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Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson A Republican Takes Office War of 1812 The Road to War New Threats From Overseas The Louisiana Purchase MAPS Collaborative.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson A Republican Takes Office War of 1812 The Road to War New Threats From Overseas The Louisiana Purchase MAPS Collaborative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 10: The Age of Jefferson A Republican Takes Office War of 1812 The Road to War New Threats From Overseas The Louisiana Purchase MAPS Collaborative Learning 1 Concepts Bell work Time- line Labeled Map

2 Section 1: A Republican Takes Office “Revolution” in electing him, the American people had voted for changes that were as great as those that they had fought for during the Revolutionary War. Setting the Scene, page 302

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4 Jefferson- Democratic-Republican, sworn in by John Marshall =Federalist He wanted to make government more democratic; 1. ensuring that all people have the same rights

5 Jefferson’s goals and beliefs about government Laissez-faire – (let alone) Government should have a small role in people’s affair lessen government power wanted to reduce the federal budget Free market – goods and services are exchanged w/little regulation to be democratic, he allowed many Federalists to keep their jobs kept Bank of United States strict constructionist preferred a farming society

6 Thomas JeffersonAlbert Gallatin President of U.S.Secretary of Treasury Roles in Government

7 James MadisonJohn Marshall Secretary of StateSupreme Court Justice Roles in Government

8 Before leaving office, Adams appointed “midnight judges.” John Marshall – chief justice of Supreme Court

9 President Jefferson tried to get William Marbury removed. The Supreme Court said………….. 3. Marbury v. Madison = was a landmark court case that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review 4. Judicial review – power of the Supreme Court to decide if laws are fair or unconstitutional

10 SECTION 2 THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE

11 The United States =growing rapidly and people began to move West in search of new land. The country of Spain controlled both the lower Mississippi and the port of New Orleans. The western border of the U.S. was the MS River. Despite Treaties, Spain continued to cause trouble for Americans.

12 5. MS River was important to farmers because they traded goods through the port of New Orleans. 6. In 1800, Spain ceded the Louisiana Territory to France. (secret treaty) 7. Napoleon Bonaparte was the French dictator that had plans to conquer Europe.

13 Jefferson wanted control of New Orleans. He offered to buy it from France. Napoleon (needs money) preferred to sell the Louisiana Territory to U.S. instead of seeing it in Britain’s control. Livingston had authority to purchase New Orleans and West Florida. Napoleon offered all of the Louisiana Territory. Monroe and Livingston agreed to buy the territory. U.S. and France signed treaty in France sold the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for 15 million dollars. 8.

14 Generosity Kindness Charitable Patronage The students who cleaned the park for the benefit of the community displayed philanthropy. Do nice things for other people and being concerned for other things Donating money to charity on a regular basis philanthropy the practice of performing charitable or benevolent actions

15 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark 10. Lewis and Clark started their expedition from the city of St. Louis, Missouri in 1804.

16 Place a star over #4 on your map! 3 They settled for the winter near the mouth of the Knife River in North Dakota. Sacagawea joined the crew. Some images © Sacajawea - Shoshone Indian who served as a guide and a interpreter for Lewis and Clark.

17 Image © Continental Divide – mountain ridge that separates river sections flowing toward opposite sides of a continent.

18 m/links/links.html Image © The expedition took 2 years and 4 months. 14. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S. 15. What would have been the benefits of finding an all water route to the Pacific Ocean?

19  Found new plants/animals  Better maps  Source of the MO River  Discovered the Great Falls 16.

20 17. Compare and Contrast Lewis and Clark.

21 Meriwethe r Lewis William Clark often traveled alone Governor of Missouri map maker Jefferson’s chief aid “man of courage” captains proven leaders large family kept journals Governor of Louisiana raised Sacajawea’s son 28 years old 32 years old

22 18. Acts of Philanthropy ( based on Lewis and Clark’s Journey West) The Nez Perce showed the expedition how to burn out the insides of logs to make canoes. The Clatsop showed the expedition where to find elk, which they could use for food or to make clothing. Sacajawea served as guide and interpreter for Lewis and Clark. Clark took care of Jean Babtiste after Sacajawea died. Lewis and Clark wrote to Jefferson as he requested and gave him detailed facts about the animals and plants.

