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Presidential Election of 1812 Born in Virginia, 1751 Enlisted in Continental Army but too small Attended Princeton University and became a lawyer. Father.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidential Election of 1812 Born in Virginia, 1751 Enlisted in Continental Army but too small Attended Princeton University and became a lawyer. Father."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Presidential Election of 1812

3 Born in Virginia, 1751 Enlisted in Continental Army but too small Attended Princeton University and became a lawyer. Father of the Constitution and Bill of Rights. Secretary of State during Jefferson’s Presidency President, 1809 to 1817 Had to deal with Jefferson’s policies after he left office Born in Virginia, 1751 Enlisted in Continental Army but too small Attended Princeton University and became a lawyer. Father of the Constitution and Bill of Rights. Secretary of State during Jefferson’s Presidency President, 1809 to 1817 Had to deal with Jefferson’s policies after he left office madwar President James Madison

4 Tecumseh Tecumseh (Shawnee warrior) & the Prophet (his brother) formed a union of tribes east of Mississippi to fight white intrusion Supplied by the British led Indian cultural renewal 1809: General William H. Harrison appointed as governor of Indiana Territory by President Jefferson. President Jefferson at the time instructed Harrison to convince Tecumseh to stop attacking American settlements. This continued under Madison’s presidency

5 “ Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds and the great sea, as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them for the use of his children?”Tecumseh “ Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds and the great sea, as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them for the use of his children?”Tecumseh Tecumseh vs Harrison

6 Tecumseh “We gave them forest-clad mountains and valleys full of game and in return what did they give our warriors and our women? Rum, trinkets (jewelry) and death” Tecumseh reflected bitterly on the white man’s treatment of his people.

7  England continued to close ports under French control to foreign shipping (including the US)  England continued to seize US ships & impressed Americans. impressment France and Great Britain are at war

8 Non-Intercourse Act Replaced the Embargo of Unlike the Embargo, which forbade American trade with all foreign nations, this act only forbade trade with France and Britain. It did not succeed in changing British or French policy towards neutral ships, so it was replaced by Macon’s Bill No. 2. Macon’s Bill No Forbade trade with Britain and France, but offered to resume trade with whichever nation lifted its neutral trading restrictions first. France quickly changed its policies against neutral vessels, so the U.S. resumed trade with France, but not Britain.

9 War Hawks New members of Congress, John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay want war why Great Britain….Why? U.S. must defend its neutrality Stop impressment (destroying US Economy) British forts still on US soil Tecumseh (arming of Native Americans) Desire for Canada Considered British as disrespectful War Hawks New members of Congress, John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay want war why Great Britain….Why? U.S. must defend its neutrality Stop impressment (destroying US Economy) British forts still on US soil Tecumseh (arming of Native Americans) Desire for Canada Considered British as disrespectful madwar Henry Clay Kentucky John C. Calhoun South Carolina

10 New England states (many were Federalists) did not want the war The War Hawks successfully convinced Congress to fight British Congress was not aware that London repealed impressment policy two days prior to declaration of war

11 United States vs. Britain

12 Map war1812 US unprepared for war but fought valiantly Failed invasion into Canada. British blockade hurt US economy…

13 Washington, D.C. burned by British, 25th of August 1814 highlights Dolly Madison escaped from White House and took many pieces of art, furniture from the White House before the British destroyed it.

14 The Battle of Thames River, Oct. 5, 1813 US military victory led by General William H. Harrison Tecumseh was killed during this battle

15 The Battle of Lake Erie was probably the most important naval battle of the war US Naval tradition develops during the War of 1812

16 U.S. Flag which flew over Fort McHenry to inspire Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner. September 13 th, 1814 highlights

17 Battle of Fort McHenry, 1814 Oh Say Can You See By the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key

18 10,000 British troops reached the mouth of the Mississippi River and were threatening the Louisiana Purchase.10,000 British troops reached the mouth of the Mississippi River and were threatening the Louisiana Purchase. 4,500 U.S. troops led by Andrew Jackson, the British were defeated on January 8, 18154,500 U.S. troops led by Andrew Jackson, the British were defeated on January 8, ,000 British troops reached the mouth of the Mississippi River and were threatening the Louisiana Purchase.10,000 British troops reached the mouth of the Mississippi River and were threatening the Louisiana Purchase. 4,500 U.S. troops led by Andrew Jackson, the British were defeated on January 8, 18154,500 U.S. troops led by Andrew Jackson, the British were defeated on January 8, 1815 New orleans

19 Considered greatest U.S. victory to that time Defeated British’s best without help from any country US gains respect after this battle. Kept Louisiana Purchase under the control of the U.S. Considered greatest U.S. victory to that time Defeated British’s best without help from any country US gains respect after this battle. Kept Louisiana Purchase under the control of the U.S. New orleans

20 The Treaty of Ghent War of 1812 is considered a “stalemate”…Dec Results: A halt to the fighting The return of all conquered territory to the prewar borders Recognition of the prewar boundary between Canada and the United States

21 Radical New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances & find solutions to their problems : U.S. Govt. fighting an unnecessary war against the wrong enemy New Englanders continued to trade with the British during the war Talked of secession When people found out what the Federalists were planning, they became extremely unpopular

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23 The War’s Legacy U.S. gained the respect of other nations U.S. came to accept Canada as a neighbor and a part of the British Empire The Federalist party came to an end as a national force Talk of nullification and secession in New England set a precedent that would later be used by the South Gained US neutrality and became isolated from Europe Native Americans in the West were forced to surrender large areas of land and move west. More U.S. factories were built War heroes such as Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison would eventually become Presidents. Growth of American nationalism

24 Respect from the Europeans The War of 1812 won new respect for America among many British. Michael Scott, a young lieutenant in the British navy wrote, “I don’t like Americans; I never did, and never shall like them…..I have no wish to eat with them, drink with them, deal with, or consort with them in any way; but let me tell the whole truth, nor fight with them, were it not for the laurels to be acquired, by overcoming an enemy so brave, determined and alert, and in every way so worthy on one’s steel, as they have always proved”.


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