1 Barber Surgeon’s Hall, Monkwell Square, Wood Street Seminar on IACS QSCS Independent Assessment and Certification Meeting with Accredited Certification BodiesBarber Surgeon’s Hall, Monkwell Square, Wood StreetLondon, 22 September 2009
2 Agenda Aims of the seminar Introduction Current IACS QSCS Quality Management ReviewRevised IACS QSCS RequirementsCertification ProcessRequirements for contracting independent Accredited Certification BodiesDragos Rauta INTERTANKO Chairman Quality Advisory CommitteeRoberto Cazzulo RINA Chairman Small Group Quality PolicyPeter Williams Quality Secretary IACS LtdHans Frivold DNV Chairman Quality CommitteeHans Frivold DNV Peter Williams IACS QSBob Giuffra ABS Member Quality Committee
3 Dragos Rauta INTERTANKO Chairman IACS Quality Advisory Committee Aims of the SeminarDragos RautaINTERTANKOChairmanIACS Quality Advisory Committee
4 AimsTo convene Accredited Certification Bodies, selected by IACS Members, and other interested parties in order to discuss the systems, processes and mechanisms that need to be put in placeto assess and certify the classification societies’ compliance with IACS QSCS requirementsto ensure the independence, robustness and consistency of the audit and assessment processas well as being sufficiently and appropriately transparent to those parties that oversee the processes and rely on its integrity, in view of continuous IACS QSCS improvements
5 Roberto Cazzulo, RINA Chairman IACS Small Group Quality Policy IntroductionRoberto Cazzulo, RINAChairmanIACS Small Group Quality Policy
6 HistoryThree years ago, in 2006, IACS embarked on a major restructuring of its Quality System Certification Scheme (QSCS), which started in 1992, to ensure alignment with ISO/IEC “Conformity Assessment – Requirements for Bodies providing Audit and Certification of Management Systems”More recently, IACS committed itself to make QSCS freely available and able to be applied both to those presently being members or associated members of IACS (being QSCS a key criterion for membership) and to any other classification society that wishes to adopt and apply the QSCS requirements on a voluntary basis
7 What is QSCS?A formal and structured Certification Scheme applicable to Quality Management Systems of Classification Societies, requiring compliance with ISO9001:2000, supplemented by and incorporating EN/ISO17020 requirements as well as other specific requirements identified through experienceThe IACS Quality Management System requirements includestandards applicable to classification societiesISO 9001 / ISO 17020IMO A.739/A.789technical and procedural requirementsIACS UR, UI, PR, CSR
8 How is QSCS currently structured? IACS COUNCILQUALITYCOMMITTEEADVISORYIACS QUALITYSECRETARIATQuality ManagementReview Reportto CouncilSenior figures of maritime interestedparties independent of classificationsocieties
9 How is the IACS Quality Secretariat (Operations Centre) currently structured? QUALITY SECRETARY(Southampton)SecretaryLead AuditorLead AuditorLead AuditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditorSub-contract auditor
10 Present IACS QSCS Auditors Engineers or Naval ArchitectsGood knowledge of:- the shipping industrythe role and function of class societiesprevious experience working in a class society or flag administrationExperienced and qualified auditors, including sub-contract auditorsNo current affiliation with any classification society or recognised organisation
11 QSCS Principles“Independence” establishing a system were compliance with QSCS shall be assessed by independent Accredited Certification Bodies“Robustness” of QSCS including both quality management system and minimum technical and procedural requirements“Consistency” involving and agreeing with Accredited Certification Bodies suitable methods for gathering results of QSCS audits“Continuous improvements” monitoring and gathering feedback from audits in order to identify horizontal findings and areas of improvement of the QSCS as a whole
12 Accredited Certification Bodies Each Member society shall select an ACB for QSCS assessment and certificationThe Member society shall confirm that the selected ACB meets minimum requirements necessary for auditing CS in accordance with the QSCS requirementsA classification society (not Member of IACS) may request any ACB to assess and certify their QMS compliance with the QSCS on a voluntary basisAny new ACB willing to be involved shall follow the same scheme agreed by IACS with the previously selected ACBs
