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Jeffersonian Democracy. Jefferson – President from 1801- 1809  Democratic-Republican  Occupation – Lawyer  Came from planter class (lower end)  Well-educated.

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Presentation on theme: "Jeffersonian Democracy. Jefferson – President from 1801- 1809  Democratic-Republican  Occupation – Lawyer  Came from planter class (lower end)  Well-educated."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jeffersonian Democracy

2 Jefferson – President from 1801- 1809  Democratic-Republican  Occupation – Lawyer  Came from planter class (lower end)  Well-educated  Deist  Architect  Inventor  Farmer (invented farm implements)

3 Political Career  House of Burgesses 1769-75  Continental Congress 1775-76  Governor of Virginia during the war  Served in Congress 1783-84  Minister to France 1785-89  Secretary of State 1789-93  VP 1796-1800  President 1801-1809  When Jefferson wins in 1800 it is the 1st time that a ruling government is defeated in an election and gives up power without incident

4 Philosophy  Faith in the common people  Yeoman farmer is the backbone of America, Urban life is corrupt Urban life is corrupt  Strong local government  Public education  No government in economy  Strict interpretation of the Constitution  Government maintain liberties

5 Man of Contradictions  Wrote Dec of Ind, yet owned slaves  Extols hardworking & resourcefulness, yet he’s extravagant  Strict Interpretation of Constitution, but approves La Purch

6 1st Term  Didn’t change much Federalists policy Did reduce the navy Did reduce the navy  Democratic changes Replaced the bow with a handshake Replaced the bow with a handshake Round tables at formal dinners Round tables at formal dinners Used horse as transportation rather than a carriage Used horse as transportation rather than a carriage  More successful than 2 nd term

7 Marbury v. Madison – 1803  Who was William Marbury?  Why did he sue the Jefferson administration?

8 Marbury v. Madison  What did Supreme Court rule? Congress had no constitutional right to create law regarding Supreme Court jurisdiction Congress had no constitutional right to create law regarding Supreme Court jurisdiction Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutionalJudiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional Judicial Review – what is it? Judicial Review – what is it?  As a result, Marbury is never appointed

9 1st Barbary War (Tripolian War) 1801-1805  Barbary Pirates (Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli, & Morocco)  Most navies pay tribute Washington and Adams did Washington and Adams did  Jefferson mobilized the navy to protect American merchant shipping  End of the conflict America wanted to free captured sailors America wanted to free captured sailors Treaty was signed ending war & returning 300 American prisoners in exchange for $60,000 Treaty was signed ending war & returning 300 American prisoners in exchange for $60,000

10 Louisiana Purchase – 1803  1801 – Spain sells Louisiana Territory to France  What does France do?  What does America offer to buy?  What is France’s counteroffer? Why do they want to sell? Why do they want to sell? 830,000 sq. miles for $15 million 830,000 sq. miles for $15 million

11 Was La Purchase Constitutional?  Dilemma - not an executive power to acquire land  What did he do Jefferson moved forward with the plan to acquire and took it to Congress after the fact to have them ratify Jefferson moved forward with the plan to acquire and took it to Congress after the fact to have them ratify  Backlash Federalists harassed Jefferson - violated Constitution Some federalists didn’t want the land because the US is too big already Federalists harassed Jefferson - violated Constitution Some federalists didn’t want the land because the US is too big already can’t defend itcan’t defend it Four days from Boston to NYCFour days from Boston to NYC Thought it would become 2-3 republicsThought it would become 2-3 republics

12 Lewis and Clark – 1804  Leave from St. Louis  Made it to Mandan, ND first year  Their job Find out what is out there Find out what is out there Make maps Make maps TopographyTopography Collect flora and fauna Collect flora and fauna Tell everyone that it’s our land Tell everyone that it’s our land  Made it to Oregon  Collected samples and brought them back  Very successful One death (appendix) One death (appendix)

13 Significant Events in 2nd Term  Napoleonic Wars  Chesapeake Affair  Embargo Act of 1807

14 Napoleonic Wars  After 1805, France controls most of Continental Europe  Britain controls the seas  Both establish blockades British capture American ships and impressed sailors British capture American ships and impressed sailors Jefferson upset Jefferson upset

15 Chesapeake Affair – June 1807  US frigate Chesapeake encountered British frigate Leopard Brits demanded 4 sailors Brits demanded 4 sailors Capt James Barron refused Capt James Barron refused  Leopard opened fire

16 Chesapeake Crisis  England screwed up Attack on a neutral ship Attack on a neutral ship Impressment from military ship Impressment from military ship  American reaction The nation wants war The nation wants war Jefferson tries to negotiate an end to impressment Jefferson tries to negotiate an end to impressment This failsThis fails

17 Embargo Act of 1807 - Dec 1807  Jefferson gets Congress to pass embargo  Felt US exports were vital to England – they would be forced to make concessions  US vessels were not allowed to land in foreign ports without Presidential authorization

18 How does it work?  Hurt US economy – led to unemployment, particularly in coastal towns  British and French found other trading partners in South and Central America, so they were not hurt as badly as America hoped  Impossible to enforce – American merchants began to smuggle goods to Canada

19 Jefferson’s Reaction to Enforcement Issue  Jefferson/Congress begins to pass more laws that begin to limit the liberties of the people (very non-Jeffersonian)  Enforcement law Port authority can seize cargo without a warrant Port authority can seize cargo without a warrant Can bring to trial anyone suspected of smuggling Can bring to trial anyone suspected of smuggling Upon leaving office, Embargo Act repealed Upon leaving office, Embargo Act repealed


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