Presentation on theme: "Chapter 32: An Age of Limits"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 32: An Age of Limits 32.1 The Nixon Administration-Read by 1/3032.2 Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall-Read by 2/332.3 The Ford and Carter Years-Read by 2/6Iran and the Iranian Hostage Crisis-Readings will be posted online 2/1132.4 Environmental Activism-Read by 2/13“I am not a crook.”-Richard M. NixonUnit Essential QuestionsWhat are the limits to Political Power?Who ultimately holds the power in a democracy?
2 32.1 The Nixon Administration Essential Question:What domestic and foreign policy accomplishments did Richard Nixon achieve during his administration?
3 Key Terms Richard M. Nixon New Federalism Revenue Sharing Family Assistance Plan (FAP)Southern StrategyStagflationOPECRealpolitikDétenteSALT I Treaty (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)
4 Key Dates 1968 Nixon Elected President 1971- Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. Of Ed. allows school bussing1971- Stagflation beginsFebruary Nixon goes to ChinaMay Nixon goes to Moscow1972- SALT I Treaty signed1973- Yom Kippur WarOPEC Oil Embargo
5 Nixon’s New Conservatism Goal was to move country in a more conservative directionDecrease power and role of the federal gov.Stop parts of the Great SocietyNew FederalismDefine: distribute power to local and State governments.Done by revenue sharing.Define: allowed state gov. to spend federal money as they saw fit.86 Billion by 1986
6 Legislative Battles Congress was controlled by Democrats First time since 1849Family Assistance PlanWelfare reform meant to make welfare more efficientGave people an income of $1,600Passed HouseSenate rejects BillAttacks from Left and RightIncreased spending on Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security and Food Stamps to earn Democratic SupportHe impounded, or withheld, funds for many Government programs he disagreed with.
7 Law- and Order Politics Nixon cracked down on far-left aspects of societyUsed FBI and CIA to go after groups such as SDS and radical Civil Rights groupsUsed IRS to target political foesNixon saw political opponents as personal foes“anyone who opposes us we’ll destroy.”VP Sipro T. Agnew- consistently attacked media and anti-war movement
8 The Southern StrategyWhat political party do you associate with the South?Republicans- Why?Nixon wants to win re-election in 1972 begins to go after unhappy Southern Democrats.To attract these voters Nixon:Slowed integration of schools in the South- Supreme Court forced him to follow laws90% of southern schools integratedIn North Nixon opposed BussingOpposition to these integration efforts helped Nixon win over Southern Whites
9 Stagflation Define- Rising unemployment and inflation Caused in part by Deficit spending by Johnson (Great Society/ Vietnam)International Competition from West Germany and JapanNot enough jobs for all the women and Baby-Boomers entering the workforceDependency on Foreign OilOPEC controls production and priceDuring Yom Kippur War. US ally Israel against Egypt and Syria; OPEC starts Oil Embargo in response to US support for Israel.Lasts from fall 1973 to March when trade resumed price had quadrupled
15 Nixon could do little to stop stagflation Wanted to raise taxes and cut spending Congress would not pass planTurned to wage and price controlsEconomic recession beganNixon’s policies did not stop economic slideNixon always preferred foreign policy to domesticHow did Nixon earn his reputation in Foreign affairs?Alger Hiss trialNixon earned reputation as hardline anti-communistUsed that to his advantage during his presidency
16 Kissinger and Realpolitik Define:German for realistic politicsMore practical and flexible policyNation’s power more important that its PhilosophyConfront Powerful : Ignore weakEnd of ContainmentSought to negotiate with Communist China and the Soviet UnionDétenteNixon wanted to ease Cold War tensions b/t US and Soviets
17 Nixon in China and Moscow February 1972 Nixon went to Communist ChinaTried to exploit a rift b/t Soviet Union and ChinaNormalized relations with the ChineseStrong anti-communist background convinced American public to support himMay 1972 Nixon travels to MoscowSoviet Premier BrezhnevSigned SALT I Treaty capping Nuclear weapons at 1972 levelsCoupled with theend of Vietnam war these foreign Policy achievements helped Nixon win reelection in 1972
22 Quiz 32.1What was Nixon’s plan to allow state and local governments to spend federal money as they saw fit?This war in the Middle East caused the Oil Embargo in ?__________ is the Economic conditions with rising inflation and unemployment.Nixon visited what country in February 1972?What treaty was signed by Nixon in Moscow in 1972?