Presentation on theme: "Identify and explain the causes and events occurring during the War of 1812: – What were the conflicts with Britain, France, and Natives? – What was the."— Presentation transcript:
Identify and explain the causes and events occurring during the War of 1812: – What were the conflicts with Britain, France, and Natives? – What was the impact of political factions on international diplomacy? – What was the outcome of the War of 1812
French Revolutionary Wars continue – American merchants making large profits Britain and France looking for ways to weaken one another…easiest way was to cut off supplies The French and British continued seizing ships and supplies – France seized 500 ships Britain seized 1,000 ships
I TOLD YOU TO DANCE! Your moonwalk was abominable and your dougie was laughable. Jenkins, you told me you’d teach me how to dougie! Thanks for nothing! I CAN’T Moonwalk without my Michael Jackson glove!
Embargo Act bans all trade with any country Rationale: since both Britain and France were in dire need of American goods, they’d stop attacking American ships… Reality: American exports DECLINE 1807: $109,000,000 1808: $25,000,000 Thousands of Americans out of work or struggling Some Americans turned to smuggling Illegally importing or exporting goods
I know what to do! If we don’t allow American ships to trade with anyone, then we can’t get attacked! American Merchant True, but that’s not what I had in mind!
Jefferson in a tough position - argued for as little government intervention as possible, but was exerting extraordinary powers in an attempt to enforce his policy. March 1809: repeals Embargo Act – Instead: Non-Intercourse Act – Opened American trade with all countries except Britain, France, and their possessions
The British were inciting the Native Americans! – British giving the Native Americans in Canada and the West weapons and telling them to attack Americans who had settled in the western lands!
The Natives trick American frontiersmen by promising stylish haircuts! I said just a little off the top, not the whole top! I made the mistake of asking for a buzz cut!
Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, attempts to unify Indian tribes that have been removed from the Ohio River Valley His brother, the Prophet preached that Indians should reject White ways and embrace their heritage After Fallen Timbers, they begin to organize to fight for their land again.
The British still occupied forts in the west. Despite the agreement of the controversial Jay's Treaty, the British were still manning forts on American soil! Americans were still a little resentful going back to the Revolution which was only 35 years earlier. Back to the drawing board!
The United States has a desire to expand into more territory like British Canada and Florida If we could gain these territories, they believed we would remove European powers from American borders and open more land for the "liberty-loving-Americans".
The United States wants to prove to Britain that the victory of the American Revolution was not luck. – Americans demand respect from the world and a growing sense of nationalism leads to demand for war U-S-A
1.What was the Embargo Act? What was its impact? 2.What legislation replaced the Embargo Act? 3.Who was Tecumseh? 4.Why might the US WANT to declare war on Britain? What actions were inciting the US?
By 1809: Many American’s super angry at Britain – Rise of the WARHAWKS! – Led by Henry Clay of Kentucky and John C. Calhoun of S. Carolina John C. Calhoun is Miss Weaver’s least favorite person in American History; she hates him…more on that later!
John C. Calhoun Henry Clay
Things have devolved even further: – Britain is continuing impressment and a rash of attacks on American frontier settlements surged – June 18, 1812: Congress declares war! – Britain’s response: Whatever…we’ll focus on you later British occupied with Napoleon and France By 1813, France was weakened, so the British turned their attention to America.
Hmmmm…We’ll show you! We DECLARE WAR!!! Ho hum…here we go again. Those whiney Americans.
Ooops…remember Jefferson cut the military? – Only 16 warships and fewer than 7,000 men Britain's main strategy: Blockade of America’s coast – Shutting down a port or road to prevent people or supplies from coming into an area or leaving it. – By 1814, 135 British warships blockading American ports
US plans quick invasion of Canada…assume that Canadians will welcome “liberation” – Quick & Dirty: July 1812: We invade Canada with about 1,000 men and have our butts kicked by British regulars We lose Detroit and most of Michigan Territory October 1813: We redouble our efforts and engage British and Natives on Lake Erie and then at the Battle of Thames
October 5, 1813, British and Indian forces are defeated by American forces in Canada Tecumseh’s death ends Indian resistance in the Ohio River Valley William Henry Harrison Methinks one day I will be President! WHH is the General commanding all US troops in the Northwest Territory
There is no greater disgrace than to be killed by a man wearing a top hat! Noooooooo!
August 1814, the British Army invades the United States and marches on Washington D.C. After a brief fight the city surrenders and nearly all government buildings are razed by fire including the White House & Capital Madison rallies the American public after this defeat
British bombarded the fort through the night on September 13,1814 – Francis Scott Key, a prisoner on a British barge witnessed the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, near Baltimore for 12 hours – In the morning he observed that the American flag still flew over the fort and writes a poem called “The Defense of Ft McHenry” it eventually becomes a song “The Star Spangled Banner”
Unsuccessful at Baltimore, damaged fleet limped to Jamaica for repairs, and made preparations for an invasion of New Orleans, hoping to cut off American use of the Mississippi River. I’m on island time now! Admiral Cochran
The Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 ends the War of 1812 The war is considered staus quo ante bellum, which means everything goes back to the way it had been before the war… BUT, it took weeks for the news to actually reach the US… – In the mean time: The war continues to rage on!
Hmmm…I’m suspicious of any man who wears white after Labor Day!
John, why didn’t you update your facebook status…Or at least Tweet that the war was over?!? Sorry, I was playing Words with Friends with the Secretary of War
January, 1815: The American forces are a multicultural, motley band of experienced soldiers and warriors The British, a trained army, are virtually mauled by American forces hiding behind earthworks and cannons American forces led by General Andrew Jackson, inflicts great casualties on the British army Andrew Jackson becomes synonymous with America’s winning the war.
This is the best moment of my life… You realize this victory is completely meaningless…
British Casualties 386 killed 1,521 wounded 552 missing Major General Edward Pakenham killed in action American Casualties 55 killed 185 wounded 93 missing
1.A sense of nationalism sweeps America. – Nationalism is a belief and sense of pride in one’s country based on it’s achievements. 2.The nation will embark on foreign trade and begin to build a transportation system in the United States. 3.Native American resistance will be removed from the Ohio River Valley permanently opening the Midwest for expansion.