Presentation on theme: "Enabling Open Scholarship Open Access policies in Europe in 2012 (so far) Alma Swan SPARC Europe Key Perspectives Ltd Enabling Open Scholarship Portuguese."— Presentation transcript:
Enabling Open Scholarship Open Access policies in Europe in 2012 (so far) Alma Swan SPARC Europe Key Perspectives Ltd Enabling Open Scholarship Portuguese MEDOANET national workshop, 22 October 2012
Enabling Open Scholarship Institutional mandates
Enabling Open Scholarship The effect of a mandatory policy
Enabling Open Scholarship Open Access Week 2012 More new policies to be announced this week Ireland’s national OA policy to be announced tomorrow (23 October)
Enabling Open Scholarship New OA policies in Europe, 2012 Institutional mandates:6 Portugal:3 Spain:1 UK:1 Belgium:1 Funder mandates: EU: European Research Council: – Updated guidelines (2012) – 6 months embargo, including primary data UK:RCUK:revised policy EU:European Commission: Horizon 2020
Enabling Open Scholarship European Commission Research funder Infrastructure funder Policymaker
Enabling Open Scholarship Open Access in the EU in FP7 FP7 programme (2007-2013): OA Pilot Covers 7 research areas About 20% of total funding budget ‘Green’ policy: “best effort” OpenAIRE: portal harvesting from institutional repositories Embargoes allowed: 6/12 months ‘Gold’ OA publishing costs are allowed to be paid from grants Since the beginning of FP7, for all projects Limited to duration of project European Research Council Updated (2012) Scientific Council Guidelines for OA Embargo (6 months) including primary data
Enabling Open Scholarship European Commission ERA (European Research Area) – EU Member States plus some others (Norway, Switzerland) Collaborations and joint programmes Harmonisation of research conditions Five priority areas: o More effective national research systems o Optimal transnational cooperation o Open labour market for researchers o Gender equality o Optimal circulation and access to scientific knowledge Horizon 2020 (2014-2020 funding programme)
Enabling Open Scholarship Open Access in the EU, Horizon 2020 H2020 programme (2014-2020) Covers all research areas 100% of total funding budget ‘Green’ policy: mandatory OpenAIRE: portal harvesting from institutional repositories Embargoes allowed: 6/12 months ‘Gold’ OA publishing costs are allowed to be paid from grants For the duration of project Possibly allowing grant money to cover OA fees for a period after the project ends (to be defined in more detail later)
Enabling Open Scholarship Horizon 2020 Rules proceeding through European Parliament Currently in committee stage Amendments (> 4500!) over the summer Compromise amendments being considered Committee vote 28 November Parliament vote after that ?? Action ??
Enabling Open Scholarship Scientific data “Our vision is a scientific e-infrastructure that supports seamless access, use, re-use and trust of data. In a sense … the data themselves become an infrastructure – a valuable asset on which science, technology, the economy and society can advance.” (Neelie Kroes) H2020 has a proposed DATA PILOT
Enabling Open Scholarship Research Councils UK (RCUK) Authors must use ‘RCUK-compliant’ journals: Offer a Gold option, or Where a journal does not offer Gold it must offer the Green option with an embargo of <6 months Or both Gold and Green (author can choose either option)
Enabling Open Scholarship Perverse consequences Subscription journals lengthen their embargoes to >6 months Subscription journals offer a Gold option = hybrid journals UK authors must pay for this No upper limit on APCs Funds will be given from RCUK to universities to administer... This is NOT a policy for others to follow!
Enabling Open Scholarship Thank you for listening email@example.com www.openscholarship.org www.openoasis.org
Enabling Open Scholarship Resources 1. General, comprehensive resource on Open Access: OASIS (Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook) www.openoasis.org 2. Resource for policymakers, institutional managers: EOS (Enabling Open Scholarship) www.openscholarship.org 3. Open Access Map www.openaccessmap.org