Presentation on theme: "INTERNATIONAL STUDENT EMPLOYMENT AND INTERNSHIP WORKSHOP"— Presentation transcript:
1INTERNATIONAL STUDENT EMPLOYMENT AND INTERNSHIP WORKSHOP
2On-Campus Employment Cannot be a “Federal Work Study” position DSO/ARO must authorize employmentEligibilityMust be in good academic standingTotal employment is no more than 20 hours per weekCannot begin under 30 days start date on I-20/DS-2019On-Campus Work and Internship Opportunities F-1 visa degree seeking students are eligible for on-campus employment authorization by the DSO during the program of study listed on the I-20. On-campus employment is defined as work that is performed on the Longwood campus. Eligibility for On-Campus Employment:You must be in good academic standingYou are engaged in a full course of studyTotal employment is no more than 20 hours per week, except during official school breaksThe DSO has approved your employment opportunity by reviewing a written job offerYou cannot begin employment until 30 days after the program start date listed on your I-20For more information about on-campus job opportunities, please visit the Campus Jobs website, or contact the Student Employment Manager, Nadine Garrett. Please note that international students are not eligible for positions marked as "Federal Work Study." These positions are reserved for students who are receiving Federal Pell grants.
3On-Campus Employment Where to find employment??? Nadine Garrett, Student Employment ManagerSign up on CareerConnect and research job openings
4Finding Internships Meet with Academic Advisor Meet with an Advisor in the Academic and Career Advising Center and/or research their website.Advisor can help with researching optionsLocal Employers ShowcaseSign up on CareerConnectInternship and on-campus work opportunities will be listed on this website
5What is CPT?CPT or Curricular Practical Training is an off-campus employment option for F-1 students. This can be for paid, and in some cases, unpaid internships.The internship (training experience) must be considered an integral part of the curriculum and directly related to the student’s major area of study.For Example, An OFF-CAMPUS internship being used to satisfy general education goal 15 (Internship, Field Exp. or Directed Research) qualifies as CPT!
6To be eligible for CPT, you must: CPT EligibilityTo be eligible for CPT, you must:Have been lawfully enrolled on a full-time basis for at least one full academic yearHave a declared majorHave a job/internship offer directly related to your major area of studyHave the internship approved by your internship advisor.Return a completed CPT Authorization Form to the Office of International Affairs with Offer Letter from Employer
7Your Offer Letter for CPT The employer must provide you with a written offer ofemployment on official letterhead. Thefollowing information must be included in the letter:Employer nameEmployer address – and location where student will workEmployment start and end datesNumber of hours you are expected to work per week (full-time or part-time employment)Position titlePosition descriptionName of immediate supervisor (if known)
8Changes to CPTCPT is approved for a specific employer, place of employment and time period.You may not change employers or extend training employment dates without prior consultation with the Office of International Affairs.You must submit a new, completed CPT Authorization Form and offer letter to request any change to your CPT permission before you switch employers.Insert a picture of an animal and or plant found in your country.
9OPT (Optional Practical Training) What is OPT?Optional Practical Training (OPT) is an employment option available to F-1 students for employment directly related to the major area of study.12-month period of OPT per higher degree level17-month STEM Extension OPT may be possible for some students.Post-Completion OPT is used after degree completion.
10Am I eligible to apply for OPT? To be eligible for Standard OPT you must:HAVE maintained legal F-1 status and be within 90 days of your expected program end date.NOT have used full-time CPT for 12 months or more.
11Standard OPT Hours & Limitations Employment must be directly related to your academic major and be commensurate with your educational level (not clerical work)Standard OPT time per degree level is 12 monthsPost-Completion OPTused after degree program completionstart date must fall within 60 days of program completion (this is not the same date as the graduation ceremony if you are completing in December)Unemployment limit of 90 days in the aggregate starting from OPT start date!Insert a picture of the head leader of your country.
12Unemployment Restriction For Standard Post-Completion OPT: the employment does NOT have to be paid employment as long as there is no violation of labor laws, but must be at least 20 hours a week.interning or volunteering in a position directly related to the academic field for 20 hours per week will meet eligibility requirements.Discuss restrictions: must be in field of study, time limits (12 months full time CPT-no OPT) , unemployment in aggregate, internships must be approved by internship advisor, cannot work off-campus without authorization or proof of economic hardship, cannot work without EAD, takes a while to arrive (conundrum between paying $480 and hoping to have a job and waiting too long to get EAD card after getting an offer)
13EAD CARDInsert a picture of one of the points of interest for your country.What does this mean? This means that you can not use just the card for re entering the US – you must also have a valid I-20 form, EAD card and a letter from an employer.
