Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Cambridge Journals"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Cambridge Journals Katy ChristomanouPublishing Director, STM JournalsNeil HammondPublishing Editor, STM JournalsAnglia Ruskin University, 20 January 2010
2 Introduction to Cambridge Journals About Cambridge JournalsCambridge Journals Online (CJO)How to publish in Cambridge JournalsOpen Access policy
3 Cambridge University Press A very selective history 1534 – Cambridge University Press receives Royal Charter1584 – First book published by CUP1893 – Journal of Physiology becomes first journal to be published by CUP.1997 – Cambridge Journals Online (CJO) is launched
4 Cambridge JournalsOver 240 journals, covering a wide range of subjects, split roughly evenly into two groups:HSS – Humanities and Social SciencesSTM – Science, Technical and MedicalOver 26,000 articles were published in 2009.Journals are a mixture of CUP-owned, society-owned, and shared ownership.
5 Cambridge Journals Structure Editorial, Publications developmentHSS and STM – teams in UK (Cambridge), US,and recently AsiaProductionMarketing & salesOnline hosting
8 Production Excellent reputation for quality Efficient and timely Thorough quality-control procedureRegular investment in new workflow systemsIndustry-leading position on sustainable printingEfficient and timelyTypically, acceptance to online publication within 5 weeksTypically, acceptance to print issue within 8 weeks
11 Cambridge Journals Online (CJO) All journals hosted online on our own platformContinuous developmentAnnual cycle includes 3 releases, plus bespoke development and weekly meetings of steering committee.Collaborations across the publishing industryCOUNTER, CrossRef, RightsLink
12 Cambridge Journals Online http://journals.cambridge.org 370,000 articles 10 Million Unique Sessions each month 1 Million full text downloads each month 350,000 Registered Users 10,000 Organisation AdministratorsRobust: close to 99% uptime
14 CJO featuresElectronic archive for almost all journals back to volume 1Single homepage and branding for each journalLinks to most-cited articles (tracking cites from other journals and publishers) and most-read articlesArticles online ahead of print – FirstViewCOUNTER-compliant usage statistics for all journalsalerts for new issues and FirstView articlesFully hyperlinked text, articles, and references‘Cited by’ links to Google Scholar and CrossrefFree sample content for all journals
16 How to publish in Cambridge Journals Points to Consider:1) Selecting a Journal2) Instructions to Contributors3) Types of Article4) Structure and Style5) Tables, Illustrations and Photographs6) Rejections and Revision7) How to Submit8) Post Acceptance
17 1) Selecting a Journal Select a journal in the preliminary stages - Predetermines style and intended audienceImpact Factor – The IF can provide some broad indicationsIntended readership, aims and scopeRead current articles - All Cambridge journals have free issuesSearch for previous articles on topic - Free Searches on CJOJournal Citation Reports ServiceConsider editorial decision time and post acceptance turnaroundDoes the journal offer FirstView online access?Ask the Editor about suitability if in doubt!
18 2) Instructions to Contributors Pay attention to journal specific guidelines for contributors as papers that have to be revised will take longer to be published These guidelines can include instructions for:Specific page layoutsShort TitleKeywordsNumber of PagesReference StyleIf the journal provides a template or style file, use it.
19 3) Types of PaperConsider the type of paper you are writing, as this will have implications on both likelihood of acceptance and the citation rate, and check that the journal accepts such paper types.- Original Article- Review Article- Case Report (Now less acceptable for publication unless they are unique and report on an unexpected association or outcome.)
20 4) Structure and Style ABC of Effective Writing A – Accuracy B – BrevityC – ClarityKeep sentences short and simple (20 words is a guideline)Be positive rather than negativeConsider an international readershipAvoid needless words and jargonDefine any abbreviations on first useCheck references carefullyCorrectly label figures
21 5) Tables, Illustrations and Photographs May need to be separate from text, check instructions.Tables should be simple and not duplicate information in the text.Figures typically required in low-resolution format for review and high-resolution TIFF/EPS format for final productionEnsure you have secured necessary permissions for any third party material you have used, prior to submission.Remember colour is not a substitute for careful thought about data display!
22 6) Rejections and Revisions The usual reasons for rejection are:Poor or incomprehensible EnglishInsufficient originalitySerious scientific flawsAbsence of a message that is important to the target audienceQuestionnaire surveys with low response ratesArticles that are simply descriptive with little attempt at evaluationIf you are sending a revised manuscript back to the journal, you should include a detailed point-by-point explanation of how you have addressed each reviewers’ and editors’ comments.
