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Click here first to read a summary of Before We Were Freehere Vocabulary Vocabulary Character Background Character Background Literary Devices Literary Devices Credits
Before We Were Free Teacher's Guide. (n.d.). Vamos A Leer: Before We Were Free. Retrieved July 18, 2013, from laii.unm.edu/outreach/common/retanet/educators/RETANET_Vamos-A-Leer_Before-we-were-Free.pdf Hinojosa, Valerie. Julia Alvarez. Retrieved July 24, 2013 http://www.flickr.com/photos/valkyrieh116/3967875650/http://www.flickr.com/photos/valkyrieh116/3967875650/ Rafael Trujillo. Retrieved July 24, 2013 from http://www.history.com/topics/rafael-trujillohttp://www.history.com/topics/rafael-trujillo Rafael Trujillos. Retrieved July 22, 2013 from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rafael_Trujillo.gifhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rafael_Trujillo.gif The Mirabal Sisters. Retrieved July 22, 2013 from http://www.museodelaresistencia.org/http://www.museodelaresistencia.org/ The Mirabal Sisters. Retrieved July 22, 2013 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/hollywoodhoney/2104903534/http://www.flickr.com/photos/hollywoodhoney/2104903534/ The Frayer Model. 22 Jul 2013.. Seibert, F. (Photographer). (2008, June 26). American Flag [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/84568447@N00/2611749203/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/84568447@N00/2611749203/ Zealot, M. (Photographer). (2012, October 20). Storm Clouds Moving In [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/michaeljzealot/8150754073/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/michaeljzealot/8150754073/ (2011, August 06). Terrell Suggs 2011 stadium practice [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Terrell_Suggs_2011_stadium_practice.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Terrell_Suggs_2011_stadium_practice.jpg (2009, June 25). Brick wall close-up view [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brick_wall_close-up_view.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brick_wall_close-up_view.jpg Foreshadowing in movies. (2013, March 27). [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=81268 http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=81268 Symbolism. (27, March 2013). [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=147108 http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=147108 Similes and metaphors. ( 2009). 2 Minute Tips. [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=103869 http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=103869 http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary
Click here to read a detailed summary of Julia Alvarez’s Before We Were Free.here Author Julia Alvarez at National Book Festival in Washington, D.C.
Tier 3 Content Vocabulary Tier 2 Academic Vocabulary After examining both tiers, click here to take the quiz!
Definition an official order by a government that allows a particular group of prisoners to go free Characteristics politics; freedom; government; pardon Examples The government granted amnesty to all the political prisoners. Non-Examples The United States government punished the illegal immigrants by sending them back to their country.
Definition someone whose job is to examine books, films, letters etc and remove anything considered to be offensive, morally harmful, or politically dangerous Characteristics yo “clean up;” to make not objectionable Example Government censors deleted all references to the protest. Non-Example The media center specialist allows all books to be read, even the books that some people think are objectionable.
Definition the building where a consul lives and works Characteristics home and office; not in native country; government owned Example The consul for Mexico lives in the Mexican consulate. Non-Example The queen of England lives in her palace in London.
Definition when people, especially a large group of people, refuse to obey a law in order to protest in a peaceful way against the government Characteristics peaceful; refuse; laws; government Example The student government organization encouraged civil disobedience as a way to get the school to change its policies. Non-Example The students turned over their trays and threw food across the cafeteria because they wanted the menu changed.
Definition long-time friends but usually has a negative connotation Characteristics connected; friendship; maybe not up to any good Example The school bully and his cronies took up the entire width of the hallway. Non-Example The young man and his friends helped an older woman with her groceries.
Definition someone who publicly criticizes the government in a country where this is punished Characteristics disagree; not conforming; free- spirited; free thinking; risk taker Example Being a dissident, when the young man spoke out against having to read the required novel, his teacher had to find out why he objected. Non-Example Most of the time, the teachers will present lessons the way they are written in the book without disagreeing about any of the activities.
Definition an official order to stop trade with another country Characteristics order; stop; official; ban; prohibit Example When everyone began to get sick from imported bananas from South America, the United State ordered an embargo until the problem was fixed. Non-Example The United States allows everything made in China to come into our country to be sold.
Definition a form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in one person, a dictator, or a small clique or group Characteristics absolute power; control; tyranny; unaccountable; doesn’t answer to people Example The Dominican Republic suffered for many years under the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo. Non-Example In the United States, it is wonderful to have a balanced government made up of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Definition not exciting; not impressive Characteristics dull; unexciting; ho-hum; mediocre; not your best effort Example During the last game of the year, the players’ lackluster performance caused them to lose the game. Non-Example The winning team always puts forth its best effort, making every game exciting.
Definition sluggish in character or disposition; slow or lazy and involving very little energy or activity Characteristics low energy; slug-like; seemingly lazy; limited activity; sloth Example After a long, hard final exam in Algebra, the students spent a languid afternoon watching a movie in their classroom. Non-Example While getting ready for the hurricane’s landfall, there was no time for a languid afternoon in front of the TV.
Definition to walk somewhere in a slow or unwilling way because you are tired or bored; to walk or travel about without apparent plan but with or without a purpose Characteristics wander; meander; no destination; no direction; lacking purpose Example When school was closed due to bad weather, but then there was none, the friends decided to traipse around the neighborhood looking for something to do. Non-Example Maria knew she was in trouble for not being home on time so she took the shortest way home and talked to no one.