23 Zebulon Pike’s explorations gave U.S. better knowledge about the lands in the Southwest.

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25 Spanish Territory Oregon Country Louisiana Territory St. Louis MS River Lewis/Clark 1804 United States New Orleans Continental Divide Spanish Florida

26 Observe Your Map: 1.Whose expedition went into Spanish Territory? 2.Which city lay at the mouth of the Mississippi River? 3.Whose expedition began in St. Louis? 4.Which mountain range is North America’s continental divide? 5.Whose expedition went into land claimed by Great Britain?

27 The Election of 1804: Jefferson easily won the election of George Clinton was the new running mate. He replaced Aaron Burr to be the V.P. Aaron Burr – secretly wanted to establish an empire on the Western Frontier, and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

28 SECTION 3 New Threats from Overseas (page 312) Tea please

29 Section 3: New Threats from Overseas Jefferson was committed to Washington’s policy of neutrality. Benefits of overseas trade: Risks of overseas trade: Conflict with Barbary States Britain and France violated neutrality. Jefferson creates an embargo that merchants hated. Smuggling a problem Merchants made money as trading increased. Merchants traded with China. (profit) Increased communication with other continents Tribute - bribe

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31 War Hawks

32 19. Trace the events that led up to Congress declaring war on Britain. EventExplanation Seizing of American shipsBritain and France were at war again, and neither country wanted the U.S. to trade with the other. Both countries seized American ships to hurt each others trade and economy. Both countries ignored America’s claims of neutrality. British impressmentsThe British navy needed more sailors. British began impressment of men which is the practice of forcing people into military service. Britain boarded American vessels and took Americans. The U.S. was furious, and many demanded war. Embargo ActJefferson and Congress passed the Embargo Act hoping to hurt France and Britain’s trade. The Act did hurt the two countries but it hurt the U.S. more. Many Americans protested the act. An embargo is a ban on trade. Increased conflicts with Native Americans In the Ohio Valley, Native Americans were still resisting American settlement. Violence led to warfare. War HawksWar Hawks were members from Congress in the South and West that were wanting to go to war with Britain. They were persuasive and outspoken. Many northerners believed the people and the President was influenced by the War Hawks. British blockade of ports To cut off American trade with France, British warships blockaded some of America’s ports. This sparked war fever among many Americans.

33 James Madison Dolly Madison

34 The Embargo Act had been repealed and replaced. 20. James Madison – won the election of 1808 to become the 4 th President of the United States. (Republican) Madison’s votes came mostly from the South and the West.

35 21. June 18, 1812 – President Madison asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain.

36 Section 5

37 CAUSES OF THE WAR: Clip 1

38 Impressment of sailors War HawksSeizing of American ships (Chesapeake Leopard Affair) Blockade of Ports British helping Native Americans

39 22. Disadvantages / American Problems *The *The US was unprepared militarily: Had a 16-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships. *Financially *Financially unprepared *Relied *Relied on volunteers *Regional *Regional differences Jefferson had reduced military spending which left the army and navy unprepared for war.

40 By spring of 1814, Britain and its allies had defeated Napoleon. Now Britain could send more troops to fight the U.S. By spring of 1814, Britain and its allies had defeated Napoleon. Now Britain could send more troops to fight the U.S.

41 The White House Is Burning; The British Are Coming, AGAIN!! 23. In 1814, the British captured and burned Washington D.C.

42 24. Dolly Madison is credited with saving many important documents along with a portrait of George Washington.

43 Battle of Fort McHenry: Troops protected city of Baltimore and held off the British for 25 hours, finally forcing them to retreat. And the rockets red glare The bombs bursting in air… -- Francis Scott Key Francis Scott Key watched the battle from the deck of a prisoner-of-war ship. 25. The War of 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner. In 1931, Congress adopted it as the national anthem.

44 26. The Treaty of Ghent signed on Christmas Eve of 1814, ended the War of Effects of the War: --U.S. won respect of foreign nations --Nationalism increased --destroyed the power of Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory

45 28. The Presidents 1. George Washington ( ) 2. John Adams ( ) 3. Thomas Jefferson ( ) 4. James Madison ( )

46 Concepts: The big ideas, important generalizations about a topic How do I know that Natural resources affect the living patterns of people? A concept is an idea that is timeless, abstract, broad and can be shown through a variety of examples

47 29. Paragraph Analyze the concept of communication. Write a paragraph describing how lack of communication during Madison’s presidency has convinced many historians that the War of 1812 should have never happened.


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