Presentation on theme: "Democratic- Republican Dominance and Westward Expansion."— Presentation transcript:
Democratic- Republican Dominance and Westward Expansion
What political party dominated American politics in the early 1800’s? Democratic- Republican PartyDemocratic- Republican Party
What factors caused the United States to expand its territory to the Pacific Ocean before the Civil War? Economic and strategic (military defense) interestsEconomic and strategic (military defense) interests “Manifest Destiny”“Manifest Destiny”
What territory did the United States purchase during Jefferson’s presidency? LouisianaLouisiana
From what country did President Jefferson purchase the Louisiana Territory? FranceFrance
Who did President Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory? Meriwether LewisMeriwether Lewis William ClarkWilliam Clark
How did the Louisiana Territory affect the size of the United States? Doubled itDoubled it
Who served as guide of the Lewis and Clark expedition? SacajaweaSacajawea
What two countries fought in the War of 1812? United StatesUnited States Great BritainGreat Britain
Who was president during the War of 1812? James MadisonJames Madison
Why did France and Great Britain interfere with American trade during the Napoleonic War? Neither country wanted its enemy to trade with the United States during the war.Neither country wanted its enemy to trade with the United States during the war.
Define impressment. The practice of drafting sailors by forceThe practice of drafting sailors by force
Why did the British navy stop and board American ships and impress American sailors? The British navy needed sailors to fight against the French.The British navy needed sailors to fight against the French.
How did the Jefferson administration respond to British impressment of American sailors? Passed the Embargo ActPassed the Embargo Act
What does embargo mean? Refuse to tradeRefuse to trade
What were two provisions of the Embargo Act? 1) No American ship could leave an American port to go to a foreign port.1) No American ship could leave an American port to go to a foreign port. 2) No foreign ship could load a cargo at an American city.2) No foreign ship could load a cargo at an American city.
What American region was hurt by the Embargo Act and why was this true? The New England statesThe New England states The New England economy depended on shipping and trade.The New England economy depended on shipping and trade.
Which political party opposed the Embargo Act? The FederalistsThe Federalists
Which state governments threatened to nullify the Embargo Act? New England statesNew England states
What does it mean to nullify a law? Void itVoid it Wipe it outWipe it out
What did President James Madison do with the Embargo Act? Replaced it with the Non-Intercourse ActReplaced it with the Non-Intercourse Act
What did the Non-Intercourse Act do? Made trade with Great Britain and France illegalMade trade with Great Britain and France illegal
Why did the Non-Intercourse Act fail? British navy impressed American sailorsBritish navy impressed American sailors British navy interfered with American shipping rights as a neutral nationBritish navy interfered with American shipping rights as a neutral nation
Why did Western congressmen want war with Great Britain? 1) British interference with American shipping1) British interference with American shipping 2) Western expansionism2) Western expansionism
Who were the War Hawks? Western congressmen who wanted war with Great BritainWestern congressmen who wanted war with Great Britain
What did the War Hawks believe the British were encouraging on the western frontier of the United States? Indian attacks on American settlers who lived on the western frontierIndian attacks on American settlers who lived on the western frontier
Who led the War Hawks? Henry ClayHenry Clay
What did the War Hawks hope the U.S. would gain by winning the War of 1812? More territory in the WestMore territory in the West CanadaCanada
What president was responsible for declaring war on Great Britain in 1812? James MadisonJames Madison
What war lasted from 1812 to 1815? The War of 1812The War of 1812
What two countries fought the War of 1812? The United StatesThe United States Great BritainGreat Britain
What region was against the War of 1812? New EnglandNew England
What political party was against the War of 1812? FederalistsFederalists
How did the Federalists respond to President Madison’s desire to declare war on Great Britain?
