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Text Structures Readers Journal. Review Reading passages can be arranged in many different ways. The author chooses to present the information to you.

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Presentation on theme: "Text Structures Readers Journal. Review Reading passages can be arranged in many different ways. The author chooses to present the information to you."— Presentation transcript:

1 Text Structures Readers Journal

2 Review Reading passages can be arranged in many different ways. The author chooses to present the information to you purposefully. The structure of a reading passage adds meaning and organization. It is important that you identify how a passage is organized in order to decipher why a piece was written at all.

3 Types of Text Structures Compare/Contrast Sequence or Chronological Description Problem and Solution Cause and Effect

4 Text Structure DescriptionSignal Words ComparisonTwo or more events, concepts, objects or places are compared, showing how they are alike and/or different but however nevertheless in contrast different from unlike similarly the same like Whereas On the other hand Comparison/Contrast text structure

5 Compare and Contrast

6 Text Structure DescriptionSignal Words Sequence Timeline Steps Cycle/ circle Items or events are listed in numerical or chronological order. first second later next then finally dates after when Sequence/Chronological text structure

7 Sequence or Chronological

8 Text StructureDescriptionSignal Words Description Bubble Map A topic is described by listing characteristics, features, attributes, and examples. for example for instance such as is like in addition also including in particular Features Descriptive text structure

9 Description

10 Text StructureDescriptionSignal Words Cause- and Effect Cause-the action that makes something happen Effect-the result of that action The causes of an event and its resulting effect(s) are presented. if/then/so as a result therefore consequently since because hence thus this led to Cause and Effect text structure

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12 Text Structure DescriptionSignal Words Problem and Solution Evidence Results Fishbone Model A problem and one or more solutions to the problem are presented. problem is solution is if/then to solve the problem… One reason for the problem Problem and Solution text structure

13 Problem and Solution

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15 Skiing Snowboarding the sport of skiing, snowboarding does not involve the use of poles. In skiing, the skier’s feet are strapped to separate skis, and he or she can change direction using the poles. In snowboarding,, the feet are strapped to a single board of fiberglass or wood. The snowboarder must steer by leaning in the direction he or she wants to go, as a skateboarder does. most skiers compete by racing against each other on different courses, most snowboarders compete with freestyle tricks or great feats of acrobatics vs. Unlike on the other hand Whereas

16 Clara Barton's Civil War work in. the Battle of Bull Run, she started a group to gather and give supplies to wounded soldiers. In, she got permission to travel behind the lines. Barton gave aid to soldiers of both the North and South. She made it her mission to help not just soldiers but any person in need. the war, she became a popular and widely respected speaker. She gave lectures about the importance of helping care for soldiers in times of war and everyday people in times of peace. In she started the American Red Cross. The organization still carries out the work she started. Barton worked as its director until her death. beganApril 1861After July 1862 After 1881

17 The Jeep Cherokee Scrambler is designed to perform under tough conditions. It offers both high protection and high style. mountain bike features a steel/aluminum hard tail frame. Full suspension adds a heavy duty shock absorber to the back wheel. It features front fork suspension. This bike gives you more comfort and greater control as you attack the trails. It features 21 speeds, front disc brakes, a headset, plastic pedals, and all-terrain tires. The Jeep MTB-style is padded to keep you comfortable on long rides. This heavy duty also

18 The US Oil Embargo of Japan In 1931, Japan invaded a country called Manchuria. Six years later, it invaded mainland China. Japan was an ally of Germany and Italy, both under the control of Adolf Hitler. Most countries were worried about this alliance because these nations were attacking their neighbors. The United States was among the nations who shared a concern about these aggressive countries called “the Axis.” Soon after Japan invaded China, World War II started. Japan attacked lands belonging to other countries; many of them were allied with the United States. Though the United States was not at war yet with Japan, President Roosevelt took action these attacks. The United States refused to sell Japan steel and oil. This is a situation called an “embargo.” Steel is used in the manufacture of weapons of war, and oil is used as fuel for war machines. The United States claimed that it was refusing to sell these resources to Japan because it did not want to help Japan wage war. Japan decided to attack the US soon after the embargo began. Japan wanted to force the US to surrender quickly. The attack on Pearl Harbor brought the US into World War II, and the Axis countries were defeated four years later. because of