13 QSCS Revised Flow-chart ExternalIACSAAppealCouncilBodyIACSMembersCIACS QualityIACS QualityIACS QualityCommitteeAdvisorySecretaryCommitteeAccreditedCertificationBBodiesRoles of various bodies:-A. Appeal of withdraw or rejection of IACS membershipB. ACB’s independent audit & certification in accordance with QSCS requirementsC. Information from Societies or ACBs to the Quality Secretary in order to produce annual Quality Management Review reports
14 Roles of various Bodies “Quality Secretary” shall collect and make neutral the audit findings in order to report QSCS horizontal findings on an yearly basis (Quality Management Review)“Quality Committee” shall adopt continuous QSCS improvements considering the outcome of the QMR, Quality Advisory Committee input and changes to ISO, IMO and other related standards.”Quality Advisory Committee” shall measure the effectiveness of IACS quality policy and procedures and changes to quality related documents which influence quality policy to make advice on continuous QSCS improvements
15 Alignment with the EU system RecognisedOrganisationsEMSAQACEExternalQualityAssessmentBodies1234786CommissionCOSSMember States9105IndustryAssociationsLegendCOSS – Committee on Safe Seasand Prevention of Pollution from ShipsEMSA - European Maritime Safety AgencyEURO - European Recognised OrganisationQACE - Quality Assessment and Certification Scheme1. Set up and maintenanceAudit and certificationPossible request for assistanceReporting to the CommissionIndustry adviceRequest for inspectionInspectionRecognitionAuthorisationSanctions and appeals
16 Current IACS QSCS Quality Management Review Peter WilliamsQuality SecretaryIACS Ltd
17 Purpose of this presentation To explain for the benefit of ACB’s and non-IACS Societiesthe annual IACS QMR processthe methodologythe information requiredthe presentation of the QMRresulting actions and follow-upIt is based on the most recent QMR presented to IACS Council in June 2009
18 IACS Annual QMR Process: Objective: Quality Secretary reports annually to IACS Council (QC under new scheme) based on audit findings and published PSC dataAddresses the input from Advisory CommitteeObjective:To identify common or “horizontal” issuesIdentify possible root causes and propose appropriate recommendationsEnable Members to gauge their own performanceTo enhance overall performanceTo identify improvements to the system
19 Total number of findings Shows in absolute numbers trend of nonconformities and observations raised over recent yearsIACS QMR takes a broad over-view, identifies “horizontal issues” and drills- down into the detail of findings to establish root cause and derive recommendations for improvement
20 Total number of findings Over-view showing sections of QSMR where most nonconformities are raised6.2.2 Competence & training7.5 Service DeliveryImproving trends4.2 Documentation
21 Measurement, analysis & improvement QSCS observationsOver-view showing sections of QSMR where most observations are raisedPlanningMeasurement, analysis & improvementService delivery
22 Analysis of horizontal issues RequirementNo. SocietiesNCsObservationsDOCUMENT’N(4.2)10/1014/932/42QMS PLANNING AND QUALITY OBJECTIVES (5.4)10/64/421/8COMPETENCE (6.2.2)10/1119/2228/57SURVEY PLAN’G (7.1)9/1025/1857/45CUST’R REL’D (7.2)10/75/410/12PR1A (pt1)9/611/76/4PR1A (pt2)8/108/810/13PR 6 (AM)9/55/312/6PR 7 (TRNG)11/1119/1837/54PR 9 (ISM)11/912/16PR 17 (ISM)8/410/9PR 19 (TM)8/914/1015/7Horizontal issues, transcend several societiesItems in left hand column identified as having attracted more than the average number of findingsThose identified as showing a worsening trend are looked at in more detail to try and establish “root cause”
23 Analysis of individual findings Not reported here but another mechanism we currently use is “Audit Input”.Difference in interpretation between auditor and auditeeTOC case currently under consideration by IACS GPG together with input from QC and AVCPR1A pt 1 (Suspension and Withdrawal) – good improvementPR1A pt2 (TOC) – still evidence to suggest survey requirements are not being adhered to as well as they might as opposed to administrative reporting deadlines not being met.RECOMMENDATION : Ensure that the supervisory system to monitor the work carried out is properly understood and implemented at survey locations.
