Presentation on theme: "Greenwich Forest Garden"— Presentation transcript:
1Greenwich Forest Garden at Hampshire CollegeNed Phillips-Jones
2TerminologyPermaculture: A holistic (whole-systems) process that enables synthesis of many types of information which is used to create stable, productive communities which don’t rely on large energy inputs.• Forest Gardens: Landscapes designed to mimic the dynamics and functions of forest ecosystems in order to produce healthy foods & useful materials.(designed using Permaculture)Academics Bill Mollison and David Holmgren developed the concept in the 1970’s in Australia. Made up of a set of principles, techniques and patterns though it is also a worldwide movement and community.(word Permaculture is a contraction of permanent + agriculture, recently permanent + culture)
3Why Create Forest Gardens? They produce diverse high-quality foods locallywithout fossil fuels, tilling or annual plantingThis includes a wide array of fruits, shoots,nuts, greens and roots that are perennial anddisease & pest resistantForest Gardens are a promising and timely idea
4Why here? There is both imminent need for and also student interest in Permaculture andSustainable Agriculture.Creating forest gardens on campus increases:• opportunities for NS experimentation• campus biodiversity & wildlife habitatquality of living areaseducational resourcesWhy here?
5Greenwich Forest Garden provides: • A “living museum” of plant tissues andchemical compounds for scientificexperimentation and useAn alternative to low-biodiversity landscapessuch as lawn that would require less energyto maintainEnriching learning experiences for stewardinterns of the garden, encouraging a personalcourse of experimentation in the garden
6Ornamental Agriculture Many species valued for their produce alsohave other landscaping appealFoods grown in Greenwich Forest Gardenhave the potential to be locally-viable crops.(blooms, aroma, visual appeal, wildlife habitat)Knowledge of their performance will be useful to local growersForest gardens created with permaculture are at the cutting edge of sustainable landscapes innovationsIn the future the value of having a mature forest garden for research will be a unique asset to the college.
8• The garden covers approximately 3/4 of an acre • The location was previously disturbedEroded, rocky soil Infiltration ditches catch sedimentStakeholders representing a different aspects ofHampshire have been involved, including:Larry Archey, Charlie Ekdahl, Linda Mollison,Ken Hoffman, Naya Gabriel and Leslie CoxThese pictures were taken in 2007.
9Project Facts Greenwich Forest Garden currently contains more than 60 species of plants, including over 25kinds of fruiting crops.The project has received funding from:• Physical Plant•The Community Gardens Student Group•The Dana Meadows fund (grant through NS)•Hampshire Financial Services
10Garden Development Above left: Fall 2007 Above right: Spring 2008 Taken from similar perspectivesAbove left: Fall 2007Above right: Spring 2008Lower left: Fall 2008
11Resident Wildlife Below: a box turtle at the woodland edge Right: a bee samples anise hyssopBelow right: a fly on an aster-family plant
14Woodland Steward Internship The garden is a legacy and community resource• With reasonable amounts of the right kind of care, it will provide an abundance of diverse foods for generations to come.• Woodland Steward Interns are responsible for the care of the garden.Design and notes for plantinga diverse fruiting hedgeLarge plant order preparedto over-winter
15Concept The Steward Intern position and the garden are intended to act together in facilitating a stimulatinglearning environment for the steward and theHampshire community.
16Intern Tasks Include: Mulching beds Weeding (decreasing priority as groundcovers expand)PruningAddressing disease and rotSaving seed, propagating by cuttingsSpecies labelingSeeking out and training successorsDocumenting work, specific observations and experiences to contribute to the garden records.
17Internship Benefits Stewards: Enjoy extensive foraging opportunities •fruits (pawpaw, juneberry, apricot…etc.)•chestnuts and hazelnuts•perennial vegetables, wild edibles•medicinal and culinary herbs•useful materials (dyes, woodworking materials)•gain knowledge of Permaculture Design and forest garden dynamics and maintenance
18Stewards… build the garden’s archive base by contributing observations, updates, etc..learn about propagation, seed saving, polyculturalguilds, soil health, site analysis, plant identification, etc…conduct soil dynamics, plant chemistry or nutritionstudies with NS faculty, staff & facilitiesbecome members of theWestern Massachusetts Permaculture Guild
19In summation…• Low-maintenance landscape which yields a diversity of cropsLow-cost way to expand agriculture on campusStudent projects contribute to global knowledge base of ecosystem-mimicry agriculture
20BibliographyHolmgren, David. Permaculture: Pathways and Principles Beyond Sustainability. Victoria: Holmgren Design Services, 2002Jacke, Dave. Edible Forest Gardens: Ecological Vision and Theory for Temperate Climate Permaculture. White River Junction: Chelsea Green, 2005.Toensmeier, Eric. Perennial Vegetables: From Artichoke to ‘Zuiki’ Taro, a Gardener’s Guide to Over 100 Delicious Easy-to-Grow Edibles. White River Junction: Chelsea Green, 2007.
21Thanks to the following for helping make Greenwich Forest Garden a reality: Division III CommitteeBrian Schultz, Colin Twitchell, Steve RoofChris Jarvis, Charlie Ekdahl, Larry Archey, Ken Hoffman, Naya Gabriel, Dave Brunelle, Gerry Bohdanowicz, Beth Ward, Elaine Thomas, Steven Breyer, Tripple Brook Farm, Linda Mollison, Leslie Cox, The Vervane Foundation, Oikos Tree Crops, Jono Neiger, Dave Jacke, Greenwich residents& countless others..