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Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson

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1 Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson
A Republican Takes Office The Louisiana Purchase Time- line New Threats From Overseas The Road to War Labeled Map War of 1812 MAPS Concepts Collaborative Learning 1 Bell work

2 Section 1: A Republican Takes Office
“Revolution” in electing him, the American people had voted for changes that were as great as those that they had fought for during the Revolutionary War. Setting the Scene, page 302


4 Jefferson- Democratic-Republican,
Jefferson- Democratic-Republican, sworn in by John Marshall =Federalist He wanted to make government more democratic; 1. ensuring that all people have the same rights

5 kept Bank of United States Free market – goods and services
are exchanged w/little regulation Laissez-faire – (let alone) Government should have a small role in people’s affair Jefferson’s goals and beliefs about government strict constructionist lessen government power to be democratic, he allowed many Federalists to keep their jobs wanted to reduce the federal budget preferred a farming society

6 Thomas Jefferson Albert Gallatin President of U.S. Secretary of Treasury Roles in Government

7 James Madison John Marshall Secretary of State Supreme Court Justice Roles in Government

8 Before leaving office, Adams appointed “midnight judges.”
John Marshall – chief justice of Supreme Court

9 President Jefferson tried to get
William Marbury removed. The Supreme Court said………….. 3. Marbury v. Madison = was a landmark court case that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review 4. Judicial review – power of the Supreme Court to decide if laws are fair or unconstitutional


11 cause trouble for Americans.
The United States =growing rapidly and people began to move West in search of new land. The country of Spain controlled both the lower Mississippi and the port of New Orleans. The western border of the U.S. was the MS River. Despite Treaties, Spain continued to cause trouble for Americans.

12 5. MS River was important to farmers because they traded goods through the port of New Orleans.
6. In 1800, Spain ceded the Louisiana Territory to France. (secret treaty) 7. Napoleon Bonaparte was the French dictator that had plans to conquer Europe.

13 Jefferson wanted control of New Orleans.
He offered to buy it from France. Napoleon (needs money) preferred to sell the Louisiana Territory to U.S. instead of seeing it in Britain’s control. 8. Livingston had authority to purchase New Orleans and West Florida. Napoleon offered all of the Louisiana Territory. Monroe and Livingston agreed to buy the territory. U.S. and France signed treaty in 1803. France sold the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for 15 million dollars.

14 2 philanthropy 1 philanthropy 3 philanthropy the practice of
Do nice things for other people and being concerned for other things 2 philanthropy 1 philanthropy 3 philanthropy the practice of  performing  charitable  or benevolent  actions Generosity Kindness Charitable Patronage The students who cleaned the park for the benefit of the community displayed philanthropy. Donating money to charity on a regular basis 4 philanthropy 5 6 philanthropy philanthropy

15 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
10. Lewis and Clark started their expedition from the city of St. Louis, Missouri in 1804.

16 Place a star over #4 on your map!
3 They settled for the winter near the mouth of the Knife River in North Dakota. Sacagawea joined the crew. Some images © 2003 Place a star over #4 on your map! 11. Sacajawea - Shoshone Indian who served as a guide and a interpreter for Lewis and Clark.

17 Image © 2003 12. Continental Divide – mountain ridge that separates river sections flowing toward opposite sides of a continent.

18 13. The expedition took 2 years and 4 months. 14
13. The expedition took 2 years and 4 months The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S What would have been the benefits of finding an all water route to the Pacific Ocean? Image © 2003

19 16. Found new plants/animals Better maps Source of the MO River
Discovered the Great Falls

20 17. Compare and Contrast Lewis and Clark.

21 map maker Clark Lewis large family Governor of 28 years old
often traveled alone proven leaders map maker Meriwether Lewis William Clark Jefferson’s chief aid Governor of Missouri kept journals “man of courage” captains large family Governor of Louisiana raised Sacajawea’s son

22 18. Acts of Philanthropy (based on Lewis and Clark’s Journey West)
The Nez Perce showed the expedition how to burn out the insides of logs to make canoes. The Clatsop showed the expedition where to find elk, which they could use for food or to make clothing. Sacajawea served as guide and interpreter for Lewis and Clark. Clark took care of Jean Babtiste after Sacajawea died. Lewis and Clark wrote to Jefferson as he requested and gave him detailed facts about the animals and plants.

