Presentation on theme: "Expressing “-ing”. In Spanish, if we want to express the idea of “-ing” we must use a Progressive Tense. Progressive Tenses are compound tenses. This."— Presentation transcript:
In Spanish, if we want to express the idea of “-ing” we must use a Progressive Tense. Progressive Tenses are compound tenses. This means we use an auxiliary verb (helping verb) followed by a verbal participle.
For a progressive tense. We will use a Present Participle (also called a gerund). This is what you use to express “-ing.” The auxiliary verb will be ESTAR (to be).
How does one form a gerund? 1)Take an infinitive. 2) Drop the -AR/-ER/-IR 3)Add the “-ing” to the stem. a) -AR verbs -and0 b) -ER/ -IR verbs -iendo
There are no spelling changes for gerunds. If the verb is an –AR or –ER verb, you will not stem change. If you are dealing with an –IR stem changing verb, you will perform a slight stem change. O UE (o u) E IE (e i) E I (e i)
If an –ER or –IR has a vowel remaining in its stem, you will change –IENDO to –YENDO. (i y). If the verb is a –GUIR verb you will not change I Y. If there is an “Ñ” or “LL” in the stem of an – ER or –IR verb, you will not write the –I of –IENDO.
There are 2 irregular gerunds. IR- to go YENDO- going PODER (o:ue)-to be able PUDIENDO-being able