2 1. Which is found near the ”1” on the map? a. Panama Canalb. Atacama Desertc. Andes Mountainsd. Sierra Madre Mountains
3 2. Which number on the map marks the country of Cuba? Map at the right:a. 2b. 3c. 5d. 6
4 3. What are the main sources of air pollution in Mexico City? a. intense sunlightb. the high altitudec. factories and carsd. cars that produce little or no air pollution
5 a. More oxygen is available on the planet. 4. Which is a problem associated with deforestation? Deforestation means to clear forests or tress.a. More oxygen is available on the planet.b. Poor people earn money from selling trees.c. Native people have too much forest for their needs.d. There is less forest to produce goods that humans need.
6 5. What trend is there in deforestation after 2004? a. The amount of deforestation is going up.b. The amount of deforestation is going down.c. Deforestation levels have stayed about the same.d. Deforestation levels are lower than they were in the 1980s.
7 6. What problem has been caused by oil production in Venezuela? a. About 15 percent of U.S. oil comes from Venezuela. b. The coast along the Caribbean Sea has been polluted with oil. c. Lake Maracaibo has become the largest lake in South America. d. Venezuela is less polluted than other South American countries.
8 7. Which region of Mexico has the most people? a. Central Plateau which contains more urban areas b. northern deserts because it does not rain too much c. tropical beaches that are popular tourist destinations d. Sierra Madre Mountains where farming is more difficult
9 8. Which is a negative result of Venezuela’s oil business? a. Health care services have improved.b. Pollution has damaged the air and land.c. Education for poor children has improved.d. Road and telephone networks have been expanded.
10 9. Where do most Brazilians live in their country? a. in the interiorb. along the Amazon Riverc. in the Amazon rain forestd. along the eastern coastal area
11 a. fish b. fruits c. sugar d. coffee 10. What has been the major export for Cuba for the past two hundred years? a. fishb. fruitsc. sugard. coffee
12 11. Which country supported Cuba until 1991? a. Canadab. Venezuelac. Soviet Uniond. United States
13 a. Africans, Mulattoes, Catholics 12. What are the three main sources of the cultural groups of Latin America and the Caribbean?a. Africans, Mulattoes, Catholicsb. Africans, Europeans, Native Americansc. Mestizos, Native Americans, Europeansd. Native Americans, Mulattoes, Europeans
14 13. What are the two primary language of Latin America? a. English and French b. French and Spanish c. Portuguese and English d. Spanish and Portuguese
15 a. Spanish b. Portuguese c. ancient Latin d. ancient German 14. On what common language are the languages of Spain and Portugal based?a. Spanish b. Portuguese c. ancient Latin d. ancient German
16 a. The people in these countries speak Latin. 15. Why does the term Latin America fit as a description for the regions of Central and South America and the Caribbean?a. The people in these countries speak Latin.b. The countries share similar histories and culture.c. The people in these countries speak languages that come from Latin.d. The countries share similar histories and culture, and they mostly speak languages based on Latin.
17 a. Boys enjoy learning to read and write more than girls do. 16. Why do some countries have higher literacy rates for boys than for girls?a. Boys enjoy learning to read and write more than girls do.b. Girls enjoy learning to read and write more than boys do.c. Some cultures believe that it is not as important for girls to learn to read and write as it is for boys.d. Some cultures believe that it is not as important for boys to learn to read and write as it is for girls.
18 17. Which statement describes the economy of Brazil? Use timeline above to answer question 24:17. Which statement describes the economy of Brazil?a. Brazil has a pure market economy.b. Brazil has a pure command economy.c. Brazil is mostly a market economy, but the government does control some businesses.d. Brazil is mostly a command economy, but the government allows some farmers to sell some of their goods on their own.
19 a. his life b. his family c. his palace d. his empire 18. What did Atahualpa hope to keep when he gave away 24 tons of gold and silver to Pizarro? a. his lifeb. his familyc. his palaced. his empire
20 19. What was the Columbian Exchange? a. sending food and people from the Old World to the New Worldb. sending animals and plants from the Old World to the New Worldc. the moving of animals, plants, people, and diseases from Central and South America to North Americad. the moving of animals, plants, people, and diseases from the Old World to the New World and from the New World to the Old
21 20. Which foods came to Europe from Central and South America? a. peaches, coffee, corn, wheatb. coffee, peaches, sugar, wheatc. coffee, sugar, cocoa, peachesd. corn, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes
22 b. settlers that came from Europe c. peasants from Spain and Portugal 21. Where did Europeans in the sixteenth century find a cheap labor source for work in the New World?a. slaves from Africab. settlers that came from Europec. peasants from Spain and Portugald. indigenous people of Central and South America
23 a. The New World had diseases that did not affect African workers. 22. Which is one reason Europeans chose slaves from Africa as a labor source in the New World? a. The New World had diseases that did not affect African workers.b. European workers did not know how to do farm and mining work.c. Indigenous people were in short supply due to warfare and disease and Africans were skilled farmers and metalworkers.d. Settlers from Europe did not know how to operate large plantations.
24 23. Which two European countries contributed most to the languages of Latin America? a. England and Spain b. Spain and Portugal c. France and Portugal d. England and Portugal
25 24. What is the most common religion of Latin America? a. Creole b. Aymara c. Quechua d. Roman Catholic
26 a. find food and shelter for the poor 25. What was the main job of the priests, friars, and monks sent by Spain to the New World?a. find food and shelter for the poorb. convert the Indians to Christianityc. build missions to serve the settlersd. minister to the armies of the Spanish king
27 26. Which important goal did Toussaint L’Ouverture want to achieve? a. freedom for the slaves in Saint Dominique b. improved production on sugar cane plantations c. control of the French, Spanish, and British armies in the Caribbean d. a meeting with the French government in France to get better working conditions
28 27. Simon Bolivar was known as the liberator for which people? a. Mexicans b. Spanish soldiers c. South Americans d. Indigenous people
29 a. Canada b. Mexico c. Venezuela d. United States 28. Which country got its independence because of Simon Bolivar’s efforts?a. Canada b. Mexico c. Venezuela d. United States
30 a. Peru b. Bolivia c. Mexico d. Venezuela 29. Miguel Hidalgo was known as the father of independence for which country?a. Peru b. Bolivia c. Mexico d. Venezuela
31 30. Who took over as dictator of Cuba in 1959? a. Fidel Castro b. Raul Castro c. John F. Kennedy d. Fulgencio Batista
32 31. What was one reaction the United States had to Cuba taking over property owned by Americans? a. The United States threatened a nuclear attach. b. The United States put an embargo of Cuban goods c. the United States wanted Cuba to trade with other countries. d. An agreement was reached to limit the number of Cubans entering the United States.
33 32. Which country helped Castro build Cuba into a communist country? a. Mexico b. Venezuela c. Soviet Union d. United States
34 33. The Zapatistas did not like NAFTA because they believed it would… a. mean U.S. factories would move to Mexico.b. force Mexicans to move to the United States.c. hurt businesses in Canada and the United States.d. cause poor Mexican farmers to go out of business.
35 34. Which group do the Zapatistas support? a. Canadian farmersb. U.S. factory workersc. indigenous people of Mexicod. poor farmers in North America
36 35. What did Zapatistas do to show they were against NAFTA? a. attacked government troops in Mexico Cityb. took over several towns in southern Mexicoc. formed friendships with groups in other countries with similar goalsd. worked with the government on agreements to improve the rights of poor Mexicans