23 Zebulon Pike’s explorations gave U. S
Zebulon Pike’s explorations gave U.S. better knowledge about the lands in the Southwest. Pikes Peak (originally Pike's Peak, see below) is a mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, 10 miles (16 km) west of Colorado Springs, Colorado, in El Paso County. It is named for Zebulon Pike, an explorer who led an expedition to the southern Colorado area in At 14,115 feet (4,302 m)[1], it is one of Colorado's 54 fourteeners. Drivers race up the mountain in a famous annual race called the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The peak is also the annual site of the Pikes Peak Marathon and Ascent foot races on the Barr Trail. An upper portion of Pikes Peak is a federally designated National Historic Landmark. Contents [hide] 1 Geography and geology 2 Name 3 Discovery 4 History 5 Pikes Peak today 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 8.1 Notes 8.2 Further reading 9 External links


25 Spanish Territory Oregon Country
Louisiana Territory St. Louis MS River Lewis/Clark United States New Orleans Continental Divide Spanish Florida

26 Observe Your Map: Whose expedition went into Spanish Territory?
Which city lay at the mouth of the Mississippi River? Whose expedition began in St. Louis? Which mountain range is North America’s continental divide? Whose expedition went into land claimed by Great Britain? Zebulon Pike New Orleans Lewis and Clark and Zebulon Pike Rocky Mountains Lewis and Clark

27 The Election of 1804: Jefferson easily won the election of 1804. George Clinton was the new running mate. He replaced Aaron Burr to be the V.P. Aaron Burr – secretly wanted to establish an empire on the Western Frontier, and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

28 SECTION 3 New Threats from Overseas (page 312)
Tea please

29 Section 3: New Threats from Overseas
Jefferson was committed to Washington’s policy of neutrality. Benefits of overseas trade: Risks of overseas trade: Merchants made money as trading increased. Merchants traded with China. (profit) Increased communication with other continents Conflict with Barbary States Britain and France violated neutrality. Jefferson creates an embargo that merchants hated. Smuggling a problem Tribute - bribe


31 War Hawks

32 19. Trace the events that led up to Congress declaring war on Britain.
Explanation Seizing of American ships Britain and France were at war again, and neither country wanted the U.S. to trade with the other. Both countries seized American ships to hurt each others trade and economy. Both countries ignored America’s claims of neutrality. British impressments The British navy needed more sailors. British began impressment of men which is the practice of forcing people into military service. Britain boarded American vessels and took Americans. The U.S. was furious, and many demanded war. Embargo Act Jefferson and Congress passed the Embargo Act hoping to hurt France and Britain’s trade. The Act did hurt the two countries but it hurt the U.S. more. Many Americans protested the act. An embargo is a ban on trade. Increased conflicts with Native Americans In the Ohio Valley, Native Americans were still resisting American settlement. Violence led to warfare. War Hawks War Hawks were members from Congress in the South and West that were wanting to go to war with Britain. They were persuasive and outspoken. Many northerners believed the people and the President was influenced by the War Hawks. British blockade of ports To cut off American trade with France, British warships blockaded some of America’s ports. This sparked war fever among many Americans.

33 James Madison Dolly Madison

34 Madison’s votes came mostly from the South and the West.
The Embargo Act had been repealed and replaced. 20. James Madison – won the election of 1808 to become the 4th President of the United States. (Republican) Madison’s votes came mostly from the South and the West.

35 21. June 18, 1812 – President Madison asked Congress
to declare war on Great Britain. 35

36 Section 5 The War of 1812

37 CAUSES OF THE WAR: Clip 1 War of 1812 DVD clip 1 (Impressments)

38 British helping Native Americans War Hawks Seizing of American ships
Blockade of Ports Impressment of sailors British helping Native Americans War Hawks Seizing of American ships (Chesapeake Leopard Affair)

39 22. Disadvantages / American Problems
*The US was unprepared militarily: Had a 16-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships. *Financially unprepared *Relied on volunteers *Regional differences Jefferson had reduced military spending which left the army and navy unprepared for war.

40 By spring of 1814, Britain and its allies had defeated Napoleon.
Now Britain could send more troops to fight the U.S.

41 The White House Is Burning; The British Are Coming, AGAIN!!
23. In 1814, the British captured and burned Washington D.C.

42 24. Dolly Madison is credited with saving many important documents along with a portrait of George Washington.

43 Battle of Fort McHenry: Troops protected city of Baltimore and held off the British for 25 hours, finally forcing them to retreat. Francis Scott Key watched the battle from the deck of a prisoner-of-war ship. 25. The War of 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner. In 1931, Congress adopted it as the national anthem. And the rockets red glare The bombs bursting in air… Francis Scott Key

44 26. The Treaty of Ghent signed on Christmas Eve of 1814, ended the War of 1812.
27. Effects of the War: --U.S. won respect of foreign nations --Nationalism increased --destroyed the power of Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory

45 28. The Presidents 1. George Washington 2. John Adams (1797-1801)
( ) 2. John Adams ( ) 3. Thomas Jefferson ( ) 4. James Madison ( )

46 Concepts: The big ideas, important generalizations about a topic
A concept is an idea that is timeless, abstract, broad and can be shown through a variety of examples How do I know that Natural resources affect the living patterns of people?

47 29. Paragraph Analyze the concept of communication. Write a paragraph describing how lack of communication during Madison’s presidency has convinced many historians that the War of 1812 should have never happened.

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