Presentation on theme: "The Embargo on Japan By Stephen and Habiba. Japanese Occupation in Asia ●After the defeat of japan of Japan in WW2 the United States led the allies in."— Presentation transcript:
Japanese Occupation in Asia ●After the defeat of japan of Japan in WW2 the United States led the allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the japanese state. ●September,1945-1952,General Douglas MacArthur took charge of the Supreme Command of Allied Powers (SCAP) and began the work of rebuilding Japan. ●The occupation of Japan was divided into three phases: the initial effort to punish and reform Japan, the work to revive the Japanese economy, and the conclusion of a formal peace treaty and alliance. ●The Allies were punishing Japan for its past militarism and expansion by convening war crimes trials in Tokyo. SCAP dismantled the Japanese army and banned former military officers from taking roles of political leadership in the new government.
Aid to China ●U.S. wants to strengthen countries against Japan ●U.S. sends military supplies to China for use against Japan (Lend Lease Program) ●This to be used in conjunction with the forthcoming embargo
●in 1973 Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) imposed an embargo against the United States in retaliation for the U.S. decision to re-supply the Israeli military and to gain leverage in the post-war peace negotiations. ●Prices for gas oil in the United States were raised high because of the limited gas to spend. ●The embargoes organizers linked its end to successful U.S. efforts to bring about peace between Israel and its Arab neighbors. U.S. Embargo
Japan’s Reaction ●Embargo severely impacted Japan ●The U.S., Britain, and the Dutch East Indies were 3 out of 4 of Japan’s oil assets ●Giving in to U.S=Willingly sacrificing empire ●Japanese believed in “suicide before dishonor”
● December 7, 1941, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. ● The Japanese destroyed 20 American naval vessels, including eight enormous battleships, and 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack, and 1,000 were wounded. ●The attack on Pearl Harbor was a sp ●On December 8, Congress approved Roosevelt’s declaration of war. Three days later, Japanese allies Germany and Italy declared war against the United States. On the second time around the congress wouldn’t alawite two year later the United States entered WW2. Pearl Harbor
●Having been isolationist not long before, this intervention into SE Asia resulted in a big blow to the U.S. ●The U.S. could have remained uninvolved/unaffected by the conflict had it been safer Significance to the War
A&E Television Networks. "United States freezes Japanese assets." History.com. http://www.history.com/this- day-in-history/united-states-freezes-japanese-assets (accessed September 11, 2014). “Japan, China, the United States and the Road to Pearl Harbor, 1937-41.” Office of the Historian. Accessed September 3, 2014. https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/Pearl-harbor.https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/Pearl-harbor "Japan WW2 Events Timeline." Second World War History. http://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/japan- ww2-events-timeline.asp (accessed September 9, 2014). Record, Jeffrey. "Excerpt - Japan's Decision for War in 1941: Some Enduring Lessons." Strategic Studies Institute. http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/summary.cfm?q=905 (accessed September 9, 2014). Works Cited