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K Boring US History. 1960s—some US citizens called for political and social transformation (ex = Woodstock / the youth), but many citizens pushed back.

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Presentation on theme: "K Boring US History. 1960s—some US citizens called for political and social transformation (ex = Woodstock / the youth), but many citizens pushed back."— Presentation transcript:

1 K Boring US History

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3 1960s—some US citizens called for political and social transformation (ex = Woodstock / the youth), but many citizens pushed back against social and political movements and comprised a new conservatism: Believed in traditional values opposed extensive government regulation favored private property rights over newly passed civil rights legislation Supported a strong military to oppose the USSR and communism The Rise of Conservatism

4 Election of 1964: f irst notice in nation of rising conservatism Barry Goldwater—first conservative to win the Republican nomination for president (President Johnson beat him) Impact: 1.Proved that conservatives’ message resonated with many citizens 2.Showed conservatives’ ability to organize well enough to win the nomination of a major political party 3.Goldwater’s argument that legislation violated constitutional property rights allowed him to become the first Republican candidate to win southern states since the end of Reconstruction— ended “Solid South” The Election of 1964

5 Section = “Ronald Reagan” Questions in Your packet using pg 226

6 Who was the new conservative after Goldwater? Ronald Reagan What was he formerly? actor What type of personality did he have? charismatic What election did he win the presidency and against who? 1980 against President Jimmy Carter (Democrat) Ronald Reagan

7 “Reaganomics”: Reagan’s critics quickly called his economic plan this Based on supply-side economics: Reagan believed that the economy would be stimulated and recover quickest if the supply of goods increased Supported policies and corporate tax cuts that benefited producers (corporations, small business owners, investors, etc) “trickle down theory”—benefits felt by business owners would “trickle down” to consumers and average working class—by cutting taxes, Reagan believed that business owners and employers would spend more money to hire workers and increase production The Reagan Years

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9 National Debt Ronald Reagan believed two major things needed to happen when he first became president: 1.Size and role of government needed to decrease (he cut taxes and decreased government regulation) 2.US military had to be strengthened (he spent a lot of money building the military) Massive spending + less revenue = record national debt “national debt” = amount of money a country owes as a result of spending more than it takes in as revenue At first= people didn’t care and enjoyed tax cuts, but President George H W Bush had to deal with the debt of the Reagan years The Reagan Years

10 Use this page to answer questions in packet By self Questions in Your packet using pg 228

11 Who did Reagan refer to as the “Evil Empire” and why? USSR—convinced that they couldn’t be trusted and would stop short of nothing but worldwide domination What did he believe about the USSR and an arms race? Their communist economy could not survive an arms race much longer What did he plan to do and why? Built up US military to defend US but also collapse communism in the USSR How much money did he use? $1.5 trillion Reagan and the “Evil Empire”

12 Who became the leader of the USSR and what kind of leader was he? Mikhail Gorbachev—progressive What did he and Reagan strike up? Unlikely friendship What happened in 1987? They signed a treaty and reduced number of US and USSR missiles in Europe What did Gorbachev realize? USSR economy could not sustain an escalated arms race with the US Reagan and Gorbachev / The Iron Curtain Comes Down

13 What two things did he initiate and what were they? Glasnost—political openness perestroika—restructuring of the economy to allow limited free enterprise What caused the fall of communism in the USSR and satellite nations? Glasnost, perestroika and the economic collapse of communist Eastern Europe When the Berlin Wall fell, what else did? “iron curtain” When was the Cold War over and what happened to the USSR? Early 90s, USSR dissolved

14 Trials: Lebanon 1980s—Reagan committed US forces to Lebanon as part of a UN peacekeeping mission after Israel and Palestinians began fighting again Over 200 US soldiers died as a result of a suicide bombing US withdrew without peace being restored Iran-Contra Affair Embarrassing scandal—US sold weapons to Iran in exchange for US hostages held in the Middle East and the money made was used to illegally fund anti- communist rebels in Nicaragua (the “Contras”) Investigators never determined if he knew about this Reagan’s Final Years and Legacy

