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“FROM ISOLATIONISM TO WAR” Chapter 17 Section 4. Neutrality Acts  Purpose?  Examples?

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Presentation on theme: "“FROM ISOLATIONISM TO WAR” Chapter 17 Section 4. Neutrality Acts  Purpose?  Examples?"— Presentation transcript:

1 “FROM ISOLATIONISM TO WAR” Chapter 17 Section 4

2 Neutrality Acts  Purpose?  Examples?

3 Neutrality Acts  Purpose:  prevented international involvement through a series of congressional acts  Result and Significance: prevented U.S. from selling arms to nations that were trying to defend themselves from aggression  Examples:  Banned the U.S. from providing weapons to nations at war  Banned loans to nations at war  Cash and Carry- Permitted trade with fighting nations in nonmilitary goods as long as those nations paid cash and transported the cargo themselves

4 Increasing American Involvement  Recovery of economy and increased aggression by Germany and Japan softened Americans’ isolationist views  Revised Neutrality Acts  Repealed arms embargo and provided Britain and France w/weapons needed  Later allowed U.S. to transport these purchases  “All aid short of war”  Fall of France shocked the nation and led to increased support for helping Britain  America First Committee- group of isolationists whose goal was to block further aid to Britain

5 Election of 1940  FDR vs. Wendell Willkie  Both supported giving aid to Allied cause, but disagreed on how much  Willkie said that FDR would plunge the nation into war  FDR said “your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars”  Reality- both men knew that war would be hard to avoid  FDR easily wins 3 rd term

6 American Aid Grows  FDR pushes for greater American involvement in the Allied cause  Churchill writes to FDR, “The moment approaches when we shall no longer be able to pay cash for shipping and other supplies  Lend-Lease Act- authorized the President to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security (provided war supplies w/o payment in return)

7 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor  FDR tries to stop Japans expansion through trade restrictions  Ended sales of scrap iron and steel  Froze Japanese financial assets in U.S.  Cut off all oil shipments  Japan looks to the Dutch East Indies for new supplies of oil  Rise of militant army officer, General Tojo Hideki supported war against the U.S.  U.S. cracks top-secret Japanese code and let U.S. that Japan was planning an attack

8 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor  “a date which will live in infamy”  December 7, 1941  U.S. Declares War

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