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Policy Position Paper Write for your audience: –Congressman or Senator –Farm organization policy committee State the policy position Provide background.

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Presentation on theme: "Policy Position Paper Write for your audience: –Congressman or Senator –Farm organization policy committee State the policy position Provide background."— Presentation transcript:

1 Policy Position Paper Write for your audience: –Congressman or Senator –Farm organization policy committee State the policy position Provide background information as to why it is a problem Use economic theory & facts to show why your position is obviously right Do not use outdated idealism – Agrarian or Jeffersonian ideals – Deal in Facts not Myths 18

2 Policy Position Paper Write in bullet or outline form –Use bold text on left margin to indicate topic –Separate text into following headings Policy Option: state what the policy is and what you want from the decision maker to do (for or against) Background or Situation: provide information to explain the current situation, what is the problem, what caused the problem, how is your group affected, etc. Justification: use economic theory, facts, and persuasive logic to make the decision maker clearly see that your position is correct and the only logical alternative – never state your opinion, they are more powerful than you, as you are asking for their support Double space or 1.5 space, use 10 or 12 pt font and wide margins 1” – Lots of White Space on the Page

3 Trade Policy and FAS Role of Foreign Agricultural Service in USDA Help ag exporters develop and maintain new markets P Q/yr DD TD 1 TD 2

4 Barriers to Trade Import Tariff Export Subsidies Export Embargo Import Quotas Exchange Rate Distortions Variable Levy Technical Restrictions

5 Justifications for Barriers to Trade Protect domestic (infant) industry Protect national security Maintain domestic farm programs –(Section 22 in Ag. Adjust Act 1933) Protect against painful adjustment Protect national health Retaliation against policies Improve balance of payments Generate revenue (export tariffs)

6 Trade Model Free Trade Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter T D 0

7 Import Quota Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter Quota 1 P QT

8 Import Tariff Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter T PTPT PTPT

9 Quota to a Tariff Rate Import Quota Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter Quota 1 P QT

10 Export Subsidy Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter SE-Sub 0 S

11 Export Embargo Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter

12 Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter

13 Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter

14 Q/yr P P P Dom D 0 Supply 0 Export D 0 S Export 0 Supply 0 P FT QS 0 QD 0 QT 0 ExporterTrade SectorImporter


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