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Course # 27 Small Business and AT&L Better Buying Power Initiatives Wendy Despres Associate Director, Policy Management DoD Office of Small Business Programs.

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Presentation on theme: "Course # 27 Small Business and AT&L Better Buying Power Initiatives Wendy Despres Associate Director, Policy Management DoD Office of Small Business Programs."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Course # 27 Small Business and AT&L Better Buying Power Initiatives Wendy Despres Associate Director, Policy Management DoD Office of Small Business Programs Janice Buffler Associate Director, Subcontracting DoD Office of Small Business Programs

3 Agenda Current Requirements On-going Initiatives Subcontracting Plan Requirements Subcontract Reporting Requirements Evaluation of Small Business (SB) Participation in Source Selections

4 CURRENT REQUIREMENTS

5 Current Requirements DoDD , The Defense Acquisition System – Requires Acquisition Strategies to facilitate SB participation throughout a program’s life cycle through direct participation (prime contracts) or teaming with SB concerns – Forms the basis for SB Specialist to assist in acquisition planning DoDD , DoD Small Business Programs, contains duties of SB specialists related to acquisition planning

6 Current Requirements DoDI further requires consideration of: – Technologies developed under the Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program – A diversified range of large and small businesses – Opportunities to implement socio-economic programs FAR/DFARS Part 7 also cover acquisition planning and consideration of SB concerns

7 Current Requirements Understand Defense Acquisition Guidebook, Chapter 2 – Acquisition Program Baselines, Technology Development Strategies, and Acquisition Strategies – Paragraphs and cover SBIR program and small business participation – DoD OSBP is a reviewer of Technology Development Strategy and Acquisition Strategy documents requiring DoD level approval

8 Current Requirements Acquisition strategy reviews look for : – Market research completed – If SBs will perform any prime contracts under program and why or why not – If SB participation is maximized through subcontracting – If SBIR technologies were considered/will be used in the program SMALL BUSINESS SPECIALIST MUST GET INVOLVED EARLY IN THE ACQUISITION PLANNING PROCESS

9 INITIATIVES

10 Initiatives USD(AT&L) memo, September 14, 2010, Better Buying Power: Guidance for Obtaining Greater Efficiency and Productivity in Defense Spending – Requires increasing small business role in defense market place competition and directs CAEs to institute on all competitive and non-competitive procurements emphasis on small business utilization through weighting factors in past performance and in fee construct – Directs DoD OSBP to review acquisition plans for services >$1 billion and to be members of the OSD Peer Reviews of services acquisitions

11 Initiatives Senior Integration Group (SIG) established to implement efficiency initiatives – approved subcontracting initiatives 14 Dec 2010 President’s Interagency Task Force on Federal Contracting Opportunities for Small Businesses – Established April 2010 – Report issued Jan 2011 – Established Small Business Procurement Group in order to give White House and Co-Chairs of Task Force an opportunity to meet regularly with senior agency leadership and discuss the steps taken to increase small business contracting Small Business Jobs Act, P.L

12 12 Task Force Recommendations Jobs Bill 4. Strengthen subcontracting a. Review regulations and policies on subcontracting to determine where improvements needed b. Compliance reviews of PPIRS submissions should consider whether agency assessments of contractor performance provide useful performance information on prime contractors’ achievement of subcontracting plan goals that can be used for future source selections c. SBA and IAE should improve eSRS to allow linking information with other govt-wide systems, such as PPIRS d. SBA should update or issue new policies to address submission and review of subcontracting reporting to better capture subcontracting at all tiers 10. Share best practices across the agencies to maximize successful strategies Subcontracting Misrepresentations – strengthens enforcement and requires definitions of roles and assignment of responsibilities Small Business Subcontracting Improvements -- addresses “bait-and- switch” issue Payment of Subcontractors Small Business Subcontracting Parity -- establishes statutory federal subcontracting goal of 3% for HUBZone Small Business Task Force Recommendations for Subcontracting Jobs Bill – Part II Subcontracting Integrity The SBJA overlaps with SB Task Force and Dr. Carter’s efficiency initiatives (memos 14 Sep 10 and 3 Nov 10) on some subcontracting initiatives. Institute in all competitive and non-competitive procurement actions emphasis on small business utilization through weighting factors in past performance and in fee construct 1. Source Selection and Incentive Fees evaluate small business utilization 2. Draft Best Practices Guide for small business utilization 3. Maximize CPARS feedback regarding SB utilization Dr. Carter’s Efficiencies Initiatives – SB Utilization Efficiencies Initiatives OVERLAP Overlap: General areas -Evaluation of Plans in source selection -Review of regs/policies, develop best practices -Past Performance evaluations for SB utilization (CPARS/PPIRS) -Content and enforcement of subcontracting plans/contract requirements The SBJA overlaps with SB Task Force and Dr. Carter’s efficiency initiatives (memos 14 Sep 10 and 3 Nov 10) on some subcontracting initiatives.

