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Psychology 562 Advanced Human Factors 1 Week 2-2: Everything* you Need to Know about Writing Research Grants and Contracts, but Were Afraid to Ask *lecture.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychology 562 Advanced Human Factors 1 Week 2-2: Everything* you Need to Know about Writing Research Grants and Contracts, but Were Afraid to Ask *lecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychology 562 Advanced Human Factors 1 Week 2-2: Everything* you Need to Know about Writing Research Grants and Contracts, but Were Afraid to Ask *lecture may fail to cover some things you need to know. This title does not indemnify the presenter or the University of Idaho for any claims.

2 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Why do I Need to Know how to Write Grants? There are many companies within HF that survive on grants and contracts. At some time in your career you will be asked to pursue 3rd party funding. 2

3 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Grants vs. Contracts It is common for people to speak of these as if they were the same thing. Both can finance research, but they are fundamentally different. Grant Sponsor Researcher Contract Sponsor 3

4 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Contracts Represent a bi-directional exchange between a sponsor and a researcher. Can be provided by any individual or agency. Acquisition from the Fed often begins with a solicitation in the form of a BAA (Broad Agency Announcement) or listing in the CBD Commerce Business Daily.BAACBD 4

5 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Contracts (cont) Contracts often require highly structured relationships. Requirements of the contract are outlined in a Statement of Work (SOW). Unlike grants, the contract sponsor might be intimately involved in your research methods. 5

6 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Contract (cont) Before a contract award, the sponsor and researcher must agree to specific deliverables. Contract durations can vary. In behavioral science, contracts generally last 1 year. Five at the most. There are probably more agencies that will award contracts than grants. 6

7 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Grants A grant is likened to a parent who pays for a child’s education. The outcome is not strictly defined. There is no expectation that the money will be returned. Unlike contracts, grants can be submitted without a solicitation, called unsolicited proposals. 7

8 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Grants (cont) Researcher can initiate contact with sponsor without a Request for Proposals (RFP) Grants, like contracts, can vary in length Most funded basic research is done so through grants 8

9 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Assignment To fulfill the writing assignment, you must: Develop a research idea Identify potential funding sources Complete all aspects of the proposal and application process 9

10 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Finding Support Some supporting agencies include: NSF National Science FoundationNSF NIH National Institutes of HealthNIH NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission NASA National Aeronautic and Space Admin.NASA ONR Office of Naval ResearchONR DoD Department of DefenseDoD 10

11 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Sources (cont) NAWCTSD Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division.NAWCTSD NIOSH National Institutes of Occupational Safety and HealthNIOSHNational Institutes of Occupational Safety and Health OSHA Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOSHA AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific ResearchAFOSR 11

12 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Sources (cont) USAMRMC US Army Medical Research and Materiel CommandUSAMRMC ARI Army Research InstituteARI ARO Army Research OfficeARO DoT Department of TransportationDoT FAA Federal Aviation AdministrationFAA NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.NHTSA 12

13 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Sources (cont) DOE Department of EnergyDOE FDA Food and Drug AdministrationFDA CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.CDC Foundations Private Endowments Private Industry 13

14 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Types of Funds Sponsors will clearly state how funds can be used. There are funds specifically for: Equipment Research and development Training systems development Technology transfer Multi-national research Product development and marketing etc. 14

15 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics The requirements of sponsors will vary. There are, however, commonalties among all funding sources. Your idea as an activity Sponsors fund projects not ideas. Your idea must be formalized to a point that the sponsor can see a clear progression of thought and activities leading to your objective. 15

16 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics (cont) Concise background. Never reinvent the wheel by failing to review what has currently be accomplished. Statement of need or problem statement What are the gaps in the knowledge? Who will benefit from the added knowledge? What are the significant problems you will address? 16

17 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics (cont) Goals and objectives What do you hope to accomplish with the funding? Methods How will you achieve your objectives? Methods must be detailed enough to allow the sponsor to evaluate their appropriateness. 17

18 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics (cont) Budget What will it cost? How many people are needed? How much time will it take? What types of equipment are needed? 18

19 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics (cont) Forms and Directions Obtain all required forms and follow directions precisely! Deadlines and review cycles When are they and how long do reviews take? Previous funding awards What have you accomplished in the past? 19

20 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Proposal Basics (cont) Human and animal subjects Show that the use of subjects has been reviewed by an IRB (CFR 45, 46). Key personnel biographical sketches Who will be performing the work. Who is the Principal Investigator (PI)? Facilities Where will the work be performed? What capabilities are located there? 20

21 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Budgets Budgets are divided into two categories: direct and indirect costs. Direct costs include: salaries fringe benefits travel and conference fees equipment and supplies consultants 21

22 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors SFY 08’ UI Fringe Benefit Rates Source Rate Salary 60% $60,000 21.16% Faculty summer rate 22

23 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Budgets (cont) Indirect (aka Facility and Administrative) clerical or secretarial assistance office space heat and lighting administration costs and expenses not directly attributable to the performance of the work. 23

24 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Budgets (cont) Indirect rates are negotiated. For UI, the indirect rate varies by task. See URO home page. Never exceed the allowed budget and don’t under price research hoping to improve your chances. 24

25 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Facility and Administrative Rates Federally-Negotiated Rates, Modified Total Direct Costs Organized Research FY2008-2010 On Campus43.4% Off Campus25.0% Instruction On Campus55.7% Off Campus26.0% Service On Campus30.1 Off Campus21.0 Modified total direct cost, consisting of all salaries and wages, fringe benefits, materials, supplies, travel and subgrants and subcontracts up to the first $25,000 of each subgrant or subcontract (regardless of the period covered by the subgrant or subcontract). Modified total directed cost shall exclude equipment, capital expenditures, charges for patient care, tuition remission, rental costs of off-site facilities, scholarships, and fellowships as well as the portion of each subgrant and subcontract in excess of $25,000. If two-thirds or more of a project is performed off- campus, the off-campus rate will apply to the entire project. Equipment is defined as tangible nonexpendable personal property having a useful life or more than one year and an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit. See http://www.uro.uidaho.edu/documents/FY08%20F &A%20Rates%20- %20DHHS.pdf&pid=101331&doc=1 http://www.uro.uidaho.edu/documents/FY08%20F &A%20Rates%20- %20DHHS.pdf&pid=101331&doc=1 25

26 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Where to find funding... Internet tour Community of Science braunc76, rtbuimgde Community of Science Grants.gov FedBizOpps 26

27 Psyc 562 – Advanced Human Factors Assignment Identify a RFP or funding opportunity within human factors. Obtain the requisite forms and documents needed to respond to the sponsor. Respond to the RFP or funding source with a complete proposal. Due date is listed on Blackboard 27


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