Presentation on theme: "Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson A RepublicanTakes OfficeThe LouisianaPurchaseTime-lineNew Threats FromOverseasThe Road toWarLabeledMapWar of 1812MAPSConceptsCollaborativeLearning 1Bell work
2 Section 1: A Republican Takes Office “Revolution”in electing him, the American people had voted for changes that were as great as those that they had fought for during the Revolutionary War.Setting the Scene, page 302
4 Jefferson- Democratic-Republican, Jefferson- Democratic-Republican, sworn in by John Marshall =FederalistHe wanted to make government more democratic;1. ensuring that all people have the same rights
5 kept Bank of United States Free market – goods and services are exchangedw/littleregulationLaissez-faire –(let alone)Government shouldhave a small rolein people’saffairJefferson’s goalsand beliefsabout governmentstrictconstructionistlessengovernmentpowerto be democratic,he allowed manyFederalists tokeep theirjobswanted toreducethe federalbudgetpreferredafarmingsociety
6 Thomas JeffersonAlbert GallatinPresident of U.S.Secretary of TreasuryRoles in Government
7 James MadisonJohn MarshallSecretary of StateSupreme Court JusticeRoles in Government
8 Before leaving office, Adams appointed “midnight judges.” John Marshall – chief justice of Supreme Court
9 President Jefferson tried to get William Marbury removed.The Supreme Court said…………..3. Marbury v. Madison = was a landmark court case that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review4. Judicial review – power of the Supreme Court to decide if laws are fair or unconstitutional
11 cause trouble for Americans. The United States =growing rapidly and people began to move West in search of new land.The country of Spain controlled both the lower Mississippi and the port of New Orleans. The western border of the U.S. was the MS River.Despite Treaties,Spain continued tocause trouble for Americans.
12 5. MS River was important to farmers because they traded goods through the port of New Orleans. 6. In 1800, Spain ceded the Louisiana Territory to France. (secret treaty)7. Napoleon Bonaparte was the French dictator that had plans to conquer Europe.
13 Jefferson wanted control of New Orleans. He offered to buy it from France.Napoleon (needs money) preferred to sell the Louisiana Territory to U.S. instead of seeing it in Britain’s control.8.Livingston had authority to purchase New Orleans and West Florida.Napoleon offered all of the Louisiana Territory.Monroe and Livingston agreed to buy the territory.U.S. and France signed treaty in 1803.France sold the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for 15 million dollars.
14 2 philanthropy 1 philanthropy 3 philanthropy the practice of Do nice thingsfor other people andbeing concerned for otherthings2philanthropy1philanthropy3philanthropythe practice of performing charitable or benevolent actionsGenerosityKindnessCharitablePatronageThe students who cleaned the park for the benefit of the community displayed philanthropy.Donating money to charityon a regular basis4philanthropy56philanthropyphilanthropy
15 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark 10. Lewis and Clark started their expedition from the city of St. Louis, Missouri in 1804.
21 map maker Clark Lewis large family Governor of 28 years old oftentraveled aloneprovenleadersmapmakerMeriwetherLewisWilliamClarkJefferson’s chief aidGovernor ofMissourikeptjournals“man ofcourage”captainslargefamilyGovernor ofLouisianaraisedSacajawea’s son
22 18. Acts of Philanthropy (based on Lewis and Clark’s Journey West) The Nez Perce showed the expedition how to burn out the insides of logs to makecanoes.The Clatsop showed the expedition where to find elk, which they could use for foodor to make clothing.Sacajawea served as guide and interpreter for Lewis and Clark.Clark took care of Jean Babtiste after Sacajawea died.Lewis and Clark wrote to Jefferson as he requested and gave him detailed factsabout the animals and plants.
