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You have been aboard this ship for many months…. exploring this river…

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Presentation on theme: "You have been aboard this ship for many months…. exploring this river…"— Presentation transcript:

1 You have been aboard this ship for many months…

2 exploring this river…

3 along your journey you have encountered friendly and hostile natives.

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6 A friendly native has offered to guide you through the remainder of your journey.

7 Write a diary entry about your experience.

8 The Jeffersonian Republic

9 Election of 1800 Jefferson defeats Adams in Electoral College Jefferson’s mission: to restore the republican experiment and check the growth of government power

10 Jefferson Alien and Sedition Acts expired Jefferson pardoned “martyrs” of Sedition Act and nullified their fines New Naturalization Act of 1802 – brought time for citizenship back to five years from fourteen

11 Albert Gallatin Secretary of Treasury for Jefferson Repealed excise tax Thought national debt was bad Balanced the budget

12 Jefferson and Gallatin Did not tamper with Hamilton’s debt Continued to pay debt back at “par” They also did not attack the Bank of The United States

13 Judiciary Act of 1801 “Deathbed” Act of Adams Administration Created 16 new federal judges, all appointed by Adams the night before Jefferson became president Act was repealed by Republican Congress of 1801 and scratched all 16 judges

14 Chief Justice John Marshall Appointed by Adams to sit over Supreme Court Staunch Federalist Shaped American legal tradition more than anyone in US History 34 years as Chief Justice

15 Marbury v. Madison (1803) 1 of 16 judges scrapped was William Marbury He sued for delivery of his judicial appointment James Madison (Secretary of State) was who he sued One of the most important cases in Supreme Court

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17 Marbury v. Madison (1803) Determined who had final authority over the meaning of the Constitution Established judicial review – the idea that the Supreme Court alone had the last word on questions of constitutionality

18 Jefferson and the Military Jefferson reduced the US Military to a police force of 2,500

19 Pirates of North African Barbary States 1801 – blackmail and plundered merchant ships in Mediterranean Sea Jefferson didn’t want war, but couldn’t afford to pay tribute

20 Pasha of Tripoli Pasha declared war on the United States Jefferson dispatched the infant navy to Tripoli 4 years of fighting Treaty of Peace with Tripoli (1805) $60,000 paid in ransom for captured Americans

21 Louisiana Purchase

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23 1800 – Napoleon got King of Spain to cede immense trans-Mississippi region of Louisiana to France (included New Orleans) Spain then withdrew US right to free navigation

24 Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson sent James Monroe to Paris in 1803 to purchase of New Orleans from France spend no more than $10 million

25 Louisiana Purchase Napoleon willing to sell for two reasons : 1 - failed to regain island of Santo Domingo slave revolt led by Touissant L’Overture 2 – didn’t want Britain to take Louisiana by force, and he needed the money

26 Louisiana Purchase April 30, 1803 – Louisiana Purchase was signed $15 million Doubled size of U.S. 828,000 square miles 3 cents an acre U.S. secured the western half of richest river valley in the world Set a precedent of the acquisition of foreign territory and peoples by purchase

27 Exploring Louisiana

28 Lewis & Clark Spring 1804 – Jefferson sent his personal secretary Meriwether Lewis and an army officer William Clark to explore northern part of Louisiana Began in St. Louis Expedition traveled through the Rockies up the Columbia River and to the Pacific Ocean 2 ½ year journey, scientific observations, demonstrated viability of overland route to Pacific Ocean

29 Election of 1804 Jefferson was very well liked by time of 1804 election and won handily 162 – 14 in Electoral College (Charles C. Pinckney –F) Meanwhile, Napoleon and France would enter an 11 year war with England France – Master of Land warfare England – Master of Sea warfare

30 Orders In Council 1806 British law that closed European ports under French control to foreign vessels unless vessels first stopped at a British port Napoleon then ordered the seizure of all merchant ships that entered British ports Catch – 22 – no way to trade with either country

31 Britain’s war tactics Britain used policy of Impressment – forcible enlistment of sailors Britain enlisted 6,000 US Sailors through Impressment 1808 – 1811

32 Embargo Act (1807) Law forbade the export of all goods from US in American or foreign ships US economy suffered severely Illicit trade boomed out of Canada Embargo Act repealed March 1, 1809

33 Non-Intercourse Act (1809) Replaced the Embargo Act of 1807 Formally reopened trade with all nations, except France and England Embargo didn’t work 1 – England had good crops in those years 2 – France relied on all of conquered Europe

34 James Madison Jefferson retired after 1808 March 4, 1809 – Virginian James Madison takes oath of office as President European climax

35 Napoleon Tricks Madison Non-Intercourse Act expired in 1809 and was replaced by Macon’s Bill No. 2 If Britain and France repealed commercial restriction then America would restore embargo against non-repealing country Napoleon announces that France would lift trade decrees if England would lift Orders In Council (He never intended to lift decrees) Madison then gave Britain 3 months to lift Orders In Council London saw no need to bargain

36 Tecumseh & Tenskwatawa Two Shawnee brothers wanted to form an Indian Confederacy independent of the USA Inspired a movement of Indian unity and cultural renewal Gave up textile clothing, alcohol, and rejected land ownership

37 War Hawks Young hotheads in the South and West wanted to go to war against England England was supplying hostile Indians with guns and ammunition 1811 – Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison gathered an army and attacked Tecumseh’s Wabash and Tippecanoe Rivers (Tecumseh was away)

38 William Henry Harrison and the Battle of Tippecanoe Creek Harrison defeats the Shawnee Harrison became a national hero for his route of Indians Tecumseh continued to fight for British until his death at Battle of Thames in 1813

39 Spring 1812 War with Britain was inevitable Britain continued to arm hostile Indians Madison and Republicans believed the US had to assert American rights Congress declared war on Britain June 1, – 49 in House 19 – 13 in Senate New England opposed the war, and would not allow militia to serve out of state 2 wars – one with Old England and one with New England


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