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16 Use pg : OUT LOUD 1.First, read the entire section OUT LOUD 2.360: After you read, create a presidential information “quick look up” including these presidents and 4 important things to remember about them: (See board for how to do this) Ronald Reagan (first section) George H W Bush Bill Clinton  TURN IN TO BASKET! 3.Fill in notes afterwards Paired Reading / 360 Classroom / Fill In

17 George H. W. Bush Reagan left office after two terms in His vice president _____________________ succeeded him _____ acted as commander- in-chief over the military during the Persian Gulf War in _______________ had invaded Kuwait, concerning the US because of our reliance on ______. Result of war = _________________ The OPEC oil embargo of the _____ and the Persian Gulf War of the early ______ put a spotlight concern of US' reliance on foreign ______ What were the two points of view on foreign oil and their reasoning behind their thoughts? George H W Bush Bush Saddam Hussein oil Liberation of Kuwait 73 90s oil 1.Believed US should not rely heavily on foreign oil— especially if they didn’t maintain good relations with USA—some called for more oil drilling at home (US) 2.Some feared drilling in US damage the environment, wanted to pursue alternative sources for fuel

18 Who did Republicans want to win? President George H W Bush Who did Democrats nominate? Bill Clinton Why had Democrats suffered in recent elections? Perceived as “tax and spend liberals”—raise taxes and fund big government Clinton portrayed himself as a “New Democrat” which was? Moderate, between liberal and conservative Who and what made the 92 election so different? Had a formidable third party candidate Why did Perot gain so much support? People felt discontent with the federal government What caused Perot to lose support? Inconsistency—dropped out of race suddenly With how much percent did Clinton win the presidency? Less than 50% The Economy and the Election of 1992

19 The Clinton Presidency Economic and Domestic Affairs The “Contract with America” and ’94 Election Scandal and Impeachment The economy saw an upswing during the Clinton presidency. -went from______________ to _________ Budget deficit: Budget surplus: NAFTA: Labor unions feared— Argument for NAFTA— Clinton sought to improve Clinton sought to improve_________________ Disturbed— Appointed (and for what)— Clinton presented— The plan was _____________ by Congress Conservatives felt— Critics argued— 1994, Republicans won— Newt Gingrich instituted— Contract with America: What kind of elections were in 1994? 1995— 1996— Budget battle: 1996-Clinton’s welfare reform: Clinton’s legacy attached— Scandal with Monica Lewinsky— August 1998— Dec 1998— Only ____ president in history to be ______________ Nixon— Clinton’s presidency survived— Budget deficit Budget surplus Spending more money than gov’t makes in a year Spending less money than gov’t makes in a year Promoted free trade btwn US, Mexico and Canada-caused controversy US businesses would move to Mexico Increase foreign market, create more jobs in US US healthcare system 40 million US citizens didn’t have healthcare Hilary Clinton—create health care program reform Program that gave every US citizen affordable healthcare rejected Too expensive It would hurt the health care in US Control of House and Senate Contract with America Conservatives promised to cut back spending, cut taxes, and balance the budget congressional Clinton (dem) and the Republican Congress didn’t agree on budget, gov’t shut down welfare reform instituted by Clinton, 1995 incident between democratic Clinton and republican Congress-resulted in gov’t shutdown “the end of welfare as we know it”, limits and conditions put on welfare Series of scandal Final scandal where he denied sexual relations, then admitted to it Admitted having an inappropriate relationship House voted to impeach him 2nd impeached Resigned before he could be impeached Senate acquitted him

20 Election of 2000 Decided by:closest: one of the few in which: Democratic candidate: Republican candidate: Outcome decided by: Florida had: This would give the candidate: Describe the issue of the panhandle and the tight race of the election: How long was the debate? Supreme court voted: 43rd president: Democrats accused: Republicans sarcastically: Swing state of Florida Election in US History Winner in the Electoral College didn’t win the popular vote Al Gore George W Bush Florida’s vote count 25 electoral votes The amount of electoral votes needed to win election Confusion b/c of two time zones, panhandle and Florida main-body, votes kept going back and forth, too close and news kept getting the vote wrong month To stop recounts George W Bush Bush stole election Dems too “dumb” to count correctly, so shouldn’t be able to win anyway

