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Urinary System Dr. Peterson. Kidney Urinalysis (UA) Other Diagnostic Tests (related to kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate)

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Presentation on theme: "Urinary System Dr. Peterson. Kidney Urinalysis (UA) Other Diagnostic Tests (related to kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Urinary System Dr. Peterson

2 Kidney Urinalysis (UA) Other Diagnostic Tests (related to kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate)

3 Kidney Related Terminology Calculus Dialysis, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis Glomerular Hydronephrosis Nephrectomy Nephrocystitis, nephroma Nephrology, nephron Nephropathy, nephrosclerosis Pyelocystitis, pyelolithotomy Pyelonephritis Renal, renin glomerul/o = glomerulus, little ball nephr/o = kidney, pyel/o = renal pelvis, ren = kidney lith/o = stone cyst = bladder Root Combining Form -lysis = destruction, to separate –tripsy = crushing -osis = condition, -al = pertaining to -tomy = incision scler = hardening, periton/e = peritoneum Suffixes di(a)- complete, through hydro water Kidney APPetite app

4 Urinalysis Related Terminology Hematuria Hypercalciuria, calciuria Ketonuria, glycosuria Micturition, void Oliguria, polyuria, anuria Pyuria, bacteriuria Specific gravity Specimen Urea Uremia Urinary urgency Urobilin Albuminuria ur/o or urin/o = urination keton = ketone albumin = protein or glycos = glucose bil = bile Root Combining Form -uria = urine -in = chemical, but –ion = process py= pus, but pyel/o = renal pelvis Suffixes urinalysis app?

5 Other Diagnostic Tests TestDescription BUN (blood urea nitrogen) Blood test determines amount of urea; ABN = renal dysfunction Creatinine Blood test determines amount of creatinine; ABN = renal dysfunction Cystoscopy Lighted instrument to visualize bladder & urethra; ABN = renal calculi, tumor, prostatic hyperplasia, and/or bleeding IVP (intravenous pyelography) Contrast injected via IV, then x-rays; ABN = renal calculi, kidney/bladder tumors, etc. KUB (kidney, ureter, bladder) Supine radiograph RP (retrograde pyelography) Contrast injected through urinary catheter into renal pelvis; ABN = urinary stones & obstructions US (ultrasonography) Used to dx renal tumors, cysts, abscess, etc. IVP

6 Image Credits Urinary system: _and_how_works_clip_image001.jpg _and_how_works_clip_image001.jpg Test strips: medical.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/image/9df78eab33525d08d6 e5fb8d27136e95/r/a/rapid-respond-10-sg-parameter-reagent-test- strips__59346.jpghttp://www.mountainside- medical.com/media/catalog/product/cache/1/image/9df78eab33525d08d6 e5fb8d27136e95/r/a/rapid-respond-10-sg-parameter-reagent-test- strips__59346.jpg Renal calculi pic acquired from Flikr using creative commons license App pics acquired from respective Apple and Android sites Cystoscope: scope _std.jpg scope _std.jpg


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