24 Focus areas Tracking of Focus Areas, agreed by Council 200720082009PR7 & PR6PR17PR17 & PR9PR35 (Too early)PR35 ( )PR35PR32 & PR29Gen Cargo ShipsEqpt & MatlVLCC to VLOCURZ23 (too early, for each Society IA)URZ23Vertical management controlsSupervisory system QSCS reqt + KPIsTracking of Focus Areas, agreed by CouncilProposed by Quality Secretary on basis of audit results and discussion with Lead Auditors
25 Revised IACS QSCS Requirements Hans Frivold DNVChairmanIACS Quality Committee
26 Brief history Established 1991 Updated over the years with changes in ISO 9001 and with changes in IMO resolutions and IACS technical proceduresRevised 2009 to allow general use
27 Main structure of QMS requirements Ch. 0 – IntroductionCh. 1 – Definition of ScopeCh. 2 – References – Normative and includedCh. 3 – Terms and definitionsCh. 4 – Ch. 8 QMS Requirements
28 Compliant with ISO 9001All requirements of ISO 9001 are applicable but not repeated in QMS requirementsAll IACS QMS requirements should be read as supplements or specific additional requirements to the subject ISO 9001 clause
29 ISO9001 compliance - example 5.6.1 GeneralThe interval between the management reviews shall not be more than 12 months.Following to be read from ISO 9001:5.6.1 GeneralTop management shall review the organization‘s quality management system, at planned intervals, to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. This review shall include assessing opportunities for improvement and the need for changes to the quality management system, including the quality policy and quality objectives.Records from management reviews shall be maintained (see ).The interval between the management reviews shall not be more than 12 months.
30 Normative referencesDocuments that constitute essential provisions for the application of the QMSR and are fully applicableNot quoted or written in the QMSRIn addition to ISO9000 and ISO 9001 to be applied to QMS, normative references are:IACS Technical Resolutions:IACS Unified Requirements (UR).IACS Unified Interpretations (UI)IACS Procedural Requirements (PR).IACS Common Structural Rules [for tankers and bulk carriers] (CSR)Technical Resolutions are mainly included in CS Rules and/or work instructions used by the Society
31 Included requirements Included requirements are mandatory requirements for CS“As is” they may not relate only to a CS, but may also give requirements to other organisations (e.g. Flag Adm.)Therefore only parts applicable to CS are includedThe requirements are partly imbedded inthe requirements of QMSRIACS Technical Resolutions (particularly PR)The Instructions to Surveyors of the CS
32 ISO / IEC 17020GENERAL CRITERIA FOR THE OPERATION OF VARIOUS TYPES OF BODIES PERFORMING INSPECTIONMost requirements related to QMS is covered by ISO9001Applicable requirements are included in “Additional CS specific requirements” (QMSR Ch. 4.3) related to:Administrative and legal requirementsRequirements related to independence, impartiality and integrity
33 IMO Res. A739(18)GUIDELINES FOR THE AUTHORIZATION OF ORGANIZATIONS ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE ADMINISTRATIONMandatory by SOLAS CHAPTER XI-1 Regulation 1 from 1998Determine a set of Minimum Standards for the RO acting on behalf of the AdministrationRequire a formal written agreement between the Administration and the RORequire procedures for communication and for Flag’s verification and monitoringGives a set of minimum standards for recognized organizations acting on behalf of the administration (Appendix 1)Requirements relates to size, structure, experience, capabilities and that the RO maintains a QMS certified by an independent body of auditors recognized by the Administration
34 IMO Res. A789(19)SPECIFICATIONS ON THE SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION FUNCTIONS OF RO ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE ADMINISTRATIONMandatory by SOLAS CHAPTER XI-1 Regulation 1 from 1998Specifies modules of competence, capability and capacity to organize, manage, control and carry out the performance of survey and certification functionsModules for:ManagementTechnical appraisalSurveysQualifications and trainingGives detailed specifications pertaining to the various statutory certificatesImplementation will normally be found in the RO’s Training and Qualification System
35 of special requirements Brief highlightof special requirements
36 Ch. 4 Documentation Requirements The Quality Management System shall ensure that all “Fundamental processes” of a CS are controlled and maintained.The “Fundamental Processes” are:Development of RulesPublication of RulesApplication of Rules through verification, approval, survey and certification activitiesPublication of Register of ships (and MOU)Provision of a network of surveyorsThe Quality Manual shall include (or make reference to) specific information and statements of policyControl of Records shall include at least those relevant to the fundamental processesCh. 4 contains an additional sub-chapter 4.3 giving additional CS specific requirements, related to:General legal and organisational requirementsImpartiality and integrityIndependence criteriaConfidentialityCooperation
37 Ch. 5 Management responsibility Contains several requirements and “Guidance for Application” related to the Fundamental Processes and to the roles as acting on behalf of AdministrationsThe “Fundamental Processes” are:Development of RulesPublication of RulesApplication of Rules through verification, approval, survey and certification activitiesPublication of Register of ships (and MOU)Provision of a network of surveyors
38 Ch. 6 Resource Management For “Competence, training and awareness” particular reference is made to IMO Res. 789(19)Under “Work environment” particular requirements are give to the safety conditions for surveyors performing survey.