Definition extremely unpleasant or bad; evil or immoral Characteristics purposefully evil; horrible; despicable; bad; very unpleasant Example His vile temper got him in trouble with the principal too many times, so he was suspended. Non-Example Neither President Obama nor Mitt Romney said anything morally evil during the presidential campaign.
The students’ ___________________ efforts to get on the rides at the end of Music in the Parks at Hershey told the teacher it was time to go home. lackluster viletraipse languid
The HCMS students’ act of ___________________ against the new menu choices in the cafeteria caused the school to bring back their favorite meal—pizza! amnesty civil disobediencedictatorship embargo
Which word matches the definition provided: Long time close friends; term often has a negative connotation List of Vocabulary Words: Amnesty Censors Consulate Civil Disobedience Cronies Dissident Embargo Dictatorship Lackluster Languid Traipse Vile Click here to type your answer!
Which word matches the definition provided: Someone who disagrees with a political statement or organization List of Vocabulary Words: Amnesty Censors Consulate Civil Disobedience Cronies Dissident Embargo Dictatorship Lackluster Languid Traipse Vile Click here to type your answer!
The Joker in The Dark Knight Batman movie is a _________ character who blows up a hospital! vile traipselanguid lackluster
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Fictional Characters Historical Figures After examining both the characters and figures, click here to take the quiz!
Anita de la Torre Mundo/Papi Tio ToniChucha The Washburns Mami
12 year old Narrator of the story Lives in the Dominican Republic in 1960 Family calls her “Cotorrita,” which means “Little Parrot” Struggles to find her role in her family during the tough times under the dictator
Anita’s father Has an active role in the plot to overthrow and assassinate the Dominican dictator El Jefe
Anita’s uncle Papi’s brother Ends up “vanishing” His family has concerns that Toni has been killed by El Jefe or the SIM Ends up going in and out of hiding because of his acts against El Jefe
Anita’s mother Papi’s wife Known as Tia Carmen to Anita’s cousins Often stressed because of situations at home Anita wishes for a stronger relationship with her mother throughout the novel
Mr. Washburn The American consul (or temporary ambassador) to the Dominican Republic Sammy Washburn Becomes Anita’s neighbor and first crush Mrs. Washburn Ends up becoming very helpful to Anita and her family throughout the novel
Anita’s family maid Only wears purple and sleeps in a coffin From Haiti Her Haitian culture is evident in her culture Uses voodoo Often foresees or predicts the future Speaks in riddles to Anita
Real historical person Nickname—El Jefe Dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1940’s to early 1960’s Had many wives/girlfriends Ruthlessly killed people who opposed him
El Jefe’s Secret Police Investigated people who were thought to be dissidents Raided houses Connected to people vanishing, having “accidents,” “staged” suicides Compare to Gestapo in Hitler’s time
Real historical figures Referred to as the “The Butterflies” Dominican dissidents against Trujillo Three of the sisters were assassinated on November 25, 1960 in a staged “car accident”
Who is the narrator of Before We Were Free? Anita Papi A third person omniscient narrator One of the Mirabal Sisters
What is Rafael Trujillo’s nickname? Click here to type your answer!
What does Tio Toni do? He goes to NYC. He works for Trujillo. He moves in with Anita’s family. He vanishes.
How did the Mirabal Sisters die? They committed suicide. The SIM kidnapped them. They were killed in a “car accident.” They died in a plane crash on their way to NYC.
Who were The SIM? Click here to type your answer!
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Let’s Review! Which of the following is the correct definition of literary devices? Includes all of the aspects of plots in a work of literature, such as exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution A technique or techniques used in literature for a specific effect
The use of an image or an object that represents something else Example: The American flag represents the United States, patriotism, and freedom. If you would like more information, watch this videowatch this video.
An event, a statement, or an appearance of an object that hints at something to come later Example: Dark clouds in the sky hint or foreshadow at a storm happening later If you would more information, watch this videowatch this video.
Similes are a comparison that use like or as. Example: Terrell Suggs is like a brick wall. Metaphors are a direct comparison that do not use like or as. Example: Terrell Suggs is a brick wall. If you would like more information, watch this video. watch this video
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Read the sample from the novel and answer the question that follows. “I feel the sadness stir up again like a storm inside me” (pg 12). The above is an example of what type of literary device? Click here to type your answer!
Read the following quote. “Recently Chucha told me of a dream she had recently in which first Lucinda, then Mundin, then Mami and I sprouted wings and flew up into the sky.” What could wings and flying symbolize? Trujillo FreedomHonor Guilt
“Mami’s face is a china cup someone has dropped on the floor” (pg 99). This is an example of what kind of literary device? Metaphor Simile Foreshadowing
Mami says to Anita, “No flies fly into a closed mouth” (pg 26). This could eventually foreshadow: Anita will speak openly about her hatred of Trujillo. Anita may not speak openly to anyone later in the novel. No one will be free from the dictatorship. Everyone will be free soon.
“The organ music plays on, like a funeral that will not quit” (pg 103). The above quote is an example of Metaphor ForeshadowingSymbolism Simile
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Your Answers Question 1: simile Question 2: Freedom Question 3: Metaphor Question 4: Anita may not speak openly to anyone later in the novel. Question 5: Simile You got 5 out of 5. Press the Print Results button to print your answers. Start AgainPrint Results