14OPT and Travel RECOMMENDED Travel Travel NOT RECOMMENDED Before the expiration of your I-20 with I-20 travel signatureWith EAD, signed I-20 for travel, valid visa, passport, letter from employer stating you will still be employed upon return.Travel NOT RECOMMENDEDThe period after your I-20 has expired and before you receive the approved EAD.If your F-1 visa has expired and you will need to apply for a new one.While STEM Extension is pending.
16STEM Extension OPT Eligibility Completed a Bachelor’s, or Master’s in a STEM field.Science Technology Engineering MathematicsYou can find a listing of STEM majors atCurrently engaged in the Standard Post-Completion OPTHave a job or job offer from an E-Verify EmployerAn employer currently registered and in good standing with the USCIS E-Verify ProgramThere is no public listing of E-Verify Employers
17STEM Extension OPT: Hours and Limitations For the 17-month STEM extension, employment must be traditional paid employment.Students granted a 17-month OPT extension may not accrue an aggregate of more than 120 days of unemployment during the total 29-month OPT period.The employment authorization period for the 17-month OPT extension begins on the day after the expiration of the initial post-completion OPT employment authorization, and ends 17 months later, regardless of the date the actual extension is approved.
18Applying for STEM Extension Application process is the same as the Standard Post-Completion OPT with some additions.Official transcript or copy of diplomaEmployer’s name as listed in E-Verify and valid E-Verify identification number.Letter of EmploymentApply within 90 to 120 days prior to the Standard OPT expiration date.
19While on OPT (Standard and STEM Extension) While you are on OPT you are still considered an F-1 student sponsored by Longwood University.Therefore you must:Notify the Office of International Affairs of any address change viaHave your I-20 signed for travel by our officeReport employment information (name, address, interruption of employment) and changes to employment to the Office of International Affairs within 7 days of a change.Be unemployed for no more than 90 days and maintain good status.
20Job Search for International Students The basic components of the job search include:Employer research/exploring resourcesInformational interviewing/networkingCover letters, resumes, and other correspondencesInterviewingUnderstand the application process for positions to which you are applying.Network with friends, families, professors, neighbors, and alumni who have gained employment successfully to learn how they conducted their searches.Conduct informational interviews with individuals in the field(s) you are considering.
21Resume Differences U.S. Resume International Resume Concise, attractive marketing tool -summarizes jobs, skills, accomplishments, and academic background relevant to employment objectiveChronologically details academic andformal work experienceOne-to-two pages maximumDoes not include age, marital status, race, or religion.May or may not include completion ofmilitary service, depending upon whether it is relevant or makes the person a stronger candidate
22Resume TipsA well-prepared resume and cover letter is an essential component to getting an interview.Do not list English as a language skill on a resume written in English for an English speaking country.Do not include personal information such as age, marital status, race, or religion.Avoid listing an international permanent address, especially if an employer cannot reach you at that address.
23Resume TipsProvide employers a frame of reference when referring to foreign companies and schools.For example, “One of the top five universities in the United Kingdom.”Make sure the resume is free from grammatical and spelling errors, as well as awkward use of language.Maintain up-to-date copies of the resume in the format and language of native countries to serve as back-up for employment in home countries or to pass on to contacts.
24Interviewing for International Students U.S. InterviewInternational InterviewBe punctual. Arrive five to fifteen minutesprior to appointment.Personal relationships may be more important than time. Being late may not be a problem.Eye contact is expected and showsconfidence.Eye contact, especially with persons of higherstatus, may be disrespectful.Interviewer styles vary. May begin withdirect questions or minimal small talk.Interviewers commonly start with small talk and look for information regarding character orpersonality.Interviewer may do most of the talking ormay expect the candidate to do most of thetalking.Interviewer may talk for the majority of theinterview.Questions regarding age, race, sexualorientation, disabilities, national origin andmarital status are illegal.Age, race, sex, or marital status may be issues in the interview. Males may be expected to dominate interactions with females. Younger people may be expected to show deference to older people.
