil Pipelines  Pipeline Infrastructure in India  Technological Developments  Modewise Transportation of Petroleum Products  New Pipelines – bridging Gap  Present Industry Scenario- Critical Aspects

3 History of Oil Pipelines First trunk pipeline dates back to 1870s Long distance pipeline transportation got a boost during World War-II when coastal tanker traffic was disrupted in U.S

4 History of Oil Pipelines Discoveries of giant oil fields in remote parts of the world led to development of correspondingly large crude oil pipeline networks Pipeline industry has grown in parallel with the development of world oil industry over the last one century

5  First crude oil pipeline in India laid from Digboi oil fields to Digboi refinery before independence  During 1960-63, Oil India Limited laid 1156 km long first trunk crude oil pipeline, from Naharkatiya and Moran oil fields to the refineries at Guwahati and Barauni  IndianOil laid its first cross country product pipeline during 1962-64 to transport products from Guwahati refinery to Siliguri Growth of Pipelines in India

6  Government & Industry started realizing unique advantages of oil transportation through pipelines  Subsequently, a number of product and crude oil pipelines were laid in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s, including sub-sea crude oil pipelines  This led to development of this industry, especially during last two decades Growth of Pipelines in India

7 The pipelines laid during the 60’s were designed, engineered and constructed by foreign companies. However, the exposure to this technology enabled Indian engineers to gain confidence, and the pipelines which came up later, were designed and constructed with indigenous expertise India today has over 22500 km of major crude oil and product pipelines out of which IOCL owns & operates more than 11,000 km of Pipelines Growth of Pipelines in India

8  Low consumption of petro products in the initial years post independence due to subdued economic growth  Early refineries in India installed at coastal locations requiring only coastal movement of crude oil  Refining capacities being low, products were either consumed locally or transported to the consumption centres by rail or road Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India

9  Traditionally rail network has been quite widespread in India. Pipelines relatively came into focus quite late  After 1960, most of the refineries came up at land-locked locations necessitating laying of crude and product pipelines. Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India

10 Typical Advantages of Pipelines Lower cost of transportation about 30-50% of the railway freight and 4 to 5 times cheaper than road transportation Lower transit losses PL- 0.05% Max., Railway- 0.25%, Road- 0.5% Energy efficient Railway mode consumes 3- 4 times and road mode about 20 times more energy than Pipeline mode Safety and Reliability minimum disruptions Environment friendly 3-4 times lesser Carbon emissions than Railway mode

11 As on 1.12.2012 IOCLBPCL # HPCL ## GAILOILONGC ### CairnTotal Industry Length (Kms.) Product6632193927761691654--13692 Crude Oil43769351017-11936766678864 Total 110082874379316911847.367666722556 Capacity (MMTPA) Product36.8610.3522.273.61.70--74.78 Crude Oil40.406.09.0-8.4043.847.5115.1 Total77.2616.3531.273.610.143.847.5189.88 # Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline ## Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline ### Source: PPAC Existing Liquid Pipelines : Industry

12 IOCL’s Existing Pipeline Network Kandla Vadinar Chaksu Mundra Guwahati Bongaigaon Siliguri Digboi Tinsukia Jalandhar Delhi Meerut Tundla Najibabad Roorkee Ambala Mathura Kot Sidhpur Ahmedabad Jodhpur Navagam Sanganer Ajmer Dahe j Chittaurgarh Koyali Bhatinda Sangrur Panipat Rewari Haldia Barauni Kanpur Lucknow Mourigram Rajbandh Chennai Sankari Asanur Trichy Madurai CBR Product LEGEND Crude Oil PipelineLength Capacity (km) (MMTPA) Product 663236.86 Gas 132 9.5 MMSCMD Crude 4376 40.40 Total 11008 77.26 Bangalore Bangalore AFS Paradip Ratlam Chennai AFS Refinery 12 Hazira Gas Bharatpur as on 1.12.2012

