2Election of 1800Federalists nominate Adams again; Republicans nominate Adams’ VP, Thomas JeffersonFor the first time, political parties really begin attacking each other in their campaignsAdams is portrayed by Republicans as a monarchist who wants to set himself up as kingJefferson is portrayed a pro-revolution radical set on destroying the national government
3Jefferson and Aaron Burr both receive 73 electoral votes Adams gets only 65 votesThe tie creates a BIG problem: Who would be President?
4House of Representatives votes on who will be the next President After 36 different votes, Jefferson finally wins the vote and becomes PresidentBurr becomes VP
5Jefferson Wins OutThe House of Rep. is forced to vote to decide the winnerAfter 36 votes, Jefferson finally wins and becomes the 3rd U.S. president; Burr is VP and NOT happyLeads to the 12th Amendment which makes separate ballots for the President and VP
6Jefferson’s Inauguration Jefferson was less formal than Washington and AdamsWalked to the new Capitol building to give his first speech; didn’t think the leader of a republic should ride in a fancy carriageJefferson was excited about the construction of the new capital cityFree from any state influence
8Jefferson in OfficeAs leader of the new Democratic-Republican party, Jefferson had many things to accomplishFirst, he hand-picked his cabinet, including future president James Madison
9Jefferson also wanted to limit the role of the national government Let the Alien & Sedition Acts expireCut the size of the American military; would use the extra money to pay off national debtSearched for ways to get rid of domestic taxes, like the one on whiskey
10Once Against, Now For. . . The National Bank Although he once fought against it, he was later convinced to leave it alone because it raised a lot of money for the government
11What is happening in this editorial cartoon? F.O.A. (Bellwork)What is happening in this editorial cartoon?
12F.O.A. (Bellwork)Thomas Jefferson literally thought a giant cybernetic John Marshall robot would lay waste to our brand-new Capitol.
13EQsWho were the first five presidents, what years were each of them in office, and what was one major accomplishment for each of the five men? (8.6 spi 1)What did the cases of Marbury vs. Madison and McCulloch vs. Maryland do for the power of the Supreme Court? (8.6 spi1)
14EQsWhat are the three main points-of-view an author can use in a story, and why would he or she choose to use each one? ( ) (CCSS RL6)How does the reader determine cause and effect when reading a passage? ( ) (CCSS RL 5)
15TodayToday: Turn in projects; Background on Marbury v. Madison; Reader’s TheaterMonday: War of 1812
16Little review Who beat John Adams in the election of 1800? Why did Adams lose the election of 1800?
17First Major Court Case Marbury v. Madison Federalists still dominated the Judicial branchThe night before leaving office, Adams created several new federal “judgeships” and appointed Federalists to these new positionsHowever, because they happened so late, many of them were never properly delivered to Congress in time
18What happened next. . .William Marbury was supposed to receive one of these positions, but Jefferson would not approve Adams’ “midnight judges”Marbury asked the Supreme Court to help out, which was headed by a Federalist chief justice named John Marshall
19Jefferson believed that the Federalist Marshall would agree with Marbury But he actually ruled that the Supreme Court did not have the authority to change Jefferson’s decision; ruled the “midnight judges” were unconstitutionalEstablished the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review (can declare laws unconstitutional)
20Reader’s Theater Mr. Ezzell will read this aloud. Next, you read it and write down any words that give you trouble.While you’re reading the story, Mr. Ezzell will assign parts by posting names on a sticky note. The narrator’s parts are in italics.Let’s review the words that give you problems.
21Reader’s TheaterEveryone will practice their lines with a partner for two minutes.Mr. Ezzell will set the timer on the overhead.
26By the early 1800s, Spain was growing tired of trying to maintain the large territory of Louisiana
27In 1802, Spain secretly traded the land over to France Napoleon, France’s emperor, wanted to use it to control all of North AmericaFrance was at war with Britain; Napoleon had already conquered much of Europe
28Before trading LA, Spain once again closed the NOLA port to the U.S. Jefferson sends James Monroe to buy only the port of New Orleans from FranceNapoleon needs money for war, so he sells the whole territory for $15 million
29Jefferson wasn’t happy at first Strict constructionist; Constitution said nothing about buying new landsAgrees, however, that it is a good thing in the end; doubles the size of America
31Lewis & Clark Expedition Nobody really knew what was in the new Louisiana TerritoryJefferson hires Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to check it outThey are aided by Sacagawea, a female Indian who interprets for them
32Lewis & Clark travel almost 8,000 miles during their expedition Never find the Pacific Ocean though
33The Coming of WarBritain & France both began violating America’s neutralityBegan stealing supplies off American trade shipsThe British began forcing some American sailors to serve in the British navy (impressment)
34The U.S. responds by passing the Embargo Act Embargo – The banning of tradeThe U.S. basically stopped all trade with everyone; didn’t work
35The Embargo Act hurt the U. S The Embargo Act hurt the U.S. more than it helped; trashed it and then passed another embargo against France & BritainHad the same effect basically; not very good
36Assignment Draw and color the map on page 273. Don’t do the Spanish territory or Canada.Label every American territory, as well as the Mississippi River and Lewis and Clark’s return.Include a key
37F.O.A. (Bellwork) Checks and Balances Middle Passage John Adams Organizations that help politicians get electedCase that ended in the Supreme Court establishing judicial reviewWinner of the 1800 electionWinner of the 1796 electionFirst major battle of the American RevolutionVoyage that slaves were brought on to be sold in AmericaWashington’s decisions like picking his Cabinet members and leaving office voluntarilyMade it illegal for you to criticize the governmentEach branch’s ability to keep the other two from gaining too much powerFirst 10 amendments to the ConstitutionChecks and BalancesMiddle PassageJohn AdamsPolitical PartiesBill of RightsThomas JeffersonMarbury v. MadisonBunker HillPrecedentsAlien & Sedition Acts
38EQs What were the causes and effects of the War of 1812? (8.5 spi 4) What were some of the major battles of the War of 1812? (8.5 spi 4)
39This week Today: War of 1812 notes Tuesday: Timeline over Chapter 8 Wednesday: Review gameThursday: Quiz over Chapter 8, Sections 2 and 4, as well as Marbury v. Madison (pages ).Friday: TBDMr. Ezzell will be absent on Thursday and Friday.
41Fighting in the WestIndian forces led by Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, begin attacking Americans in the WestDefeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe by William Henry HarrisonEvidence reveals that Britain had supplied and aided Tecumseh
42Many members of Congress wanted war with Britain; nicknamed “War Hawks” Most New England Federalists did not want war; wanted to seek peace with Britain
43New President In 1808, James Madison becomes the fourth President Influenced by the War Hawks (led by Henry Clay), Madison convinces Congress to declare war against Britain in 1812
44War of 1812 Americans vs. British & Native Americans Fighting begins at sea; U.S. wins a lot in the beginningMany of Britain’s ships were being used to fight France
45Soon, however, Britain begins to win Defeats France; concentrates solely on U.S.Use blockades on American portsWin in Canada, NW Territory, and even Washington, D.C.
47Major U.S. Victories Fort McHenry (Baltimore, MD) Francis Scott Key & “The Star-Spangled Banner”Battle of New OrleansAmerican forces led by Andrew Jackson defeat much larger British forceLast major battle of the War of 1812
48Effects of the War The Treaty of Ghent ends the war Consequences of the war:Increased patriotism in AmericaBroke the power of many Indian groupsAmerican manufacturing increased
49HomeworkRead pages and answer 1-3 all parts on page 287.