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22 Since 1948 (founding of Israel) Muslim nations in the Middle East hostile towards Jewish Israelis Many nations refuse to recognize Israel’s existences since they took Palestinian land US helps Israel = Middle East angry at US Caused US to become target of Islamic terrorists: criminals who destroy property or kill innocent civilians in the name of a political or social cause (radical form of Islam—advocates violence to overthrow US and other western nations) Al Qaeda: most formidable and best known Islamic terrorist group Osama bin Laden—founding leader of Al Qaeda—linked to attacks on US military and embassy bombings The Middle East and Rise of Terrorism

23 Date: Sept 11, 2001 Terrorists hijacked planes (jetliners) and flew them into: World Trade Center Pentagon one in a route unknown crashed in a field in Pennsylvania World Trade Center collapsed, lives lost, Pentagon enflamed 9/11: brought the reality of terrorism home to the US and shook people’s sense of national security The Terrorist Attacks of 9/11

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25 Use pg to fill in the rest of the notes for 11.3 Notes Fill In

26 The War on Terror—Afghanistan—War in Iraq President Bush's response to 9/11 = _______________ Bush created the Department of Homeland Security = airline security = US PATRIOT Act: criticized: Bush's war strategy: state-sponsored terrorism: October 2001: *spring 2011: Taliban and Osama bin Laden: Bush confirmed _________________ was responsible for 9/11 so Bush set about: 2003: US never found: Success in Iraq included: Violence: 2011: “war on terror” Prepare and protect nation against future terrorist attacks Tightened, color-coded terrorist alert system put in place to warn passengers of risks Increased authority of US law enforcement agencies, greater latitude in obtaining information Infringing on civil rights Al Qaeda/Osama bin Laden Formed international coalition to take diplomatic and military action Taliban was protecting him, refused to give him up (in Afghanistan) Operation Enduring Freedom, toppled Taliban and made it difficult for Al Qaeda Finally shot and killed bin Laden Strike first against terrorists Terrorist supported by a national government War in Iraq—believed Hussein had weapons of mass destruction WMD – weapons of mass destruction Democratic govt, opportunities for women, new constitution, building projects Increased, US soldiers have died Obama announced to withdraw troops from Iraq before 2012

27 Where has the US often exercised influence? Middle East Traditionally the US has been the ally of what country? Israel What did Jimmy Carter play a key role in doing? Negotiating a long lasting peace between Egypt and Israel What did he use to do this? Camp David Accords Do we still exercise influence in the Middle East? Yes US Influence in the Middle East

28 What causes the Middle East to resent the US? American ties to Israel What is Iran doing? Building up of nuclear weapons What happened starting in 2011? Wave of revolutions in the Middle East Why will the Middle East remain a region of interest for the US? Oil supplies, key trading routes, important geographic location

29 11.1—pg —pg —pg AFTER YOU ARE DONE!!!!!! DO USA TEST PREP! DO NOT SIT IDLE! Practice 11.1, 11.2, 11.3

30 9/11 Video

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32 Read pg and as you do—fill in your notes for the section Notes Fill In--

33 ImmigrationEconomic Disparity One of greatest reasons for— More and more immigrants from— Many tend to immigrate— Growing number tend— Result— Effect of this increase— Bilingualism: Government and School starting to communicate in— Some argue— Proponents point out— Because many immigrants are here illegally— Advocates— Critics— They also claim— Economic Disparity: Compared to the rest of the world (REMEMBER THIS!)— Bulk of the nation’s wealth— On average— Due to urban flight— Urban flight: How to deal with issue— Conservatives— Liberals-- Racial/cultural diversity in US Latin America legally Illegal immigrants US Hispanic population has grown tremendously Controversy of bilingualism Accommodating for the use of more than one language Spanish as well as English Such practices are disruptive because they hinder newcomers to the SU from learning English and serve to divide rather than unite the US Enables immigrants to learn more easily and maintain their cultural identity Some want existing immigration laws strictly enforced Say illegal immigrants drain nation’s health care system and public services without contributing enough taxes to cover the costs Immigrants want a better way of life They fill jobs American won’t do Differences in income and assets that exist when comparing individuals and/or different populations within a society Almost all US citizen compares favorably economically In the hands of a relatively small percentage of US citizens White US citizens do better economically Inner cities economically worse off Middle class citizens left the cities for suburbs Political debate Less gov’t control, gov’t provide equal opportunity for all citizens to pursue success without hindering the process w/ regualtion or high taxes Government should get more involved, higher taxes to put revenue into gov’t programs