13 SUBCONTRACTING PLANS

14 Subcontracting Plans Regulatory Requirements Overview of Subcontracting Plans – Types – Contents (highlights) – Pre-Award Responsibilities (Who does what?) – Post-Award Responsibilities (Who does what?) Reporting Requirements

15 Subcontracting Plans Regulatory Requirements Authority Section 8(d) SB Act – 15 USC 637(d): SB have max practicable opportunity to participate in contract performance consistent with efficient performance Section 15(g) SB Act – 15 USC 644(g): Gov’t wide goals for SBs (prime contracts and subcontracts) Regulations FAR 19.7 / DFARS 219.7, SB Subcontracting Program FAR , Utilization of SBs FAR / DFARS , SB Subcontracting Program (Deviation) FAR , Liquidated Damages DFARS , Test Program (Deviation)

16 Subcontracting Plan Requirements When? Contracts > $650K ($1.5M construction) AND subcontract opportunities exist Modifications > $650K ($1.5M construction) with new work AND subcontract opportunities exist Multi-year contracts / contracts with options Cumulative value of base contract & all options SEPARATE goals for base & each option Who?ALL other than SB LBs State & local gov’t Non-profit organizations May also include: Public Utilities Educational institutions Foreign-owned firms When Not? From SBs Personal services Contracts / mods performed entirely outside US & outlying areas Mods to contracts in general scope of contract that do not contain FAR (or equal prior clauses) If no subcontract opportunities (approval required at level above CO / placed in contract)

17 Elements Total Planned subcontract $ Goals (% and $) for each category based on total planned subcontract $ Indirect costs (included/not included) & method used to determine % Descriptions – Principal types supplies/services subcontracted – Method used to develop goals – Method used to identify potential SB sources – Efforts to ensure SBs have equitable opportunity to compete for subcontracts Subcontracting Plans

18 Elements (cont.) Company POC administering subcontracting & duties Record Keeping: description / procedures / records Flow-down FAR and 9 & related DFARS clauses Assurances – Cooperate in studies / surveys – Submit reports, as required – Submit subcontracting reports in Electronic Subcontracting Reporting System (eSRS) as required – Subcontractors submit subcontracting reports in eSRS as required – Provide its prime contract #, DUNS #, address to all first-tier subs who also do same for their next-tier subs Subcontracting Plans

19 Master Subcontracting Plan – Can be developed on plant/division basis – Effective 3 yrs after Administering Contracting Officer approval (IAW DFARS) – Contains all elements of subcontracting plan (except goals) – Goals negotiated for each applicable contract – Approved master plan with goals becomes Individual Subcontracting Plan upon contract award

20 Subcontracting Plans Individual Subcontracting Plan – 1 plan – 1 contract – Goals (% and $ based on planned subcontracting) – Covers entire contract period – Requires Individual Subcontracting Reports (ISRs) and Summary Subcontracting Reports (SSRs) semiannually

21 Subcontracting Plans Commercial Subcontracting Plan – Preferred for contractors furnishing commercial items – Applies to entire production of commercial items sold by either entire company or a portion thereof (division, plant, or product line) – Based on contractor’s fiscal year – Annual plan (applies to all government contracts in effect) – Contains mandatory elements – Requires SSR annually

22 Subcontracting Plans DoD Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan Test Program (CSP) – Test program for negotiation of comprehensive subcontracting plan – May be for a division, plant, or corporation – Annual plan (applies to all DoD contracts in effect during FY) – Only DCMA is delegated authority to negotiate plan and perform surveillance review functions (with input from departments/agencies) – Requires SSR semiannually

23 Subcontracting Plans Reviewing the Subcontracting Plan – CO reviews for adequacy ensuring required information, goals and assurances are included – Ensure goals are attainable in relation to Subcontracting opportunities available to contractor based on market research (efficient/economical performance of contract) Pool of eligible subcontractors available – PCO/ACO evaluate past performance in subcontracting to Small Businesses

24 Subcontracting Plans Procuring/Awarding CO’s Responsibility – Pre-award Consider contractor’s compliance with plans submitted on previous contracts as a factor in determining responsibility (CPARS and eSRS) Give agency small business specialist and SBA Procurement Center Representative (PCR) opportunity to review plan Ensure acceptable plan is incorporated into and made a material part of the contract

