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T HE P ICKENS P LAN Katy Berquist Lindsey Engle Andrew Fist Anna Gebrosky Lindsay Martin Jocelyn Schieve.

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Presentation on theme: "T HE P ICKENS P LAN Katy Berquist Lindsey Engle Andrew Fist Anna Gebrosky Lindsay Martin Jocelyn Schieve."— Presentation transcript:

1 T HE P ICKENS P LAN Katy Berquist Lindsey Engle Andrew Fist Anna Gebrosky Lindsay Martin Jocelyn Schieve

2 T HE P ICKENS P LAN History of Energy Consumption Plan Description Economic Impact Environmental Impact Public Response Alternatives 2


4 H ISTORY OF E NERGY C ONSUMPTION In 2000 the United States: Produced 72 Quadrillion Btu of energy (72,000,000,000,000,000)! Consumed 100 Quadrillion Btu Exported 4 Quadrillion Btu  Imported 32 Quadrillion Btu 4

5 In 2008 consumption quadrupled 472 Quadrillion Btu 25% of World Energy Production U.S. comprises 4.5 % of world population But consumes ¼ of all available energy How did the U.S. become the leading energy consumer? H ISTORY OF E NERGY C ONSUMPTION 5

6 T HOMAS N EWCOMEN 1712- First Steam Engine invented Removed water from coal mines Paved the way for newer and better technologies Progressed into the Industrial Revolution 6

7 I NDUSTRIAL R EVOLUTION The more efficient technology became the easier it was to extract natural resources This lowered energy prices worldwide The emergence of cheap energy and new technologies brought the United States into the modern era of technology 7

8 1973 E NERGY C RISIS OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting) proclaimed an oil embargo against the U.S. Prices increase dramatically Gas is rationed Prices were never as low as pre-embargo rates again 8

9 1973 E NERGY C RISIS This strengthened the search for renewables Today, prices are the same as during the embargo, and resources are diminishing The search for renewables and alternatives is in full force 9

10 T HE P LAN 10

11 T HE P LAN Proposed by T. Boone Pickens – 2008 Reduce American dependence on foreign oil Four Pillars Wind Energy Power Grid Incentives Natural Gas T. Boone Pickens 11

12 P ILLAR 1: W IND E NERGY Wind farms installed in Great Plains region Extending from northern Texas to Canadian border 22% of U.S. energy from wind Peak electricity demand will still require natural gas Additional solar energy possible Western Texas to California 12

13 P ILLAR 2: P OWER G RID Government funding towards installation of system of electric power transmission lines Provide Midwest, South, and Western regions of U.S. with energy Continual development of technology to deliver power where and when it is needed 13

14 P ILLAR 3: I NCENTIVES Target homeowners and commercial building owners to reduce energy consumption Incentive: Upgrade insulation to reduce air conditioning and heating costs National benefit: Less energy consumed overall in U.S. and decreased demand of foreign oil 14

15 P ILLAR 4: N ATURAL G AS 20% imported oil used to move large deliver trucks across U.S. Natural gas is: Cleaner than coal Abundant in U.S. (cheap) Transportation: domestic natural gas reserves replace imported oil Truck fleets, taxis, buses, utility/municipal vehicles Temporary solution Overall goal is to eliminate dependence on fossil fuels for transportation 15


17 E CONOMIC I MPACT 1970 24% of U.S. oil 2008 65% of U.S. oil 17

18 Last year alone the U.S. spent $475 billion on foreign oil U.S. is currently responsible for 25% of the world’s oil demand 18

19 W HAT IF OUR FOREIGN OIL DEPENDENCY WAS DIMINISHED ? This would mean greater energy independence for the U.S. THE EIA estimates that natural gas and wind energy could substitute up to 37% of current U.S. oil imports This would total to over $175.75 billion 19

20 W IND E NERGY Building wind turbines from northern Texas to the Canadian border would produce: 138,000 new jobs just within the first year over 3.5 million jobs within the first ten years Real life example of Seawater Texas 20


22 E NVIRONMENTAL I MPACT - W IND Generate 22% of U.S. power by 2018 Offsets use of natural gas Increasing capacity beyond 22% would have greater-than linear impact (By offsetting coal) 22

23 E NVIRONMENTAL I MPACT – N ATURAL G AS Use in vehicles would offset petroleum-based fuels 25% reduction in CO2 from CNG cars No smog-forming pollutants Infrastructure Development has an impact 23

24 E NVIRONMENTAL I MPACT - E FFICIENCY Over 80 million homes under- insulated Energy savings without lifestyle adjustment Impact varies by climate, electricity production method 24

25 A NALYSIS OF E NVIRONMENTAL I MPACT Some benefit, but minimally advertised Higher wind goals would have exceptional benefits No mention of nuclear, solar power, hybrid vehicles 25


27 C AMPAIGN T. Boone Pickens has made plans to spend more than $58 million dollars promoting his plan. This money has been used to reach audiences through both traditional and non-traditional means. “Pickens Promotes His Energy Plan.” 27

28 Pickens Commercial 28


30 R ESPONSE Carl Pope, executive director of the Sierra Club Strong supporter of the Pickens Plan Articles and comments against the Pickens Plan From the Sentence of the Day” section: “Former oilman and current amateur wind farmer T. Boone Pickens has graduated from losing investor money legally to flat out theft (Stop).” 30


32 A LTERNATIVES No Action Plan B by Lester Brown Reduce global carbon dioxide emissions 80% by 2020 Worldwide carbon tax No outline for implementation 32

33 A LTERNATIVES Plan C by Pat Murphy Reduction in consumption “Problem is cultural, not technical” Operation Energy Transition – Intelligent Communities Inc Extreme conservation of resources (curtailment) National movement to renewable energy sources Societal re-architecture 33

34 A LTERNATIVES Obama-Biden Short term Relief at the pump Long term Investing in clean energy Reduce imports on oil Incentive to hybrid cars Energy from renewable resources 34

35 A LTERNATIVES New York Maintain Reliability Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Stabilize Energy Costs and Improve Competitiveness Reduce Public Health and Environmental Risks Improve Energy Independence 35

36 Q UESTIONS ? 36

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