The Federalists: 1) Opposed the war1) Opposed the war 2) Talked about secession2) Talked about secession 3) Proposed constitutional amendments that were not acted upon3) Proposed constitutional amendments that were not acted upon
How did the Federalist Party want to limit the power of Congress by constitutional amendment? Limit Congress’ power to:Limit Congress’ power to: 1) impose embargoes 2) restrict commerce 3) make war 4) admit new states
What was the result of Federalist criticism of the War of 1812? The Federalist Party collapsedThe Federalist Party collapsed The Federalists stopped being an effective political party on the national levelThe Federalists stopped being an effective political party on the national level
What were two results of the American belief that the U.S. won the War of 1812? 1) The U.S. claimed the Oregon territory1) The U.S. claimed the Oregon territory 2) More American settlers moved into Florida2) More American settlers moved into Florida
What territory did the United States acquire in 1819? FloridaFlorida
From what country did the United States acquire Florida? SpainSpain
What two countries signed the Adams-Onis Treaty? The United StatesThe United States SpainSpain
What territory did the Adams-Onis Treaty give the United States? FloridaFlorida
The Adams-Onis Treaty
What issue did the Monroe Doctrine involve? Foreign PolicyForeign Policy
What set forth the basic principles of American foreign policy from 1823 until the end of the 19th century? The Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine
What were the 4 points of the Monroe Doctrine?
No more European colonies in the AmericasNo more European colonies in the Americas Countries in Western Hemisphere were republics; countries in Europe were monarchiesCountries in Western Hemisphere were republics; countries in Europe were monarchies If European countries threatened any country in Americas, then they threatened the United StatesIf European countries threatened any country in Americas, then they threatened the United States U.S. would stay out of European affairsU.S. would stay out of European affairs
What continents are in the Western Hemisphere? North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America
What is a republic? A Representative DemocracyA Representative Democracy The People elect representatives to make the lawsThe People elect representatives to make the laws
Who rules in monarchies? Kings and QueensKings and Queens
What was the most important point of the Monroe Doctrine? European countries should stay out of the affairs of the Western HemisphereEuropean countries should stay out of the affairs of the Western Hemisphere
What precedent did the Monroe Doctrine set for American presidents ? American presidents would consider it a threat to the United States, if European countries meddled with countries in the Western HemisphereAmerican presidents would consider it a threat to the United States, if European countries meddled with countries in the Western Hemisphere
According to the Monroe Doctrine, what would the U.S. use to protect its interests in the Western Hemisphere? Military ForceMilitary Force
What were two trends in American life during the first half of the 19th century? Westward MovementWestward Movement Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development
Why did Americans move west during the first half of the 19 th century? Economic opportunityEconomic opportunity Wanted land, both to own and to farmWanted land, both to own and to farm
What two transportation improvements encouraged westward movement and economic development? CanalsCanals RailroadsRailroads
Who invented the cotton gin? Eli WhitneyEli Whitney
What did the cotton gin do? Separated cotton seeds from the cotton fiberSeparated cotton seeds from the cotton fiber
What did the cotton gin cause to spread throughout the Deep South? The “Cotton Kingdom” based on African- American slaveryThe “Cotton Kingdom” based on African- American slavery
Did the cotton gin increase or decrease the demand for slaves? IncreasedIncreased
What resulted from American immigration into Texas? An armed revolt against Mexican ruleAn armed revolt against Mexican rule
What happened at the Battle of the Alamo? The Mexican army killed all the men defending the Alamo.The Mexican army killed all the men defending the Alamo.
What later happened when the Texans defeated the Mexican army? Texas gained its independence from Mexico.Texas gained its independence from Mexico.
What action did the U.S. eventually take in regard to Texas? Annexed TexasAnnexed Texas Added Texas to the U.S.Added Texas to the U.S.
What idea provided political support for territorial expansion? Manifest DestinyManifest Destiny
What was Manifest Destiny? The belief that it was God’s will for the United States to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific OceanThe belief that it was God’s will for the United States to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
What war lasted from 1846 to 1848? The Mexican WarThe Mexican War
What two countries fought in the Mexican War? The United StatesThe United States MexicoMexico
Who won the Mexican War? The United StatesThe United States
What was the Mexican Cession? The territory the United States got from Mexico at the end of the Mexican WarThe territory the United States got from Mexico at the end of the Mexican War
What present-day states were part of the Mexican Cession?
CaliforniaCalifornia NevadaNevada UtahUtah ArizonaArizona part of Coloradopart of Colorado part of New Mexicopart of New Mexico