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Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited.

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Presentation on theme: "Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S.K. SATIJA General Manager Indian Oil Corporation Limited

2 STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION  Historical Perspective – Oil Pipelines  Pipeline Infrastructure in India  Technological Developments  Modewise Transportation of Petroleum Products  New Pipelines – bridging Gap  Present Industry Scenario- Critical Aspects

3 History of Oil Pipelines First trunk pipeline dates back to 1870s Long distance pipeline transportation got a boost during World War-II when coastal tanker traffic was disrupted in U.S

4 History of Oil Pipelines Discoveries of giant oil fields in remote parts of the world led to development of correspondingly large crude oil pipeline networks Pipeline industry has grown in parallel with the development of world oil industry over the last one century

5  First crude oil pipeline in India laid from Digboi oil fields to Digboi refinery before independence  During , Oil India Limited laid 1156 km long first trunk crude oil pipeline, from Naharkatiya and Moran oil fields to the refineries at Guwahati and Barauni  IndianOil laid its first cross country product pipeline during to transport products from Guwahati refinery to Siliguri Growth of Pipelines in India

6  Government & Industry started realizing unique advantages of oil transportation through pipelines  Subsequently, a number of product and crude oil pipelines were laid in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s, including sub-sea crude oil pipelines  This led to development of this industry, especially during last two decades Growth of Pipelines in India

7 The pipelines laid during the 60’s were designed, engineered and constructed by foreign companies. However, the exposure to this technology enabled Indian engineers to gain confidence, and the pipelines which came up later, were designed and constructed with indigenous expertise India today has over km of major crude oil and product pipelines out of which IOCL owns & operates more than 11,000 km of Pipelines Growth of Pipelines in India

8  Low consumption of petro products in the initial years post independence due to subdued economic growth  Early refineries in India installed at coastal locations requiring only coastal movement of crude oil  Refining capacities being low, products were either consumed locally or transported to the consumption centres by rail or road Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India

9  Traditionally rail network has been quite widespread in India. Pipelines relatively came into focus quite late  After 1960, most of the refineries came up at land-locked locations necessitating laying of crude and product pipelines. Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India

10 Typical Advantages of Pipelines Lower cost of transportation about 30-50% of the railway freight and 4 to 5 times cheaper than road transportation Lower transit losses PL- 0.05% Max., Railway- 0.25%, Road- 0.5% Energy efficient Railway mode consumes 3- 4 times and road mode about 20 times more energy than Pipeline mode Safety and Reliability minimum disruptions Environment friendly 3-4 times lesser Carbon emissions than Railway mode

11 As on IOCLBPCL # HPCL ## GAILOILONGC ### CairnTotal Industry Length (Kms.) Product Crude Oil Total Capacity (MMTPA) Product Crude Oil Total # Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline ## Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline ### Source: PPAC Existing Liquid Pipelines : Industry

12 IOCL’s Existing Pipeline Network Kandla Vadinar Chaksu Mundra Guwahati Bongaigaon Siliguri Digboi Tinsukia Jalandhar Delhi Meerut Tundla Najibabad Roorkee Ambala Mathura Kot Sidhpur Ahmedabad Jodhpur Navagam Sanganer Ajmer Dahe j Chittaurgarh Koyali Bhatinda Sangrur Panipat Rewari Haldia Barauni Kanpur Lucknow Mourigram Rajbandh Chennai Sankari Asanur Trichy Madurai CBR Product LEGEND Crude Oil PipelineLength Capacity (km) (MMTPA) Product Gas MMSCMD Crude Total Bangalore Bangalore AFS Paradip Ratlam Chennai AFS Refinery 12 Hazira Gas Bharatpur as on

13 Oil Pipelines Industry Scene Mumbai Vizag Panipat Guwahati Koyali Nahorkatiya Haldia Mathura Manmad Vijayawada Kochi Barauni Kanpur Bhatinda Kandla Vadinar Chaksu Ahmedabad Jalandhar Jodhpur Budge Kot Delhi Bongaigaon Siliguri Meerut Sidhpur Digboi Tinsukia Karur Chennai Mumbai High Uran Ankleshwar Navagam Tundla/B’Pur Lucknow Mangalore Bangalore Secunderabad Indore Sanganer Pune Maurigram Rajbandh Najibabad Roorkee Ambala Sangrur Rewari Ajmer Chittaurgarh Dahej Coimbatore Sankari Asanur Trichy Madurai Paradip Mundra Product Crude Oil IOC’s Pipelines (Existing) Jamnagar Loni Shahjahanpur Hazira Jagdishpur Numaligarh Ratlam Pakni Hazarwadi Other Companies’ Pipelines( Existing ) Product Crude Oil LPG

14 Technological Developments  Improvement in Piping Specifications - API 5L- X70 grades pipelines allows reduction in thickness of pipeline/ number of pump stations  Intelligent Pigging - To ascertain integrity of pipeline without disrupting operations  Horizontal Directional Drilling – Easy to cross major rivers; Crossing highways, Railways etc. without causing traffic obstructions  Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System - SCADA applications allows better control and operation of pipeline system with less human intervention requirements  Leak Detection System

15 India Modewise Transportation-Tonne-Km Basis (Source: PPAC )(Source : Association of Oil Pipelines, USA) USA

16 IOC - Projects under Implementation S. No.Projects’ DescriptionLength (km) Cap. (MMTPA) Cost (Rs. Cr.) 1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan Terminal with MJPL Addl. Tanks & blending facility at Vadinar Integrated Crude Handling Facilities at Paradip Paradip- Raipur-Ranchi Pipeline Kolkata ATF Pipeline Guwahati ATF Pipeline Debottlenecking of SMPL76721 to Cauvery Basin Refinery-Trichy Pipeline Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur LPG PIpeline7100.5/ Aug. of Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Pipeline to Hook up of Jasidih ToP with HBPL Aug of Panipat-Rewari Pipeline-1.5 to Branch Pipeline to Motihari and Baitalpur Total

17 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan terminal with Mathura - Jalandar PL IOC Branch PL from Viramgam to Kandla off Koyali-Sanganer PL IOC Augmentation of Chennai- Trichy-Madurai PL IOC Paradip - Vizag-Rajamundary- Vijaiwada-Cherllapally PL IOC Koyali-Akolner PLIOC Branch pipeline to Raxual- Baitalpur (ex-Patna on Barauni Kanpur PL) IOC Aonla-Banthra extension of Mathura - Tundla PL IOC Paradip - Sambalpur – Raipur - Ranchi PL IOC

18 S. No. Pipeline Name Oil Company Length (km) Capacity (MMMTPA) Capex (Rs. Cr.) 9Branch line to Una on Panipat- Ambala-Jalandar PL IOC Cauvery Basin Refinery/ Narimanam-Trichy PL IOC Bina-Kota PLBPC Kota-Jobner PLBPC Kota-Piyala PL(Augmentation)BPC Ramanmandi-Bahadurgarh PLHPC Ramanmandi-Bhatinda PLHPC Bahadurgarh-Tikri Kalan PLHPC Rewari-Kanpur PLHPC Awa-Salawas PLHPC Total Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap

19 Present Industry Scenario: Critical Aspects  National Oil Companies facing acute fiscal challenges due to prevailing norms on product pricing and fund crunch for their expansion  Statutory Clearances have become more complex; Projects are getting delayed on this account  Land Acquisition Problems

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