Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy You are going to learn how the United states responded to early foreign policy challenges and discuss how much the nation should have become."— Presentation transcript:
1Foreign PolicyYou are going to learn how the United states responded to early foreign policy challenges and discuss how much the nation should have become involved in world affairs.
2U.S. Foreign PolicyDefinition: A country’s actions, words, beliefs toward/about other countriesGoals:1.) Protect U.S and Americans2.) support economic growth and human rights3.)increase support of values like democracy and freedom
3Key players President and Executive Branch begin policy Legislative (Congress) carries out the policies.
4Treaties Def: Formal agreement between countries Who? – President –negotiates and signsSenate approves with a 2/3 voteExample: Alliance between two countries to protect one another
5Pg. 225Read Section 1. Based on what you just read, propose some possible answers to the Essential Question –To what extent should the United states have become involved in world affairs in the early 1800’s?
6President Washington Creates A Foreign Policy Unfriendly neighbors surround the countryForeign Threats in 1789The British refused to leave the Ohio ValleyThe U.S. was still allied with France, which was at war with Great Britain
7George Washington has just given his farewell address. Complete the statement to explain the foreign policy he thinks the United States should pursue.I have declared a policy of neutrality and isolationism. This meansWe will stay outof the affairs ofother nationsand avoid forming alliances
8Dilemma 1In this activity, you will play the role of foreign policy advisors to four U.S. presidents.You will be summoned to the White House to make recommendations on how to respond to four foreign policy dilemmas faced by the United states.Before you can make your recommendations, you’ll have to do some background reading.John AdamsThomas JeffersonJames MadisonJames Monroe
9Read Section 3, President Adams’s Dilemma: Protecting U.S. Ships What did the Jay Treaty Resolve?How did the French respond to the treaty?The British agreed to pull their troops from the Ohio Valley.The French viewed the Jay Treaty as a violation of its own treaty with the United States and began to attack U.S. ships
10How did Congress react to the XYZ affair? Congress recruited an Army, built new ships for the Navy and authorized war ships and privateers to launch a half war on the seas.
11Step 4 & 5For each dilemma, your group will:Discuss all of your options.Prepare arguments in support of one option and in opposition to the other options.Choose a spokesperson to present your group’s recommendations to the President.
12President Adams’ Foreign Policy Dilemma What should President Adams do to protect U.S. Ships?Option A – Declare war on France immediatelyOption B – Form a military alliance with Great Britain and declare war on France togetherOption C – Do not go to war but try to negotiate with FranceOption D – End all overseas shipping
13Dilemma 1You will now meet with President Adams to advise him on how to respond to this foreign policy dilemma.
14Esteemed Advisors, thank you for meeting with me Esteemed Advisors, thank you for meeting with me. I am interested in your recommendations about how I should respond to this foreign policy dilemma. We will discuss each option.
15Each spokesperson who supports Option A, please stand.
16Each spokesperson who supports Option B, please stand.
17Each spokesperson who supports Option C, please stand.
18Each spokesperson who supports Option D, please stand.
19Thank you advisors, I will take your recommendations into account as I make my decision.
20Now read section 4, WHAT HAPPENED Adams Pursues Peace in the Student Text on page 229.Complete the Reading Notes for this section in your packet.
21Describe what President Adams did to protect U. S Describe what President Adams did to protect U.S. ships in the Atlantic Ocean. Then explain whether you think he pursued the best foreign policy option.President Adams sent a peace mission to France. French Leader Napoleon had already ended seizing American ships. U.S. made a treaty with France to end 1778 treaty in exchange for U.S. paying cost of ships seized by France.
22DilemmaMark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Adam’s response to attacks on U.S. ships falls.
23Dilemma 2To prepare for the next round, read Section 5, President Jefferson’s Dilemma: Dealing with PiratesComplete the Reading Notes for the section in your Interactive Student1. Why did Great Britain impress U.S. sailors in the early 1800’s.Great Britain impressed U.S. sailors to serve in the British Navy. They claimed the men were British deserters.
24Create a simple drawing to represent the problem of piracy by the Barbary States of North Africa. Then explain President Jefferson’s dilemma.Jefferson had to decide whether to pay tribute to the ruler of Tripoli or go to war with the Barbary States.
25President Jefferson’s Foreign Policy Dilemma How should President Jefferson deal with piracy in the Mediterranean Sea?Option A: Pay the increased tribute to the Tripoli ruler and avoid war.Option B: Send a peace envoy to Tripoli to negotiateOption C: Send warships to the Mediterranean Sea to protect U.S. shipping interests.Option D: End all U.S. shipping in the Mediterranean Sea.
26How did Jefferson respond to piracy in the Mediterranean Sea? Jefferson sent a small fleet of warships to protect American ships. America bombarded Tripoli with cannons.A peace treaty was signed that ended Tripoli asking for tribute in return for U.S. paying 60,000 in ransom for kidnapped crew members.
27Mark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Jefferson’s response to piracy in the Mediterranean falls, Mark an O to indicate whether his response to seizures of U.S. ships by Great Britain and France reflected more isolationism or more involvement.
28Tombstones Criteria for Each President Name of President Dates of PresidencyExplain presidential DilemmaWhat was the President’s decision? Do you agree or disagree? Why or why not?Symbol that represents the Foreign Policy choice.
30Thomas Jefferson’s tombstone Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of American Independence…Father of the University of Virginia
31Jefferson Davis’ tombstone At restan American soldierwho defended the Constitution
32Benjamin Franklin’s tombstone The Body of B. Franklin, printer Like the Cover of an old Book Its Contents torn out And stripped of its Lettering & guilding Lies here food for worms For, it will as he believed appear once more In a new and more elegant edition Corrected and improved by the Author."
34Reasons for going to war in 1812 Dilemma 3To prepare for this situation, read section 12:7 (pg. 232)—President Madison’s Dilemma: Protecting Sailors and SettlersComplete the graphic organizer for section 7 about our reasons for going to war in 1812Reasons for going to war in 1812Impressment of sailorsNational prideMaking the frontier safe for settlement
37Dilemma 3: ResolutionNow read section 12.8—What Happened: The War of 1812
38War of 1812: Timeline1812July 1812: Congress declares war on Great Britain1813September 1813: U.S. Naval force captures a British fleet on Lake Erie1814August 1814: British army invades Washington, DCDecember 1814: U.S. and British diplomats sign peace treaty in Belgium1815January 1815: Battle of New Orleans
39Dilemma 3: SpectrumMark an X along the spectrum to indicate where President Madison’s decision to declare war on Great Britain falls. Make sure you write a sentence justifying your placement.
40Dilemma 4: President Monroe To prepare for this situation, read section 12.9 (page 235)—President Monroe’s Dilemma: A New Foreign Policy ChallengeWhy might the U.S. have been interested in supporting new Latin America nations in the early 1800s?We were genuinely concerned for the well-being of the new nations
42Events in Early American Foreign Policy Washington: Establishes neutrality and isolationismAdams: Pursues peaceJefferson: Some military protection for ships, but stayed isolated with Embargo ActMadison: Abandons isolationism and declares War of 1812