Presentation on theme: "U.S. History Review 8th Grade Covering"— Presentation transcript:
1 U.S. History Review 8th Grade Covering 1607-1877
2 “This is “SET A” STAAR REVIEW QUESTIONS! Label your notebook paper 1-25 with two spaces between each question!
3 For the next questions you need to write down your answer and an explanation for your answer. Your explanation must be at least two complete sentences!Number your papers 1-25EXAMPLE: As a result of Manifest Destiny the United States became a world power through—A. independence from Great BritainB. westward expansion to the Pacific OceanC. efforts to stop secession of Southern statesD. laws restricting labor union activity
4 EXAMPLE-Answer: B. westward expansion to the Pacific Ocean Student explains answer: Manifest Destiny was the idea the American should expand from coast to coast because it was their destiny to do so. This caused the U.S. to gain more states and even more immigrants to come to the U.S.
5 1. Which list of events is in order from earliest to latest? A. arrival of Europeans – Revolutionary War – colonial periodB. Revolutionary War – arrival of Europeans – colonial periodC. arrival of Europeans – colonial period – Revolutionary WarD. colonial period – arrival of Europeans – Revolutionary War
6 ANSWERC. arrival of Europeans – colonial period – Revolutionary WarDon’t forget to write an explanation!
7 2. Select the group of events below that is in the correct chronological order— A. American Revolution, War of 1812, French and Indian War, Civil WarB. French and Indian War, American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil WarC. French and Indian War, War of 1812, American Revolution, Civil WarD. War of 1812, American Revolution, French and Indian War, Civil War
8 Answer to #2B. French and Indian War, American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War
9 3. The Preamble of the United States Constitution states the purposes of government and is based on the belief thatA. the states have ultimate authorityB. members of Congress should be appointedC. Supreme Court Justices should be electedD. the people are sovereign
13 5. In the early 1800s the United States was impacted by European conflicts. Which of the following was a significant foreign policy success of President Thomas Jefferson’s administration?A. purchase of the Louisiana TerritoryB. support for the Alien and Sedition ActsC. victory in the war of 1812D. passage of the Embargo Act
14 Answer to #5A. purchase of the Louisiana TerritoryWe should still be writing an explanation for each answer!
15 6. Which event caused anti-British feelings? A. Boston Tea PartyB. Boston MassacreC. Continental CongressD. Boycott of British goods
17 7. As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies, Native American Indians were A. relocated to reservations in MexicoB. forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi RiverC. gradually allowed to return to their ancestral landsD. given United States citizenship
18 Answer to 7B. forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River
19 8. A primary influence behind the division between the North and the South during the Civil War was— A. welfare reform and income tax ratesB. immigration policies and westward expansionC. loyalty to Great Britain and taxation without representationD. states rights and the status of slavery in the west
20 Answer #8D. states rights and the status of slavery in the west
21 9. The president sought to end many Federalist programs, lower taxes, and reduce the size of the federal government and the military.The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Secretary of State James Madison and established the principle of Judicial review in the case Marbury v. Madison.The Louisiana Territory was purchased.These remarks best reflect what era of the U.S. history?A. Colonial EraB. Jefferson EraC. Era of Good FeelingD. Reconstruction Era
23 10.Which of the following events occurred first? A. Lewis and Clark explored lands west of the Mississippi River.B. Thomas Jefferson became president.C. Zebulon Pike explored the Arkansas and Red rivers.D. The Embargo Act was passed.
25 This is a quote from the— Gettysburg AddressLincoln-Douglas DebatesEmancipation ProclamationThirteenth Amendment11. On the 1st day of January in the year of our Lord 1863, all persons held as slaves within any state or …part of a state (whose) people …shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.
29 13. Which of the following was an economic reason why England established colonies in America? A. they wanted to establish the free enterprise systemB. they wanted to purchase cheap ships from AmericaC. they wanted to establish the practice of mercantilismD. they could not afford to feed their people and needed resources
30 C. they wanted to establish the practice of mercantilism EXPLAIN mercantilism in your own words!
31 14. The repercussions of this event forced settlers to New England in search of religious freedom— A. Spanish InquisitionB. Protestant ReformationC. Black PlagueD. The Crusades
33 15. The British benefited from their mercantilist relationship with the American colonies primarily byA. supporting the growth of colonial industriesB. prohibiting colonists from fishing and fur tradingC. taking large amounts of gold and silver from the southern coloniesD. buying raw materials from the colonies and selling them finished products
34 D. buying raw materials from the colonies and selling them finished products
35 Benjamin Franklin John Smith Roger Williams Roger Sherman 16. Whose life is referred to in the timeline?Benjamin FranklinJohn SmithRoger WilliamsRoger Sherman1631He was ordained a minister of the Church of England but discovered Puritanism and joined the “American Experiment” in Boston. He tried to reform the Church, then separated from it.1635He insisted land be purchased from the Indians, not taken. He was put on trial in Salem and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.1636He purchased land from the Narragansett Indians and established the settlement of Providence, Rhode Island. He embraced the idea of religious freedom.
37 17. The Mayflower Compact, New England town meetings, and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples ofA. early colonial efforts in self-governmentB. colonial protests against British taxationC. governments imposed by ParliamentD. attempts to limit democracy
39 18. The primary reason for the establishment of the Middle Colonies was— A. to escape political turmoilB. economic opportunitiesC. religious freedomD. opportunity for adventure
40 B. economic opportunities Explain how this was different from the more northern colonies.
41 New England Colonies B. Middle Colonies C. Southern Colonies 19. The following best describe which group of early colonies?Villages with town meetingsSmall farms and commercial fishingFirst American collegeNew England ColoniesB. Middle ColoniesC. Southern ColoniesD. Spanish Colonies
43 20. The Mayflower Compact of 1620 is considered an important step in the development of democracy in America because itA. expressed the importance of self-governmentB. established freedom of religionC. created the first colonial judiciaryD. granted all males the right to vote
45 21. How did living in the colonies change the way Americans thought about government? A. There was little diversity in the colonies and everyone had similar ideas about government.B. The colonists were generally left alone by England and they took part in running their own government.C. The colonists believed they would always be protected by England and there was no need for their own government.D. Most colonists came to believe that government was unnecessary and they would be better off without it.
