Presentation on theme: "Italian, German, & Japanese Drives for Aggresion Mr. Tran."— Presentation transcript:
Italian, German, & Japanese Drives for Aggresion Mr. Tran
WARM UP What do you think will cause World War II to occur? List some reasons
WARM UP Do you believe Hitler and Stalin will be on the same side during the Second World War? Why or why not?
WARM UP Do you believe the United States will get involved in the Second World War? Why or why not?
CA Standard 10.8.1 Compare the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire in the 1930s, including the 1937 Rape of Nanking, other atrocities in China, and the Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939.
Objective Students will be able to understand the Italian drive for empire through the construction of a Foldable
Student Engagement Create a brochure foldable using construction paper. Label the top of each page Japanese, German, & Italian (as the aggressor nations).
Increasing Power After World War I, Italy, Japan, and Germany all sought to increase their might. Italy and Germany still suffered the effects of the war, and Japan wanted to further the power it had gained during wartime. By the 1930s, all three were led by military dictatorships in which the state held tremendous power and sought to expand that power by invading neighbor nations.
Italy Leader: Benito Mussolini Drive: Mussolini wanted to expand his empire and create a “New Roman Empire” of colonial land. Italy also needed natural resources. Conquests: Ethiopia in 1935; Albania in 1939
Italy Actions of Mussolini October 3, 1935: Italy invaded Ethiopia without declaring war and claims it as a colony by occupation Italy failed to claim Ethiopia as a colony before and wanted to redeem it's former glory (and reputation). [revenge]
Italy Ethiopia’s spears and swords were no match for Italian tanks, planes and poison gas. Ethiopia’s Emperor pleaded for the British to stop Italian ships using the Suez Canal for purposes of attacking his country. The League of Nations ignored his request…
Germany Leader: Adolf Hitler (Chancellor) Drive: Hitler wanted to gain back former land lost in WWI. Germany also needed natural resources and had extreme hatred fueled by Hitler and the Nazi Party. Hitler wanted to bring Germany back to being an empire after being punished by World War I
Adolf Hitler Actions March 1936: Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland and conquers it March 1938: Hitler annexes Austria September 1939: Germany acquires the territory of Czechoslovakia through the Munich Agreement (with Britain & France) Hitler pledges to respect Czechoslovakia’s new borders-six months later he conquers the entire country
Germany To the west, France and Britain, desiring peace at any cost, did not at first try to stop German aggression. To the east, Russia posed no threat after the Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939, in which Germany and Russia agreed never to attack one another.
Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939 August 23, 1939 The Soviet Union and Germany sign a non- aggression pact Both sides agree not to fight or go to war with each other Several territories were divided among the two countries.
Hitler Hitler demands the former German Port of Danzig from Poland-Poland refuses Hitler invades Poland-September 1, 1939 (TRIGGERING WORLD WAR II)
Germany’s early expansion before 1939
In One Year’s Time
Japan Leader: Emperor Hirohito & Various military leaders Drive: Japan needed natural resources and more land because of their growing population (and new markets for their goods).
Japan Actions September 19, 1931: Japanese troops invaded Manchuria and continued a full scale invasion of China in 1937. From December 1937 to March 1938, Japanese troops massacred an estimated 350,000 Chinese civilians in what became known as the Rape of Nanking. During the Japanese occupation, millions of Chinese were killed and tens of millions became homeless.
Japanese Expansion The Military blamed the Japanese government for the 1929 economic depression. Extreme Nationalists, who reported only to the emperor, the Military planned a Pacific Empire to solve their economic problems. In 1931, Japan invades mineral rich Manchuria and sets up a puppet government. Mainland China was invaded in 1937 and easily defeated Jiang Jieshi’s million man army.
Japan vs. the United States Japan’s main weakness was it’s lack of minerals and raw materials. Prime Minister Tojo wanted Japan to be self sufficient in raw materials. FDR would lift the United States’ embargo of scrap metal and oil if Japan left China. Admiral Yamamota begin’s secret plans to attack American navy base (Pearl Harbor).
Rape of Nanking From December 1937 to March 1938, Japanese troops massacred an estimated 300,000 Chinese civilians Japan invades China
The Rape of Nanking 1937-1938 Genocidal War Atrocities include: Rape Looting Arson Execution of POW and civilians
Nanking Massacre Rape 80,000 women, including infants, children, the elderly and the pregnant Killed brutally Murder 1,000’s of presumed soldiers and civilians are taken Machine gun fire, landmines, fire, beheading, drowning, disemboweled Mass execution “Ten-Thousand Corpse Ditch” Sport Arson Death toll 300,000 – 800,000 Unclear because of the secrecy of the event