39 Ch. 7 Product realisation Requirements that planning activities take appropriate consideration to the role as ROThat customer related processes includes both those related to contract holders, and to those who are indirectly customers (e.g. flag states, IMO, EU, public at large)That “Design and Development” relate to the CS Rules and Regulations, and to the performance of Statutory services.That “Purchasing” includes engagements of sub- contractors, non-exclusive surveyors and agents, which need appropriate controlThat “Production and service provision” (Ch. 7.5) give detailed requirements to the planning, performance, recording and post-delivery activities of surveysThat “Customer property” includes documents submitted for approval, reports from service suppliers etc., and documents provided by flag Administrations
40 Ch. 8 Measurement, analysis and improvement Particular requirements to the Scope, Planning and Effectiveness and efficiency of Internal AuditsA particular requirement that the CS shall carry out “Vertical Contract Audit (VCA) within Plan Approval activities and within all main survey processes annuallyA special Guidance for Application of Vertical Contract Audits is published as IACS Recommendation (IACS REC107). This guide applies to VCA carried out as internal audit as well as by external (certification) audit
41 Certification Process Hans Frivold DNVPeter Williams IACS Ltd
42 Transition Period (in 2010) IACS Member Societies and Applicants for IACS Membership, for verification of compliance with QSCS requirements, shall be audited and certified byindependent ACBs as well as bythe IACS Ltd Operations CentreNon-IACS Member Societies may request independent ACBs to verify their compliance with QSCS requirements on a voluntary basis
43 Full - Term Period (from 2011) IACS Member Societies and Applicants for IACS Membership shall be solely audited and certified by independent ACBs for verifying their compliance with QSCS requirementsthe IACS Quality Secretary shall gather the results of ACBs’ audits and prepare periodic Quality Management Review reports for continuous QSCS improvementsNon-IACS Member Societies may request independent ACBs to verify their compliance with QSCS requirements on a voluntary basis
44 CERTIFICATION PROCESS Two periods to considerTransition period (2010)Post-transition period (2011 and beyond)Two audit ‘bodies’ to considerACB’s (Satisfies stated requirements)IACS QSCSIACS Members and Applicant Societies to considerOther Societies are free to adopt QSCS and arrange audit with an ACB of their choice voluntarily
45 TRANSITION PERIOD 2010Classification Societies that apply in for IACS Membership must be treated the same as existing IACS Member societies
46 TRANSITION PERIOD 2010IACS Operations Centre will audit all IACS Members and issue Annual Compliance ReportACB will audit respective IACS Members and issue their own documentsAbove audits can be conducted either separately or concurrently at the discretion of the society. If a “concurrent audit” is chosen, a documented procedure for the joint audit, including a procedure for complaints, should be developed and approved by the relevant society, АСВ and IACS Operations Centre.
47 TRANSITION PERIOD 2010Societies applying in 2010 for IACS Membership will be subject to both IACS QSCS audit and ACB auditThey must therefore budget for two sets of audits in terms of money, resources and time
48 TRANSITION PERIOD 2010IACS Operations Centre will conduct VCA’s according to fleet sizeOn decision of relevant society and АСВ, ACB auditors may take participation in such VCA’s as observers with purpose for training
49 TRANSITION PERIOD 2010IACS Operations Centre will continue to use existing audit procedures and IACS Audit Manager softwareACB’s will follow their own audit procedures and reporting processesAll audits will be against QMSR 7th issue on web site
50 END TRANSITION PERIOD AND FOR THE FUTURE Upon satisfactory completion of required audits the ACB will need to issue an ISO 9001:2008 Certificate plus a Statement of Compliance to QSCS Requirements relating to its 3 elements i.e.QSCS Requirements;QMS Requirements;IACS Resolutions Requirements.
