2The BeginningMarch 4, 1801Thomas Jefferson is the first President inaugurated in the new capital city of Washington D.C.He delivers his first inaugural address. This address outlines what he feels are the essential principles of government.
3Questions to Consider1. What does Jefferson deem the essential principles of government?2. Jefferson refers to the Constitution several times in his address. What does this suggest about the way he will interpret it when making decisions?3. What does Jefferson believe will be the major issues (problems) of his presidency?
4First Inaugural Address Essential Principles of Government“equal and exact justice to all men”“peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations”“the support of state governments”“the preservation of general government”punishment for those who choose to revoltcompliance with the decisions of the majority
5First Inaugural Address Essential Principles of Government Cont…“a well disciplined militia”honest payment of debtsmaintaining a sound economyproper distribution of informationfreedom of religionfreedom of the press
6Original Map can be found at: Barbary WarsMay 1801Pasha of Tripoli declares war with the United States because President Jefferson refused to make the immediate payment of $225,000 and the annual payment of $25,000.On the 20th Jefferson sent the first naval fleet to the area.The ships included the President, Philadelphia, Essex and Enterprise.Map of the Barbary WarsOriginal Map can be found at:
7Original map can be found at: Barbary WarsIn his first annual message, Jefferson addresses the Barbary Wars.He justifies his actions of sending a naval fleet to the Mediterranean.He also outlines the reasons the Pasha of Tripoli declared war with the United States.Map of TripoliOriginal map can be found at:
8Questions to Consider1. President Jefferson had two options when he took office, he could pay the tribute demanded by Tripoli or he could ignore the demands of the pasha and not pay the tribute. What do you think would have happened if President Jefferson had paid the tribute?
9Barbary Wars1803 – Jefferson faces much criticism for his decisions made regarding the warThe Philadelphia runs aground in the Tripoli Harbor and it crew and captain are taken captiveHe is forced to make several command changes.1801- Commodore Richard Dale1802 – Commodore Richard Morris1803 – Commodore Edward PrebleNautical Map of TripoliOriginal map can be found at:
10Barbary WarsRealizing that there was no way to recapture the Philadelphia, Commodore Preble devises a plan to destroy the shipFebruary 4, 1804 the Philadelphia was destroyed.August 3, 1804 the first attack against Tripoli took place when the Constitution’s guns fired on the city.September 1804 – the final battle took place in the Tripoli HarborSeptember 1804 – Commodore Barron arrived with backup for Commodore PrebleCommodore Barron, who is senior in rank to Preble, continued the blockade and started looking for a new way to peaceShortly after Commodore Barron arrive, Commodore Preble retiredJune 4, 1805 after the Pasha of Tripoli had been replaced, a treaty was made with the United States and the prisoners were released.
11Louisiana Purchase April 30, 1803 Robert Livingston & James Monroe signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in ParisThe United States paid $15 million for the land, roughly 4 cents per acreThe purchase added 828,00 square miles of land west of the Mississippi to the United StatesJuly 4 the Louisiana Purchase is publicly announcedOriginal treaty can be found at:
12Maps of the Louisiana Purchase The original maps can be found at:
13Question to ConsiderWas it Constitutional for Jefferson to authorize the Louisiana Purchase?
14Lewis and Clark Expedition January 18, 1803Jefferson asks Congress for funds to explore the land west of the MississippiHis goal is to find a water route to the PacificMay 1804Meriwether Lewis and William Clark depart on the expeditionMap of Lewis and Clark’s RouteOriginal map can be found at:
15Lewis and Clark Expedition January 18, 1803Jefferson sends a secret message to congress regarding the Lewis and Clark ExpeditionIn this message Jefferson asks for permission to establish trading with the IndiansThe original message can be found at:
16Second Inaugural Address Delivered on March 4, 1805Stresses the importance of American neutrality in matters of foreign affairsOutlines the Louisiana Purchase and the processes by which the original inhabitants of the land will become citizens of the United StatesStresses the importance of harmony amongst all inhabitants of America
17Questions to Consider1. What are Jefferson's domestic goals at the time of his second inaugural address?2. How does Jefferson plan to keep America neutral at the time of his second address?
18Embargo Act of 1807Renewal of the Napoleonic Wars between France and Great BritainAmerica was once again trapped between the two nationsJefferson wanting to stay neutral proposed an embargo on all foreign tradeThis was highly unsuccessful and devastated the American EconomyThe Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 was put in place to repeal the unsuccessful Embargo Act
19Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 In an attempt to rectify his prior mistakes, the Non-Importation and Embargo Acts, President Jefferson proposed the Non-Intercourse Act in 1809.This Act, however, did very little to ease the strains on the economy or the people.
20Questions to Consider1. How did the Embargo and Non-Intercourse Acts affect the economy of the United States?