23 7) How to SubmitIncreasingly Cambridge journals use online submission systems, which enable authors to track their article.submission may still be used in some cases.Always refer to Instructions for contributors for journal specific information.(e.g. format for submission of any supplementary material.)Include a cover letter/ with any required information and if necessary a concise version of the logic of the paper.Remember submission of a paper is taken to denote that all authors have seen the final version and approved it.
24 8) Post Acceptance We add value to the accepted manuscript with: Copy editing (and proof-reading stage)Production at the highest industry standardsState-of-the-art online deliveryPrint delivery meeting the Forestry Commission standardsIntensive marketing of all our content (more than 170,000 recipients of our table-of-contents alerts)Usage statistics available at journal and paper levelOpen access options meeting funding bodies’ requirementsSupply of metadata to abstracting and indexing services
26 Open Access (OA)Historically, access to published articles was available only via a subscription to the publishing journal, and was only available in that one location.Publishers now offer various degrees of ‘open access’ to published articles. These can be differentiated by what is made open, when it is made open, and where it is openly available.
27 OA – What, when, and where?What? – “Author’s original” (unrefereed draft)– “Accepted manuscript” (refereed manuscript)– “Version of record” (published article)When? – Immediately upon acceptance– Immediately upon publication– After some embargo periodWhere? – Author’s website– Departmental website– Subject repository (arXiv, RepEc, PMC, …)– Institutional repository
28 Open Access: Brief History 1999 OA Initiative launchedBMC announcedE-Biomed proposed (H. Varmus)2002 Budapest InitiativePLoS launched2003 Wellcome Trust endorses OAmandates(72 institutions, 48 funders)
29 OA Archiving vs Publishing Archiving - ‘Green’Mandates by institutions and fundersRepositoriesInstitutional, subject or nationalAccepted Manuscript or Version of Record PDFMetadata can be harvestedPublishing - ‘Gold’One-off payment, or subsidised from other sourcesVersion of Record PDFRe-use, re-purposing, modification permittedDeposit in PubMed Central, etc
30 Open Access: Mandates Funders: Wellcome Trust, RCUK (c.50 to date) NIH, Canadian RCHHMIMPG, DFG and othersInstitutions: Macquarie (Australia), Hong Kong(c.100 to date) Helsinki, CNRS, INRA (France),Humboldt (Germany), Hokkaido, Stockholm, Oslo, Glasgow, Southampton, Harvard Schools, Stanford Dept of EducationInstitutional Repositories: c.1300 repositories to date
31 Open Access: Cambridge Policy Cambridge = ‘Green’ publisherwith ‘Gold’ OA offered on a hybrid basis via the Cambridge Open Option.We meet all* of the requirements of funders and institutional mandates (and recommendations)* Exception – Harvard FAS and Law School
32 Open Access: Cambridge Policy Can post a copy of the Accepted Manuscript on author’s or department’s web page and on subject or institutional repositoryCan be deposited immediately upon acceptancePublisher copyright and source must be acknowledgedPublisher’s Version of Record/PDF may be used on authors’ personal or departmental web page any time after publication, with a link to the publisher’s versionPublisher’s Version of Record/PDF may be used in a subject or institutional repository after 12 month embargo
33 Open Access: Other publishers and NIH AAAS Deposit not allowed, only to funder’s designated repository, Accepted Manuscript, 6 month embargoAPA Deposit allowed, Accepted Manuscript versionElsevier Deposit allowed, Accepted Manuscript version,12 month embargoNPG Deposit not allowed, only to funder’s designated repository, 6 month embargoOxford Deposit allowed, Accepted Manuscript, embargo variesT&F Deposit allowed, Accepted Manuscript version,12 month embargo
34 Cambridge and OA Related Activities Participate in AGORA, HINARI, INASP and OARE initiatives. Provides wide dissemination to developing countries at no or heavily-discounted cost.Cambridge Journals offers a hybrid OA model, where authors have the option of publishing their article as OA, on payment of a one-off publishing fee.Cambridge Journals is an associate member of Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA).Cambridge Journals is participating in EU-funded PEER Project (Publishing Ecology of European Research).
35 Issues raised by Open Access FundingCostDisseminationUsagePeer ReviewInstitutions are contradictory
36 Open Access and the future Sustainable ‘gold’ OA probably requires funding changes, and is likely to be limited to certain subject areas, and possibly less prestigious journals.No hard evidence yet to show that ‘Green’ OA has a negative impact on subscriptions, provided that VoR has a 12-month embargo period.However, still fears that the increase in institutional mandates may slowly erode subscriptions.