34 President Barack Obama: President Barack Obama: The election of _________ proved to be another historic presidential campaign. Having served _____ terms, President George ____ Bush could not run again. The Republican party nominated _________________ from Arizona who made histroy when he became the first Republican to choose a woman to run as his __________________ running mate. She was Alaska's Goveror, __________________. The Democrats nominated ________________, though experts thought they would nominate the former first lady _____________________. Obama became the first _____________________ president in the US W John McCain Vice-presidential Sarah Palin Barack Obama Hilary Clinton African America

35 The Real Estate Crisis: _______ entered the White House during a challenging economic time. During the 90s and early parts of 21st century, banks and other lenders had greatly relaxed lending standards to finance _______. Lower standards meant more people qualified for loans to purchase _______. More people bought homes and the ____ estate market _______, _____________ increased and many US citizens found jobs related to the housing market. Unfortunately, these loans were _____________ mortgages, which meant that the payment would "balloon" over time to a higher rate. Eventually, people lost ____ and unemployment meant that people could not afford their __________. A record number of people went into _____________ (lost their homes to lenders they could no longer pay back) and this created a ________ of houses on the market. Real estate prices dropped ____________ and the __________ crisis ensue. Construction _________. Many homeowners found themselves ______________ in their mortgages which means that they owed their lender more money than their house was worth. Obama homes houses real boomedconstruction ballooning jobs mortgage foreclosure surplus drastically Real estate halted “upside down”

36 The Stimulus Plan : Obama's ____ strategy to deal with the economic crisis involved passing a _____________________. It pumped large _______ of federal money into the economy with the goal of creating __________. This plan also provided __________ of dollars to save several key businesses from going ___________. It also helped prevent the US _______ industry from going under. More than _______ years into Obama's tenure, _______________ continued to rise, the real estate market continued to flounder, businesses still weren't ____________ and it appeared to most citizens that Obama's stimulus had ________. 1st stimulus package sums jobs billions bankruptauto 3unemployment expanding failed

37 Taxes: ______ remain a key area of debate. President Obama and others argue that tax cuts passed under ______________should be ended because it gave too much advantage to big _______and the wealthiest _________. Republicans, however, _______ Obama's policies. They argued that ending ______tax cuts would take more money away from ________ owners at the very time businesses needed money to expand and ____________. They also pointed out that that nation's ____________ citizens already paid a vast majority of taxes and were also the people who ended to own businesses. Opponents argued that forcing them to pay more taxes would only discourage them from hiring people, producing goods, and pumping__________ into the economy Taxes President Bush businessAmericans opposed Bush business Create jobs Wealthiest money

38 Globalization: Due to ____________ and ___________ ties, the world is more connected than ever before. ________________ has resulted in a worldwide _________ and communications that link the ___________ together. What threatens the security or economic stability of ____ nation quickly impacts others as well. As a result, nations like the US have a vested interest, not only in their own _________ and stability, but in the security and ____________ of countries around the world. The ___________________is one example of economic ______________. The EU unites these nations economically and uses the ___________ as a common currency. In recent years, the EU has faced problems as several member countries have built up massive ______. A few of these countries have even come close to going _______________. Such instability can have drastic effects not only in _________, but across the ___________. technology economic Globalization economy world 1 security stability European Union (EU) globalization the Euro debt bankrupt Europe the globe

39 Practice = pg Ch 11 Review = pg USAT WHEN YOU ARE DONE! Practice and Review

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