2 Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the war’s significance on the development of a national identity.
3 What are some major events leading to The War of 1812? US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized.Britain required licenses for ships bound for EuropeFrance confiscated cargo from licensed ships
4 What are some major events leading to The War of 1812? Impressment of American sailorsMany British sailors became naturalized US citizens and deserted British vessels and joined American crews.British Navy kidnapped these sailors off American ships and had them rejoin the British Navy
5 What are some major events leading to The War of 1812? Economic Diplomacy FailsEmbargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with Europe (repealed in 1809)Embargo is a government ban on trade with other countriesEmbargo was unpopular in port cities, especially in the North
6 Jefferson leaves in comes James Madison Jefferson did not want to run for a 3rd termMadison was Jefferson’s Secretary of StateMadison was an author of 30 of the 81 the Federalist Papers (including No. 10 and No. 51)Considered the most important contributor to the Constitution
7 What was leading up to the War of 1812? Non-Intercourse ActForbade trade with France and Britain; however President could reopen trade when either France or Britain lifted restrictions
8 What was leading up to the War of 1812? War HawksSouthern and Western congressmen favored war, even though it hurt the east.House Speaker Henry Clay of Kentucky supported the war effort.
9 What were some of the benefits of going to war with Britain? To allow reopening of tradeNational PrideTo stop the impressment of sailorsGet the territory of CANADA!!!
10 What were some drawbacks to going to war? Not everyone in the US wanted to go to war
11 What were some drawbacks to going to war? The U.S. Military was smallStanding Army was smallMilitia comprised most of our forces, and they did not like to fight outside of their state bordersThe Navy was quite small. It only had 16 ships
12 What were some drawbacks to going to war? Britain was a great Superpower and could crush us like a bug and we could lose territory that was gained in the Treaty of Paris or the Louisiana Purchase
13 Declaration of WarJune of 1812 Madison asked Congress for declaration of warVote was split along regional linesWar started with invasion of Canada
14 US figured the Canadians would welcome the Americans and quickly join the US to expel Britain from North America…this did not happen
15 The Invasion of CanadaAmerica attempted to attack Canada from three places: Detroit, Niagara Falls, and up the Hudson River valley toward Montreal.All three attacks failed.
16 Oliver Perry Defeated the British on Lake Erie Key BattlesOliver Perry Defeated the British on Lake ErieThis gave the US control of Lake Erie
17 Britain Blockades the Eastern Seaboard Key BattlesBritain Blockades the Eastern SeaboardThis prevented ships from leaving, and made the war more unpopular in the Northeast
18 The Roof is on Fire…In August 1814, British Forces sailed into Chesapeake Bay and captured Washington D.C.They burned down the White House and the Capitol.President Madison and Congress barely escaped.
19 Oh Say Can You See… Unlike D.C., Baltimore was ready for the British The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on the BritishAfter bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814 The British abandon the attackFrancis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem.
20 Treaty of Ghent (Not Paris this time) The treaty was negotiated in Europe and was signed on Dec. 24, 1814 ending the war of 1812
21 Treaty of Ghent (Not Paris this time) The War ended in a stalemate, where no party gained or lost any territory.
22 Treaty of Ghent (Not Paris this time) The issue of impressment was not addressed, but faded on its own.
23 Battle of New OrleansFought after the treaty was signed (but not ratified)
24 Battle of New OrleansPirates and Frontiersman fought alongside US troops
25 Battle of New OrleansMade Andrew Jackson a National hero and household name
26 Battle of New OrleansEnsured treaty ratification
27 If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it important? Gave the United States a National IdentityWe were able to hold our own against the BritishStarted us thinking about continuing westward expansionEnded bad feelings toward the BritishCreates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western Frontiersmen