25 Subcontracting Plans Procuring/Awarding CO’s Responsibility – Post-award Send SBA (Area Director, Office of Government Contracting & Procurement Center Representative) copy of contract Initiate action to assess Liquidated Damages, when justified Enforce terms of the contract (feedback from administering contracting officer) Ensure that contract in FPDS indicates Subcontracting Plan is required Acknowledge receipt of or reject ISRs and/or SSRs in eSRS

26 Subcontracting Plans Administering Contracting Officer’s Responsibility – Assist in: Evaluating subcontracting plan prior to approval Monitoring, evaluating and documenting contractor performance against subcontracting plan – Furnish documentation/information on contractor’s performance/compliance with plans under previous contracts (needs to be documented in CPARS)

27 Subcontracting Plans Assessment of performance/compliance against subcontracting plans includes: – Extent to which contractor is meeting goals in plan – Whether contractor’s efforts to ensure participation are in accordance with subcontracting plan – Whether contractor is requiring its subcontractors to adopt similar plans – Whether contractor is submitting ISRs and SSRs and reviewing ISRs submitted by its subcontractors – Whether contractor’s failure to comply resulted from a lack of “good faith effort” – Whether contractor met goals at contract completion (if not, why)

28 SUBCONTRACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

29 Subcontracting Plans Individual Subcontracting Reports (ISRs): – Awarding CO responsible for acknowledging receipt/rejecting ISRs submitted by prime contractor Prime contractor responsibility for its lower-tier subcontractors – ISR contains 2 sections: Goals ($ and %): Contractor inputs based on Subcontracting Plan Actuals (inception of contract  end of reporting period): – Contractor inputs $ – System calculates % based on total actual subcontracting $ – Failure to meet goals is not reason to reject ISR Contractor must provide explanation and plan for corrective action

30 Subcontracting Plans SSRs for Individual Subcontract Plan: – Contractor submits consolidated SSR encompassing all subcontracting under prime contracts awarded by the departments/agencies and/or subcontracts awarded by DoD prime contractors, except construction, Contractor submits to department/agency which administers majority of its subcontracting plans – For construction and related maintenance repair type contracts, contractor submits separate report to each department/ agency which awarded such contracts – SSR Agency Coordinator has responsibility to acknowledge receipt of or reject SSR

31 Subcontracting Plans SSRs for Commercial Subcontract Plan: – Contractor submits SSR encompassing all subcontracting under the commercial plan in effect during the government’s fiscal year Includes federal government contracts AND non-federal government contracts – If performing work for more than one federal government agency, contractor must specify the percentage of total subcontracting $ attributable to each agency – Contractor indicates the federal agency or DoD department/agency contracting office that approved its Commercial Subcontracting Plan Approver of Plan has responsibility to acknowledge receipt of or reject SSR

32 Subcontracting Plans Categories FY 11 DoD Goals FY 09 DoD Actuals Small Business (SB)31.7%34.2% Historically Underutilized Business Zone Small Business (HUBZone) 3%2.0% Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB) 3%1.4% Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB)5%4.1% Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB)5%5.6% Veteran-Owned Small Business (VOSB) *NA * While there is not a federal VOSB subcontracting goal, FAR requires each subcontracting plan to include a VOSB goal.

33 EVALUATION OF SMALL BUSINESS PARTICIPATION IN DOD SOURCE SELECTIONS

34 Evaluation of SB Participation Acquisition strategies should achieve maximum practicable opportunity for SBs to be primes or subcontractors: – Market research must address SB participation at the prime and subcontract level – For unrestricted acquisitions source selection evaluation must include a separate factor for SB participation and past performance as it relates to SB utilization – Outline plan for measuring the achievement of socioeconomic goals and evaluating performance as it relates to SB utilization

35 Evaluation of SB Participation References – FAR (c)(3) and 5 Evaluate past performance for subcontracting Include SB participation as an evaluation factor for solicitations involving bundling – DFARS (c) SB participation shall be evaluated in best value source selections when a subcontracting plan is required – DFARS Evaluate past performance regarding SB participation

36 Evaluation of SB Participation DFARS PGI provides example evaluation criteria: – Extent to which SB firms are specifically identified in proposals – Extent of commitment to use such firms – Complexity and variety of work – Realism of the proposal – Past performance of complying with subcontracting requirements – Extent of participation of SB firms in terms of the value of the total acquisition

