Presentation on theme: "Pipelines – Bridging the Gap Indian Oil Corporation Limited"— Presentation transcript:
1 Pipelines – Bridging the Gap Indian Oil Corporation Limited S.K. SATIJAGeneral ManagerIndian Oil Corporation Limited
2 STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION Historical Perspective – Oil PipelinesPipeline Infrastructure in IndiaTechnological DevelopmentsModewise Transportation of Petroleum ProductsNew Pipelines – bridging GapPresent Industry Scenario- Critical Aspects
3 History of Oil Pipelines First trunk pipeline dates back to 1870sLong distance pipeline transportation got a boost during World War-II when coastal tanker traffic was disrupted in U.S
4 History of Oil Pipelines Discoveries of giant oil fields in remote parts of the world led to development of correspondingly large crude oil pipeline networksPipeline industry has grown in parallel with the development of world oil industry over the last one century
5 Growth of Pipelines in India First crude oil pipeline in India laid from Digboi oil fields to Digboi refinery before independenceDuring , Oil India Limited laid 1156 km long first trunk crude oil pipeline, from Naharkatiya and Moran oil fields to the refineries at Guwahati and BarauniIndianOil laid its first cross country product pipeline during to transport products from Guwahati refinery to Siliguri
6 Growth of Pipelines in India Government & Industry started realizing unique advantages of oil transportation through pipelinesSubsequently, a number of product and crude oil pipelines were laid in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s, including sub-sea crude oil pipelinesThis led to development of this industry, especially during last two decades
7 Growth of Pipelines in India The pipelines laid during the 60’s were designed, engineered and constructed by foreign companies. However, the exposure to this technology enabled Indian engineers to gain confidence, and the pipelines which came up later, were designed and constructed with indigenous expertiseIndia today has over km of major crude oil and product pipelines out of which IOCL owns & operates more than 11,000 km of Pipelines
8 Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India Low consumption of petro products in the initial years post independence due to subdued economic growthEarly refineries in India installed at coastal locations requiring only coastal movement of crude oilRefining capacities being low, products were either consumed locally or transported to the consumption centres by rail or road
9 Drivers for Growth of Pipelines in India Traditionally rail network has been quite widespread in India. Pipelines relatively came into focus quite lateAfter 1960, most of the refineries came up at land-locked locations necessitating laying of crude and product pipelines.
10 Typical Advantages of Pipelines Lower cost of transportationabout 30-50% of the railway freight and 4 to 5 times cheaper than road transportationLower transit lossesPL- 0.05% Max., Railway- 0.25%, Road- 0.5%Energy efficientRailway mode consumes 3-4 times and road mode about 20 times more energy than Pipeline modeSafety and Reliabilityminimum disruptionsEnvironment friendly3-4 times lesser Carbon emissions than Railway modePipeline mode of transportation has some inherent advantages over other conventional modes of transportation. Some of the salient advantages of pipeline mode is brought out on the slide.
13 IOC’s Pipelines (Existing) Other Companies’ Pipelines(Existing) Oil Pipelines Industry SceneJalandharBhatindaAmbalaRoorkeeSangrurNajibabadPanipatMeerutTinsukiaRewariDelhiNahorkatiyaLoniSanganerMathuraShahjahanpurAjmerSiliguriBongaigaonDigboiJodhpurChaksuTundla/B’PurNumaligarhLucknowKanpurJagdishpurGuwahatiKotChittaurgarhSidhpurBarauniAhmedabadRajbandhKandlaRatlamMundraNavagamBudge BudgeJamnagarKoyaliMaurigramIndoreVadinarDahejAnkleshwarHaldiaHaziraManmadMumbaiHighMumbaiParadipPuneVizagIOC’s Pipelines (Existing)UranSecunderabadProductCrude OilPakniHazarwadiVijayawadaMangaloreBangaloreChennaiOther Companies’ Pipelines(Existing)SankariAsanurProductCrude OilLPGKarurCoimbatoreTrichyKochiMadurai
14 Technological Developments Improvement in Piping Specifications - API 5L- X70 grades pipelines allows reduction in thickness of pipeline/ number of pump stationsIntelligent Pigging - To ascertain integrity of pipeline without disrupting operationsHorizontal Directional Drilling – Easy to cross major rivers; Crossing highways, Railways etc. without causing traffic obstructionsSupervisory Control and Data Acquisition System - SCADA applications allows better control and operation of pipeline system with less human intervention requirementsLeak Detection System
15 Modewise Transportation-Tonne-Km Basis IndiaUSA(Source: PPAC )(Source : Association of Oil Pipelines, USA)
16 IOC - Projects under Implementation S. No.Projects’ DescriptionLength (km)Cap. (MMTPA)Cost(Rs. Cr.)1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan Terminal with MJPL83.0592.Addl. Tanks & blending facility at Vadinar-2673.Integrated Crude Handling Facilities at Paradip7014924.Paradip- Raipur-Ranchi Pipeline10655.017935.Kolkata ATF Pipeline280.13456.Guwahati ATF Pipeline350.07447.Debottlenecking of SMPL76721 to 2515848.Cauvery Basin Refinery-Trichy Pipeline1140.4989.Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur LPG PIpeline7100.5/0.8591310.Aug. of Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Pipeline6411.0 to 15.258611.Hook up of Jasidih ToP with HBPL14.212.Aug of Panipat-Rewari Pipeline1.5 to 2.15.9413.Branch Pipeline to Motihari and Baitalpur2751.5276Total313619.75
17 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S. No.Pipeline NameOil CompanyLength (km)Capacity (MMTPA)Capex(Rs. Cr.)1.Hook-up of Tikrikalan terminal with Mathura - Jalandar PLIOC83.0592.Branch PL from Viramgam to Kandla off Koyali-Sanganer PL2310.53493.Augmentation of Chennai- Trichy-Madurai PL-464.Paradip - Vizag-Rajamundary- Vijaiwada-Cherllapally PL12003.720005.Koyali-Akolner PL6002.56606.Branch pipeline to Raxual- Baitalpur (ex-Patna on Barauni Kanpur PL)2751.23057.Aonla-Banthra extension of Mathura - Tundla PL5001.0200Paradip - Sambalpur – Raipur - Ranchi PL10685.01793
18 Product Pipelines – Bridging the Gap S. No.Pipeline NameOil CompanyLength (km)Capacity (MMMTPA)Capex(Rs. Cr.)9Branch line to Una on Panipat- Ambala-Jalandar PLIOC700.710110Cauvery Basin Refinery/ Narimanam-Trichy PL1140.49811Bina-Kota PLBPC2582.8139812Kota-Jobner PL2101.7-13.Kota-Piyala PL(Augmentation)2001.014.Ramanmandi-Bahadurgarh PLHPC2704.740015.Ramanmandi-Bhatinda PL301.46116.Bahadurgarh-Tikri Kalan PL131.16017.Rewari-Kanpur PL4503.0110018.Awa-Salawas PL1000.8Total559734.99030
19 Present Industry Scenario: Critical Aspects National Oil Companies facing acute fiscal challenges due to prevailing norms on product pricing and fund crunch for their expansionStatutory Clearances have become more complex; Projects are getting delayed on this accountLand Acquisition Problems
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