History of OT Development + legal recognition of OT in Belgium from 1945 After WW2: a structured manner of revalidation of the wounded people In 1965:= certificate of “labor therapy” Only since 1992 = certificate of graduated in occupational therapy (Vercruysse), (le Granse, van Hartingsveldt, & Kinébanian, 2012)
History of OT Study of occupational therapy and professionalization: Since 2003-2004: Bachelor in OT Since 2011-2012 connection year to master in OT in the Flanders Since 2012-2013: master in OT in the Flanders (Vercruysse), (le Granse, van Hartingsveldt, & Kinébanian, 2012)
Study of OT Bachelor of 3 years 60 credits each year First year: analysis of the normal human functioning and discover the job of an OT Second year: analysis of disturbed functioning / diseases and developping the professional skills Third year: a lot of internships/practice, indepentley working, literature and practical thesis and an experience abroad
OT vs. other disciplines OT : focus on activities of the daily life Overlap making good agreements with other disciplines
Courses first year Fundamentals of occupational therapy Human sciences Philosophy and ethics Psychology (basic knowledge, adults and children) Psychomotoric development Biomedical sciences Anatomy and fysiology Pathology Organisation of the health care Cleanical reasoning, therapeuthic skills, social skills Scientific education Evidence Based Practice !!
Courses second year Human sciences Philosophy and ethics 2 Biomedical sciences Neuroscience Biomechanics (~fysiotherapy) Specific sciences and skills about target groups Fysical en geriatric revalidation Psychiatry and gerontopsychiatrie Developmental dysfunctions Scientific education Evidence based practice 2 !!!
Courses third year Philosophy and ethics 3 Practical skills: Fysical and geriatric revalidation Psychiatric and gerontopsychiatric revalidation Development dysfunctions Professional development: Cleanical reasoning A LOT OF PRACTICE (internships) with rapportation Practical and literature thesis
Final grades Theoretical exams Individual and grouptasks Practical exams Internship grade = important
Workfields In Belgium we can work in: mental health geriatrics Developmental problems (children) physical rehabilitation It’s easy to find work, especially in geriatrics. NEW: Independent occupational therapist
Wide spread of possibilities BUT! Learning about a lot of different targetgroups in different situations and how to.. - Observate them - Give them advice - Treat them - Care for them
Practical experience: Belgium ≠ Spain YearBelgiumSpain First year2 x 3 days of observation 2 days of observation Second year3 weeks + 4 weeks internship 4 days of observation Third year 8 weeks + 8 weeks + 7 weeks internship 4 weeks of internship Fourth year8 weeks of internship HUB: + practice with children from the childrensdaycare + practice with patiënts from the daycare center (located in or next to our school)
International development At HUB It's obligated! Our choice: TAPAS in Poland = Therapy for All Patiënts in All Situations http://www.therapy-tapas.org/
TAPAS Association of a multi-disciplinar team Coming form Spain, Belgium, Finland, Poland and Denmark. Organise different projects across different countries. For example: Poland = our chance to have an international experience http://www.therapy-tapas.org/
References le Granse, M., van Hartingsveldt, M., & Kinébanian, A. (2012). Grondslagen van de Ergotherapie. Amsterdam: Reed Business. TAPAS. (sd). Opgeroepen op november 25, 2013, van http://www.therapy-tapas.org/ Vercruysse, L. (sd). PPT. Klinisch Redeneren en Ergo Fundamenten 1a. HUB.
Goal Train health professionals who are specialized in evaluating the skills of people to perform the activities of daily life and to intervene when they are at risk for damage.
History of OT Doctor in Medicine Heliodorus Ruiz García introduced OT studies in Spain in 1960. In 1959 nurses had moved to France for training in OT and returned in 1961 being the first occupational therapists in Spain.
History of OT In 1964 the National School of Occupational Therapy is created in Madrid. In 1967 these studies were regulated, whose duration was set at three years. Studies of OT are recognized as university studies since 1990.
OT in the University of Burgos Faculty of Humanities and Education. University degree (4 years) O On campus (full time classroom courses) O Required 240 credits
OT in the University of Burgos Courses: health sciences, social sciences and therapy. More theoretical than practical. OT is more conducted towards psychology
General skills Professional autonomy and accountability. Knowledge of Occupational Therapy. Occupational Therapy Process and professional reasoning. Professionals, clinics and community relations. Communication skills.
Courses first year Basic knowledges about human funcionating and other resources (60 credits) O Fundamentals of OT O Health sciences: O Anatomy, physiology and kinesiology. O Social sciences: O Phycology O Scientific knowledge: O Technical english, resources and tools, documentacion and communication
Courses second year Health sciences: Pathology Social sciences: Sociology, bioethics and law, pedagogy… OT knowledge: Work on ADL in self-maintenance tasks, activities for independence in the built environment and the community… Basic knowledges about pathology and treatments (60 credits)
Courses third year Health sciences: Pathology, Social sciences: Cognitive diseases Scientific knowledge: Research, methods of investigation. OT knowledge Ergonomy, OT in physical disiases. Optional subjects 4 weeks of internship Improving the scientific knowledge, developing professional skills(60 credits)
Courses fourth year Health sciences: Prosthesis and orthesis Social sciences: Group interventions Optional subjects 8 weeks of internship Thesis Independent work, especialization, internship (60 credits)
Work opportunities Hospital Psychiatrist Nursing home (old’s people home) Social work center Independent occupational therapist
Associations APETO(Asociación Profesional Española de Terapia Ocupacional) APETO(Asociación Profesional Española de Terapia Ocupacional) APATO (Asociación Profesional Andaluza de Terapeutas Ocupacionales ) APATO (Asociación Profesional Andaluza de Terapeutas Ocupacionales ) ABETO ( Asociación Burgalesa de Estudiantes de Terapia Ocupacional) ABETO( Asociación Burgalesa de Estudiantes de Terapia Ocupacional)
Goals The creation of professional associations in the different Autonomous Communities. The promotion of the group of occupational therapists and self-help. Continuous training. The legal advice both nationally and internationally. Linking with other associations.
Research articles TOG (Revista Terapia Ocupacional Galicia) TOG(Revista Terapia Ocupacional Galicia) Portal de terapia ocupacional en español.