51 POST TRANSITION PERIOD IACS Operations Centre will not audit Classification SocietiesFrom 1st January 2011 all audits of IACS Members and IACS Applicant Societies will be undertaken solely by ACB’sRequirements for ACB’s is described in IACS document “Minimum requirements for Accredited Certification Bodies in terms of auditing CS in accordance with QSCS Quality Management System Certification”
52 POST TRANSITION PERIOD ACB to provide their Society with a self- declaration confirming compliance with the Minimum requirements for Accredited Certification Bodies…IACS Operations Centre will collect copies of the declarations from each Society and these may be verified by the IACS Quality Secretary
53 POST TRANSITION PERIOD Audit reporting requirements;All reports to be in EnglishIACS Quality Secretary will be required to produce an annual QMRAudit reports are consequently required to be submitted to IACS Quality Secretary in consistent electronic format using IACS Audit Manager softwareConfidentiality will be maintained by the Quality Secretary
54 POST TRANSITION PERIOD Reporting requirements of audits;To facilitate collation of information IACS Audit Manager Software to be usedOptionsACB uses IAM Software and submit reports to Society and Quality Secretary simultaneously; orSociety transposes reports to IAM Software and submits to Quality Secretary
55 ADDITIONAL SUPPORTING ROLE OF QUALITY SECRETARY Support ACB’s in their auditing duties;Update knowledge and training of ACB auditors as relevant documents are revised and updatedProvide feedback on relevant industry developments that are relevant to their audit activitiesContinue as Secretary to AVC and assistance to IACS Quality CommitteeIdentify and advise audit “focus areas”
56 Bob Giuffra ABS Member of the IACS Quality Committee Requirements for contracting independent Accredited Certification BodiesBob Giuffra ABSMember of the IACS Quality Committee
57 Basic Minimum Requirements To audit and certify the quality system of a Class Society against the QSCS the ACB and its audit teams need to meet the following minimum requirements:It shall be a national Accreditation Body which is a member of International Accreditation Forum (IAF) in accordance with ISO-IEC :2006 standard.It shall have accreditation for ISO 9001 certification for the scope covered by either EA Code 34 Engineering services or NACE Code M71 Architectural and Engineering Activities; technical testing and analysis in relationIt shall have access to adequate resources to carry out the audits, covering the survey network of the CS, as necessary.It shall have audit teams that have:4.1 qualification in compliance with ISO standard,4.2 relevant knowledge and experience in the marine or related field, such as: a. ship design / building / repair / on-board operations, b. classification and statutory certification services, c. manufacturing of relevant machinery or equipment, or d. metallurgical industry4.3 completed the IACS QSCS Familiarization Course as appropriate.4.4 fluency in oral and written English (when necessary, provision should be made by the CS for translation into English, in accordance with IAF guidelines)5. full independence and no conflict of interest with the CS.
58 Accredited Certification Body Open to any ACB who complies with the requirementsContract is between the Society and the ACBThe audit process with the ACBs is to be as robust as that carried out by IACS auditors.Available to IACS and Non-IACS SocietiesIACS will provide familiarisation for ACB auditors to explain IACS technical resolutions, the way classification works and the relationship with flag States, shipyards, shipowners and operators, etc.
59 ACBs’ auditor familiarization with IACS QSCS requirements QMS Requirements – Seventh EditionBased on ISO 9001(2008)Includes elements related toISO/IEC 17020:2004, General criteria for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspectionInternational Maritime Organization Resolution A.739(18), Guidelines for the authorisation of organizations acting on behalf of the Administration,International Maritime Organization Resolution A.789(19) Specifications on the survey and certification functions of recognised organizations acting on behalf of the AdministrationQMSR embrace all requirements; IMO resolutions must be addressed; PRs must be addressed and URs provide technical details in support of the PRs; international conventions are statutory and UIs provide clarification in absence of the flag providing its own interpretation
60 ACBs’ auditor familiarization with IACS QSCS requirements QMS Requirements – Seventh EditionIACS Technical Resolutions, defined as:IACS Unified Requirements (UR).IACS Unified Interpretations (UI)IACS Procedural Requirements (PR).IACS Common Structural Rules [for tankers and bulk carriers] (CSR)
61 ACBs’ auditor familiarization with IACS QSCS requirements IACS Unified Requirements (UR) IACS member may have a reservationIACS Unified Interpretations (UI) Agreed Interpretation of a international statutory convention where the administration does not possess the sameIACS Procedural Requirements (PR) Required for IACS MembersIACS Common Structural Rules [for tankers and bulk carriers] (CSR) Required for IACS MembersThe URs, UIs, PRs and CSR have been recently modified so that they may be applicable to any classification society not just IACS Members
62 ACBs’ auditor familiarization with IACS QSCS requirements Published on the IACS WebsiteNot every technical resolution is an audit focus every year.Technical resolutions are identified for focus each year normally either based on new requirement or from trending of previous years (QMR).
