Presentation on theme: "Beyond Machiavelli Policy Analysis Reaches Midlife, Second Edition Beryl A. Radin Presented by Ian Roth."— Presentation transcript:
1 Beyond Machiavelli Policy Analysis Reaches Midlife, Second Edition Beryl A. Radin Presented by Ian Roth
2 Agenda Overview & Key Concepts Biography John Nelson, Rita Stone & Veronica Lopez9 Policy Analysis OrganizationsPolitics, Methodologies & Techniques, Availability of Information, Shifts in RoleHas Policy Analysis Reached Mid-Life?
3 Overview Key Concepts: Analyst/Client Relationship “After more than fifty years, the policy analysis field has taken its place in the contemporary world of decision making. But it is also clear that the original view of policy analysis as a process of advising a prince or ruler – harking back to Machiavelli – does not capture the complexity of the field today.”Key Concepts:Analyst/Client RelationshipDissemination of Policy AnalysisPolicy Analysis has radically changed & is continually evolving.
4 Biography: Beryl A. Radin, “Pracademic” Teaches at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. An elected member of National Academy of Public AdministrationManaging Editor of the Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory from 2000 to 2005.Editor of the Georgetown University Press book series, Public Management and Change. Special Advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Management and Budget of the US Department of Health and Human ServicesPast president of the Association of Public Policy Analysis and ManagementActive in the American Political Science Association and the Public Management Research AssociationJohn Gaus award from the American Political Science AssociationH. George Frederickson Award for Lifetime AchievementDonald Stone Award given by ASPA’s Intergovt. ManagementSenior Fulbright lecturer in IndiaTeaching and research in Hong Kong, Israel, Azerbaijan & Australia
5 John Nelson - 1960s (Fictional) Economist – Stanford PhD 1959Cost Benefit Analysis for procurement of Defense Weapons SystemsRecruited by RAND Corporation for DoD projectJoined Feds in DoD’s Planning, Programming & Budgeting System (PPBS)Moved to Dept. of Health, Education & Welfare (HEW) with Alice Rivlin“Legislative proposals were spun out almost daily”Analysis – opportunities & costs of programs for elderly, children & womenAnalytically irrational behavior vs. highly rational behaviorReturned to California to become a consultant to DoDMilitary base closings up until 2000Retirement
6 Rita Stone - 1990s (Fictional) Child Care/Head Start – Duke University 1989 Undergrad2 Year internship with Children’s Defense Fund (CDF)Graduate Studies at the University of ChicagoInternship (in-between) with Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)Presidential Management Intern (PMI) with Office of the Assistant Secretary for Management and Budget (ASMB)Joined ASMB as permanent staffCareer in Office of Human Development Services in Child Care issues
7 Veronica Lopez - 2010s (Fictional) Grew up in Southern Texas, bilingualUndergrad as Pre-medFellowship to Medical SchoolSpecialized in infectious diseases involving childrenAfter 2 years practice, back for a masters in Public Health – EpidemiologyJoined CDC in Atlanta, GA specializing in Pediatric Infectious DiseasesInvolved with multiple data sources globallyJoined Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)Joined Bill & Melinda Gates Fdn. as Dir. of Latin American Health Programs
8 Policy Analysis Organizations AARP Public Policy Institute: Policy analysis linked to lobbying & membershipOffice of the Assistant Secretary for Planning & Evaluation (ASPE) in the Department of Health & Human Services: A classic policy analysis shop that changed over timeCalifornia Legislative Analyst’s Office: Analysis in a changing political environmentCenter on Budget & Policy Priorities: Analysis that combines rigor with a point of viewState Fiscal Analysis Initiative Network: Balancing advocacy & analysis in the federal system
9 Policy Analysis Organizations Century Foundation: Research committed to solutions & actionCongressional Research Service of the Library of Congress: Analysis linked to the intricacies of the legislative processDanish National Centre for Social Research: Balancing research & advisingHeritage Foundation: Linking research, marketing & IdeologyPolicy Analysis organizations are no longer just in the federal government; they come in many shapes & sizes.
10 What Else? Politics & Analysis Methodologies & Techniques Decision maker vs. advisorMethodologies & TechniquesChanges over timeAvailability of InformationSimple to complexShifts in RoleProgram proposal to cutbacks
11 Politics & Analysis Tension between role of decision maker vs. advisor Three branches of government – easier to kill a policy than to make one.Electoral process puts political pressure on policy analysis.Partisanship does the sameCalifornia LAOs & the Congressional Research ServiceInterest groups create politicsCoalition building is a necessity for decisions to be made; analysts are asked to reframe issuesPolicy analysis impact shifted to the margins of decisionsTensions between politics and analysis do and will exist.
12 Methodologies & Techniques John Nelson – produced reports, evaluations and recommendations. Measurement.Rita Stone – Short 3-page analyses, briefings, talking points; meetings; limited reading & writing. Description.Veronica Lopez – reverse analysis: knowing what action was needed, what did she need to know to make a recommendation; data sets did not work w/her populations; non-traditional. Judgment.
13 Availability of Information Simple to complexFederal sourcesSpecial interest generatedSource of informationTimelinessInformation overloadFuture of informationABSOLUTE FACTSOUR FACTSTHEIR FACTSBARE FACTSNEUTRAL FACTSUNDISPUTED FACTSDISPUTED FACTSUNSUBSTANTI-ATED FACTS
14 Shifts in Role From program proposal to fine tuning existing programs Limited space for actionSpecialization & networksAnalyzing cutbacks - Relationship between policy analysis and budget process
15 Has Policy Analysis Reached Mid-Life? An organization that practices policy analysis, and has a political agenda, would be defined as an “issue network” by Gen & Wright, and along with coalitions and interest groups “is the most relevant unit of analysis for understanding policy change (Sabatier, 1988), even more so than governmental players, because it is the coalitions within these subsystems, and their interactions with each other, that drive policy change.” (Gen & Wright, 176).Policy analysis and the use of this powerful tool has become understood by many, and will be embraced and deployed by many more players, as we head into the future.
16 From Beryl A. Radin“Ian -- Thanks for your note. Its interesting that you have picked up on my ambivalence about the future of the policy analysis field. While I think it has made a real contribution to decisionmaking, I'm not sure that the current environment and future developments will allow it to continue that contribution. I have semi jokingly commented that the third edition of the book may be subtitled: Policy Analysis Dies. Let's hope I am wrong!My best, Beryl Radin”