Presentation on theme: "Nationalism Ascendant Topic One 10/08/07 Period 2 APUSH Sarah, Jaron, Katie, Miriam, Abby, and Claire."— Presentation transcript:
Nationalism Ascendant Topic One 10/08/07 Period 2 APUSH Sarah, Jaron, Katie, Miriam, Abby, and Claire
During President Jefferson’s and Madison’s terms three significant decisions changed history, specifically American nationalism. Those three events consist of: Louisiana Purchase Embargo Act (1807)/U.S. Tariff Policies War of 1812
Before Louisiana Purchase Background Info: - “Revolution of 1800” - Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican win America remained consistent between the two-party system by keeping Federalist regimes intact, as well as changing some to create better conditions from the common people. These new accomplishments led to the desire to buy New Orleans from France in 1802-1803
What was It? An agreement between America and France made by James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston. James Monroe was originally sent to Paris, to delegate a deal to receive solely New Orleans for $10 million. However, he bought trans-Mississippi River and New Orleans from France for $15 million on April 30 th, 1803, nearly doubling land owned by the United States. Why did Napoleon sell? Yellow Fever Spread in France French troops weakened Santa Domingo lost Wanted to prevent America joining with Britain
Effects on Nationalism Although exponential growth of the nation’s size gained pride, it also made it harder to control Americans. Agriculture development encouraged the rise of an industrial revolution, leading America towards prosperity. Land growth resulted in opulence, which gained confidence in Americans shown through Nationalism.
Significance United States’ land investment allowed the nation to unite as a majority, and make final decisions. Common economic ideals were spreading unanimously among Americans. Further ideas were building in order to reach the economic goals. Americans’ desire to become a powerful nation resulted in national pride and an emerging identity.
Before the Embargo Act After the Louisiana Purchase, Napoleon reentered war with Britain. Britain dominated the ocean. Napoleon dominated the land. Indirect economic conflicts between Britain and France put America in the middle. Orders of Council, 1806 Seizure of American ships and U.S. Sailors Chesapeake ship conflict, 1807
What were The Embargo Act and US Tariffs? President Jefferson’s peaceful coercion to avoid war The Embargo (1807) meant there were to be no American exports. To prove France and Britain’s dependency on America’s raw materials Thus, causing them to stop the seizure of American ships and citizens. The repeal of the Embargo on May 1, 1809, lead to the Non-Intercourse Act which opened trade with all nations except France and Britain. Temporary solution until 1810, when it expired. Congress, under Madison passes the Macon Bill American trade will reopen the British and French economy if Britain and France eliminated the commercial restrictions held on each other’s ports.
Effects on Nationalism Americans disliked the act -ironically, united Americans because of their common struggle -Americans did not want to seem overpowered by or dependent on, European trade. America’s stubborn desire to be recognized as a power and to be respected for their neutrality helps create the nationalist image that can be seen in American culture today.
Significance Embargo Act The formation of industrial factories Jefferson did more economic destruction to his own country than to Britain or France. Rebirth in Federalism US Tariff Policies Congress realization of dependency on European trade Loss of credibility to the American Congress “Reality check”
Background before War of 1812 Jefferson’s presidency: Embargo Act (1807) Followed by Non-Intercourse Act (1809) Madison’s presidency: Macon’s Bill Number 2 (1810) Removed all trade restrictions Asked England and France to remove trade laws Would reinstate embargo on the one that did not
Commonly Believed Causes War Hawks Members of House of 12 th Congress War advocates Indian violence on frontier Territorial expansion More indirectly, national honor. Impressment British forcing U.S. sailors into Royal Navy
The War Congress declares war June 18, 1812 Major events of war: America advances first on Canada, defeated. British strategy to blockade coast and raid. Napoleonic Wars end, British send veterans “Bladensburg races” Burning of Washington Plattsburg U.S. victory (defending New York) New Orleans U.S victory (Andrew Jackson)
Effects on Nationalism U.S. did not officially win, yet nor did they lose. “Not one inch of territory ceded or lost.” War forces union: sectionalism weakened. Pride in American industrialism. Rebuild Washington with sense of pride.
Significance “America’s second War for Independence” Established respect for nation. Friendly relations with British. Democratic-Republican “experiment” passed test of war. Precursor to both “Era of Good Feelings” and the Panic of 1819.
Conclusion It is proven that: Louisiana Purchase Expansion of land, resulting in economical growth through agriculture and trade which gained power for America, increasing nationalism. Embargo Act & Tariff Policies American’s dependency on European trade was initiated and taxes were reinstated in order to increase economy as manufacturing grew and America’s national power. War of 1812 Fight for American’s “independence”, to prevent foreign abuse, which resulted in national pride as American prospered through defeats.
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