25Interviewing for International Students U.S. InterviewShow clear self-knowledge, career goals,and long-term plans. NOTE: It may beimportant to be flexible, however, to obtainemployment initially.Interviewer may expect immediatecompetence and look at each new employeefor a two-to-five-year commitment.Self-disclosure of strengths, weaknesses,personality, leadership style, problem solvingabilities, etc. may be appropriate.Researching the organization anddemonstrating that knowledge during theinterview is expected and shows initiativeand interest.
26Interviewing TipsAfter the interview, you should send employers a thank you letter. This type of correspondence is expected and is not over-zealous.You can enhance your communication skills by:Talking and speaking up in classMaking friends and talking with AmericansAttending workshops at the Academic Advising and Career CenterWatching televisionReading newspapers and academic publications Study commonly asked interview questions, write answers to those questions, and practice your responses in front of a mirror as well as with friends.
27Benefits of Hiring an International Student Diverse cultural background and the ability to speak more languages are especially appealing to companies that are planning to globalize their business.Living and studying abroad enables international students to demonstrate a number of skills such as tenacity, responsible risk taking, decision-making, and resourcefulness.Be able to communicate how you have overcome some of the challenges you faced, as these types of skills can be directly linked to the skills desired for the position you are seeking.
28When to Discuss Visa Status with an Employer Often an employer will ask verbally or on an application if you are eligible to work in the U.S. If the employer requests the information, you should inform them of your visa status. For Example, “My visa allows 12 months of work.”If they do not ask you, and you are seeking long-term employment, you should bring it up before an offer of employment is made. Be sure the employer is aware so that they can make a decision about whether or not to sponsor your visa petition.
29Congrats! You Have an Offer! Now What?? Social Security Administration (SSA)You must have a Social Security Number (SSN) BEFORE you can start working.To receive your SSN, you must have a written copy of the job offer, an approval letter from your DSO/ARO and all of your immigration documents (Passport, I-20/DS-2019, I-94, Visa)
30Congrats! You Have an Offer! Now What?? What if I need to drive to work? Can I get a Driver’s License?Yes! You can get a Virginia Driver’s License.Handouts on how this process works are available in the Office of International Affairs and online atFarmville DMV Customer Service CenterAddress: 300 North Virginia Street, Farmville, VA Hours: Monday - Friday: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Saturday: 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Telephone:(804) Fax:The process for obtaining a Virginia Driver’s License depends on whether you already have an international driver’s license or not.If you already have an international driver’s license:When you visit the DMV, you must bring the following information with you:Your International Driver’s LicenseCertificate of Eligibility (Form I-20 or Form DS-2019)Passport with valid visa and I-94 (Arrival and Departure) recordSocial Security Card (If you have one)Proof of Virginia Residency (This can be a lease agreement, Virginia state income tax form, Enrollment Verification or Official Academic Transcript (can be obtained from the Registrar’s Office at Longwood).Once you present these documents, you will have to take a written test as well as a driving test with an observer before you can obtain your Virginia Driver’s License. To pass the test, you will need to learn about driving laws in the United States. You can learn about driving laws in Virginia here:
31Graduate School- Visa Information Starting a new degree program in the USA is easier than you think!If you are accepted a graduate school, you must provide your DSO at the transfer-out school:Proof of your acceptanceThe contact information of the DSO at the transfer-in schoolSEVIS school codeOnce you do this, your visa record can be transferred.
32Timeline- Graduate School Start researching early! Junior year is best.Find out what graduate program you are interested in.Research universities that have your program.Look into the about the application process, deadlines, costs, housing options, assistantship opportunities, admission criteria, rankings etc. for each schoolNarrow down your choices to about 4-6 schools you want to apply to.You should apply to some “reach” schools, but some that you also have a good chance at being admitted to.
33Timeline-Graduate School Choose the schools you want to apply to about 1 year in advance. Then begin working on:Test Prep (GRE, GMAT, etc)Updating your CV or resumeCreating a Personal StatementFind good references
34Need Further Assistance? Personal one-on-one consultation is available from:Office of International AffairsInternational Student Advisor – Hunter Swansonor x2627Academic and Career Advising Centeror x2063