Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy You are going to learn how the United states responded to early foreign policy challenges and discuss how much the nation should have become."— Presentation transcript:
Foreign Policy You are going to learn how the United states responded to early foreign policy challenges and discuss how much the nation should have become involved in world affairs.
U.S. Foreign Policy Definition: A country’s actions, words, beliefs toward/about other countries Goals: 1.) Protect U.S and Americans 2.) support economic growth and human rights 3.)increase support of values like democracy and freedom
Key players President and Executive Branch begin policy Legislative (Congress) carries out the policies.
Treaties Def: Formal agreement between countries Who? – President –negotiates and signs Senate approves with a 2/3 vote Example: Alliance between two countries to protect one another
Pg. 225 Read Section 1. Based on what you just read, propose some possible answers to the Essential Question – To what extent should the United states have become involved in world affairs in the early 1800’s?
President Washington Creates A Foreign Policy Foreign Threats in 1789 Unfriendly neighbors surround the country The British refused to leave the Ohio Valley The U.S. was still allied with France, which was at war with Great Britain
George Washington has just given his farewell address. Complete the statement to explain the foreign policy he thinks the United States should pursue. I have declared a policy of neutrality and isolationism. This means We will stay out of the affairs of other nations and avoid forming alliances
Dilemma 1 In this activity, you will play the role of foreign policy advisors to four U.S. presidents. You will be summoned to the White House to make recommendations on how to respond to four foreign policy dilemmas faced by the United states. Before you can make your recommendations, you’ll have to do some background reading. John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe
Read Section 3, President Adams’s Dilemma: Protecting U.S. Ships What did the Jay Treaty Resolve? How did the French respond to the treaty? The British agreed to pull their troops from the Ohio Valley. The French viewed the Jay Treaty as a violation of its own treaty with the United States and began to attack U.S. ships
How did Congress react to the XYZ affair? Congress recruited an Army, built new ships for the Navy and authorized war ships and privateers to launch a half war on the seas.
Step 4 & 5 For each dilemma, your group will: 1.Discuss all of your options. 2.Prepare arguments in support of one option and in opposition to the other options. 3.Choose a spokesperson to present your group’s recommendations to the President.
President Adams’ Foreign Policy Dilemma What should President Adams do to protect U.S. Ships? Option A – Declare war on France immediately Option B – Form a military alliance with Great Britain and declare war on France together Option C – Do not go to war but try to negotiate with France Option D – End all overseas shipping What should President Adams do to protect U.S. Ships? Option A – Declare war on France immediately Option B – Form a military alliance with Great Britain and declare war on France together Option C – Do not go to war but try to negotiate with France Option D – End all overseas shipping
Dilemma 1 You will now meet with President Adams to advise him on how to respond to this foreign policy dilemma.
Esteemed Advisors, thank you for meeting with me. I am interested in your recommendations about how I should respond to this foreign policy dilemma. We will discuss each option.
Each spokesperson who supports Option A, please stand.
Each spokesperson who supports Option B, please stand.
Each spokesperson who supports Option C, please stand.
Each spokesperson who supports Option D, please stand.
Thank you advisors, I will take your recommendations into account as I make my decision.
Now read section 4, WHAT HAPPENED Adams Pursues Peace in the Student Text on page 229. Complete the Reading Notes for this section in your packet.
Describe what President Adams did to protect U.S. ships in the Atlantic Ocean. Then explain whether you think he pursued the best foreign policy option. President Adams sent a peace mission to France. French Leader Napoleon had already ended seizing American ships. U.S. made a treaty with France to end 1778 treaty in exchange for U.S. paying cost of ships seized by France.
Dilemma Mark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Adam’s response to attacks on U.S. ships falls.
Dilemma 2 To prepare for the next round, read Section 5, President Jefferson’s Dilemma: Dealing with Pirates Complete the Reading Notes for the section in your Interactive Student 1. Why did Great Britain impress U.S. sailors in the early 1800’s. Great Britain impressed U.S. sailors to serve in the British Navy. They claimed the men were British deserters.
Create a simple drawing to represent the problem of piracy by the Barbary States of North Africa. Then explain President Jefferson’s dilemma. Jefferson had to decide whether to pay tribute to the ruler of Tripoli or go to war with the Barbary States.
President Jefferson’s Foreign Policy Dilemma How should President Jefferson deal with piracy in the Mediterranean Sea? Option A: Pay the increased tribute to the Tripoli ruler and avoid war. Option B: Send a peace envoy to Tripoli to negotiate Option C: Send warships to the Mediterranean Sea to protect U.S. shipping interests. Option D: End all U.S. shipping in the Mediterranean Sea. How should President Jefferson deal with piracy in the Mediterranean Sea? Option A: Pay the increased tribute to the Tripoli ruler and avoid war. Option B: Send a peace envoy to Tripoli to negotiate Option C: Send warships to the Mediterranean Sea to protect U.S. shipping interests. Option D: End all U.S. shipping in the Mediterranean Sea.
How did Jefferson respond to piracy in the Mediterranean Sea? Jefferson sent a small fleet of warships to protect American ships. America bombarded Tripoli with cannons. A peace treaty was signed that ended Tripoli asking for tribute in return for U.S. paying 60,000 in ransom for kidnapped crew members.
Mark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Jefferson’s response to piracy in the Mediterranean falls, Mark an O to indicate whether his response to seizures of U.S. ships by Great Britain and France reflected more isolationism or more involvement.
Tombstones Criteria for Each President Name of President Dates of Presidency Explain presidential Dilemma What was the President’s decision? Do you agree or disagree? Why or why not? Symbol that represents the Foreign Policy choice.
Thomas Jefferson’s tombstone Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of American Independence…Father of the University of Virginia
Jefferson Davis’ tombstone At rest an American soldier who defended the Constitution
Benjamin Franklin’s tombstone The Body of B. Franklin, printer Like the Cover of an old Book Its Contents torn out And stripped of its Lettering & guilding Lies here food for worms For, it will as he believed appear once more In a new and more elegant edition Corrected and improved by the Author."
Mel Blanc’s tombstone “That’s all, folks!”
Dilemma 3 To prepare for this situation, read section 12:7 (pg. 232)—President Madison’s Dilemma: Protecting Sailors and Settlers Complete the graphic organizer for section 7 about our reasons for going to war in 1812 Reasons for going to war in 1812 Impressment of sailors National pride Making the frontier safe for settlement
President Madison’s Foreign Policy Dilemma
Video: The War of 1812
Dilemma 3: Resolution Now read section 12.8—What Happened: The War of 1812
War of 1812: Timeline 1812 1813 1814 1815 July 1812: Congress declares war on Great Britain September 1813: U.S. Naval force captures a British fleet on Lake Erie August 1814: British army invades Washington, DC December 1814: U.S. and British diplomats sign peace treaty in Belgium January 1815: Battle of New Orleans
Dilemma 3: Spectrum Mark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Madison’s decision to declare war on Great Britain falls. Make sure you write a sentence justifying your placement.
Dilemma 4: President Monroe To prepare for this situation, read section 12.9 (page 235)—President Monroe’s Dilemma: A New Foreign Policy Challenge Why might the U.S. have been interested in supporting new Latin America nations in the early 1800s? – We were genuinely concerned for the well-being of the new nations
Processing Activity: Foreign Policy Legacies
Events in Early American Foreign Policy Washington: Establishes neutrality and isolationism Adams: Pursues peace Jefferson: Some military protection for ships, but stayed isolated with Embargo Act Madison: Abandons isolationism and declares War of 1812