Presentation on theme: "The United Nations in the Cold War The Allied Powers vowed to continue to fight the Axis Powers in the “Declaration by United Nations” on January."— Presentation transcript:
The United Nations in the Cold War
The Allied Powers vowed to continue to fight the Axis Powers in the “Declaration by United Nations” on January 1, 1942.
“The Big Three. One Job Done.”
Livadia Palace, Yalta, Crimea: Location of the Yalta Conference
The Yalta Conference 1945 Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt Joseph Stalin
Germany had to pay reparations.
Germany had to be friendly to the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union was granted a sphere of influence over Manchuria. Manchuria is marked in red on the map at the right.
Harry Truman became U.S. President after Roosevelt’s death in 1945.
The United Nations Charter was created at the San Francisco Conference in 1945.
International Peace and Security Economic and Social Development Protect Human Rights Uphold Laws Between Nations The goals and purposes of the United Nations as specified in the United Nations Charter.
The Organization of the United Nations
The International Court of Justice located in the Netherlands.
The Permanent Court of International Justice runs under the International Court of Justice
The Permanent Court of International Justice ruled in favor of Belgium.
The General Assembly.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was established under the General Assembly.
Defiance Campaign in South Africa.
Protesters running away from the police station during the Sharpeville Massacre in 1960.
The Economic and Social Council in session.
The Security Council in session.
Katanga is a mineral-rich area in the Congo. Moise Tshombe of the Congo
Conga Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba
Colonel Mobutu of the Congo
The Security Council must reach a unanimous vote, so each member has the power to veto.
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
The United Nations’ World Health Organization
Somali President Siad Barre
Ali Mahdi Mohamed of Somalia
Mohamed Farrah Aidid of Somalia
The United Nations stepped in to help improve the Somali situation.
The United States sent humanitarian help into Somalia.
Somalia was required to hand over all weapons to the United Nations.
UNITAF UNOSOM II UNITAF was replaced by UNOSOM II in The goal of UNOSOM II was to help reconstruct the Somali government.
States neighboring Somalia (i.e. Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti) were asked to cooperate with the arms embargo.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees helped Somali refugees at one of their camps.