46 B. The colonists were generally left alone by England and they took part in running their own government.
47 22. What was the greatest consideration for colonists’ desires to make their own laws separate and apart from England?A. Distance from EnglandB. Taxation rights for loyalistsC. Local legal structuresD. A voice in state government
49 23. Which political belief is expressed by the quotation “we …will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice, or Representation”?A. necessity for separation of powersB. government by consent of the governedC. freedom of press and assemblyD. right to a writ of habeas corpus
51 24. In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses representedA. colonial attempts to build a strong national governmentB. efforts by the British to strengthen their control over the coloniesC. steps in the growth of representative democracyD. early social reform movements
52 . steps in the growth of representative democracy
53 25. The Virginia House of Burgesses and the Mayflower Compact had a similar effect in that both A. reinforced the English Parliament’s control over the coloniesB. gave settlers the power to establish coloniesC. contributed to the development of representative democracyD. granted absolute authority to the colonial governors
54 C. contributed to the development of representative democracy (or otherwise known as representative government)
55 If the bell has not rung yet continue answer the following questions but you do not have to explain your answers. This will be on my website until the STAAR Test if you would like to review back and finish these on your own.
56 26. The House of Burgesses was significant because it— A. settled conflicts with the Native AmericansB. provided more local controlC. communicated with King GeorgeD. supported the royal Governor
58 27. How did the Mayflower Compact and The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut help establish the roots of representative government?A. Established the Christian heritage of the EnglandB. Established a set of laws to govern the coloniesC. Showed the colonist how to act independentlyD. Allowed states to do anything they felt was right
59 B. Established a set of laws to govern the colonies
60 28. Which mid-1700s religious event contributed to the growth of representative government? A. Great AwakeningB. EnlightenmentC. Seven Year’s WarD. Treaty of Paris
62 28. The major objection that British colonists in North America had to English rule was that they wereA. denied the right to arm themselves for defenseB. denied the rights of citizens who lived in EnglandC. forced to settle wilderness areasD. forced to farm crops ordered by England
63 B. denied the rights of citizens who lived in England
64 29. As a result of mercantilism, the thirteen American colonies were expected to provide Great Britain with—A. finished American-manufactured goodsB. raw materials and markets for British productsC. officials to represent colonial interests in ParliamentD. laborers to work in British factories
65 B. raw materials and markets for British products
66 30. Writs of assistance authorized— A. taxes on colonial exportsB. taxes on colonial made goodsC. boycott of British importsD. unrestricted search of ships
70 32. The slogan “No taxation without representation” referred to taxes enacted by— A. colonial legislatorsB. town meetingsC. the English ParliamentD. the First Continental Congress
71 C. the English Parliament (the colonists had to pay taxes but didn’t have representation in the Parliament)
72 32. After 1763, which was the main argument used by the British to justify taxing the Thirteen Colonies?A. colonies should contribute to expenses involved in providing for their defenseB. taxes were uniform throughout the British coloniesC. tax money was used to protect the mining interests of the British EmpireD. the written constitution provided Parliament with the power to tax colonies
73 A. colonies should contribute to expenses involved in providing for their defense
74 33. King George III primary goal for establishing the Proclamation Line of 1763 was to— A. avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native American IndiansB. make a profit by selling the land west of the Appalachian MountainsC. prevent American industrial development in the Ohio River valleyD. allow Canada to control the Great Lakes region
75 A. avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native American Indians
76 34. Why were the colonists upset about the Proclamation of 1763? A. It laid the foundation for future laws restricting the rights of the colonists.B. The Parliament violated the colonists rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.C. The law forced a tax on important trade items like sugar and tobacco.D. The law forbid them to settle lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
77 D. The law forbid them to settle lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
78 35. Which of the following influenced American thinking about mercantilism with his book, The Wealth of Nations?A. John AdamsB. Thomas JeffersonC. Adam SmithD. John Smith
80 36. The major objection that British colonists in North America had to English rule was that they wereA. denied the right to arm themselves for defenseB. denied the rights of citizens who lived in EnglandC. forced to settle wilderness areasD. forced to farm crops ordered by England
81 B. denied the rights of citizens who lived in England
82 37. Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts in reaction to the— A. Boston MassacreB. Committees of CorrespondenceC. colonial boycott of East India teaD. dumping of tea in the Boston Harbor
84 38. Colonial boycotts of British goods before the Revolutionary War were effective measures because they—A. reduced the profits of British merchantsB. lowered the prices of imported productsC. left British troops short of supplies in the coloniesD. allowed the Americans to start their own factories
86 39. As the British monarchy began to take greater control of colonial governments in the early 1770s, the British government began to—A. change self-governing colonies to royal coloniesB. give the colonies greater control over economic mattersC. assign members of British Parliament to oversee all three types of coloniesD. change all of the colonies to proprietary colonies
87 A. change self-governing colonies to royal colonies
88 40. Which of these was most responsible for American independence from great Britain? A. Bacon’s RebellionB. trial of John Peter ZengerC. introduction of slavery to the coloniesD. publication of documents like Common Sense