19 In Thailand, Police Colonel Pongpat Chayapan was tired of his police officers breaking the law. He was annoyed that they did not take warnings seriously. Thai police officers were littering and parking in banned areas. They were also showing up to work late quite often. After dealing with these for far too long, Chayapan found a : make them wear Hello Kitty armbands. Now, any Thai officer that breaks the law will be required to wear an armband that has Hello Kitty sitting on top of two hearts. The officers will also have to stay in the office all day long. They will not be allowed to discuss which law they broke. Officers that break the law will also have the same penalties and fines that the rest of the public has. Chayapan said about the armbands, "Simple warnings no longer work. This new twist is expected to make them feel guilt and shame and prevent them from repeating the offense. This is to help build discipline. We should not let small offenses go unnoticed." problems solution

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21 Unlike the sport of skiing, snowboarding does not involve the use of poles. In skiing, the skier’s feet are strapped to separate skis, and he or she can change direction using the poles. In snowboarding, on the other hand, the feet are strapped to a single board of fiberglass or wood. The snowboarder must steer by leaning in the direction he or she wants to go, as a skateboarder does. Unlike most skiers compete by racing against each other on different courses, most snowboarders compete with freestyle tricks or great feats of acrobatics. Clara Barton’s Civil War work began in April After the Battle of Bull Run, she started a group to gather and give supplies to wounded soldiers. In July of 1862, she got permission to travel behind the lines. Barton gave aid to both the North and South. She made it her mission to to help not just soldiers, but any person in need. After the war, she became a popular and widely respected speaker. She gave lectures about the importance of helping care for soldiers in times of war and everyday people in times of peace. In 1881, she started the American Red Cross. The organization still carries out the work she started. Barton work as its director until her death. The Jeep Cherokee Scrambler is designed to perform under tough conditions. It offers both high protection and high style. This heavy duty mountain bike features a steel/aluminum hard tail frame. Full suspension adds a heavy duty shock absorber to the back wheel. It also features front fork suspension. This bike gives you more comfort and greater control as you attack the trails. It also features 21 speeds, front disc brakes, a headset, plastic pedals, and all-terrain tires. The Jeep MTB-style is padded to keep you comfortable on long rides. In Thailand, Police Colonel Pongpat Chayapan was tired of his police officers breaking the law. He was annoyed that they did not take warnings seriously. Thai police officers were littering and parking in banned areas. They were also showing up to work late quite often. After dealing with these problems for far too long, Chayapan found a solution: make them wear Hello Kitty armbands. Now, any Thai officer that breaks the law will be required to wear an armband that has Hello Kitty sitting on top of two hearts. The officers will also have to stay in the office all day long. They will not be allowed to discuss which law they broke. Officers that break the law will also have the same penalties and fines that the rest of the public has. Chayapan said about the armbands, "Simple warnings no longer work. This new twist is expected to make them feel guilt and shame and prevent them from repeating the offense. This is to help build discipline. We should not let small offenses go unnoticed."

22 The US Oil Embargo of Japan In 1931, Japan invaded a country called Manchuria. Six years later, it invaded mainland China. Japan was an ally of Germany and Italy, both under the control of Adolf Hitler. Most countries were worried about this alliance because these nations were attacking their neighbors. The United States was among the nations who shared a concern about these aggressive countries called “the Axis.” Soon after Japan invaded China, World War II started. Japan attacked lands belonging to other countries; many of them were allied with the United States. Though the United States was not at war yet with Japan, President Roosevelt took action because of these attacks. The United States refused to sell Japan steel and oil. This is a situation called an “embargo.” Steel is used in the manufacture of weapons of war, and oil is used as fuel for war machines. The United States claimed that it was refusing to sell these resources to Japan because it did not want to help Japan wage war. Japan decided to attack the US soon after the embargo began. Japan wanted to force the US to surrender quickly. The attack on Pearl Harbor brought the US into World War II, and the Axis countries were defeated four years later.

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25 Thinking Map Example Passage TypeDefinitionKey Words

26 Sequence or Chronological

27 Compare and Contrast


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