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Democratic- Republican Dominance and Westward Expansion.

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Presentation on theme: "Democratic- Republican Dominance and Westward Expansion."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Democratic- Republican Dominance and Westward Expansion

3 What political party dominated American politics in the early 1800’s? Democratic- Republican PartyDemocratic- Republican Party

4 What factors caused the United States to expand its territory to the Pacific Ocean before the Civil War? Economic and strategic (military defense) interestsEconomic and strategic (military defense) interests “Manifest Destiny”“Manifest Destiny”

5 What territory did the United States purchase during Jefferson’s presidency? LouisianaLouisiana

6 From what country did President Jefferson purchase the Louisiana Territory? FranceFrance

7 Who did President Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory? Meriwether LewisMeriwether Lewis William ClarkWilliam Clark

8 How did the Louisiana Territory affect the size of the United States? Doubled itDoubled it

9 Who served as guide of the Lewis and Clark expedition? SacajaweaSacajawea

10 What two countries fought in the War of 1812? United StatesUnited States Great BritainGreat Britain

11 Who was president during the War of 1812? James MadisonJames Madison

12 Why did France and Great Britain interfere with American trade during the Napoleonic War? Neither country wanted its enemy to trade with the United States during the war.Neither country wanted its enemy to trade with the United States during the war.

13 Define impressment. The practice of drafting sailors by forceThe practice of drafting sailors by force

14 Why did the British navy stop and board American ships and impress American sailors? The British navy needed sailors to fight against the French.The British navy needed sailors to fight against the French.

15 How did the Jefferson administration respond to British impressment of American sailors? Passed the Embargo ActPassed the Embargo Act

16 What does embargo mean? Refuse to tradeRefuse to trade

17 What were two provisions of the Embargo Act? 1) No American ship could leave an American port to go to a foreign port.1) No American ship could leave an American port to go to a foreign port. 2) No foreign ship could load a cargo at an American city.2) No foreign ship could load a cargo at an American city.

18 What American region was hurt by the Embargo Act and why was this true? The New England statesThe New England states The New England economy depended on shipping and trade.The New England economy depended on shipping and trade.

19 Which political party opposed the Embargo Act? The FederalistsThe Federalists

20 Which state governments threatened to nullify the Embargo Act? New England statesNew England states

21 What does it mean to nullify a law? Void itVoid it Wipe it outWipe it out

22 What did President James Madison do with the Embargo Act? Replaced it with the Non-Intercourse ActReplaced it with the Non-Intercourse Act

23 What did the Non-Intercourse Act do? Made trade with Great Britain and France illegalMade trade with Great Britain and France illegal

24 Why did the Non-Intercourse Act fail? British navy impressed American sailorsBritish navy impressed American sailors British navy interfered with American shipping rights as a neutral nationBritish navy interfered with American shipping rights as a neutral nation

25 Why did Western congressmen want war with Great Britain? 1) British interference with American shipping1) British interference with American shipping 2) Western expansionism2) Western expansionism

26 Who were the War Hawks? Western congressmen who wanted war with Great BritainWestern congressmen who wanted war with Great Britain

27 What did the War Hawks believe the British were encouraging on the western frontier of the United States? Indian attacks on American settlers who lived on the western frontierIndian attacks on American settlers who lived on the western frontier

28 Who led the War Hawks? Henry ClayHenry Clay

29 What did the War Hawks hope the U.S. would gain by winning the War of 1812? More territory in the WestMore territory in the West CanadaCanada

30 What president was responsible for declaring war on Great Britain in 1812? James MadisonJames Madison

31 What war lasted from 1812 to 1815? The War of 1812The War of 1812

32 What two countries fought the War of 1812? The United StatesThe United States Great BritainGreat Britain

33 What region was against the War of 1812? New EnglandNew England

34 What political party was against the War of 1812? FederalistsFederalists

35 How did the Federalists respond to President Madison’s desire to declare war on Great Britain?

36 The Federalists: 1) Opposed the war1) Opposed the war 2) Talked about secession2) Talked about secession 3) Proposed constitutional amendments that were not acted upon3) Proposed constitutional amendments that were not acted upon

37 How did the Federalist Party want to limit the power of Congress by constitutional amendment? Limit Congress’ power to:Limit Congress’ power to: 1) impose embargoes 2) restrict commerce 3) make war 4) admit new states