23 Zebulon Pike’s explorations gave U. S Zebulon Pike’s explorations gave U.S. better knowledge about the lands in the Southwest.Pikes Peak (originally Pike's Peak, see below) is a mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, 10 miles (16 km) west of Colorado Springs, Colorado, in El Paso County. It is named for Zebulon Pike, an explorer who led an expedition to the southern Colorado area in At 14,115 feet (4,302 m), it is one of Colorado's 54 fourteeners. Drivers race up the mountain in a famous annual race called the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The peak is also the annual site of the Pikes Peak Marathon and Ascent foot races on the Barr Trail. An upper portion of Pikes Peak is a federally designated National Historic Landmark.Contents[hide]1 Geography and geology2 Name3 Discovery4 History5 Pikes Peak today6 Gallery7 See also8 References8.1 Notes8.2 Further reading9 External links
25 Spanish Territory Oregon Country Louisiana Territory St. LouisMS River Lewis/Clark United StatesNew Orleans Continental DivideSpanish Florida
26 Observe Your Map: Whose expedition went into Spanish Territory? Which city lay at the mouth of the Mississippi River?Whose expedition began in St. Louis?Which mountain range is North America’s continental divide?Whose expedition went into land claimed by Great Britain?Zebulon PikeNew OrleansLewis and Clark and Zebulon PikeRocky MountainsLewis and Clark
27 The Election of 1804:Jefferson easily won the election of 1804.George Clinton was the new running mate. He replaced Aaron Burr to be the V.P.Aaron Burr – secretly wanted to establish an empire on the Western Frontier, and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
28 SECTION 3 New Threats from Overseas (page 312) Tea please
29 Section 3: New Threats from Overseas Jefferson was committed to Washington’s policy of neutrality.Benefits of overseas trade: Risks of overseas trade:Merchants made money as trading increased.Merchants traded with China. (profit)Increased communicationwith other continentsConflict with Barbary StatesBritain and France violated neutrality.Jefferson creates an embargo that merchants hated.Smuggling a problemTribute - bribe
32 19. Trace the events that led up to Congress declaring war on Britain. ExplanationSeizing of American shipsBritain and France were at war again, and neither country wanted the U.S. to trade with the other. Both countries seized American ships to hurt each others trade and economy. Both countries ignored America’s claims of neutrality.British impressmentsThe British navy needed more sailors. British began impressment of men which is the practice of forcing people into military service. Britain boarded American vessels and took Americans. The U.S. was furious, and many demanded war.Embargo ActJefferson and Congress passed the Embargo Act hoping to hurt France and Britain’s trade. The Act did hurt the two countries but it hurt the U.S. more. Many Americans protested the act. An embargo is a ban on trade.Increased conflicts with Native AmericansIn the Ohio Valley, Native Americans were still resisting American settlement. Violence led to warfare.War HawksWar Hawks were members from Congress in the South and West that were wanting to go to war with Britain. They were persuasive and outspoken. Many northerners believed the people and the President was influenced by the War Hawks.British blockade of portsTo cut off American trade with France, British warships blockaded some of America’s ports. This sparked war fever among many Americans.
34 Madison’s votes came mostly from the South and the West. The Embargo Act had been repealed and replaced.20. James Madison – won the election of 1808 to become the 4th President of the United States. (Republican)Madison’s votes came mostly from the South and the West.
35 21. June 18, 1812 – President Madison asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain.35
37 CAUSES OF THE WAR: Clip 1War of 1812 DVD clip 1 (Impressments)
38 British helping Native Americans War Hawks Seizing of American ships BlockadeofPortsImpressmentofsailorsBritish helping Native AmericansWar HawksSeizing of American ships(ChesapeakeLeopardAffair)
39 22. Disadvantages / American Problems *The US was unprepared militarily:Had a 16-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships.*Financially unprepared*Relied on volunteers*Regional differencesJefferson had reduced military spending which left the army and navy unprepared for war.
40 By spring of 1814, Britain and its allies had defeated Napoleon. Now Britain could send more troops to fight the U.S.
41 The White House Is Burning; The British Are Coming, AGAIN!! 23. In 1814, the British captured and burned Washington D.C.
42 24. Dolly Madison is credited with saving many important documents along with a portrait of George Washington.
43 Battle of Fort McHenry: Troops protected city of Baltimore and held off the British for 25 hours, finally forcing them to retreat.Francis Scott Key watched the battle from the deck of a prisoner-of-war ship.25. The War of 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner.In 1931, Congress adopted it as the national anthem.And the rockets red glare The bombs bursting in air… Francis Scott Key
44 26. The Treaty of Ghent signed on Christmas Eve of 1814, ended the War of 1812. 27. Effects of the War:--U.S. won respect of foreign nations--Nationalism increased--destroyed the power of Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory
45 28. The Presidents 1. George Washington 2. John Adams (1797-1801) ( )2. John Adams( )3. Thomas Jefferson( )4. James Madison( )
46 Concepts: The big ideas, important generalizations about a topic A concept is an idea that is timeless, abstract, broad and can be shown through a variety of examplesHow do I know thatNatural resources affect theliving patternsofpeople?
47 29. ParagraphAnalyze the concept of communication. Write a paragraph describing how lack of communication during Madison’s presidency has convinced many historians that the War of 1812 should have never happened.