37 Evaluation of SB Participation What is the difference between FAR/DFARS Subpart 19.7 and DFARS 215.3? Subpart 19.7 Subpart Plan is pass/fail Evaluates overall SB (all categories) participation and is a rated evaluation factor Requires 11 items in accordance with FAR Requires evaluation of extent to which offerors identify & commit to SB and may be separate from Subpart 19.7 plan Based on total subcontracted dollars May be based on total subcontracted dollars or the value of the total acquisition Does not apply to SB Should apply to SB

38 Evaluation of SB Participation Review and evaluation of the subcontracting Plan and the SB participation factor are separate: – Subcontracting plan is evaluated against requirements of FAR included in the solicitation – SB participation is evaluated against the criteria contained in the solicitation (e.g. Sections L and M) But both: – Consider past performance on prior plans and contracts and rely on current market research – Utilize input from ACO, SB Specialists, and SBA – Must show the same total subcontracted dollars and subcontracted dollars to SB (note goals will be different if evaluation was based on total value of the acquisition)

39 Evaluation of SB Participation Reporting required – ISR (SF 294), SSR – Additional reporting may be needed when SB subcontracting is based on TCV (be reasonable) – Don’t forget about SB primes – they don’t report in eSRS: Small Business Act prohibits requiring a small business to submit a subcontracting plan or report in eSRS – The Government must ensure that SB participation proposed by a SB and included in the contract is monitored for compliance so separate reporting requirements are required that must be tailored for small businesses and are not overly burdensome

40 Evaluation of SB Participation Contract – Incentives should include SB participation – Contractors must be held accountable for SB participation performance -- what happens if contract requirements are not met – Consent to Subcontract – if specific small business subcontractors are indentified in proposals they should be listed in the contract and the prime contractor should be required to notify the Contracting Officer if a change needs to be made so that the Contracting Officer can assess the impact to SB participation and negotiate the change before granting approval

41 Evaluation of SB Participation For SB participation evaluation to be effective, the Government must: – Ensure eSRS reports are completed – Ensure all other reports required for SB participation are completed – Utilize the Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) – SB specialists assists technical and contracting personnel

42 Evaluation of SB Participation Small Business Specialists should: – Participate in acquisition planning – Ensure that SB participation is an evaluation factor in best value source selection as required by DFARS – Advise and assist with monitoring of performance related to SB subcontracting plan and SB participation requirements of the contract – Become knowledgeable on CPARS SB Utilization Evaluation and advise contracting activity and COTR

43 Evaluation of SB Participation A complete source selection will: – Highlight how the evaluation of the subcontracting plan (FAR 19.7) will differ from the evaluation of SB participation – Explain how offers from SB prime contractors must be structured and how they will be evaluated – State that SB participation evaluation applies to Comprehensive Subcontracting Plan participants

44 Evaluation of SB Participation A complete source selection evaluation will: – State SB targets for the contract as a baseline For each socioeconomic category State if based on total contract value (TCV) – Define TCV – If based on TCV, explain how percentages and dollars should be stated in subcontracting plan (FAR 19.7)

45 Evaluation of SB Participation A complete source selection evaluation will: – Give large business offerors a higher evaluation rating for exceeding the RFP targets provided the other information shows the targets proposed are reasonable and realistic – Require offerors to: List subcontractors and principal supplies or services to be provided Describe complexity of supplies and services to be provided

46 Evaluation of SB Participation A complete source selection evaluation will: – Examine binding/enforceable subcontracting agreements if documentation is provided – Evaluate past performance as it relates to small business participation in addition to the overall past performance evaluation (DFARS ) – Review eSRS reports (ISRs/SSRs or SF 294s)

47 Evaluation of SB Participation A complete source selection evaluation will: – State the basis for award Describe how offerors will be rated Describe how SB offerors will be rated – Include contract language to prevent “bait and switch” (consent to subcontract) – VERY IMPORTANT!! – The SB participation evaluation factor should be a factor (not subfactor) with meaningful weight

48 Summary Current DoD policy and regulations require consideration of SB concerns during acquisition planning It is important to involve Small Business Specialist and SBA early in the acquisition process Subcontracting plans are mandatory for certain acquisitions and have 11 elements Awarding Contracting Officer reviews ISRs SSR Agency Coordinator reviews SSRs (Contracting Officer who approved Commercial Subcontract Plan) In addition, DoD regulation requires SB participation to be evaluated in best value source selection when the value >$650,000

49 Resources

50 Resources For a copy of the SB task force report: task-force-federal-contracting-opportunities- small-businesses For DoD Directives and Instructions For Dr. Carter’s efficiencies memo: For Small Business Jobs Act:

51 QUESTIONS?


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