63 Unified Requirements Containers Electricity Fire Protection Gas TankersMachinery InstallationsMaterials and WeldingMobile Offshore Drilling UnitsMooring and AnchoringNavigationPiping and Pressure VesselsPolar ClassPropellersStrength of ShipsSubdivision, Stability and Load LineSurvey and Certification
64 Typical Unified Requirement Z23 Hull Survey for New ConstructionA comprehensive set of minimum requirements focussing on hull structures as part of the class and statutory certification process of a new building to verify ships comply with relevant rules and regulations…In broad terms, this UR covers:Qualification and monitoring of personnelSurvey planningReview of the construction facilityExamination and test plan of new building activitiesProof of consistency of surveysShip construction file
65 Typical Unified Requirement – technical details Z23 Hull Survey for New Construction1. ScopeThe scope of this UR includes the following main activities:1.1 Examination of the parts of the ship covered by classification rules and by applicablestatutory regulations for hull construction, to obtain appropriate evidence that they have beenbuilt in compliance with the rules and regulations, taking account of the relevant approveddrawings.1.2 Appraisal of the manufacturing, construction, control and qualification procedures,including welding consumables, weld procedures, weld connections and assemblies, withindication of relevant approval tests.1.3 Witnessing inspections and tests as required in the classification rules used for shipconstruction including materials, welding and assembling, specifying the items to beexamined and/or tested and how (e.g. by hydrostatic, hose or leak testing, non destructiveexamination, verification of geometry) and by whom.1.4 Appraisal of material and equipment used for ship construction and their inspection atworks is not included in this UR. Details of requirements for hull and machinery steel forgingsand castings and for normal and higher strength hull structural steel are given in W7, W8 andW11 respectively. Acceptance of these items is verified through the survey process carriedout at the manufacturer’s works and the issuing of the appropriate certificates.Note:1. This UR is to be uniformly implemented by IACS Societies on ships contracted forconstruction on or after 1 January 2008.2. The “contracted for construction” date means the date on which the contract to build thevessel is signed between the prospective owner and the shipbuilder. For further detailsregarding the date of “contract for construction”, refer to IACS Procedural Requirement(PR) No. 29.3. The changes introduced in Revision 2 of the UR are to be uniformly implemented byIACS Societies on ships contracted for construction (as defined in IACS PR 29) from1 July 2010.
66 Unified Interpretations COLREGS – Collision RegulationsFire Test ProceduresHigh Speed Craft CodeIMO Chemical CodeLiquified Gases In BulkLoad Line ConventionMARPOL ConventionPassenger Submersible CraftSOLASTonnage Measurement
67 Typical Unified Interpretations - SOLAS SC7Precautions against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin(Chapter II-1, Regulation 45.2)Text:"Exposed live parts having voltages to earth exceeding a voltage to be specified by the Administration"Interpretation:Voltage values as stated in RegulationSC8(Chapter II-1, Regulation )<<and special precautions shall be taken to the satisfaction of the Administration>>.1. All final sub-circuits should consist of two insulated wires, the hull return being achieved byconnecting to the hull one of the busbars of the distribution board from which they originate.2. Earth wires should be in accessible locations to permit their ready examination and to enable their disconnection for testing of insulation.
68 Common Structural Rules Common Structural Rules are Rules covering requirements for the design of tankers and bulk carriersThe interpretation of these requirements are publically available through the IACS websiteThe CSR are in the public domain for use by anyone
69 ACBs’ audits reporting mechanism to the IACS Quality Secretary The results of findings are reported to the Quality Secretary for the purpose of trending and identifying future focuses etc.External information reporting mechanism must honor confidentiality requirements of clients and statutory requirementsACB direct reporting or through the Society (Option)
70 Participation of external interested Parties in ACBs’ audits IMOEC/EMSAIndividual Flag StatesOthers?IACS Operation Centre?Accreditation body for ACB?Required confidentiality
71 VCAs (pros and cons) VCA – Vertical Contract Audit Audit of the Survey ProcessPerformed by Society internallyPerformed by IACS AuditorsTo be performed by the ACB
72 VCAs (pros and cons) ACB participation Knowledge assured by requirements for auditorsFamiliarization trainingInitially of the Society’s own VCA and later by the ACB