13 Oil Pipelines Industry Scene Mumbai Vizag Panipat Guwahati Koyali Nahorkatiya Haldia Mathura Manmad Vijayawada Kochi Barauni Kanpur Bhatinda Kandla Vadinar Chaksu Ahmedabad Jalandhar Jodhpur Budge Kot Delhi Bongaigaon Siliguri Meerut Sidhpur Digboi Tinsukia Karur Chennai Mumbai High Uran Ankleshwar Navagam Tundla/B’Pur Lucknow Mangalore Bangalore Secunderabad Indore Sanganer Pune Maurigram Rajbandh Najibabad Roorkee Ambala Sangrur Rewari Ajmer Chittaurgarh Dahej Coimbatore Sankari Asanur Trichy Madurai Paradip Mundra Product Crude Oil IOC’s Pipelines (Existing) Jamnagar Loni Shahjahanpur Hazira Jagdishpur Numaligarh Ratlam Pakni Hazarwadi Other Companies’ Pipelines( Existing ) Product Crude Oil LPG

14 Technological Developments  Improvement in Piping Specifications - API 5L- X70 grades pipelines allows reduction in thickness of pipeline/ number of pump stations  Intelligent Pigging - To ascertain integrity of pipeline without disrupting operations  Horizontal Directional Drilling – Easy to cross major rivers; Crossing highways, Railways etc. without causing traffic obstructions  Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System - SCADA applications allows better control and operation of pipeline system with less human intervention requirements  Leak Detection System

15 India Modewise Transportation-Tonne-Km Basis (Source: PPAC 2010-11)(Source : Association of Oil Pipelines, USA) USA

16 IOC - Projects under Implementation S. No.Projects’ DescriptionLength (km) Cap. (MMTPA) Cost (Rs. Cr.) 1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan Terminal with MJPL 83.059 2.Addl. Tanks & blending facility at Vadinar--267 3.Integrated Crude Handling Facilities at Paradip 70-1492 4.Paradip- Raipur-Ranchi Pipeline10655.01793 5.Kolkata ATF Pipeline280.1345 6.Guwahati ATF Pipeline350.0744 7.Debottlenecking of SMPL76721 to 251584 8.Cauvery Basin Refinery-Trichy Pipeline1140.498 9.Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur LPG PIpeline7100.5/0.85913 10.Aug. of Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Pipeline6411.0 to 15.2586 11.Hook up of Jasidih ToP with HBPL--14.2 12.Aug of Panipat-Rewari Pipeline-1.5 to 2.15.94 13.Branch Pipeline to Motihari and Baitalpur2751.5276 Total313619.757177.14

17 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan terminal with Mathura - Jalandar PL IOC83.059 2.Branch PL from Viramgam to Kandla off Koyali-Sanganer PL IOC2310.5349 3.Augmentation of Chennai- Trichy-Madurai PL IOC-0.546 4.Paradip - Vizag-Rajamundary- Vijaiwada-Cherllapally PL IOC12003.72000 5.Koyali-Akolner PLIOC6002.5660 6.Branch pipeline to Raxual- Baitalpur (ex-Patna on Barauni Kanpur PL) IOC2751.2305 7.Aonla-Banthra extension of Mathura - Tundla PL IOC5001.0200 8Paradip - Sambalpur – Raipur - Ranchi PL IOC10685.01793

18 S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 9Branch line to Una on Panipat- Ambala-Jalandar PL IOC700.7101 10Cauvery Basin Refinery/ Narimanam-Trichy PL IOC1140.498 11Bina-Kota PLBPC2582.81398 12Kota-Jobner PLBPC2101.7- 13.Kota-Piyala PL(Augmentation)BPC2001.0200 14.Ramanmandi-Bahadurgarh PLHPC2704.7400 15.Ramanmandi-Bhatinda PLHPC301.461 16.Bahadurgarh-Tikri Kalan PLHPC131.160 17.Rewari-Kanpur PLHPC4503.01100 18.Awa-Salawas PLHPC1000.8200 Total559734.99030 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap

19 Present Industry Scenario: Critical Aspects  National Oil Companies facing acute fiscal challenges due to prevailing norms on product pricing and fund crunch for their expansion  Statutory Clearances have become more complex; Projects are getting delayed on this account  Land Acquisition Problems

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