38 What was the result of Federalist criticism of the War of 1812? The Federalist Party collapsedThe Federalist Party collapsed The Federalists stopped being an effective political party on the national levelThe Federalists stopped being an effective political party on the national level

39 What were two results of the American belief that the U.S. won the War of 1812? 1) The U.S. claimed the Oregon territory1) The U.S. claimed the Oregon territory 2) More American settlers moved into Florida2) More American settlers moved into Florida

40 What territory did the United States acquire in 1819? FloridaFlorida

41 From what country did the United States acquire Florida? SpainSpain

42 What two countries signed the Adams-Onis Treaty? The United StatesThe United States SpainSpain

43 What territory did the Adams-Onis Treaty give the United States? FloridaFlorida

44 The Adams-Onis Treaty

45 What issue did the Monroe Doctrine involve? Foreign PolicyForeign Policy

46 What set forth the basic principles of American foreign policy from 1823 until the end of the 19th century? The Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine

47 What were the 4 points of the Monroe Doctrine?

48 No more European colonies in the AmericasNo more European colonies in the Americas Countries in Western Hemisphere were republics; countries in Europe were monarchiesCountries in Western Hemisphere were republics; countries in Europe were monarchies If European countries threatened any country in Americas, then they threatened the United StatesIf European countries threatened any country in Americas, then they threatened the United States U.S. would stay out of European affairsU.S. would stay out of European affairs

49 What continents are in the Western Hemisphere? North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America

50 What is a republic? A Representative DemocracyA Representative Democracy The People elect representatives to make the lawsThe People elect representatives to make the laws

51 Who rules in monarchies? Kings and QueensKings and Queens

52 What was the most important point of the Monroe Doctrine? European countries should stay out of the affairs of the Western HemisphereEuropean countries should stay out of the affairs of the Western Hemisphere

53 What precedent did the Monroe Doctrine set for American presidents ? American presidents would consider it a threat to the United States, if European countries meddled with countries in the Western HemisphereAmerican presidents would consider it a threat to the United States, if European countries meddled with countries in the Western Hemisphere

54 According to the Monroe Doctrine, what would the U.S. use to protect its interests in the Western Hemisphere? Military ForceMilitary Force

55 What were two trends in American life during the first half of the 19th century? Westward MovementWestward Movement Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development

56 Why did Americans move west during the first half of the 19 th century? Economic opportunityEconomic opportunity Wanted land, both to own and to farmWanted land, both to own and to farm

57 What two transportation improvements encouraged westward movement and economic development? CanalsCanals RailroadsRailroads

58 Who invented the cotton gin? Eli WhitneyEli Whitney

59 What did the cotton gin do? Separated cotton seeds from the cotton fiberSeparated cotton seeds from the cotton fiber

60 What did the cotton gin cause to spread throughout the Deep South? The “Cotton Kingdom” based on African- American slaveryThe “Cotton Kingdom” based on African- American slavery

61 Did the cotton gin increase or decrease the demand for slaves? IncreasedIncreased

62 What resulted from American immigration into Texas? An armed revolt against Mexican ruleAn armed revolt against Mexican rule

63 What happened at the Battle of the Alamo? The Mexican army killed all the men defending the Alamo.The Mexican army killed all the men defending the Alamo.

64 What later happened when the Texans defeated the Mexican army? Texas gained its independence from Mexico.Texas gained its independence from Mexico.

65 What action did the U.S. eventually take in regard to Texas? Annexed TexasAnnexed Texas Added Texas to the U.S.Added Texas to the U.S.

66 What idea provided political support for territorial expansion? Manifest DestinyManifest Destiny

67 What was Manifest Destiny? The belief that it was God’s will for the United States to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific OceanThe belief that it was God’s will for the United States to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean

68 What war lasted from 1846 to 1848? The Mexican WarThe Mexican War

69 What two countries fought in the Mexican War? The United StatesThe United States MexicoMexico

70 Who won the Mexican War? The United StatesThe United States

71 What was the Mexican Cession? The territory the United States got from Mexico at the end of the Mexican WarThe territory the United States got from Mexico at the end of the Mexican War

72 What present-day states were part of the Mexican Cession?

73 CaliforniaCalifornia NevadaNevada UtahUtah ArizonaArizona part of Coloradopart of Colorado part of New Mexicopart of New Mexico


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